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Table 3 Distances between the two tick populations (Eastern and Western)

From: Monitoring the expansion of Dermacentor reticulatus and occurrence of canine babesiosis in Poland in 2016–2018

Season Western population Latitude Longitude Eastern population Latitude Longitude Distance (km)
Spring 2016 Konin 52.47340 16.22720 Gostynin 52.39550 19.51830 223.00
Odolanów 51.57530 17.82900 Inowłódz 51.53160 20.22590 167.00
Wiszna Mała2 51.23710 17.05790 Lubiszów Kolonia 51.42360 20.28240 225.00
Wiszna Mała2 51.23710 17.05790 Trębowiec Krupów 51.17530 21.07630 283.00
        Mean ± S.E.
224.50 ± 29.50
Autumn 2016 Bonikowo 52.116186 16.63196 Puszcza Mariańska 51.970261 20.34676 255.00
Biedaszków Mały 51.399664 17.09868 Nowy Kurzeszyn 51.825765 20.27326 224.00
       Mean ± S.E.
239.5 ± 15.50
Spring 2017 Słonawy 52.66564 16.75028 Katarzyna 52.31615 18.88637 150.00
Śrem 52.08752 16.98591 Dąbkowice 52.06508 19.87396 198.00
Kowaliki 51.60618 16.91092 Petrynów 51.70473 20.09357 220.00
Brzeg Dolny 51.26023 16.69593 Podkońska Wola 51.17607 20.20582 245.00
        Mean ± S.E.
203.25 ± 29.25
Autumn 2017 Lubiczyn 53.12995 14.42094 Koronowo 53.31464 17.96716 237
Gorzów Wielkopolski 52.76383 15.23103 Osielsk 53.20956 18.05884 195.00
Nowy Tomyśl 52.30958 16.11307 Cetty 52.38489 18.96138 193.00
Kościan 52.10445 16.63240 Oszkowice 52.08343 19.56167 200.00
        Mean ± S.E.
206.25 ± 15.38
Spring 2018 Trzciel 52.37187 15.86673 Sławoszewek 52.39350 18.18320 156
Śrem 52.08880 16.98710 Chwalborzyce 52.06810 18.83970 127.00
Biedaszków Mały 51.39966 17.09868 Kaczka 51.55181 20.03962 205.00
        Mean ± S.E.
162.67 ± 28.22
Autumn 2018 Chmielinko 52.40400 16.16590 Dębniaki 52.55046 19.18276 205.00
Śrem 52.08880 16.98710 Słomków 51.95529 19.98709 203.00
Czeszów 51.37780 17.24220 Tomaszów Mazowiecki 51.52180 20.05790 196.00
        Mean ± S.E.
201.33 ± 3.56
        TOTAL Mean ± S.E.
206.25 ± 17.17