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Table 3 Hierarchical multiple regression analysis with fear of tick-borne diseases among livestock as outcome variable

From: Livestock owners’ worry and fear of tick-borne diseases

Fear of tick-borne disease Model 1
Disease hazards
(n = 704)
Final model
Livestock owners’ appraisals
(n = 704)
B SE B β B SE B β
Constant 4.04 0.21   0.74 1.18  
Lyme borreliosis 4.32 2.22 0.07(*) − 0.95 1.90 − 0.02
Anaplasmosis (sheep) 12.86 5.52 0.09 4.72 4.57 0.03
Anaplasmosis (cattle) 23.09 13.43 0.07* 16.28 11.04 0.05
Babesiosis 26.44 11.12 0.10* − 0.37 9.34 − 0.01
Cattle = 1,
Sheep + both = 2
    0.08 0.29 0.01
Sheep = 1,
Cattle + both = 2
    − 0.06 0.22 − 0.01
Personal experience
1 = no, 2 = yes
    0.97 0.22 0.17***
Relevance (low-high)     0.912 0.10 0.36***
Implication (negative-positive)     − 0.69 0.15 − 0.15***
Social trust (low-high)     − 0.04 0.11 − 0.01
Emotion based coping (low-high)     0.67 0.14 0.17***
Information-seeking coping (low-high)     0.30 0.13 0.08*
Action-based coping (low-high)     − 0.09 0.14 − 0.02
Norm compatibility (low-high)     − 0.07 0.15 − 0.01
  F(4, 699) = 6.89, P < 0.001,
R2 = .04, R2adj = 0.03
F(14, 689) = 28.03, P < 0.001,
R2 = .36, R2adj = 0.35
  1. Notes: In the first model, data for current disease hazards are entered as predictor variables. In the final model, the livestock owners’ emotional appraisals are added
  2. (*)P = 0.052, *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001