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Table 1 Sheep flocks management variables and categories derived from survey, percentage of answers and negative and positive infection ratios

From: Liver fluke in Irish sheep: prevalence and associations with management practices and co-infection with rumen fluke

Question Category Answers % (n) Negative % (n) Positive % (n)
Breed Horned mountain breed 11.9 (30) 5.9 (15) 5.9 (15)
Suffolk and crosses 38.1 (96) 18.2 (46) 19.8 (50)
Texal and crosses 24.4 (59) 11.1 (28) 12.3 (31)
Cheviot 7.1 (18) 4.4 (11) 2.8 (7)
Leicester and crosses 4.4 (11) 4.4 (11) 0 (0)
Charollais and crosses 4.8 (12) 2.4 (6) 2.4 (6)
Galway and crosses 0.4 (1) 0 (0) 0.4 (1)
Other 9.9 (25) 5.9 (15) 3.9 (10)
Flock size < 120 53.9 (138) 27.3 (70) 26.6 (68)
> 120 46.1 (118) 26.6 (68) 19.5 (50)
Other livestock present on farm None 25.0 (63) 15.1 (38) 9.9 (25)
Beef 59.9 (151) 30.2 (76) 29.8 (75)
Dairy 1.2 (3) 0.8 (2) 0.4 (1)
Horses 3.6 (9) 0.8 (2) 2.9 (7)
Other 10.3 (26) 5.2 (13) 5.2 (13)
Same paddock grazing of other livestock and sheep No other livestock 24.5 (60) 13.9 (34) 10.6 (26)
Same paddock grazing, not at same time 25.3 (62) 10.6 (26) 14.7 (36)
Same paddock grazing, at same time 47.4 (116) 24.9 (61) 22.5 (55)
No 2.9 (7) 1.6 (4) 1.2 (3)
Lambing period December-January (early) 1.2 (3) 0.8 (2) 0.4 (1)
January-March (early-mid) 14.9 (37) 6.9 (17) 8.1 (20)
February-March (mid) 25.8 (64) 12.9 (32) 12.9 (32)
March-April (mid-late) 52.4 (130) 27.4 (68) 25.0 (62)
April-June (late) 3.2 (8) 2.8 (7) 0.4 (1)
Other 2.4 (6) 1.2 (3) 1.2 (3)
Sheep grazing land Only lowland 67.5 (168) 36.6 (91) 30.9 (77)
Lowland (> 50%) and mountain 18.5 (46) 7.6 (19) 10.8 (27)
Lowland and mountain (> 50%) 12.9 (32) 6.8 (17) 6.0 (15)
Only mountain 1.2 (3) 0.8 (2) 0.4 (1)
Organic farm Organic certified 2.9 (7) 1.2 (3) 1.6 (4)
Organic not certified 7.3 (18) 3.3 (8) 4.1 (10)
No 89.8 (221) 47.2 (116) 42.7 (105)