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Table 2 Study population characteristics, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) outbreak investigations conducted in Bihar 2017–2019

From: Visceral leishmaniasis outbreaks in Bihar: community-level investigations in the context of elimination of kala-azar as a public health problem

Characteristic Populationa VLb PKDLc
N % N % N %
Sexd       
 Male 10693 51.8 165 60.7 3 37.5
 Female 9964 48.2 107 39.3 5 62.5
Age groupe       
 < 10 5297 25.7 55 20.2 2 25.0
 10–19 4753 23.0 79 29.0 2 25.0
 20–34 4828 23.4 52 19.1 2 25.0
 35–49 3060 14.8 44 16.2 1 12.5
 ≥ 50 2699 13.1 42 15.4 1 12.5
Lives in SC/ST tolaf       
 Yes 5006 24.2 217 79.8 4 50.0
 No 15664 75.8 55 20.2 4 50.0
  1. aTotal N = 20,670
  2. bFour subjects with VL prior to 2012 excluded from VL analyses
  3. cIncludes four VL patients with onset in 2012 (3) and 2014 (1) who are also listed in VL column. Four others with onset prior to 2012 are not included in VL column
  4. dSex data missing for 13 individuals
  5. eAge data missing for 33 individuals
  6. fSC/ST, Scheduled caste/scheduled tribe; tola classification presented in detail in Additional file 2: Table S1
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