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Table 1 A summary of the included studies

From: Prevalence of Blastocystis sp. infection in several hosts in Brazil: a systematic review and meta-analysis

No.ReferenceTotal no. of testsPrevalence (%)City (State)Diagnostic method
Human hosts
1Barbosa et al. [44]29455.8Sumidouro (RJ)C and M
2Oliveira-Arbex et al. [45]18141.9Botucatu (SP)M
3Seguí et al. [46]76628.2Paranaguá (PR)C and M
4Valença-Barbosa et al. [47]18035.5Duque de Caxias (RJ)C and M
5Faria et al. [48]32452.9Metropolitan region (RJ)C
6Melo et al. [49]6078.3São Paulo (SP)C and M
7Seguí et al. [50]21731.8Paranaguá (PR)C
8Rebolla et al. [51]20583.4Sebastião da Grama (SP)C
9Cabrine-Santos et al. [52]132317.8Uberaba (MG)C
10David et al. [9]12653.2Botucatu e Santa Maria da Serra (SP)C and M
11Santos et al. [53]1100Niterói (RJ)C and M
12Gil et al. [54]133821.2Belo Horizonte (MG)C
13Gil et al. [55]11024.5Sete Lagoas (MG)C
14Santos et al. [56]9713.4Ilhéus (BA)C
15Amâncio et al. [57]1052.8Botucatu (SP)C
16Branco et al. [58]1852.2Campos do Jordão (SP)C
17Batista et al. [59]17540.7São Paulo (SP); Belo Horizonte e Uberlândia (MG); Fortaleza (CE)C
18Malheiros et al. [60]38217.3Confresa (MT)C and M
19Visser et al. [61]3620.3Manaus (AM)C
20Eymael et al. [62]10040.0Novo Hamburgo (RS)C
21Borges et al. [63]8357.8Oriximiná (PR)C
22Takizawa et al. [64]34310.7Cascavel (PR)C
23Kulik et al. [65]8620.9Campo Mourão (PR)C
24Miné et al. [66]5034.6Américo Brasiliense, Gavião Peixoto, Motuca, Rincão e Araraquara (SP)C
25Aguiar et al. [67]31340.9Sidrolândia (MS)C
26Alarcón et al. [68]27219.9São Paulo (SP)C
27Carvalho-Costa et al. [69]2131.4Rio de Janeiro (RJ)C
28Souza-Júnior et al. [70]3930.5Goiânia (GO)C
29Nascimento et al. [71]18126.5Pitanga (PR)C
30Amato-Neto et al. [72]22738.3São Paulo (SP)C
31Quadros et al. [73]2000.5Lages (SC)C
32Cimerman et al. [74]2000.5São Paulo (SP)C
33Guimarães et al. [75]14732Botucatu (SP)C
34Kobayashi et al. [76]22237.8Holambra (SP)C
35Guimarães et al. [77]17334.7Botucatu (SP)C
Animal hosts
36Valença-Barbosa et al. [36]89 non-human primates; 2 raccoons; 11 rodents; 26 marsupials; 1 armadillo; 57 birds; 39 pigs; 13 reptiles; 96 cockroaches37.0; 0; 64.0; 81.0; 100; 21.0; 77.0; 69.0; 2.0. respectivelyMetropolitan region (RJ)M
37Moura et al. [37]78 dogs; 16 cats; 18 pigs; 28 cattle; 3 sheep2.6; 0; 72.2; 21.4; 33.3, respectivelyUberaba (MG)C and M
38Marques et al. [78]130 (bird)2.3Contagem, Poços de Caldas, São Gonçalo do Rio Abaixo, Betim, Belo Horizonte (MG)C
39Marietto-Gonçalves et al. [79]207 (bird)1.4Botucatu (SP)C
40Mundim et al. [80]79 (boar)12.6Uberlândia (MG)C
  1. Abbreviations: RJ, Rio de Janeiro; SP, São Paulo; MG, Minas Gerais; CE, Ceará; PR, Paraná; RS, Rio Grande do Sul; SC, Santa Catarina; BA, Bahia; MT, Mato Grosso; MS, Mato Grosso do Sul; GO, Goiás; AM, Amazonas; C, conventional methods, based on optical microscopy detection; M, molecular methods, based on DNA detection