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  1. Larvicides are typically applied to fixed and findable mosquito breeding sites, such as fish farming ponds used in commercial aquaculture, to kill immature forms and thereby reduce the size of adult malaria ve...

    Authors: Pablo S. Fontoura, Marcos F. Silva, Anderson S. da Costa, Francismar S. Ribeiro, Marcílio S. Ferreira, Simone Ladeia-Andrade, Juliana Tonini, Priscila T. Rodrigues, Marcia C. Castro and Marcelo U. Ferreira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:445

    Content type: Research

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  2. The arthropod-borne Mayaro virus (MAYV) causes “Mayaro fever,” a disease of medical significance, primarily affecting individuals in permanent contact with forested areas in tropical South America. Recently, M...

    Authors: Tiago Souza Salles, Marcelo Damião Ferreira Meneses, Lucio Ayres Caldas, Thayane Encarnação Sá-Guimarães, Danielle M. de Oliveira, José A. Ventura, Renata Campos Azevedo, Ricardo M. Kuster, Márcia Regina Soares and Davis Fernandes Ferreira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:443

    Content type: Research

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  3. The horn fly, Haematobia irritans irritans, causes significant production losses to the cattle industry. Horn fly control relies on insecticides; however, alternative control methods such as vaccines are needed d...

    Authors: Luísa N. Domingues, Kylie G. Bendele, Lénaïg Halos, Yovany Moreno, Christian Epe, Monica Figueiredo, Martin Liebstein and Felix D. Guerrero

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:442

    Content type: Research

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  4. Companion animal endoparasites play a substantial role in both veterinary medicine and public health. Updated epidemiological studies are necessary to identify trends in occurrence and distribution of these pa...

    Authors: Caroline Sobotyk, Kaitlyn E. Upton, Manigandan Lejeune, Thomas J. Nolan, Antoinette E. Marsh, Brian H. Herrin, Mindy M. Borst, Julie Piccione, Anne M. Zajac, Lauren E. Camp, Cassan N. Pulaski, Lindsay A. Starkey, Cristiano von Simson and Guilherme G. Verocai

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:439

    Content type: Research

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  5. The evolution of drug resistance is one of the biggest challenges in leishmaniasis and has prompted the need for new antileishmanial drugs. Repurposing of approved drugs is a faster and very attractive strateg...

    Authors: Chloé Rosa-Teijeiro, Victoria Wagner, Audrey Corbeil, Ilda d’Annessa, Philippe Leprohon, Rubens L. do Monte-Neto and Christopher Fernandez-Prada

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:438

    Content type: Research

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  6. The sustainable elimination of Triatoma infestans in the Gran Chaco region represents an enduring challenge. Following the limited effects of a routine pyrethroid insecticide spraying campaign conducted over 2011...

    Authors: María Sol Gaspe, Marta Victoria Cardinal, María del Pilar Fernández, Claudia Viviana Vassena, Pablo Luis Santo-Orihuela, Gustavo Fabián Enriquez, Alejandra Alvedro, Mariano Alberto Laiño, Julieta Nattero, Julián Antonio Alvarado-Otegui, Natalia Paula Macchiaverna, María Carla Cecere, Héctor Freilij and Ricardo Esteban Gürtler

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:437

    Content type: Research

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  7. Manipulative parasites are thought to liberate molecules in their external environment, acting as manipulation factors with biological functions implicated in their host’s physiological and behavioural alterat...

    Authors: Chloé Suzanne Berger, Jérôme Laroche, Halim Maaroufi, Hélène Martin, Kyung-Mee Moon, Christian R. Landry, Leonard J. Foster and Nadia Aubin-Horth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:436

    Content type: Research

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  8. Approximately 25–30% of individuals worldwide are infected with Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii), which is difficult to detect in its latent state. We aimed to evaluate the association between toxoplasmosis, the ris...

    Authors: Hung-Yi Yang, Wu-Chien Chien, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Ruei-Yu Su, Chung-Yu Lai, Chuan-Chi Yang and Nian-Sheng Tzeng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:435

    Content type: Research

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  9. Aedes vigilax is one of the most significant arbovirus vector and pest species in Australia’s coastal regions. Occurring in multiple countries, this mosquito species occurs as a species complex which has been sep...

    Authors: Peter T. Mee, Shani Wong, Karen Brown and Stacey E. Lynch

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:434

    Content type: Research

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  10. The midgut microbiota of mosquitoes maintain basal immune activity and immune priming. In recent years, scientists have focused on the use of microbial communities for vector control interventions. In the pres...

    Authors: Koshila Ranasinghe, Nayana Gunathilaka, Deepika Amarasinghe, Wasana Rodrigo and Lahiru Udayanga

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:433

    Content type: Research

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  11. In Norway, x-cell parasites associated with disease in farmed salmonids have been known as a rare phenomenon for two decades. These parasites cause systemic infections in farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss

    Authors: Egil Karlsbakk, Cecilie Flatnes Nystøyl, Heidrun Plarre and Are Nylund

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:431

    Content type: Research

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  12. Lyme borreliosis and other tick-borne diseases emerge from increased interactions between humans, other animals, and infected ticks. The risk of acquiring a tick-borne infection varies across space and time, s...

    Authors: Fanny Olsthoorn, Hein Sprong, Manoj Fonville, Mara Rocchi, Jolyon Medlock, Lucy Gilbert and Jaboury Ghazoul

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:430

    Content type: Research

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  13. Anaplasma platys is a tick-borne bacterium which infects blood platelets of dogs, causing canine cyclic thrombocytopenia. The disease is distributed worldwide, particularly in the tropics and subtropics, but info...

    Authors: Abdelfattah Selim, Hamdan Almohammed, Abdelhamed Abdelhady, Abdulaziz Alouffi and Fahdah Ayed Alshammari

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:429

    Content type: Short report

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  14. Wolbachia pipientis are endosymbiotic bacteria present in a large proportion of terrestrial arthropods. The species is known to sometimes affect the ability of its host to transmit vector-borne pathogens. Central...

    Authors: Alexander Bergman and Jenny C. Hesson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:428

    Content type: Research

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  15. Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens are the main causative agents of heartworm disease and subcutaneous dirofilariasis in domestic and wild canids, respectively. Both pathogens have zoonotic potential and ...

    Authors: Laidoudi Younes, Hélène Barré-Cardi, Samia Bedjaoui, Nazli Ayhan, Marie Varloud, Oleg Mediannikov, Domenico Otranto and Bernard Davoust

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:427

    Content type: Research

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  16. Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati are globally distributed roundworms and causative agents of human toxocariasis, via ingestion of Toxocara eggs. Control of Toxocara infections is constrained by a lack of sensitiv...

    Authors: Wojciech Jarosz, Jean-Francois Durant, Leonid Mwana Wa Bene Irenge, Renata Fogt-Wyrwas, Hanna Mizgajska-Wiktor and Jean-Luc Gala

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:426

    Content type: Research

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  17. Head louse females secrete liquid glue during oviposition, which is solidified to form the nit sheath over the egg. Recently, two homologous proteins, named louse nit sheath protein (LNSP) 1 and LNSP 2, were i...

    Authors: Ju Hyeon Kim, Do Eun Lee, SangYoun Park, John M. Clark and Si Hyeock Lee

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:425

    Content type: Research

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  18. There has been a long-standing debate over the taxonomic status of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato. Different studies worldwide have reported the occurrence of different well-defined lineages, in addition to

    Authors: Luisa Páez-Triana, Marina Muñoz, Giovanny Herrera, Darwin A. Moreno-Pérez, Gabriel A. Tafur-Gómez, Diego Montenegro, Manuel A. Patarroyo, Alberto Paniz-Mondolfi and Juan David Ramírez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:424

    Content type: Research

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  19. Gaining insight into the risk perceptions and the knowledge evolution of the public about emerging or changing health risks is vital for the improvement of health promotion activities. Currently, scientific ev...

    Authors: Silvia-Diana Borșan, Sabina Ramona Trif and Andrei Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:423

    Content type: Research

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  20. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a worldwide parasitic zoonosis caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato affecting livestock, particularly sheep and goats. However, often this parasitosis is ...

    Authors: Antonio Bosco, Leucio Camara Alves, Paola Cociancic, Alessandra Amadesi, Paola Pepe, Maria Elena Morgoglione, Maria Paola Maurelli, Edyniesky Ferrer-Miranda, Kleber Régis Santoro, Rafael Antonio Nascimento Ramos, Laura Rinaldi and Giuseppe Cringoli

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:421

    Content type: Research

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  21. Malaria is often persistent in communities surrounded by mosquito breeding habitats. Anopheles gambiae sensu lato exploit a variety of aquatic habitats, but the biotic determinants of its preferences are poorly u...

    Authors: Hudson Onen, Robinson Odong, Moses Chemurot, Frédéric Tripet and Jonathan K. Kayondo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:420

    Content type: Research

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  22. Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by several species of Leishmania. The resistance phenotype of these parasites depends on the characteristics of each species, which contributes to increased th...

    Authors: Julián Medina, Lissa Cruz-Saavedra, Luz Helena Patiño, Marina Muñoz and Juan David Ramírez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:419

    Content type: Research

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  23. Artisanal mining creates enabling breeding ground for the vector of malaria parasites. There is paucity of data on the effects of artisanal mining on malaria. This study assessed burden of malaria and caregive...

    Authors: Francois Dao, Sampson Kafui Djonor, Christian Teye-Muno Ayin, George Asumah Adu, Bismark Sarfo, Pricillia Nortey, Kwadwo Owusu Akuffo and Anthony Danso-Appiah

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:418

    Content type: Research

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  24. Domesticated pigs are the main source of Trichinella sp. infections for humans, particularly when reared in backyards or free-ranging. In temperate areas of southern Europe, most pigs are farmed under controlled ...

    Authors: Edoardo Pozio, Mario Celli, Alessandra Ludovisi, Maria Interisano, Marco Amati and Maria Angeles Gómez-Morales

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:417

    Content type: Research

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  25. We evaluated the efficiency of an ex vivo feeding technique using a silicone membrane-based feeding chamber to (i) assess the anti-feeding and acaricidal efficacy of a spot-on combination of dinotefuran, pyrip...

    Authors: Djamel Tahir, Btissam Asri, Leon Nicolaas Meyer, Alec Evans, Thomas Mather, Byron Blagburn, Reinhard K. Straubinger, Valérie Choumet, Frans Jongejan and Marie Varloud

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:416

    Content type: Research

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  26. The mosquito Aedes albopictus is an important vector for many pathogens. Understanding the virome in Ae. albopictus is critical for assessing the risk of disease transmission, implementation of vector control mea...

    Authors: Wenqiao He, Yanxia Chen, Xiru Zhang, Mingji Peng, Da Xu, Huan He, Yuhan Gao, Junlin Chen, Jiarui Zhang, Zhiyu Li and Qing Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:415

    Content type: Research

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  27. Members of the genus Sarcocystis are protozoan parasites characterized by a prey–predator two-host life-cycle. Sarcocysts are formed in the muscles or central nervous system of the intermediate host (IH), while s...

    Authors: Petras Prakas, Antonio Bea, Evelina Juozaitytė-Ngugu, Iñaki Olano, Diego Villanúa, Saulius Švažas and Dalius Butkauskas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:414

    Content type: Research

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  28. Dengue is a significant public health issue that is caused by Aedes spp. mosquitoes. The current vector control methods are unable to effectively reduce Aedes populations and thus fail to decrease dengue transmis...

    Authors: Ahmad Mohiddin Mohd Ngesom, Anis Ahmad Razi, Nur Syahirah Azizan, Nazni Wasi Ahmad, Asmalia Md Lasim, Yanfeng Liang, David Greenhalgh, Jasmine Chia Siew Min, Mazrura Sahani, Rozita Hod and Hidayatulfathi Othman

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:413

    Content type: Research

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  29. The diagnosis of strongyloidiasis is challenging. Serological tests are acknowledged to have high sensitivity, but issues due to cross-reactions with other parasites, native parasite antigen supply and intrins...

    Authors: Francesca Tamarozzi, Silvia Stefania Longoni, Cristina Mazzi, Sofia Pettene, Antonio Montresor, Siddhartha Mahanty, Zeno Bisoffi and Dora Buonfrate

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:412

    Content type: Research

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  30. Culex (Culex) tritaeniorhynchus is an important vector of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) affecting feral pigs, native mammals and humans. The mosquito species is widely distributed throughout Southeast Asia, A...

    Authors: Bryan D. Lessard, Nina Kurucz, Juanita Rodriguez, Jane Carter and Christopher M. Hardy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:411

    Content type: Research

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  31. Riverine species of tsetse (Glossina) transmit Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, which causes Gambian human African trypanosomiasis (gHAT), a neglected tropical disease. Uganda aims to eliminate gHAT as a public heal...

    Authors: Paul R. Bessell, Johan Esterhuizen, Michael J. Lehane, Joshua Longbottom, Albert Mugenyi, Richard Selby, Inaki Tirados, Steve J. Torr, Charles Waiswa, Charles Wamboga and Andrew Hope

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:410

    Content type: Research

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  32. Tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) transmit trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness in humans and nagana in livestock). Several studies have indicated that age, sex, site of capture, starvation and microbiome symbion...

    Authors: Cornelius Mweempwa, Kalinga Chilongo, Kyoko Hayashida and Boniface Namangala

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:409

    Content type: Research

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  33. Toxoplasmosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii is a serious disease threatening human and animal health. People can be infected with T. gondii by ingesting raw pork contaminated with cysts or oocysts. Serological test...

    Authors: Yongle Song, Yongjuan Zhao, Ke Pan, Bang Shen, Rui Fang, Min Hu, Junlong Zhao and Yanqin Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:408

    Content type: Research

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  34. Plasmodium vivax transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs) are receiving increasing attention. Based on excellent transmission-blocking activities of the PbPH (PBANKA_0417200) and PbSOP26 (PBANKA_1457700) antigens in...

    Authors: Yongzhe Zhang, Fei Liu, Yan Zhao, Fan Yang, Jie Bai, Xitong Jia, Wanlapa Roobsoong, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Liwang Cui, Yaming Cao, Enjie Luo and Meilian Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:407

    Content type: Research

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  35. Aedes albopictus is the primary vector of dengue fever in China. This mosquito species has a wide distribution range in China and can be found in the tropical climate zones of southern provinces through to temper...

    Authors: Hanming Chen, Qiuming Zhou, Haowei Dong, Hao Yuan, Jie Bai, Jingpeng Gao, Feng Tao, Hui Ma, Xiangyu Li, Heng Peng and Yajun Ma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:406

    Content type: Research

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  36. Ticks are common on horses, but recent publications characterizing equine tick infestations in North America are lacking.

    Authors: Kellee D. Sundstrom, Megan W. Lineberry, Amber N. Grant, Kathryn T. Duncan, Michelle M. Ientile and Susan E. Little

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:404

    Content type: Research

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  37. The emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases are a cause for worldwide concern. The introduction of Zika and Chikungunya diseases in the Americas has exposed unforeseen medical and logistical challeng...

    Authors: Bárbara Batista Salgado, Fábio Carmona de Jesus Maués, Renato Lemos Pereira, Jannifer Oliveira Chiang, Maria Nazaré de Oliveira Freitas, Milene Silveira Ferreira, Lívia Caricio Martins, Pedro Fernando da Costa Vasconcelos, Christian Ganoza and Pritesh Lalwani

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:403

    Content type: Research

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  38. Babesia species are intraerythrocytic Apicomplexan parasites that infect a wide range of vertebrate hosts. These pathogens are typically transmitted either by tick vectors or by direct blood-to-blood contact, and...

    Authors: Erin Stayton, Megan Lineberry, Jennifer Thomas, Tina Bass, Kelly Allen, Ramaswamy Chandrashekar, Gene Yost, Mason Reichard and Craig Miller

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:402

    Content type: Research

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  39. The human botfly, Dermatobia hominis, is a common cause of furuncular myiasis in dogs in Latin America. Lesions can be single or multiple, each harboring an individual larva, presented as an erythematous nodule t...

    Authors: Paula A. Andriotti, Clarissa P. Souza, Priscila C. Oliveira, Rodrigo C. Melo, Guilherme G. Verocai and Julio I. Fernandes

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:401

    Content type: Short report

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  40. Metacaspases are multifunctional proteins found in plants, fungi and protozoa, and are involved in processes such as insoluble protein aggregate clearance and cell proliferation. Our previous study demonstrate...

    Authors: Muzi Li, Jing Liu, Yayun Wu, Yihan Wu, Xiaodong Sun, Yong Fu, Xiao Zhang and Qun Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:400

    Content type: Research

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  41. Blastocystis is a human gut symbiont of yet undefined clinical significance. In a set of faecal samples collected from asymptomatic children of six distant populations, we first assessed the community profiles of...

    Authors: Ondrej Cinek, Katerina Polackova, Rasha Odeh, Abeer Alassaf, Lenka Kramná, MaryAnn Ugochi Ibekwe, Edna Siima Majaliwa, Gunduz Ahmadov, Bashir Mukhtar Elwasila Elmahi, Hanan Mekki, Sami Oikarinen, Jan Lebl and Mohammed Ahmed Abdullah

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:399

    Content type: Research

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  42. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a zoonotic disease caused by Leishmania infantum, for which dogs constitute the main urban parasite reservoir. Control measures and the treatment of canine visceral leishmaniasis (C...

    Authors: Matheus Silva de Jesus, João Victor Andrade Cruz, Lívia Brito Coelho, Lairton Souza Borja, Edmilson Domingos da Silva, Manuela da Silva Solcà, Claudia Ida Brodskyn and Deborah Bittencourt Mothé Fraga

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:398

    Content type: Research

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  43. The tropical disease onchocerciasis (river blindness), caused by Onchocerca volvulus filarial nematodes, is targeted for elimination by mass treatment with nematocidal and antimicrobial drugs. Diagnosis of O. vol...

    Authors: Vera Wewer, Helga Peisker, Katharina Gutbrod, Mazen Al-Bahra, Dirk Menche, Ngongeh Glory Amambo, Fanny F. Fombad, Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Kenneth Pfarr, Samuel Wanji, Achim Hoerauf and Peter Dörmann

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:397

    Content type: Research

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  44. The argasid tick Ornithodoros moubata is the main vector in mainland Africa of African swine fever virus and the spirochete Borrelia duttoni, which causes human relapsing fever. The elimination of populations of

    Authors: Ana Oleaga, Angel Carnero-Morán, M. Luz Valero and Ricardo Pérez-Sánchez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:396

    Content type: Research

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  45. Babesia bovis is one of the most significant tick-transmitted pathogens of cattle worldwide. Babesia bovis parasites have a complex lifecycle, including development within the mammalian host and tick vector. Each...

    Authors: Hala E. Hussein, Wendell C. Johnson, Naomi S. Taus, Janaina Capelli-Peixoto, Carlos E. Suarez, Michelle R. Mousel and Massaro W. Ueti

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:395

    Content type: Research

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  46. Invasive arthropod vectors and the range expansions of native vectors can lead to public and veterinary health concerns, as these vectors may introduce novel pathogens or spread endemic pathogens to new locati...

    Authors: Danielle M. Tufts and Maria A. Diuk-Wasser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:394

    Content type: Research

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Contacting Parasites & Vectors

As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times. Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time.