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  1. Parascaris univalens is an ascaridoid nematode of equids. Little is known about its epidemiology and population genetics in domestic and wild horse populations. PCR-based methods are suited to support studies in ...

    Authors: Abdul Jabbar, D Timothy J Littlewood, Namitha Mohandas, Andrew G Briscoe, Peter G Foster, Fritz Müller, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Aaron R Jex and Robin B Gasser
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:428
  2. This paper summarizes prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in humans and animals and associated correlates of infection, clinical spectrum of disease in humans, and genetic diversity of T. gondii isolates from Colombi...

    Authors: William Alberto Cañón-Franco, Natalia López-Orozco, Jorge Enrique Gómez-Marín and Jitender P Dubey
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:427
  3. Alternative insecticidal compounds with mortality effect against mosquito life cycle stages are currently needed. The compounds should be biodegradable and nontoxic to non-targeted insects. Plant based larvici...

    Authors: France P Mdoe, Sen-Sung Cheng, Lucile Lyaruu, Gamba Nkwengulila, Shang-Tzen Chang and Eliningaya J Kweka
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:426
  4. Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite that infects humans and a broad spectrum of warm-blooded vertebrates. The present study was undertaken with the objectives of isolation and determ...

    Authors: Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Mukarim Abdurahaman, Tesfaye Sisay Tessema, Getachew Tilahun, Eric Cox, Bruno Goddeeris, Pierre Dorny, Stephane De Craeye, Marie-Laure Dardé and Daniel Ajzenberg
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:425
  5. Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease and drug-repurposing is a useful strategy to fill its exhausted drug development pipeline. The ferrocenyl analogue of chloroquine, ferroquine, is an antimalarial...

    Authors: Jennifer Keiser, Mireille Vargas, Riccardo Rubbiani, Gilles Gasser and Christophe Biot
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:424
  6. Anopheles pseudopunctipennis is an important malaria vector in the Neotropical region and the only species involved in Plasmodium transmission in the Andean foothills. Its wide geographical distribution in Americ...

    Authors: María J Dantur Juri, Marta Moreno, Mónica J Prado Izaguirre, Juan C Navarro, Mario O Zaidenberg, Walter R Almirón, Guillermo L Claps and Jan E Conn
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:423
  7. Infections with larval stages (metacestodes) of a variety of taeniid species have been described in primates, including humans, with partial to severe clinical consequences. Taenia martis is a tapeworm of musteli...

    Authors: Julie Brunet, Bernard Pesson, René Chermette, Pierrick Regnard, Felix Grimm, Peter Deplazes, Xavier Ferreira, Marcela Sabou, Alexander W Pfaff, Ahmed Abou-Bacar and Ermanno Candolfi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:422
  8. Although the Mediterranean island of Majorca is an endemic area of leishmaniosis, there is a lack of up-to-date data on its sand fly fauna, the last report dating from 1989. The aim of the present study was to...

    Authors: M Magdalena Alcover, Cristina Ballart, Joaquina Martín-Sánchez, Teresa Serra, Soledad Castillejo, Montserrat Portús and Montserrat Gállego
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:421
  9. The diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) might be difficult, in particular in endemic areas where different species of Leishmania can cause lesions of very similar appearance and where other skin diseases wi...

    Authors: Tarik Mouttaki, Manuel Morales-Yuste, Gema Merino-Espinosa, Soumiya Chiheb, Hassan Fellah, Joaquina Martin-Sanchez and Myriam Riyad
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:420
  10. Borrelia miyamotoi is a relapsing fever spirochete found in Ixodes ticks in North America, Europe, and Asia, and has recently been found to be invasive in humans. Cultivation of this spirochete has not yet been d...

    Authors: Alex Wagemakers, Anneke Oei, Michelle M Fikrig, Willem R Miellet and Joppe W Hovius
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:418
  11. This study was carried out to develop a health education learning package (HELP) about soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections, and to evaluate what impact such a package could have in terms of reducing the...

    Authors: Ahmed K Al-Delaimy, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Yvonne AL Lim, Nabil A Nasr, Hany Sady, Wahib M Atroosh and Rohela Mahmud
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:416
  12. Various ecological and physiological mechanisms might influence the probability that two or more pathogens may simultaneously or sequentially infect a host individual. Concurrent infections can have important ...

    Authors: Matthew CI Medeiros, Tavis K Anderson, Jenni M Higashiguchi, Uriel D Kitron, Edward D Walker, Jeffrey D Brawn, Bethany L Krebs, Marilyn O Ruiz, Tony L Goldberg, Robert E Ricklefs and Gabriel L Hamer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:415
  13. Non-clinical Theileria parva infection among indigenous cattle occurs upon recovery from primary disease during the first year of life. Continuous exposure to infection through contaminated tick infestations with...

    Authors: Fredrick Kabi, Charles Masembe, Vincent Muwanika, Halid Kirunda and Riccardo Negrini
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:414
  14. Theileria spp. are tick transmitted protozoa that can infect large and small ruminants causing disease and economic losses. Diagnosis of infections is often challenging, as parasites can be difficult to detect an...

    Authors: Yi Yang, Yongjiang Mao, Patrick Kelly, Zhangpin Yang, Lu Luan, Jilei Zhang, Jing Li, Heba S El-Mahallawy and Chengming Wang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:413
  15. A number of epidemiological studies have demonstrated Giardia as prevalent in both humans and dogs worldwide and have postulated the occurrence of anthroponotic, zoonotic and animal-specific cycles of transmissio...

    Authors: Tawin Inpankaew, Fabian Schär, Peter Odermatt, Anders Dalsgaard, Wissanuwat Chimnoi, Virak Khieu, Sinuon Muth and Rebecca J Traub
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:412
  16. The development of anthelmintic resistance (AR) to macrocyclic lactones in the equine roundworm Parascaris equorum has resulted in benzimidazoles now being the most widely used substance to control Parascaris inf...

    Authors: Eva Tydén, Johan Dahlberg, Olof Karlberg and Johan Höglund
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:410
  17. Insecticide resistance in the mosquito vector is the one of the main obstacles against effective malaria control. In order to implement insecticide resistance management strategies, it is important to understa...

    Authors: Innocent Djègbè, Fiacre R Agossa, Christopher M Jones, Rodolphe Poupardin, Sylvie Cornelie, Martin Akogbéto, Hilary Ranson and Vincent Corbel
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:409
  18. Currently, China is moving towards the elimination of schistosomiasis japonica. In a previous review, the factors affecting the progress towards the elimination of transmission of schistosomiasis in China have...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Jian-Rong Dai and You-Sheng Liang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:408
  19. Schistosomiasis japonicum remains a considerable economic and public health concern in China, the Philippines and Indonesia. Currently available measures to control the unique intermediate host Oncomelania hupens...

    Authors: Fan Yang, Erping Long, Juhua Wen, Lei Cao, Chengcheng Zhu, Huanxin Hu, Ying Ruan, Kamolnetr Okanurak, Huiling Hu, Xiaoxia Wei, Xiangyun Yang, Chaofan Wang, Limei Zhang, Xiaoying Wang, Pengyu Ji, Huanqin Zheng…
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:407
  20. Tryparedoxin peroxidase (TXNPx) participates in defence against oxidative stress as an antioxidant by metabolizing hydrogen peroxide into water molecules. Reports suggest that drug-resistant parasites may incr...

    Authors: Juvana M Andrade and Silvane M F Murta
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:406
  21. A large variety of mammals act as natural reservoirs of Trypanosoma cruzi (the causal agent of Chagas disease) across the American continent. Related issues are infection and parasite burden in these reservoirs, ...

    Authors: Fernando Martínez-Hernández, Emilio Rendon-Franco, Lilia María Gama-Campillo, Claudia Villanueva-García, Mirza Romero-Valdovinos, Pablo Maravilla, Ricardo Alejandre-Aguilar, Nancy Rivas, Alex Córdoba-Aguilar, Claudia Irais Muñoz-García and Guiehdani Villalobos
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:405
  22. Blastocystis, is one of the most common human intestinal protozoan, which has many conflicting reports on its pathogenic role. Gut conditions which obviously varies in asymptomatic individuals, symptomatic and ir...

    Authors: Nanthiney Devi Ragavan, Suresh Kumar Govind, Tan Tian Chye and Sanjiv Mahadeva
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:404
  23. The genomes of many insect and parasite species contain beta carbonic anhydrase (β-CA) protein coding sequences. The lack of β-CA proteins in mammals makes them interesting target proteins for inhibition in tr...

    Authors: Reza Zolfaghari Emameh, Harlan Barker, Vesa P Hytönen, Martti E E Tolvanen and Seppo Parkkila
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:403
  24. In 2011, a novel orthobunyavirus of the Simbu serogroup was discovered near the German-Dutch border and named Schmallenberg virus (SBV). So far, SBV genome has been detected in various field-collected Culicoides ...

    Authors: Kerstin Wernike, Hanna Jöst, Norbert Becker, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit and Martin Beer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:402
  25. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the common tropical protozoal diseases caused by various Leishmania species, and transmitted by the sand-fly vectors, Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia species. Herein, we report fo...

    Authors: Hamida Al-Dwibe, Aisha Gashout, Abdu-Maged Morogum, Said El-Zubi and Ahmad Amro
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:401
  26. A new species of phlebotomine sand flies belonging to Trichophoromyia Barretto, 1962 genus is described, based on males collected in Jaú National Park, Amazonas state, Brazil.

    Authors: Simone Ladeia-Andrade, Nelson Ferreira Fé, Cristiani de Castilho Sanguinette and José Dilermando Andrade Filho
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:400
  27. Swim bladder inflammation (SBI) is an important disease of common carp fingerlings in Central Europe. In the 1980s, its etiology was ascribed to multicellular proliferative stages of the myxozoan parasite Sphaero...

    Authors: Astrid S Holzer, Ashlie Hartigan, Sneha Patra, Hana Pecková and Edit Eszterbauer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:398
  28. The World Health Organization (WHO), international donors and partners have emphasized the importance of integrated control of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). Integrated mapping of NTDs is a first step for...

    Authors: Heven Sime, Kebede Deribe, Ashenafi Assefa, Melanie J Newport, Fikre Enquselassie, Abeba Gebretsadik, Amha Kebede, Asrat Hailu, Oumer Shafi, Abraham Aseffa, Richard Reithinger, Simon J Brooker, Rachel L Pullan, Jorge Cano, Kadu Meribo, Alex Pavluck…
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:397
  29. Angiostrongylus vasorum is a cardiopulmonary canine nematode, potentially fatal to its host. In the last decade, there has been an increasing number of autochthonous cases in areas previously considered non-endem...

    Authors: Stanislav Simin, Ljubica Spasojević Kosić, Ljiljana Kuruca, Ivan Pavlović, Milan Savović and Vesna Lalošević
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:396
  30. The genus Flavivirus comprises several mosquito-borne species, including the zoonotic pathogens West Nile and Usutu virus, circulating in animals and humans in Italy since 1998. Due to its ecological and geograph...

    Authors: Francesca Rizzo, Francesco Cerutti, Marco Ballardini, Andrea Mosca, Nicoletta Vitale, Maria Cristina Radaelli, Rosanna Desiato, Marino Prearo, Alessandra Pautasso, Cristina Casalone, Pierluigi Acutis, Simone Peletto and Maria Lucia Mandola
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:395
  31. Several investigators have reported genetic differences between northern and southern populations of Ixodes scapularis in North America, as well as differences in patterns of disease transmission. Ecological and ...

    Authors: Howard S Ginsberg, Eric L Rulison, Alexandra Azevedo, Genevieve C Pang, Isis M Kuczaj, Jean I Tsao and Roger A LeBrun
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:394
  32. Anthropogenic habitat change often results in altered landscapes that can provide new environments where hosts, parasites and pathogens can interact. The latter can have implications for human and animal healt...

    Authors: Götz Froeschke and Sonja Matthee
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:393
  33. Culicoides biting midges are vectors of bluetongue and Schmallenberg viruses that inflict large-scale disease epidemics in ruminant livestock in Europe. Methods based on morphological characteristics and sequenci...

    Authors: Katrin R Uhlmann, Sebastian Gibb, Stefan Kalkhof, Uriel Arroyo-Abad, Claudia Schulz, Bernd Hoffmann, Francesca Stubbins, Simon Carpenter, Martin Beer, Martin von Bergen and Ralph Feltens
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:392
  34. Domestic water storage containers constitute major Aedes aegypti breeding sites. We present for the first time a comparative analysis of the bacterial communities associated with Ae. aegypti larvae and water from...

    Authors: Nsa Dada, Estelle Jumas-Bilak, Sylvie Manguin, Razak Seidu, Thor-Axel Stenström and Hans J Overgaard
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:391
  35. Anopheles arabiensis is a major malaria vector in Africa. Adult females are likely to imbibe multiple blood meals during their lifetime. This results in regular exposure to potential toxins and blood-meal induced...

    Authors: Shüné V Oliver and Basil D Brooke
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:390
  36. The burden of malaria infection in the modern world remains significant. Specific changes in the relative proportions of malaria vector mosquitoes, Maculipennis Complex species, in the south of Western Siberia...

    Authors: Yuri M Novikov and Oleg V Vaulin
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:389
  37. Female Culicoides sonorensis midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are vectors of pathogens that impact livestock and wildlife in the United States. Little is known about their biology on a molecular-genetic level, i...

    Authors: Dana Nayduch, Matthew B Lee and Christopher A Saski
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:388
  38. The genus Leishmania includes protozoan parasites that are able to infect an array of phlebotomine and vertebrate species. Proteases are related to the capacity of these parasites to infect and survive in their h...

    Authors: Mariana Silva-Almeida, Franklin Souza-Silva, Bernardo Acácio Santini Pereira, Michelle Lopes Ribeiro-Guimarães and Carlos Roberto Alves
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:387
  39. Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ZCL) due to Leishmania major (L. major) is still a serious public health problem in Tunisia. This study aimed to compare the prevalence and risk factors associated with L. major ...

    Authors: Jihene Bettaieb, Amine Toumi, Sadok Chlif, Bilel Chelghaf, Aicha Boukthir, Adel Gharbi and Afif Ben Salah
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:386
  40. Genetic variation of microsatellite loci is a widely used method for the analysis of population genetic structure of several organisms. To improve our knowledge on the population genetics of trypanosomes, Trypano...

    Authors: Gustave Simo, Pythagore Soubgwi Fogue, Tresor Tito Tanekou Melachio, Flobert Njiokou, Jules Roger Kuiate and Tazoacha Asonganyi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:385
  41. Culicoides imicola Kieffer and Culicoides bolitinos Meiswinkel (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are both of veterinary importance, being vectors of Schmallenberg, bluetongue and African horse sickness (AHS) viruses. Wi...

    Authors: F Arné Verhoef, Gert J Venter and Christopher W Weldon
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:384
  42. Since the World Health Organization (WHO) adopted the use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) as a principal strategy for effective malaria prevention and control, pyrethroids have been the only class of...

    Authors: Hitoshi Kawada, Kazunori Ohashi, Gabriel O Dida, George Sonye, Sammy M Njenga, Charles Mwandawiro and Noboru Minakawa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:383
  43. Mosquitoes are highly effective vectors for transmission of human and animal pathogens. Understanding the relationship between pathogen and vector is vital in developing strategies to predict and prevent trans...

    Authors: Thomas Walker, Claire L Jeffries, Karen L Mansfield and Nicholas Johnson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:382
  44. Colombia, as part of The Andean Countries Initiative has given priority to triatomine control programs to eliminate primary (domiciliated) vector species such as Rhodnius prolixus and Triatoma dimidiata. However,...

    Authors: Omar Cantillo-Barraza, Duverney Chaverra, Paula Marcet, Sair Arboleda-Sánchez and Omar Triana-Chávez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:381
  45. It has been speculated that widespread and sustained use of insecticide treated bed nets (ITNs) for over 10 years in Asembo, western Kenya, may have selected for changes in the location (indoor versus outdoor)...

    Authors: M Nabie Bayoh, Edward D Walker, Jackline Kosgei, Maurice Ombok, George B Olang, Andrew K Githeko, Gerry F Killeen, Peter Otieno, Meghna Desai, Neil F Lobo, John M Vulule, Mary J Hamel, Simon Kariuki and John E Gimnig
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:380
  46. Australia is one of the few high-income countries where dengue transmission regularly occurs. Dengue is a major health threat in North Queensland (NQ), where the vector Aedes aegypti is present. Whether NQ should...

    Authors: Elvina Viennet, Scott A Ritchie, Helen M Faddy, Craig R Williams and David Harley
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:379
  47. Tsetse flies are the biological vectors of African trypanosomes, the causative agents of sleeping sickness in humans and nagana in animals. The tsetse endosymbiont Sodalis glossinidius has been suggested to play ...

    Authors: Jonny W Dennis, Simon M Durkin, Jemima E Horsley Downie, Louise C Hamill, Neil E Anderson and Ewan T MacLeod
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:378

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