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Table 2 Morphological and molecular identification of Echinococcus isolates detected among different canines examined in North-Khorasan Province, northeastern Iran, according to animal age and sex

From: Echinococcus multilocularis and Echinococcus granulosus in canines in North-Khorasan Province, northeastern Iran, identified using morphology and genetic characterization of mitochondrial DNA

No. Canid host Echinococcus isolate
Species Sex Age groupa Morphology Mitochondrial gene
cox1 nad1
1 Fox Male Young E.m. E.m. E.m.
2 Fox Male Young b E.m. E.m.
3 Jackal Male Young b E.m. E.m.
4 Jackal Male Young b E.m. E.m.
5 Jackal Male Young E.m. E.m. E.m.
6 Jackal Male Young E.m. E.m. E.m.
7 Jackal Male Young E.m. E.m. E.m.
8 Jackal Male Adult E.m. E.m. E.m.
9 Jackal Male Adult E.m. E.m. E.m.
10 Jackal Male Adult E.m. E.m. E.m.
11 Jackal Male Young E.g. E.g. (G1) E.g. (G1)
12 Jackal Male Adult E.g. E.g. (G1) E.g. (G1)
13 Dog Male Cub E.g. E.g. (G1) E.g. (G1)
14 Dog Male Young E.g. E.g. (G1) E.g. (G1)
15 Dog Male Young E.g. E.g. (G1) E.g. (G1)
16 Dog Male Young E.g. E.g. (G1) E.g. (G1)
17 Wolf Male Young E.g. E.g. (G1) E.g. (G1)
  1. Note: Number of animals examined: 61 golden jackals (Canis aureus), 23 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), 19 dogs (Canis familiaris) and 3 gray wolves (Canis lupus)
  2. aAge groups: cub, under 2 years; young, 2–5 years; adult, > 5 years
  3. bDue to severe autolysis of adult worms, diagnosis was performed only by molecular analysis of recovered eggs
  4. Abbreviations: E.m., Echinococcus multilocularis; E.g., Echinococcus granulosus; G1, genotype G1