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Table 1 Review of studies on helminth-associated hernias worldwide

From: A case of inguinal hernia associated with atypical Dirofilaria repens infection in a dog

Parasite species Host Hernia location Country Reference
Wuchereria bancrofti Homo sapiens Inguinal USA [17]
Wuchereria bancrofti Homo sapiens Inguinal Puerto Rico [39]
Wuchereria bancrofti Homo sapiens Inguinal UK [40]
Wuchereria bancrofti Homo sapiens Inguinal Ghana [41]
Wuchereria bancrofti Homo sapiens Inguinal France [16]
Dirofilaria immitis Homo sapiens Inguinal USA (California) [14]
Dirofilaria immitis Homo sapiens Umbilical UK [13]
Dirofilaria immitis Canis familiaris Umbilical Korea [6]
Dirofilaria immitis Homo sapiens Inguinal Iran [42]
Dirofilaria repens Homo sapiens Inguinal Italy [38]
Dirofilaria repens Homo sapiens Inguinal Czech Republic [15]
Dirofilaria repens Canis familiaris Inguinal Romania Current paper
Onchocerca sp. Homo sapiens Inguinal, femoral Kenya [36]
Anisakis sp. Homo sapiens Inguinal Japan [43]
Anisakis sp. Homo sapiens Epigastric Canada [44]
Pseudoterranova azarasi Homo sapiens Inguinal Japan [23]
Schistosoma japonicum Homo sapiens Inguinal China [45]
Schistosoma japonicum Homo sapiens Inguinal Taiwan [34]
Schistosoma mansoni Homo sapiens iIguinal USA (Philadelphia) [46]
Paragonimus westermanii Homo sapiens Inguinal Japan [47]
Paragonimus westermanii Homo sapiens Inguinal Korea [48]
Echinococcus granulosus Homo sapiens Inguinal India [49]
Echinococcus granulosus Homo sapiens Inguinal Iran [50]
Armillifer armillatus Homo sapiens Inguinal Benin [51]