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Table 1 Characteristics of the three sub-samples and their farming practices in Norway

From: Livestock owners’ worry and fear of tick-borne diseases

Variables Cattle
n = 144
Sheep
n = 459
Cattle and sheep
n = 172
Years on farm, M ± SD (range) 22 ± 11 (1–45) 26 ± 14 (1–70) 24 ± 12 (1–54)
Area (ha)
 0.0–4.9 3% 37% 7%
 5.0–9.9 23% 36% 27%
 10.0–19.9 40% 21% 36%
 20.0–29.9 21% 4% 17%
 30.0–49.9 9% 1% 9%
 > 50.0 4% 1% 4%
Percentage of income, M ± SD (range) 82 ± 25 (5–100) 29 ± 25 (0–100) 19 ± 18 (0–90)
Winter stock, M ± SD (range)
 Cattle 58 ± 37 (6–230)   50 ± 37 (2–220)
 Sheep   67 ± 49 (4–400) 45 ± 36 (0–272)
Production type
 Milk 97% 65% 60%
 Meat 75% 53% 52%
 Live animal sales 44% 69% 56%
 Others 3% 70% 51%
Grazing cattle weeks, M ± SD
 Infield/pastures 13.9 ± 8.6   10.2 ± 8.4
 Outfield mountain summer 9.7 ± 8.9   5.8 ± 7.7
 Outfield forest/lowland summer 13.6 ± 9.7   8.8 ± 14.0
Grazing sheep weeks, M ± SD
 Infield/pastures in spring   4.9 ± 5.0 4.8 ± 4.4
 Outfield mountain summer   11.3 ± 6.1 12.3 ± 5.9
 Outfield forest/lowland summer   4.1 ± 6.6 5.3 ± 7.8
  Infield/pastures in autumn   5.4 ± 5.2 5.8 ± 4.6
  1. Abbreviations: M, mean; SD, standard deviation