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Table 2 Blastocystis positivity in specific PCR detection

From: Blastocystis in the faeces of children from six distant countries: prevalence, quantity, subtypes and the relation to the gut bacteriome

  Blastocystis positivity n/N, (%) OR for Blastocystis positivity1 OR [95% CI]
By country
 Azerbaijan 23/51 (45%) 1.0, reference
 Czechia 8/52 (15%) 0.19 [0.064–0.50], p = 0.0012
 Jordan 6/40 (15%) 0.21 [0.070–0.54], p = 0.0037
 Nigeria 15/27 (55%) 1.50 [0.58–3.90]
 Sudan 28/59 (47%) 1.15 [0.54–2.48]
 Tanzania 8/15 (53%) 1.38 [0.42–4.58]
By diabetes status   
 Type 1 diabetes 43/132 (32.6%) 1.26 [0.68–2.36]
 Healthy controls 45/112 (40.2%) 1.0, reference
Total 88/244 (36.1%)  
  1. 1From a logistic regression model where dichotomized PCR positivity (positive at any level) was the outcome and the country of origin and type 1 diabetes (or healthy control) were two independent categorical predictors