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Table 3 Helminth infections in cases with positive ICT and negative LCA

From: The accuracy of a recombinant antigen immunochromatographic test for the detection of Strongyloides stercoralis infection in migrants from sub-Saharan Africa

Parasite Diagnostic method Frequency (% positive out of samples tested)
Filarial worms Serologya 4 (9.8)
Schistosoma spp. Serologyb 5 (12.2)
Schistosoma spp. Stool microscopy 2c (4.9)
Hookworm Stool microscopy 5 (12.2)
Strongyloides fuelleborni Stool microscopy 1 (2.4)
  1. aAcanthocheilonema vitae immunoglobulin G (IgG) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA; Bordier Affinity Products); a pan-filarial seroassay exploiting cross-reaction between A. vitae and filarial species infecting humans. Cross-reactions with other worms may also occur
  2. bSchistosoma mansoni IgG ELISA (Bordier Affinity Products)
  3. cThe two patients with positive microscopy were also positive by serology for Schistosoma