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Table 2 Changes in average yearly mortality due to five vector-borne diseases in 2020 compared to the previous 5 years (2015–2019) in China

From: The impact of COVID-19 continuous containment and mitigation strategy on the epidemic of vector-borne diseases in China

Diseases Average yearly mortality rates Average yearly deaths (n) Percentage changea (95% CI) P-valueb
2020 2015–2019 2020 2015–2019
Overall 0.0014 0.0064 20 88 − 77.60 (− 100.64 to − 54.45)  < 0.001
EEB 0.0009 0.0053 12 73 − 83.67 (− 108.47 to − 59.05)  < 0.001
Typhus 0.0000 0.0000 0 0 NA NA
Dengue 0.0000 0.0001 0 1 − 100.00 (− 296.00 to 96.00) 0.32
Malaria 0.0005 0.0010 7 14 − 49.15 (− 114.50 to 13.30) 0.12
Leishmaniasis 0.0001 0.0000 1 0 NA NA
  1. aChanges = (x1 − ×2)/x2 × 100%, where x1 is the average yearly incidence in 2020, and x2 is the average yearly incidence in the previous 5 years (2015–2019)
  2. bThe P-value was computed using two proportional tests