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Table 1 Culicoides biting midges collected at two aquatic ecosystems in northern Spain with CO2-baited CDC-traps between 2018 and 2019

From: Culicoides species community composition and feeding preferences in two aquatic ecosystems in northern Spain

Culicoides species CDC CO2-baited traps
Salburua Urdaibai Total
♂♀ % ♂♀ % ♂♀ %a
C. alazanicus Dzhafarov, 1961 22 952 974 25.8 11 251 262 22.3 1236 25.0
C. griseidorsum Kieffer, 1818 20 960 980 26.0 4 23 27 2.3 1007 20.4
C. poperinghensis Goetghebuer, 1953 24 766 790 20.9 2 13 15 1.3 805 16.3
C. kibunensis Tukunaga, 1937 9 390 399 10.6 4 127 131 11.2 530 11.7
C. clastrieri Callot, Kremer & Debuit, 1962 0 163 163 4.3 26 290 316 27.0 479 9.7
C. festivipennis Kieffer, 1914 46 254 300 8.0 2 34 36 3.1 336 6.8
C. punctatus (Meigen, 1804) 4 57 61 1.6 7 158 165 14.1 226 4.6
C. newsteadi Austen, 1921 1 0 1  < 0.1 5 54 59 5.0 60 1.2
C. obsoletus (Meigen, 1818)/C. scoticus Downes & Kettle, 1952b 0 20 20 0.5 6 34 40 3.4 60 1.2
C. lupicaris Downes & Kettle, 1952 0 9 9 0.2 1 28 29 2.5 38 0.8
C. maritimus Kieffer, 1924 0 0 0 0 5 31 36 3.1 36 0.7
C. pictipennis (Staeger, 1839) 13 20 33 0.9 2 0 2 0.2 35 0.7
C. duddingstoni Kettle & Lawson, 1951 0 11 11 0.3 0 5 5 0.4 16 0.3
C. circumscriptus Kieffer, 1918 0 2 2  < 0.1 0 8 8 0.7 10 0.2
C. albicans (Winnertz, 1852)c 0 0 0 0 0 9 9 0.8 9 0.2
C. pallidicornis Kieffer, 1919 0 0 0 0 0 9 9 0.8 9 0.2
C. pulicaris (Linnaeus, 1758) 0 2 2  < 0.1 1 6 7 0.6 9 0.2
C. puncticollis (Becker, 1903)c 0 8 8 0.2 0 0 0 0 8 0.2
C. albihalteratus Goetghebuer, 1935 2 1 3  < 0.1 1 3 4 0.3 7 0.1
C. achrayi Kettle & Lawson, 1955 0 2 2 0.1 1 3 4 0.3 6 0.1
C. vexans (Staeger, 1839) 0 6 6 0.2 0 0 0 0 6 0.1
C. fascipennis (Staeger, 1839) 0 4 4 0.1 0 0 0 0 4  < 0.1
C. cataneii Clastrier, 1957 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0.2 2  < 0.1
C. dewulfi Goetghebuer, 1936 0 2 2  < 0.1 0 0 0 0 2  < 0.1
C. gejgelensis Dzhafarov, 1964 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0.2 2  < 0.1
C. parroti Kieffer, 1922 0 2 2  < 0.1 0 0 0 0 2  < 0.1
C. picturatus Kremer & Debuit, 1961 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0.2 2  < 0.1
Not identified 0 1 1  < 0.1 1 1 2 0.2 3 0.1
Total 140 3633 3773   80 1092 1172   4945  
Sd    22     23   28  
  1. All identifications were based on morphometric analysis
  2. aThe percentage of each species in the total catch
  3. bBased on males, C. obsoletus accounted for five specimens (83.3%) and C. scoticus for one specimen (16.7%)
  4. cFirst record for the Basque Country
  5. d Species richness