Skip to main content

Table 3. Prevalence of Theileria equi and Babesia caballi in equids in Iran

From: Parasitic diseases of equids in Iran (1931–2020): a literature review

Host Area of study Diagnosis No. of examined animals Percentage of positive animals Pathogen References and yeara
Horse Mianeh county Microscopy 122 4.10 T. equi [97] 2010
Donkey 178 0
Horse North Khorasan province IFAT 100 48.0 T. equi [96] 2014
2.0 B. caballi
3.0 Mixed
cPCR+ seq 0 T. equi
45.0 B. caballi
0 Mixed
Horse Urmia county cPCR 240 6.25 T. equi [98] 2014
2.80 B. caballi
1.66 Mixed
Horse Yazd province cPCR 105 22.86 T. equi [99] 2014
Horse Khuzestan province cPCR 165 28.50 T. equi [100] 2014
Horse Tabriz county cPCR 95 8.42 T. equi [101] 2014
2.10 B. caballi
Horse Ahvaz city cPCR 45 46.67 T. equi [102] 2015
Donkey North Khorasan province cPCR+ seq 160 50.94 T. equi [103] 2015
0 B. caballi
Horse and mule Piranshahr county cPCR+ seq 31 (24 horses, 7 mules) 96.77 T. equi [104] 2016
0 B. caballi
Horse Ardabil province Real-time PCR 92 4.35 T. equi [105] 2016
9.78 B. caballi
Horse Kerman province Microscopy 246 0.81 T. equi [106] 2017
Horse Kordestan province cPCR+ seq 186 0.54 T. equi [107] 2017
0 B. caballi
Horse Esfahan county cPCR 53 11.32 T. equi [108] 2017
9.43 B. caballi
Shahrekord county 37 10.81 T. equi
13.51 B. caballi
Donkey Kordestan province cPCR 232 0 T. equi [109] 2018
0 B. caballi
Horse West Azerbaijan province Microscopy 126 2.17 T. equi [110] 2018
cPCR   27.78 T. equi
Horse Lorestan province cPCR 165 15.75 T. equi [111] 2018
8.48 B. caballi
5.45 Mixed
Horse Fars province cPCR 133 2.55 T. equi [112] 2020
0 B. caballi
Donkey Urmia county Microscopy 200 3.50 T. equi [113] 2020
0 B. caballi
cPCR 5.50 T. equi
1.50 B. caballi
  1. IFAT immunofluorescent antibody test, cPCR conventional PCR, seq nucleotide sequencing
  2. aYear of publication