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Table 2 Common agricultural pesticides used in respective villages, their chemical class, frequency of use and resistance status

From: Effects of agricultural pesticides on the susceptibility and fitness of malaria vectors in rural south-eastern Tanzania

Village Pesticide/herbicide Trade name Chemical class Active ingredient Frequency of use Resistance status
V1 Both pesticides & herbicide (widespread use) Karate 5EC Pyrethroid Lambda-cyhalothrin High CR
KungFu 5EC Pyrethroid Lambda-cyhalothrin High CR
Rapid Attack 344SE Pyrethroid + Neonicotinoids Cypermethrin + Imidacloprid Moderate CR−
V2 Both pesticides & herbicide (widespread use) KungFu 5EC Pyrethroid Lambda-cyhalothrin High CR
Profecron 720EC Organophosphate Profenofos Moderate PR
Dasba 40EC Organophosphate Chlorpyrifos Moderate PR
V3 Both pesticides & herbicide(widespread use) Actellic 50EC Organophosphate Pirimiphos-methyl High PR
Karate 5EC Pyrethroid Lambda-cyhalothrin High CR
KungFu 5EC Pyrethroid Lambda-cyhalothrin High CR
Profecron 720EC Organophosphate Profenofos High CR
V4 Only herbicides (marginal use) 2, 4 D Amine Aryloxyacides II 2, 4 D- dimethyl amine salt Moderate
  1. V1 = Minepa, V2 = Lupiro, V3 = Kisawasawa, V4 = Njage
  2. CR confirmed resistance, PR possible resistance