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Table 1 Demographic data of SNAP® 4Dx® Plus Test-positive and ELISA-positive hunting dogs for tick-borne pathogens (Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma spp., Babesia spp. and Ehrlichia spp.)

From: Predominant risk factors for tick-borne co-infections in hunting dogs from the USA

 4Dx SNAP-positive
(n = 214)
ELISA +
(no Babesia)
(n = 214)
ELISA +
(with Babesia)
(n = 214)
Positive at enrollment, n (% of total)65 (30.37)66 (30.84)97 (45.33)
Sex, n (% of positives)   
 Male32 (49.23)36 (54.55)51 (52.58)
 Female33 (50.77)30 (45.45)46 (47.42)
Age, n (% of positives)   
 ≤ 6 years51 (78.46)52 (78.79)76 (78.35)
 > 6 years14 (21.54)14 (21.21)21 (21.65)
Region, n (% of positives)   
 East42 (64.62)46 (69.70)55 (56.70)
 Midwest18 (27.69)10 (15.15)18 (18.56)
 South5 (7.69)7 (10.61)12 (12.37)
 West0 (0)3 (4.55)12 (12.37)