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Table 2 Women’s knowledge about schistosomiasis symptoms, transmission and prevention

From: Knowledge, perceptions and practices regarding schistosomiasis among women living in a highly endemic rural district in Zimbabwe: implications on infections among preschool-aged children

Variable Characteristic Frequency Percentage
Knowledge of schistosomiasis infection and treatment
  Women who knew that bilharzia is a disease 399 93.7
  Women who had bilharzia infection before 205 51.4
  Women who thought they were currently infected 127 29.8
  Those who knew praziquantel as a drug for bilharzia treatment 395 99.0
  Those who stated health centre as a place of bilharzia treatment 395 99.0
What are the modes of bilharzia transmission?a
  Those who stated at least one transmission modeb 390 97.7
  Contact with contaminated water 370 92.7
  Drinking dirty water 5 1.3
  Contact with contaminated water and entering toilets barefooted 7 1.8
  Contact with contaminated water and drinking dirty water 15 3.8
  Don’t know 2 0.5
What are the signs and symptoms of bilharzia infection?a
  Those who stated at least one symptom 367 92.0
  Haematuria 293 73.4
  Weight loss 98 24.6
  General body weakness 51 12.8
  Headache 4 1.0
  Dysuria 39 9.8
  Poor school performance 5 1.3
  Abdominal pain 26 76.5
  Genital itchiness in women 8 2.0
  Nausea 35 8.8
  Infertility 4 1.0
  Recurrent illness 7 1.8
  I don’t know 15 3.8
What are the complications of untreated chronic bilharzia infection?a
  Those who stated at least one complication 228 57.1
  Infertility 170 42.6
  Mental disturbance 54 13.5
  Death 31 7.8
  I don’t know 16 4.0
What are the prevention and control methods of bilharzia?a
  Those who stated at least one prevention and control method 349 87.5
  Taking anti-schistosomal medicines 103 25.8
  Avoiding use of unprotected water bodies 177 44.4
  Health education 36 9.1
  Provision of WASH facilities 62 15.6
Are you aware of the current annual national mass drug administration programme?
  Yes 392 98.3
  1. Notes: The table shows percentages of participants with knowledge on schistosomiasis infection, treatment, modes of transmission, symptoms of infection and complications of untreated chronic infections. Awareness of the current ongoing annual national mass drug administration, the prevention and control methods of schistosomiasis as mentioned by respondents are also described
  2. aMultiple responses were considered
  3. bThose who mention the transmission mode regardless of other incorrect transmission mode responses
  4. Abbreviation: WASH, water, sanitation and hygiene