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Table 1 Signalment and geographical distribution of dogs enrolled in the study

From: Detection of specific antibodies against Leishmania infantum in canine serum and oral transudate using an in-house ELISA

Geographical distribution (number of dogs) Sex (%, number of dogs) Breed (%, number of dogs) Most common breeds (%, number of dogs) Age (%, number of dogs)a Age, median (years, min–max)a, e Clinical status (%, number of dogs)
Femaleb Maleb Purebredc Crossbreedc Youngd Adultd Healthyf Sickf
Asturias (47) 51.1%, 24 48.9%, 23 89.4%, 42 10.6%, 5 English setter (17%, 8) and Mastiff (10.6%, 5) 8.9%, 4 91.1%, 41 5.5%, 0.5–12 100%, 47 0%, 0
Barcelona (110) 46.4%, 51 53.6%, 59 20.9%, 23 79.1%, 87 German Shepherd (4.5%, 5) and Labrador Retriever (3.6%, 4) 25.5%, 24 74.5%, 70 4%, 0.3–12 87.3%, 96 12.7%, 14
Cádiz (54) 44.4%, 24 55.6%, 30 29.6%, 16 70.4%, 38 Spanish sighthound (11.1%, 6) 17.5%, 7 82.5%, 33 3.5%, 0.5–16 100%, 54 0%, 0
Mallorca (94) 68.1%, 64 31.9%, 30 80.9%, 18 19.1%, 76 Ibizan Hound (54.3%, 51), Mallorca Shepherd dog (5.3%, 5) and Andalusian wine-cellar rat-hunting dog (5.3%, 5) 38%, 35 62%, 57 3%, 0.5–14 92.6%, 87 7.4%, 7
Total of provinces of origin (407) 51.4%, 209 48.6%, 198 46.7%, 190 53.3%, 217 Ibizan Hound (12.8%, 52), German Shepherd (3.9%, 16) and Mastiff (3.4%, 14) 22.8%, 79 77.2%, 267 4%, 0.3–16 89.9%, 366 10.1%, 41
  1. max maximum, min minimum
  2. aAge was not recorded in 2 dogs from Asturias, 16 dogs from Barcelona, 14 dogs from Cádiz, 2 dogs from Mallorca and 27 dogs from other Spanish regions
  3. bMallorca had a higher rate of female dogs (Chi-square test: X2 = 11.7, df = 3, P = 0.008)
  4. cAsturias and Mallorca had a higher rate of purebred dogs (Chi-square test: X2 = 110.9, df = 3, P < 0.001)
  5. dMallorca had significantly more young dogs than Asturias (Fisher’s exact test: P < 0.0001) and Cádiz (Fisher’s exact test: P = 0.025), while Asturias had significantly more adult dogs than Barcelona (Fisher’s exact test: P = 0.024)
  6. eDogs from Mallorca were significantly younger than those from Asturias (Mann–Whitney test: U = 2740, n1 = 45, n2 = 92, P = 0.002) and Barcelona (Mann–Whitney test: U = 5106, n1 = 94, n2 = 92, P = 0.032)
  7. fBarcelona and Mallorca had some sick dogs (Chi-square test: X2 = 13.4, df = 3, P = 0.004) while all dogs in Asturias and Cádiz were apparently healthy