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  1. Angiostrongylus cantonensis is an important food-borne zoonotic parasite. Humans are non-permissive hosts, and this parasite develops into fifth-stage larvae (L5) in the brain and subarachnoid cavity and then ind...

    Authors: Kuang-Yao Chen, Yi-Ju Chen, Chien-Ju Cheng, Kai-Yuan Jhan and Lian-Chen Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:317

    Content type: Research

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  2. Malaria caused by Plasmodium spp. is still a major threat to public health globally. The various approaches to developing new antimalarial agents rely on the understanding of the complex regulatory mechanisms of ...

    Authors: Hui Liu, Xin-Yu Cui, Dan-Dan Xu, Fei Wang, Lin-Wen Meng, Yue-Meng Zhao, Meng Liu, Shi-Jun Shen, Xiao-Hui He, Qiang Fang, Zhi-Yong Tao, Ci-Zong Jiang, Qing-Feng Zhang, Liang Gu and Hui Xia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:314

    Content type: Research

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  3. The Onchocercidae is a family of filarial nematodes with several species of medical or veterinary importance. Microfilariae are found in the blood and/or the dermis and are usually diagnosed in humans by micro...

    Authors: Colette Marie Gaillard, Sebastien David Pion, Hadjira Hamou, Constant Sirima, Charlotte Bizet, Thomas Lemarcis, Jules Rodrigues, Amandine Esteban, Martine Peeters, Eitel Mpoudi Ngole, Illich Mombo, Florian Liégeois, Coralie Martin, Michel Boussinesq and Sabrina Locatelli

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:313

    Content type: Research

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  4. The human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis, is a cosmopolitan blood-sucking ectoparasite affecting mostly schoolchildren in both developed and developing countries. In Honduras, chemical pediculicides are th...

    Authors: Kelsey Larkin, Carol A. Rodriguez, Shabana Jamani, Georgina Fronza, Gonzalo Roca-Acevedo, Ana Sanchez and Ariel C. Toloza

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:312

    Content type: Research

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  5. The castor bean tick Ixodes ricinus is an important vector of several clinically important diseases, whose prevalence increases with accelerating global climate changes. Characterization of a tick life-cycle is t...

    Authors: Pavlina Vechtova, Zoltan Fussy, Radim Cegan, Jan Sterba, Jan Erhart, Vladimir Benes and Libor Grubhoffer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:311

    Content type: Research

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  6. Transmission dynamics of arboviruses like Zika virus are often evaluated by vector competence (the proportion of infectious vectors given exposure) and the extrinsic incubation period (EIP, the time it takes f...

    Authors: E. Handly Mayton, A. Ryan Tramonte, Helen J. Wearing and Rebecca C. Christofferson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:310

    Content type: Research

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  7. The subgenus Megatrypanum Hoare, 1964 of Trypanosoma Gruby, 1843 comprises trypanosomes of cervids and bovids from around the world. Here, the white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmermann) and its ectopar...

    Authors: Herakles A. Garcia, Pilar A. Blanco, Adriana C. Rodrigues, Carla M. F. Rodrigues, Carmen S. A. Takata, Marta Campaner, Erney P. Camargo and Marta M. G. Teixeira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:308

    Content type: Research

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  8. The majority of penguins (Sphenisciformes) have evolved in areas with weak or absent transmission of haemosporidian parasites and are usually naïve to avian haemosporidian infections. Plasmodium parasites are tra...

    Authors: Mizue Inumaru, Shiori Aratani, Misa Shimizu, Mineka Yamamoto, Yukita Sato, Koichi Murata and Gediminas Valkiūnas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:307

    Content type: Research

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  9. Angiostrongylus vasorum is the causative agent of canine angiostrongylosis, a disease that mainly affects domestic dogs and other wild carnivores. In Europe, the number of infected individuals is increasing, bein...

    Authors: Elena Carretón, Rodrigo Morchón, Yaiza Falcón-Cordón, Jorge Matos, Noelia Costa-Rodríguez and José A. Montoya-Alonso

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:306

    Content type: Research

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  10. Bovine babesiosis, commonly known as redwater fever, is a sporadic tick-borne disease in the United Kingdom. Outbreaks occur during the spring, summer and autumn months when ticks are active. This study report...

    Authors: Nicholas Johnson, L. Paul Phipps, Harriet McFadzean and Alex M. Barlow

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:305

    Content type: Short report

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  11. Recent reports indicate that the isoxazoline compounds have the potential to provide safe and effective treatment of canine generalized demodicosis, a condition that has been traditionally difficult to cure. C...

    Authors: Ivo Petersen, Rafael Chiummo, Eva Zschiesche, Joanna Karas-Tecza, Dhimiter Rapti, Rainer Roepke and Emmanuel Thomas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:304

    Content type: Research

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  12. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is the most common viral CNS infection with incidences much higher than all other virus infections together in many risk areas of central and eastern Europe. The Odenwald Hill reg...

    Authors: Daniela Ott, Kristina Ulrich, Philip Ginsbach, Rainer Öhme, Oswinde Bock-Hensley, Ulrich Falk, Martina Teinert and Thorsten Lenhard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:303

    Content type: Research

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  13. Lymphatic filariasis (LF) infection is generally diagnosed through parasitological identification of microfilariae (mf) in the blood. Although historically the most commonly used technique for counting mf is t...

    Authors: Natalie V. S. Vinkeles Melchers, Luc E. Coffeng, Sake J. de Vlas and Wilma A. Stolk

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:302

    Content type: Research

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  14. Environmental conditions in northern Spain allow the development of different arthropods involved in the transmission of significant canine vector-borne pathogens. The aim of the study was to systematically as...

    Authors: David Díaz-Regañón, Xavier Roura, María L. Suárez, Marta León and Ángel Sainz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:301

    Content type: Research

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  15. Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is a neglected disease that affects ~7 million people worldwide. Development of new drugs to treat the infection remains a priority since those currently...

    Authors: Nieves Martinez-Peinado, Nuria Cortes-Serra, Laura Torras-Claveria, Maria-Jesus Pinazo, Joaquim Gascon, Jaume Bastida and Julio Alonso-Padilla

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:299

    Content type: Research

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  16. Species of Macroponema Mawson, 1978 are strongyloid nematodes which occur in the stomachs of macropodid marsupials in Australia. In this study, the genus Macroponema is revised, redescriptions of the two known sp...

    Authors: Tanapan Sukee, Abdul Jabbar and Ian Beveridge

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:298

    Content type: Research

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  17. Mayaro virus (MAYV) is responsible for a mosquito-borne tropical disease with clinical symptoms similar to dengue or chikungunya virus fevers. In addition to the recent territorial expansion of MAYV, this viru...

    Authors: Anna Fernanda Vasconcellos, Samuel Coelho Mandacaru, Athos Silva de Oliveira, Wagner Fontes, Reynaldo Magalhães Melo, Marcelo Valle de Sousa, Renato Oliveira Resende and Sébastien Charneau

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:297

    Content type: Research

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  18. Buffalo flies (Haematobia irritans exigua) (BF) and closely related horn flies (Haematobia irritans irritans) (HF) are invasive haematophagous parasites with significant economic and welfare impacts on cattle pro...

    Authors: Mukund Madhav, Geoff Brown, Jess A. T. Morgan, Sassan Asgari, Elizabeth A. McGraw and Peter James

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:296

    Content type: Research

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  19. Since the implementation of Roll Back Malaria, the widespread use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) is thought to have played a major part in the decrease in mortality and m...

    Authors: Seynabou Sougoufara, Emmanuel Chinweuba Ottih and Frederic Tripet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:295

    Content type: Review

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  20. Leishmaniases are a group of neglected tropical parasitic diseases, mainly affecting vulnerable populations of countries with poor socioeconomic status. Development of efficient vaccines is a priority due to t...

    Authors: Alba Martínez-Flórez, Clara Martori, Paula L. Monteagudo, Fernando Rodriguez, Jordi Alberola and Alhelí Rodríguez-Cortés

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:294

    Content type: Research

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  21. Aedes aegypti is a vector of high relevance, since it transmits several arboviruses, including dengue, chikungunya and Zika. Studies on vector biology are usually conducted with laboratory strains presenting a di...

    Authors: Carlucio Rocha dos Santos, Cynara de Melo Rodovalho, Willy Jablonka, Ademir Jesus Martins, José Bento Pereira Lima, Luciana dos Santos Dias, Mário Alberto Cardoso da Silva Neto and Georgia Correa Atella

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:293

    Content type: Research

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  22. Knowledge of the distribution and habitat preference of freshwater snail intermediate hosts can provide information to initiate and set-up effective snail control programmes. However, there is limited research...

    Authors: Beekam Kebede Olkeba, Pieter Boets, Seid Tiku Mereta, Mesfin Yeshigeta, Geremew Muleta Akessa, Argaw Ambelu and Peter L. M. Goethals

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:292

    Content type: Research

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  23. Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) are intestinal parasites estimated to infect over 1.5 billion people. Current treatment programmes are aimed at morbidity control through school-based deworming programmes (tar...

    Authors: Marleen Werkman, James E. Wright, James E. Truscott, William E. Oswald, Katherine E. Halliday, Marina Papaiakovou, Sam H. Farrell, Rachel L. Pullan and Roy M. Anderson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:290

    Content type: Research

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  24. Giardia duodenalis is a gastrointestinal protozoan causing 184 million cases of giardiasis worldwide annually. Detection is by microscopy or coproantigen assays, although sensitivity is often compromised by inter...

    Authors: Sandra J. Molina-Gonzalez, Tapan Bhattacharyya, Hajri R. AlShehri, Kate Poulton, Stephen Allen, Michael A. Miles, Moses Arianitwe, Edridah M. Tukahebwa, Bonnie Webster, J. Russell Stothard and Amaya L. Bustinduy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:289

    Content type: Research

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  25. Apoptosis is fundamental in maintaining cell balance in multicellular organisms, and caspases play a crucial role in apoptosis pathways. It is reported that apoptosis plays an important role in tick salivary g...

    Authors: Yanan Wang, Shanming Hu, Mayinuer Tuerdi, Xinmao Yu, Houshuang Zhang, Yongzhi Zhou, Jie Cao, Itabajara da Silva Vaz Jr. and Jinlin Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:288

    Content type: Research

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  26. The fast development of molecular taxonomy is impacting our knowledge of the world parasite diversity at an unprecedented level. A number of operational taxonomic units have been uncovered and new species desc...

    Authors: Filipe Dantas-Torres and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:287

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  27. African animal trypanosomosis (AAT) is a major livestock disease in Kenya. Even though, over the years various organizations have collected a vast amount of field data on tsetse and AAT in different parts of t...

    Authors: Nancy N. Ngari, Daniel O. Gamba, Pamela A. Olet, Weining Zhao, Massimo Paone and Giuliano Cecchi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:286

    Content type: Research

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  28. Sand flies are responsible for the transmission of several disease pathogens including Leishmania. Sand flies breed in habitats with high levels of humidity and organic matter. They are nocturnal in nature and pe...

    Authors: Tharaka Wijerathna and Nayana Gunathilaka

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:284

    Content type: Research

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  29. The long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying of insecticide (IRS) are major malaria vector control strategies in Mali. The success of control strategies depends on a better understan...

    Authors: Moussa Keïta, Fousseyni Kané, Oumar Thiero, Boissé Traoré, Francis Zeukeng, Ambiélè Bernard Sodio, Sekou Fantamady Traoré, Rousseau Djouaka, Seydou Doumbia and Nafomon Sogoba

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:283

    Content type: Research

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  30. The aim of this study was to determine exposure to vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) in populations of dogs living on Greek islands in the Ionian and Aegean seas.

    Authors: Despoina Kostopoulou, Manuela Gizzarelli, Panagiota Ligda, Valentina Foglia Manzillo, Katerina Saratsi, Serena Montagnaro, Bettina Schunack, Annette Boegel, Matthias Pollmeier, Gaetano Oliva and Smaragda Sotiraki

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:282

    Content type: Research

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  31. Several studies have independently evaluated the occurrence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) and enteroparasites in swine, but no surveys have been conducted to jointly assess the prevalence and genetic diversity of...

    Authors: Antonio Rivero-Juarez, Alejandro Dashti, Pedro López-López, Aly Salimo Muadica, Maria de los Angeles Risalde, Pamela C. Köster, Isabel Machuca, Begoña Bailo, Marta Hernández de Mingo, Elena Dacal, Ignacio García-Bocanegra, José M. Saugar, Rafael Calero-Bernal, David González-Barrio, Antonio Rivero, Verónica Briz…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:281

    Content type: Research

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  32. Gravid females assess the conditions of oviposition sites to secure the growth and survival of their offspring. Conspecific-occupied sites may signal suitable oviposition sites but may also impose risk due to ...

    Authors: Dannielle Kowacich, Eduardo Hatano, Coby Schal, Loganathan Ponnusamy, Charles S. Apperson, Tatsiana Shymanovich and Gideon Wasserberg

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:280

    Content type: Research

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  33. Schistosomiasis is a socioeconomically devastating parasitic infection afflicting hundreds of millions of people and animals worldwide. It is the most important helminth infection, and its treatment relies sol...

    Authors: Rogério P. Xavier, Ana C. Mengarda, Marcos P. Silva, Daniel B. Roquini, Maria C. Salvadori, Fernanda S. Teixeira, Pedro L. Pinto, Thiago R. Morais, Leonardo L. G. Ferreira, Adriano D. Andricopulo and Josué de Moraes

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:278

    Content type: Research

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  34. Despite the overall major impact of long-lasting insecticide treated nets (LLINs) in eliciting individual and collective protection to malaria infections, some sub-Saharan countries, including Burkina Faso, st...

    Authors: Eleonora Perugini, Wamdaogo Moussa Guelbeogo, Maria Calzetta, Sara Manzi, Chiara Virgillito, Beniamino Caputo, Verena Pichler, Hilary Ranson, N’Fale Sagnon, Alessandra della Torre and Marco Pombi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:277

    Content type: Research

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  35. In eco-epidemiological studies, Leishmania detection in vectors and reservoirs is frequently accomplished by high-throughput and sensitive molecular methods that target minicircle kinetoplast DNA (kDNA). A pan-Le...

    Authors: Myrthe Pareyn, Rik Hendrickx, Nigatu Girma, Sarah Hendrickx, Lieselotte Van Bockstal, Natalie Van Houtte, Simon Shibru, Louis Maes, Herwig Leirs and Guy Caljon

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:276

    Content type: Research

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  36. The rapid growth in off-leash dog parks provides opportunity for canine socialization activities but carries risk of exposure to intestinal parasites. This study assessed the prevalence of these infections in ...

    Authors: Kristina Stafford, Todd M. Kollasch, Kathryn T. Duncan, Stephanie Horr, Troy Goddu, Christine Heinz-Loomer, Anthony J. Rumschlag, William G. Ryan, Sarah Sweet and Susan E. Little

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:275

    Content type: Research

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:348

  37. Trichomoniasis is the most common non-viral sexually transmitted disease caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. Metronidazole (MTZ) is a widely used drug for the treatment of trichomoniasis; howe...

    Authors: Hsin-Chung Lin, Lichieh Julie Chu, Po-Jung Huang, Wei-Hung Cheng, Yu-Hsing Zheng, Ching-Yun Huang, Shu-Wen Hong, Lih-Chyang Chen, Hsin-An Lin, Jui-Yang Wang, Ruei-Min Chen, Wei-Ning Lin, Petrus Tang and Kuo-Yang Huang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:274

    Content type: Research

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  38. Fishermen and boatmen are a population at-risk for contracting schistosomiasis due to their high frequency of water contact in endemic areas of schistosomiasis in the People’s Republic of China (P. R. China). ...

    Authors: Zhou Guan, Si-Min Dai, Jie Zhou, Xiao-Bing Ren, Zhi-Qiang Qin, Yin-Long Li, Shan Lv, Shi-Zhu Li, Xiao-Nong Zhou and Jing Xu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:273

    Content type: Research

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  39. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), is a parasitic disease that causes serious medical consequences if treatment is delayed. Despite a decline in the number of VL cases in the Indian subcontinent, the commencement of...

    Authors: Sarfaraz Ahmad Ejazi, Smriti Ghosh, Anirban Bhattacharyya, Mohd Kamran, Sonali Das, Sudipta Bhowmick, Mehebubar Rahaman, Rama Prosad Goswami and Nahid Ali

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:272

    Content type: Research

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  40. Vector-borne infectious diseases (VBDs) represent a major public health concern worldwide. Among VBDs, West Nile virus (WNV) showed an increasingly wider spread in temperate regions of Europe, including Italy....

    Authors: Diletta Fornasiero, Matteo Mazzucato, Marco Barbujani, Fabrizio Montarsi, Gioia Capelli and Paolo Mulatti

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:271

    Content type: Research

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  41. Granada virus belongs to the genus Phlebovirus within the Naples serocomplex and was detected for the first time in sand flies from Spain in 2003. Seroprevalence studies have revealed that Granada virus may infec...

    Authors: Laura Davó, Laura Herrero, Maria Paz Sánchez-Seco, Nuria Labiod, David Roiz, Elena Gómez-Díaz, Lourdes Hernandez, Jordi Figuerola and Ana Vázquez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:270

    Content type: Methodology

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  42. Despite the importance of some species of Culex (Melanoconion) (Diptera: Culicidae) as vectors of several arboviruses that cause diseases in humans and other animals, there are few taxonomic studies focusing on s...

    Authors: Ivy Luizi Rodrigues de Sá, Rosa Sá Gomes Hutchings, Roger William Hutchings and Maria Anice Mureb Sallum

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:269

    Content type: Research

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  43. Urogenital schistosomiasis, caused by infection with Schistosoma haematobium, is endemic in Niger but complicated by the presence of Schistosoma bovis, Schistosoma curassoni and S. haematobium group hybrids along...

    Authors: Tom Pennance, Fiona Allan, Aidan Emery, Muriel Rabone, Jo Cable, Amadou Djirmay Garba, Amina Amadou Hamidou, Joanne P. Webster, David Rollinson and Bonnie L. Webster

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:268

    Content type: Research

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  44. The sterile insect technique (SIT) is a vector control strategy relying on the mass release of sterile males into wild vector populations. Current sex separation techniques are not fully efficient and could le...

    Authors: Edwige Guissou, Serge Poda, Domombabele François de Sales Hien, Serge Rakiswende Yerbanga, Dari Frédéric Da, Anna Cohuet, Florence Fournet, Olivier Roux, Hamidou Maiga, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Jeremie Gilles, Jérémy Bouyer, Anicet G. Ouédraogo, Jean-Baptiste Rayaissé, Thierry Lefèvre and Kounbobr Roch Dabiré

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:266

    Content type: Research

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  45. Culicoides obsoletus is an abundant and widely distributed Holarctic biting midge species, involved in the transmission of bluetongue virus (BTV) and Schmallenberg virus (SBV) to wild and domestic ruminants. Fema...

    Authors: Antoine Mignotte, Claire Garros, Laetitia Gardès, Thomas Balenghien, Maxime Duhayon, Ignace Rakotoarivony, Laura Tabourin, Léa Poujol, Bruno Mathieu, Adolfo Ibañez-Justicia, Ahmet Deniz, Aleksandar Cvetkovikj, Bethan V. Purse, David W. Ramilo, Despoina Stougiou, Doreen Werner…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:265

    Content type: Research

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