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  1. Triatomine elimination efforts and the interruption of domestic transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi are hampered by pyrethroid resistance. Fluralaner, a long-lasting ectoparasiticide administered to dogs, substanti...

    Authors: Ricardo Esteban Gürtler, Mariano Alberto Laiño, Alejandra Alvedro, Gustavo Fabián Enriquez, Natalia Paula Macchiaverna, María Sol Gaspe and Marta Victoria Cardinal
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:257
  2. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) participate in the humoral immune response of insects eliminating invasive microorganisms. The immune deficiency pathway (IMD) and Toll are the main pathways by which the synthesi...

    Authors: Alvarado-Delgado Alejandro, Juárez-Palma Lilia, Maritinez-Bartneche Jesús and Rodriguez Mario Henry
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:256
  3. The consumption of uncooked or undercooked food from infected intermediate hosts can result in Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans. However, few studies have investigated the genetic diversity of this protozoan...

    Authors: Afsaneh Amouei, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Azadeh Mizani, Mohammad Bagher Hashemi-Soteh, Saeid Salehi, Javad Javidnia, Seyed Abdollah Hosseini, Fateme Amuei, Ahad Alizadeh, Shafigheh Shabanzade, Sara Gholami and Ahmad Daryani
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:255
  4. The development of resistance against insecticides in Aedes aegypti can lead to operational failures in control programs. Knowledge of the spatial and temporal trends of this resistance is needed to drive effecti...

    Authors: Miriam Palomino, Jesus Pinto, Pamela Yañez, Anali Cornelio, Luciana Dias, Quesia Amorim, Ademir Jesus Martins, Audrey Lenhart and Jose Bento Pereira Lima
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:254
  5. There is limited information about feline leishmaniosis (FeL) management in clinical practice. Leishmania infantum is the species of Leishmania most frequently reported in both dogs and cats in countries of the M...

    Authors: Maria Garcia-Torres, María Cristina López, Séverine Tasker, Michael Rex Lappin, Carles Blasi-Brugué and Xavier Roura
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:253
  6. Rhipicephalus microplus is the vector of deadly cattle pathogens, especially Babesia spp., for which a recombinant vaccine is not available. Therefore, disease control depends on tick vector control. However, R.

    Authors: Juan P. Wulff, Kevin B. Temeyer, Jason P. Tidwell, Kristie G. Schlechte, Caixing Xiong, Kimberly H. Lohmeyer and Patricia V. Pietrantonio
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:252
  7. Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological vectors of livestock arboviruses that cause diseases with significant economic, social and welfare impacts. Within temperate regions, livestock m...

    Authors: Jessica Eleanor Stokes, Simon Carpenter, Christopher Sanders and Simon Gubbins
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:251
  8. Aedes japonicus is a mosquito species native to North-East Asia that was first found established outside its original geographic distribution range in 1998 and has since spread massively through North America and...

    Authors: Jakub Vojtíšek, Nele Janssen, Silvie Šikutová, Oldřich Šebesta, Helge Kampen and Ivo Rudolf
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:250
  9. The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus is one of the most invasive species of mosquito. The prevalence of its apicomplexan gregarine parasite Ascogregarina taiwanensis is high in natural populations across bot...

    Authors: Edwige Martin, Laurent Vallon, Camille Da Silva Carvalho, Maxime Girard and Guillaume Minard
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:249
  10. Ticks are obligate hematophagous arthropods transmitting a wide range of pathogens to humans and animals. They also harbor a non-pathogenic microbiota, primarily in the ovaries and the midgut. In the previous ...

    Authors: Melina Garcia Guizzo, Kristyna Dolezelikova, Saraswoti Neupane, Helena Frantova, Alena Hrbatova, Barbora Pafco, Jessica Fiorotti, Petr Kopacek and Ludek Zurek
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:248
  11. Malaria control in Somaliland depends on the effective identification of potential malaria vectors, particularly those that may be invasive. The malaria vector Anopheles stephensi has been detected in multiple co...

    Authors: Said Ali, Jeanne N. Samake, Joseph Spear and Tamar E. Carter
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:247
  12. In sub-Saharan Africa there is widespread use of long-lasting insecticidal nets and indoor residual spraying to help control the densities of malaria vectors and decrease the incidence of malaria. This study w...

    Authors: Akua Obeng Forson, Isaac A. Hinne, Shittu B. Dhikrullahi, Isaac Kwame Sraku, Abdul Rahim Mohammed, Simon K. Attah and Yaw Asare Afrane
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:246
  13. Protozoan parasite secretions can be triggered by various modified media and diverse physicochemical stressors. Equally, host-parasite interactions are known to co-opt the exchange and secretion of soluble bio...

    Authors: Joshua Seun Olajide, Ling Xiong, Shunli Yang, Zigang Qu, Xiao Xu, Bin Yang, Jing Wang, Baohong Liu, Xueting Ma and Jianping Cai
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:245
  14. Malaria is a major global parasitic disease caused by species of the genus Plasmodium. Zygotes of Plasmodium spp. undergo meiosis and develop into tetraploid ookinetes, which differentiate into oocysts that under...

    Authors: Yasunaga Yoshikawa, Shunta Kimura, Akira Soga, Makoto Sugiyama, Aki Ueno, Hiroki Kondo, Zida Zhu, Kazuhiko Ochiai, Kazuhiko Nakayama, Jun Hakozaki, Kodai Kusakisako, Asako Haraguchi, Taisuke Kitano, Koichi Orino, Shinya Fukumoto and Hiromi Ikadai
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:244
  15. Infections by gastrointestinal nematodes cause significant economic losses and disease in both humans and animals worldwide. The discovery of novel anthelmintic drugs is crucial for maintaining control of thes...

    Authors: Elora Valderas-García, Cécile Häberli, María Álvarez-Bardón, Nerea Escala, Verónica Castilla-Gómez de Agüero, Jennifer de la Vega, Esther del Olmo, Rafael Balaña-Fouce, Jennifer Keiser and María Martínez-Valladares
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:243
  16. Although there is unprecedented interest in experimental human hookworm infection, details of hookworm manufacture and characterisation have been sparsely reported. In this report, we detail the production and...

    Authors: Paul R. Chapman, Stacey Llewellyn, Helen Jennings, Luke Becker, Paul Giacomin, Rodney McDougall, Jennifer Robson, Alex Loukas and James McCarthy
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:242
  17. Lyme borreliosis is the most prevalent vector-borne disease in Europe, and numbers might increase due to climate change. However, borreliosis is not notifiable in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), Germany. Hence, ...

    Authors: Annabell Coors, Max J. Hassenstein, Gérard Krause, Tobias Kerrinnes, Manuela Harries, Monique M. B. Breteler and Stefanie Castell
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:241
  18. In the last decade, an innovative approach has emerged for arthropod identification based on matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Increasing interest in ...

    Authors: Roland Bamou, Monique Melo Costa, Adama Zan Diarra, Ademir Jesus Martins, Philippe Parola and Lionel Almeras
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:240
  19. Rhodnius robustus and Rhodnius pictipes are vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiologic agent of Chagas disease (CD), that are found in the Brazilian Amazon region. Susceptibility to infection and vector competen...

    Authors: Ana Paula de Abreu, Hevillyn Fernanda Lucas da Silva, Marcella Paula Mansano Sarto, Giullia Ferreira Iunklaus, João Vitor Trovo, Nilma de Souza Fernandes, Ana Paula Margioto Teston and Max Jean de Ornelas Toledo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:239
  20. The emergence of vector-borne pathogens in novel geographic areas is regulated by the migration of their arthropod vectors. Blacklegged ticks (Ixodes scapularis) and the pathogens they vector, including the causa...

    Authors: Kayleigh R. O’Keeffe, Zachary J. Oppler, Melissa Prusinski, Richard C. Falco, JoAnne Oliver, Jamie Haight, Lee Ann Sporn, P. Bryon Backenson and Dustin Brisson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:238
  21. Understanding the response of vector habitats to climate change is essential for vector management. Increasingly, there is fear that climate change may cause vectors to be more important for animal husbandry i...

    Authors: Paradzayi Tagwireyi, Manuel Ndebele and Wilmot Chikurunhe
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:237
  22. In Mongolia, the taiga tick Ixodes persulcatus is the major vector of tick-borne pathogens. Knowledge about co-infections of these pathogens in ticks is necessary both for understanding their persistence in natur...

    Authors: Ekaterina K. Lagunova, Natalia A. Liapunova, Davaakhu Tuul, Gerechuluun Otgonsuren, Davaadorj Nomin, Nyamdorj Erdenebat, Davaajav Abmed, Galina A. Danchinova, Kozue Sato, Hiroki Kawabata and Maxim A. Khasnatinov
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:236
  23. Reliable diagnostic tools are needed to choose the appropriate treatment and proper control measures for animal trypanosomoses, some of which are pathogenic. Trypanosoma cruzi, for example, is responsible for Cha...

    Authors: Marc Desquesnes, Alireza Sazmand, Marisa Gonzatti, Alain Boulangé, Géraldine Bossard, Sophie Thévenon, Geoffrey Gimonneau, Philippe Truc, Stéphane Herder, Sophie Ravel, Denis Sereno, Etienne Waleckx, Vincent Jamonneau, Philippe Jacquiet, Sathaporn Jittapalapong, David Berthier…
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:235
  24. Control and elimination of the liver fluke (Opisthorchis viverrini) is a primary preventive strategy against cholangiocarcinoma in Southeast Asia. A sensitive parasitological diagnostic method is required to faci...

    Authors: Kulthida Y. Kopolrat, Seri Singthong, Narong Khuntikeo, Watcharin Loilome, Chanika Worasith, Chutima Homwong, Chompunoot Wangboon, Patiwat Yasaka, Chatanun Eamudomkarn, Opal Pitaksakulrat, Krisnakorn Tonkhamhak, Arunee Paeyo, Thomas Crellen, Jiraporn Sithithaworn and Paiboon Sithithaworn
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:234
  25. Fatty acids are the building blocks of complex lipids essential for living organisms. In mosquitoes, fatty acids are involved in cell membrane production, energy conservation and expenditure, innate immunity, ...

    Authors: Nunya Chotiwan, Carlos A. Brito-Sierra, Gabriella Ramirez, Elena Lian, Jeffrey M. Grabowski, Babara Graham, Catherine A. Hill and Rushika Perera
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:233
  26. Environmental protozoa need an adaptation mechanism to survive drastic changes in niches in the human body. In the brain parenchyma, Balamuthia mandrillaris trophozoites, which are causative agents of fatal brain...

    Authors: Worakamol Pengsart, Nongnat Tongkrajang, Narisara Whangviboonkij, Patsharaporn Techasintana Sarasombath and Kasem Kulkeaw
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:232
  27. Rabbit coccidiosis is a major disease caused by various Eimeria species and causes enormous economic losses to the rabbit industry. Coccidia infection has a wide impact on the gut microbiota and intestinal bioche...

    Authors: Xu Yuan, Jin Liu, Xiaofen Hu, Shanshan Yang, Shengwei Zhong, Tingyu Yang, Yunxiao Zhou, Guotong Zhao, Yijie Jiang and Yong Li
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:231
  28. Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are a vital tool in the fight against malaria vectors. However, their efficacy in the field can be impacted by several factors, including patterns of usage, net age, mosq...

    Authors: Emilie S. Ngongang-Yipmo, Magellan Tchouakui, Benjamin D. Menze, Leon M. J. Mugenzi, Flobert Njiokou and Charles S. Wondji
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:230
  29. Vector control is still a pivotal method for preventing malaria, and its potency is weakened by the increasing resistance of vectors to chemical insecticides. As the most abundant and vital malaria vector in S...

    Authors: Yilong Zhang, Canglin Zhang, Linbo Wu, Chunhai Luo, Xiaofang Guo, Rui Yang and Yilong Zhang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:229
  30. In the fight against mosquito-borne diseases, odour-based lures targeting gravid females represent a promising alternative to conventional tools for both reducing mosquito populations and monitoring pathogen t...

    Authors: Margaux Mulatier, Antoine Boullis and Anubis Vega-Rúa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:228
  31. In the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, sand flies and cases of visceral (VL) and cutaneous (CL) leishmaniases have been reported in almost all municipalities. The aim of this study was to analyze the geog...

    Authors: Herintha Coeto Neitzke-Abreu, Gabriel Barbosa Costa, Milena Nunes da Silva, Edith Palacio, Alexandre da Silva Cardoso, Paulo Silva de Almeida and Manoel Sebastião da Costa Lima-Junior
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:227
  32. Jamestown Canyon virus (JCV; Peribunyaviridae, Orthobunyavirus) is a mosquito-borne pathogen belonging to the California serogroup. The virus is endemic in North America and increasingly recognized as a public...

    Authors: Constentin Dieme, Laura D. Kramer and Alexander T. Ciota
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:226
  33. Blastocystis is a common intestinal protozoa found in animal and human fecal samples, with over 1 billion individuals infected worldwide. Since domestication, dogs and cats have had a close bond with humans. How...

    Authors: Morteza Shams, Laya Shamsi, Amirhosein Yousefi, Alireza Sadrebazzaz, Ali Asghari, Behnam Mohammadi-Ghalehbin, Saeed Shahabi and Gholamreza Hatam
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:225
  34. Tsetse flies can transmit various Trypanosoma spp. that cause trypanosomiasis in humans, wild animals, and domestic animals. Amplicon deep sequencing of the 12S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene can be used to detect mam...

    Authors: Ju Yeong Kim, Jun Ho Choi, Sung-Hyun Nam, Robert Fyumagwa and Tai-Soon Yong
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:224
  35. Fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera) are obligatory hematophagous ectoparasites of humans and animals and serve as vectors of many disease-causing agents. Despite past and current research efforts on fleas due to the...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Yi-Tian Fu, Chaoqun Yao, Yuan-Ping Deng, Yu Nie and Guo-Hua Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:223
  36. The incidence or recurrence of tick-borne diseases (TBDs) in animals and humans is increasing rapidly worldwide, but there is insufficient information about TBDs infecting dogs in Egypt. Thus, the present stud...

    Authors: Asmaa A. Hegab, Hussein M. Omar, Mai Abuowarda, Souzan G. Ghattas, Nisreen E. Mahmoud and Magdy M. Fahmy
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:222
  37. ICMR-Vector Control Research Centre, Puducherry, India, developed two colonies of Aedes aegypti infected with wMel and wAlbB Wolbacia strains called Ae. aegypti (Pud) lines for dengue control. The sensitivity of

    Authors: Kasinathan Gunasekaran, Candasamy Sadanandane, Devaraju Panneer, Ashwani Kumar, Manju Rahi, Sundaram Dinesh, Balakrishnan Vijayakumar, Muthuraman Krishnaraja, Sarala K. Subbarao and Purushothaman Jambulingam
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:221
  38. Malaria vector control using insecticide-based approaches has proven to be an effective strategy. However, widespread insecticide resistance among malaria vector populations across sub-Saharan Africa threatens...

    Authors: Justin Kumala, Lizette L. Koekemoer, Maureen Coetzee and Themba Mzilahowa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:220
  39. Onchocerciasis control using ivermectin alone has been achieved in some endemic savannah zones of Africa. In the forest regions, the co-endemicity with Loa loa has led to severe adverse events (SAEs) resulting in...

    Authors: Relindis Ekanya, Elisabeth Dibando Obie, Louise Hamill, Sophie Thorogood, Raphael Awah Abong, Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Andrew Amuam, Bertrand Lontum Ndzeshang, Desmond Akumtoh Nkimbeng, Jerome Fru Cho, Mathias Eyong Esum, Peter Enyong, Joseph D. Turner, Mark J. Taylor and Samuel Wanji
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:219
  40. Anopheles gambiae densovirus (AgDNV) is an insect-specific, single-stranded DNA virus that infects An. gambiae sensu stricto (s.s.), the major mosquito species responsible for transmitting malaria parasites throu...

    Authors: Kristine L. Werling, Rebecca M. Johnson, Hillery C. Metz and Jason L. Rasgon
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:218
  41. Vector control is considered to be the most successful component of malaria prevention programs and a major contributor to the reduction of malaria incidence over the last two decades. However, the success of ...

    Authors: Stravensky Térence Boussougou-Sambe, Tamirat Gebru Woldearegai, Ange Gatien Doumba-Ndalembouly, Barclaye Ngossanga, Romuald Beh Mba, Jean Ronald Edoa, Jeannot Fréjus Zinsou, Yabo Josiane Honkpehedji, Ulysse Ateba Ngoa, Jean Claude Dejon-Agobé, Steffen Borrmann, Peter G. Kremsner, Benjamin Mordmüller and Ayôla A. Adegnika
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:217
  42. The exact number of mosquito species relevant to human health is unknown, posing challenges in understanding the scope and breadth of vector–pathogen relationships, and how resilient mosquito vector–pathogen n...

    Authors: Donald A. Yee, Catherine Dean Bermond, Limarie J. Reyes-Torres, Nicole S. Fijman, Nicole A. Scavo, Joseph Nelsen and Susan H. Yee
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:216
  43. The magnitude of the health problems caused by leishmaniasis has been a major driving factor behind the development and implementation of leishmaniasis control programs by the national authorities in Iran, wit...

    Authors: Zahra Rezaei, Bahman Pourabbas, Sadaf Asaei, Shima Sepehrpour, Sara Ahmadnia Motlagh, Parham Pourabbas, Samaneh Abdolahi Khasibi and Abdolvahab Alborzi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:215
  44. The Junggar Basin plague focus was the most recently identified natural plague focus in China. Through extensive field investigations, great gerbils (Rhombomys opimus) have been confirmed as the main host in this...

    Authors: Wenting Mou, Bo Li, Xiaojun Wang, Ying Wang, Peihua Liao, Xiaobing Zhang, Youjun Gui, Guliayi Baokaixi, Yongjun Luo, Mukedaisi Aihemaijiang, Qiguo Wang and Feng Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:214
  45. Agricultural pesticides may exert strong selection pressures on malaria vectors during the aquatic life stages and may contribute to resistance in adult mosquitoes. This could reduce the performance of key vec...

    Authors: Naomi H. Urio, Polius G. Pinda, Amos J. Ngonzi, Letus L. Muyaga, Betwel J. Msugupakulya, Marceline Finda, Godfrey S. Matanila, Winifrida Mponzi, Halfan S. Ngowo, Najat F. Kahamba, Theresia E. Nkya and Fredros O. Okumu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:213
  46. Leishmaniasis is a neglected infectious disease caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania. The disease generally manifests as characteristic skin lesions which require lengthy treatment with antimonial drugs tha...

    Authors: Jila Sherafati, Mohammad Saaid Dayer and Fatemeh Ghaffarifar
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:212
  47. Classically, dogs have been considered to be the only reservoir of leishmaniasis in urban areas. However, in a previous study, we found a 33.3% prevalence of Leishmania infantum in the spleens of Norway rats (Rat...

    Authors: María Teresa Galán-Puchades, Jennifer Solano, Gloria González, Antonio Osuna, Jordi Pascual, Rubén Bueno-Marí, Sandra Franco, Víctor Peracho, Tomás Montalvo and Màrius V. Fuentes
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:211
  48. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is the principal cause of mosquito-borne encephalitis in human populations within Asia. If introduced into new geographic areas, it could have further implications for public ...

    Authors: Luis M. Hernández-Triana, Arran J. Folly, Sanam Sewgobind, Fabian Z. X. Lean, Stuart Ackroyd, Alejandro Nuñez, Sarah Delacour, Andrea Drago, Patrizia Visentin, Karen L. Mansfield and Nicholas Johnson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:210
  49. Although Plasmodium falciparum infection is largely documented and this parasite is the main target for malaria eradication, other Plasmodium species persist, and these require more attention in Africa. Informati...

    Authors: Jacques Dollon Mbama Ntabi, Abel Lissom, Jean Claude Djontu, Steve Diafouka-Kietela, Christevy Vouvoungui, Reauchelvy Kamal Boumpoutou, Jolivet Mayela, Daniel Nguiffo-Nguete, Francis Nongley Nkemngo, Cyrille Ndo, Romaric Akoton, Romuald Agonhossou, Arsène Lenga, Stravensky Terence Boussougou-Sambe, Luc Djogbénou, Charles Wondji…
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:209
  50. Avian malaria is a vector-borne disease that is caused by Plasmodium parasites. These parasites are transmitted via mosquito bites and can cause sickness or death in a wide variety of birds, including many threat...

    Authors: Andrea Miranda Paez, Kayleigh Chalkowski, Sarah Zohdy and Janna R. Willoughby
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:208

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