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Table 4 Results of the multinomial logistic regression of the factors associated with the transmission of CL in Galgamuwa, Giribawa, Polpithigama and Maho MOH areas in the Kurunegala district, Sri Lanka

From: Socioeconomic, demographic and landscape factors associated with cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kurunegala District, Sri Lanka

VariableCaseControlOR95% CILR test
Age (years)
 < 15910.2450.015–3.996< 0.001
 15–25850.9680.112–8.400
 26–3523513.9570.588–26.640
 36–4522211.5410.222–10.701
 46–5518131.1650.162–8.386
 56–651071.4720.180–12.030
 66–75810.2610.016–4.306
 76–85321  
Gender
 Male56820.2730.144–0.521< 0.001
 Female45191  
Marital status
 Married84940.3500.122–1.001< 0.001
 Unmarried1771  
Major occupation
 Armed forces360.7560.117–4.8780.001
 Transport service worker (driver/conductor)642.2780.380–13.700
 Farmer33291.4410.368–5.650
 Government server590.5850.111–3.067
 Labourer231.0160.112–9.259
 Mason6160.5160.107–2.481
 Private sector employee270.2970.040–2.198
 Self employed8130.8180.170–3.940
 Housewife2983.937*0.606–12.658
 Student661  
Monthly household income in Rs. (USD)
 < 10,000 (< 56.76)2039.524*2.439–37.037< 0.001
 10,001–20,000 (56.76–113.52)33411.0480.493–2.232
 20,001–30,000 (113.52–170.28)27261.2600.559–2.841
 > 30,000 (> 170.28)21311  
Decaying garbage
 Present57254.131*2.188–7.153< 0.001
 Absent4476   
Termite hills
 Present45342.427*1.337–4.4070.003
 Absent5667   
Unclear areas
 Present63402.742*1.502–5.0050.001
 Absent38611  
Areas with wet soil
 Present52302.492*1.360–4.5640.003
 Absent49711  
Gardening areas
 Present50262.577*1.389–4.7790.002
 Absent51751  
  1. *Statistically significant (P < 0.05)
  2. Abbreviations: OR, odds ratio; LR, likelihood ratio