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Table 1 Leishmania spp. seroprevalence (rapid test results) analyzed by age, lifestyle and location

From: Mapping the canine vector-borne disease risk in a Mediterranean area

VariableDescriptive statisticsModel-adjusted statisticsa
nPositive (%)95% CI (%)Mean ± SE (%)95% CI (%)P-value
Total1154176 (15.3)13.2–17.5   
Age (years)
 ≤ 352769 (13.1)10.3–16.313.3 ± 2.76.8–24.20.2793
 > 3–631649 (15.5)11.7–20.016.2 ± 3.48.1–29.9
 > 6–1229252 (17.8)13.6–22.720.3 ± 4.010.4–36.0
 > 12196 (31.6)12.6–56.633.7 ± 12.77.7–75.6
Lifestyle
 Indoors55065 (11.8)9.2–14.818.1 ± 3.110.2–30.10.5233
 Outdoors604111 (18.4)15.4–21.721.9 ± 5.49.3–43.4
Location
 Crete*69095 (13.8)11.3–16.614.9 ± 2.79.7–22.20.0051*
 Leros*27020 (7.4)4.6–11.29.3 ± 2.64.7–17.4 
 Paxoi*12441 (33.1)24.9–42.138.4 ± 6.225.5–53.3 
 Zakinthos7020 (28.6)18.4–40.625.5 ± 11.18.2–56.8 
  1. aModel-adjusted for random effects and sample size
  2. *Significant difference (P < 0.05) between Paxoi and Crete/Leros islands
  3. Abbreviations: LSM, least square means; SE, standard error; CI, confidence interval