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Table 3 Distribution of Babesia-positive blood across the study sites

From: Molecular survey of Babesia parasites in Kenya: first detailed report on occurrence of Babesia bovis in cattle

Sampling site Total number of Babesia-positive samples by gene
Sub-county Number of animals No. of animals B. bovis positive with 18S
n (prevalence)
(95% CI prevalence)
No. of animals B. bovis positive with cytochrome b
n (prevalence)
(95% CI prevalence)
No. of animals B. bovis positive with both 18S & cytochrome b genes
n (prevalence)
(95% CI prevalence)
No. of B. bigemina positive animals
n (prevalence)
(95% CI prevalence)
No. of animals having both B. bovis and B. bigemina mixed infection
n (prevalence)
(95% CI prevalence)
Matuga 203 6 (3.0%)
(1.2–6.6%)
33 (16.3%)
(11.6–22.2%)
34 (16.7%)
(12.0–22.8%)
27 (13.3%)
(9.1–18.9%)
9 (4.4%)
(2.2–8.5%)
Msambweni 129 5 (3.9%)
(1.4–9.3%)
6 (4.7%)
(1.9–10.3%)
7 (5.4%)
(2.4–11.3%)
13 (10.1%)
(5.7–16.9%)
2 (1.6%)
(0.3–6.1%)
Lunga Lunga 174 28 (16.1%)
(11.1–22.6%)
42 (24.1%)
(18.1–31.3%)
46 (26.4%)
(20.2–33.8%)
30 (17.2%%)
(12.1–23.9%)
16 (9.2%)
(5.5–14.8%)
Total 506 39 (7.7%)
(5.6–10.4%)
81 (16.0%)
(12.9–19.6%)
87 (17.2%)
(14.1–20.8%)
70 (13.8%)
(11.0–17.2%)
27 (5.3%)
(3.6–7.8%)
  1. The prevalence of each Babesia infection was estimated as the proportion of total samples per sub-county with each gene. The sampling site (sub-county) was statistically associated with prevalence of Babesia infection (χ2 = 72.4, df = 8, P < 0.0001)