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Table 2 Lethal effect of Z. multiflora essential oil (ZMEO) with different concentrations and at different exposure times on the cultured germinative cells of Echinococcus granulosus

From: Effects of Zataria multiflora essential oil on the germinative cells of Echinococcus granulosus

Cons (mg/ml) Lethal effect on the cultured cells (mean ± SD) (%)*
Time ZMEO Tween 80** Albendazole (20 mg/ml) Negative control
0.5 12 h 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a
24 h 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a
48 h 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a
1 12 h 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a
24 h 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a
48 h 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a
2 12 h 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a
24 h 20.05 ± 1.86a 0.00b 0.00b
48 h 40.32 ± 2.11a 0.00b 0.00b
3 3 h 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a
6 h 29.10 ± 3.63a 0.00b 0.00b
12 h 100 ± 0.00a 0.00b 0.00b
4 2 h 51.75 ± 4.47a 0.00b 0.00b 0.00b
3 h 100 ± 0.00a 0.00b 0.00b
5 30 min 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a
60 min 100 ± 0.00a 0.00b 0.00b 0.00b
6 30 min 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a
60 min 100 ± 0.00a 0.00b 0.00b 0.00b
7 15 min 45.90 ± 3.00a 0.00b 0.00b 0.00b
25 min 100 ± 0.00a 0.00b 0.00b 0.00b
8 5 min 46.33 ± 3.79a 0.00b 0.00b 0.00b
7 min 100 ± 0.00a 0.00b 0.00b 0.00b
  1. ZMEO: Zataria multiflora essential oil, Cons: concentrations, h: hour, min: minutes
  2. *Different letters show significant difference in each row
  3. **Tween 80 was used at twice the concentration of ZMEO