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Fig. 5 | Parasites & Vectors

Fig. 5

From: Second generation effects of larval metal pollutant exposure on reproduction, longevity and insecticide tolerance in the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae)

Fig. 5

The transgenerational effects of larval metal pollutant exposure on insecticide tolerance in adult Anopheles arabiensis. a The effect of larval metal pollution on the deltamethrin (Delta) and malathion (Mal)-induced lethal times to 50% mortality (LT50) for the insecticide-susceptible SENN strain. The control, deltamethrin and malathion LT50s were determined from standard 3-day-old SENN non-blood-fed adults. This is compared to first generation metal exposed (F0) as well as second-generation adults reared from larvae bred in clean water (F1C) and second-generation adults reared from larvae exposed to the same pollutant as the parental generation (F1P). Asterisks indicate a significant difference in LT50 from the lethal time of the adults reared in clean water (control). b The effect of larval metal pollution on the deltamethrin (Delta) and malathion (Mal)-induced LT50s for the insecticide-resistant SENN-DDT strain. The control deltamethrin and malathion LT50s were determined from standard 3-day-old SENN non-blood-fed adults

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