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  1. There is substantial concern that the spread of insecticide resistance will render long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) ineffective. However, there is limited evidence supporting a clear association b...

    Authors: Marissa K. Grossman, Shüné V. Oliver, Basil D. Brooke and Matthew B. Thomas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:179

    Content type: Research

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  2. Aedes aegypti is a potential vector for several arboviruses including dengue and Zika viruses. The species seems to be restricted to subtropical/tropical habitats and has difficulties in establishing permanent po...

    Authors: Isabelle M. Kramer, Aljoscha Kreß, Doris Klingelhöfer, Christian Scherer, Parbati Phuyal, Ulrich Kuch, Bodo Ahrens, David A. Groneberg, Meghnath Dhimal and Ruth Müller

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:178

    Content type: Research

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  3. Humans are parasitized by three types of lice: body, head and pubic lice. As their common names imply, each type colonizes a specific region of the body. The body louse is the only recognized disease vector. H...

    Authors: Nadia Amanzougaghene, Oleg Mediannikov, Tran Duc Anh Ly, Philippe Gautret, Bernard Davoust, Florence Fenollar and Arezki Izri

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:177

    Content type: Research

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  4. Ixodes ricinus constitutes the main European vector tick for the Lyme borreliosis pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato), the relapsing fever borrelia Borrelia miyamotoi, as well as Anaplasma phagocytophilum ...

    Authors: Daniela Hauck, Daniela Jordan, Andrea Springer, Bettina Schunack, Stefan Pachnicke, Volker Fingerle and Christina Strube

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:176

    Content type: Research

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  5. Fascioliasis is a snail-borne zoonotic trematodiasis emerging due to climate changes, anthropogenic environment modifications, and livestock movements. Many areas where Fasciola hepatica is endemic in humans have...

    Authors: M. Dolores Bargues, Patricio Artigas, Rene Angles, David Osca, Pamela Duran, Paola Buchon, R. Karina Gonzales-Pomar, Julio Pinto-Mendieta and Santiago Mas-Coma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:171

    Content type: Research

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  6. Trypanosoma brucei exhibits a complex life-cycle alternating between tsetse flies and mammalian hosts. When parasites infect the fly, cells differentiate to adapt to life in various tissues, which is accompanied ...

    Authors: Moara Lemos, Adeline Mallet, Eloïse Bertiaux, Albane Imbert, Brice Rotureau and Philippe Bastin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:169

    Content type: Research

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  7. The enzyme farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS) is positioned in the intersection of different sterol biosynthesis pathways such as those producing isoprenoids, dolichols and ergosterol. FPPS is ubiquitous in ...

    Authors: Ana Paula R. Gadelha, Claudia Maia Brigagao, Martha Barros da Silva, Aline Beatriz Mello Rodrigues, Ana Carolina Ramos Guimarães, Fernando Paiva, Wanderley de Souza and Cristina Henriques

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:168

    Content type: Research

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  8. Eimeria necatrix, the most highly pathogenic coccidian in chicken small intestines, can cause high morbidity and mortality in susceptible birds and devastating economic losses in poultry production, but the under...

    Authors: Xian-Cheng Fan, Ting-Li Liu, Yi Wang, Xue-Mei Wu, Yu-Xin Wang, Peng Lai, Jun-Ke Song and Guang-Hui Zhao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:167

    Content type: Research

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  9. Babesia spp. are apicomplexan parasites which infect a wide range of mammalian hosts. Historically, most Babesia species were described based on the assumed host specificity and morphological features of the intr...

    Authors: Alexandra Corduneanu, Teodor Dan Ursache, Marian Taulescu, Bogdan Sevastre, David Modrý and Andrei Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:166

    Content type: Research

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  10. Rhipicephalus microplus, an invasive tick species of Asian origin and the main vector of Babesia species, is considered one of the most widespread ectoparasites of livestock. The tick has spread from its native h...

    Authors: Dennis Muhanguzi, Joseph Byaruhanga, Wilson Amanyire, Christian Ndekezi, Sylvester Ochwo, Joseph Nkamwesiga, Frank Norbert Mwiine, Robert Tweyongyere, Josephus Fourie, Maxime Madder, Theo Schetters, Ivan Horak, Nick Juleff and Frans Jongejan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:165

    Content type: Research

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  11. Smad proteins are essential cellular mediators within the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily. They directly transmit incoming signals from the cell surface receptors to the nucleus. In spite of t...

    Authors: Fang-Fang Li, Robin B. Gasser, Feng Liu, Jia-Nan Shan, Wen-Da Di, Li He, Cai-Xian Zhou, Chun-Qun Wang, Rui Fang and Min Hu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:164

    Content type: Research

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  12. Triatomine bugs are responsible for the vectorial transmission of the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, etiological agent of Chagas disease, a zoonosis affecting 10 million people and with 25 million at risk of infecti...

    Authors: Johan M. Calderón, Patricia Fuya, Liliana Santacoloma and Camila González

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:163

    Content type: Research

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  13. While immune responses to the murine hookworm Nippostrongylus brasiliensis have been investigated, signaling pathways regulating development of infectious larvae (iL3) are not well understood. We hypothesized tha...

    Authors: Katherine Omueti Ayoade, Faith R. Carranza, Woong Hee Cho, Zhu Wang, Steven A. Kliewer, David J. Mangelsdorf and Jonathan D. C. Stoltzfus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:162

    Content type: Research

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  14. Practical, field-ready age-grading tools for mosquito vectors of disease are urgently needed because of the impact that daily survival has on vectorial capacity. Previous studies have shown that near-infrared ...

    Authors: Oselyne T. W. Ong, Elise A. Kho, Pedro M. Esperança, Chris Freebairn, Floyd E. Dowell, Gregor J. Devine and Thomas S. Churcher

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:160

    Content type: Research

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  15. The 5th Post-Kala-Azar Dermal Leishmaniasis (PKDL) Consortium meeting brought together PKDL experts from all endemic areas to review and discuss existing and new data on PKDL. This report summarizes the presen...

    Authors: Eduard E. Zijlstra, Amresh Kumar, Abhijit Sharma, Suman Rijal, Dinesh Mondal and Satyabrata Routray

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:159

    Content type: Meeting report

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  16. Snails of the genus Biomphalaria are intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni, the causative agent of the human intestinal schistosomiasis. Two Biomphalaria species (Biomphalaria pfeifferi and Biomphalaria camer...

    Authors: Mureille Carole Tchami Mbagnia, Tito Trésor Melachio Tanekou, Alvine Christelle Kengne Fokam, Daniel Nguiffo Nguete, Charles Sinclair Wondji and Flobert Njiokou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:158

    Content type: Research

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  17. Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacterium that replicates in neutrophil granulocytes. It is transmitted by ticks of the Ixodes ricinus complex and causes febrile illness in hum...

    Authors: Denis B. Langenwalder, Cornelia Silaghi, Marion Nieder, Martin Pfeffer and Friederike D. von Loewenich

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:157

    Content type: Research

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  18. Malaria was eliminated from Sri Lanka in 2013. However, the influx of infected travelers and the presence of potent anopheline vectors can re-initiate transmission in Jaffna city, which is separated by a narro...

    Authors: Sinnathamby N. Surendran, Tibutius T. P. Jayadas, Annathurai Tharsan, Vaikunthavasan Thiruchenthooran, Sharanga Santhirasegaram, Kokila Sivabalakrishnan, Selvarajah Raveendran and Ranjan Ramasamy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:156

    Content type: Research

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  19. As new lymphatic filariasis infections are eliminated through mass chemotherapy, previously affected individuals are left with the sequellae, especially chronic progressive lymphoedema. Currently this is manag...

    Authors: John Horton, Ute Klarmann-Schulz, Mariana Stephens, Philip J. Budge, Yaya Coulibaly, Alex Debrah, Linda Batsa Debrah, Suma Krishnasastry, Upendo Mwingira, Abdallah Ngenya, Samuel Wanji, Mirani Weerasooriya, Channa Yahathugoda, Inge Kroidl, Drew Deathe, Andrew Majewski…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:155

    Content type: Study Protocol

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  20. Methyltransferases (MTFs) are broad range of enzymes, which are ubiquitously expressed in diverse organisms ranging from bacteria to animals. MTFs proteins have been associated with various biological/cellular...

    Authors: Muhammad Ehsan, Javaid A. Gadahi, Tingqi Liu, Mingmin Lu, Yujian Wang, Muhammad W. Hasan, Muhammad Haseeb, Ruofeng Yan, Lixin Xu, Xiaokai Song, Xing-Quan Zhu and Xiangrui Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:154

    Content type: Research

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  21. In the USA, there are several Ehrlichia spp. of concern including Ehrlichia canis, Ehrlichia ewingii, Ehrlichia chaffeensis, Ehrlichia muris eauclarensis, and “Panola Mountain Ehrlichia”. Of these, E. canis is co...

    Authors: Jenna R. Gettings, Stella C. W. Self, Christopher S. McMahan, D. Andrew Brown, Shila K. Nordone and Michael J. Yabsley

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:153

    Content type: Research

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  22. Progress made in the control of malaria vectors globally is largely due to the use of insecticides. However, success in the fight against malaria has slowed down or even stalled due to a host of factors includ...

    Authors: Okechukwu Chukwuekezie, Emmanuel Nwosu, Udoka Nwangwu, Festus Dogunro, Cosmas Onwude, Nneka Agashi, Ebuka Ezihe, Clementina Anioke, Stephen Anokwu, Emelda Eloy, Peter Attah, Francis Orizu, Sylvester Ewo, Angela Okoronkwo, Anumba Joseph, Ijeoma Ikeakor…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:152

    Content type: Research

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  23. RNA interference (RNAi) is an important tool to determine the role of genes. RNAi has been widely used to downregulate target molecules, resulting in the reduction of mRNA for protein expression. Matrix metall...

    Authors: Muhammad Ali-ul-Husnain Naqvi, Hao Li, Wenxiang Gao, Sana Zahra Naqvi, Tahseen Jamil, Kalibixiati Aimulajiang, Lixin Xu, Xiaokai Song, Xiangrui Li and Ruofeng Yan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:151

    Content type: Research

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  24. Several mosquito collection methods are routinely used in vector control programmes. However, they target different behaviours causing bias in estimation of species diversity and abundance. Given the paucity o...

    Authors: Cintia Cansado-Utrilla, Claire L. Jeffries, Mojca Kristan, Victor A. Brugman, Patrick Heard, Gnepou Camara, Moussa Sylla, Abdoul H. Beavogui, Louisa A. Messenger, Seth R. Irish and Thomas Walker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:150

    Content type: Research

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  25. Bamboo rats are widely farmed in southern China for meat, but their potential in transmitting pathogens to humans and other farm animals remains unclear.

    Authors: Falei Li, Zhenjie Zhang, Suhui Hu, Wentao Zhao, Jianguo Zhao, Martin Kváč, Yaqiong Guo, Na Li, Yaoyu Feng and Lihua Xiao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:149

    Content type: Research

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  26. Equine trypanosomiasis is a severe and prevalent disease that has the greatest impact globally upon working equids due to its distribution across lower income countries. Morbidity and mortality rates are high;...

    Authors: Alexandra G. Raftery, Saloum Jallow, Robert M. Coultous, Jean Rodgers and David G. M. Sutton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:148

    Content type: Research

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  27. The increased activity of regulatory B cells (Breg) is known to be involved in immunosuppression during helminth infection, which is characterized by inducing IL-10-producing Breg cells. However, the current k...

    Authors: Junli Xiao, Fei Guan, Li Sun, Yijie Zhang, Xiaoyan Zhang, Shengjun Lu and Wenqi Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:147

    Content type: Research

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  28. An outbreak of leishmaniosis was studied in cats and dogs housed together with no separation in an animal shelter in Israel.

    Authors: Gad Baneth, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Adam Zuberi, Nirit Zipori-Barki, Laor Orshan, Gabriela Kleinerman, Ayelet Shmueli-Goldin, Michel Bellaiche, Monica Leszkowicz-Mazuz, Harold Salant and Daniel Yasur-Landau

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:115

    Content type: Research

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  29. The East Route Project (ERP) of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project (SNWDP) stretches across schistosomiasis endemic and non-endemic areas in China, which may lead to the dispersal of Oncomelania hupensis,...

    Authors: Cheng-song Sun, Fang Luo, Xin Liu, Feng Miao and Wei Hu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:146

    Content type: Short report

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  30. The dynamics of helminth infection in African elephant populations are poorly known. We examined the effects of age, sex, social structure and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) as primary drive...

    Authors: Edward King’ori, Vincent Obanda, Patrick I. Chiyo, Ramon C. Soriguer, Patrocinio Morrondo and Samer Angelone

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:145

    Content type: Research

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  31. The specific identification of animals through the analysis of faecal DNA is important in many areas of scientific endeavour, particularly in the field of parasitology.

    Authors: Anson V. Koehler, Yan Zhang, Tao Wang, Shane R. Haydon and Robin B. Gasser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:144

    Content type: Methodology

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  32. The porcine coccidium Cystoisospora suis is characterized by a complex life-cycle during which asexual multiplication is followed by sexual development with two morphologically distinct cell types, the micro- and...

    Authors: Anna Sophia Feix, Teresa Cruz-Bustos, Bärbel Ruttkowski and Anja Joachim

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:143

    Content type: Research

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  33. Studying the behavioral response of blood-sucking disease-vector insects to potentially repellent volatile compounds could shed light on the development of new control strategies. Volatiles released by human f...

    Authors: Melanie Ramírez, Mario I. Ortiz, Pablo Guerenstein and Jorge Molina

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:142

    Content type: Research

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  34. Enteric parasites are transmitted in households but few studies have sampled inside households for parasites and none have used sensitive molecular methods.

    Authors: Rojelio Mejia, Victor Seco-Hidalgo, Diana Garcia-Ramon, Evelyn Calderón, Andrea Lopez and Philip J. Cooper

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:141

    Content type: Short report

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  35. Schistosomiasis chemotherapy is largely based on praziquantel (PZQ). Although PZQ is very safe and tolerable, it does not prevent reinfection and emerging resistance is a primary concern. Recent studies have s...

    Authors: Jessica Lobo-Silva, Fernanda J. Cabral, Murilo S. Amaral, Patrícia A. Miyasato, Rafaela Paula de Freitas, Adriana S. A. Pereira, Mariana I. Khouri, Mayra M. F. Barbosa, Pablo I. P. Ramos, Luciana C. C. Leite, Oluwatoyin A. Asojo, Eliana Nakano, Sergio Verjovski-Almeida and Leonardo P. Farias

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:140

    Content type: Short report

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  36. Culicoides biting midges are biological vectors of arboviruses including bluetongue virus (BTV), Schmallenberg virus (SBV) and African horse sickness virus (AHSV). Zoos are home to a wide range of ‘at risk’ exoti...

    Authors: Marion E. England, Paul Pearce-Kelly, Victor A. Brugman, Simon King, Simon Gubbins, Fiona Sach, Christopher J. Sanders, Nic J. Masters, Eric Denison and Simon Carpenter

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:139

    Content type: Research

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  37. Schistosomiasis and infection by soil-transmitted helminths are some of the world’s most prevalent neglected tropical diseases. Infection by more than one parasite (co-infection) is common and can contribute t...

    Authors: Nicholas J. Clark, Kei Owada, Eugene Ruberanziza, Giuseppina Ortu, Irenee Umulisa, Ursin Bayisenge, Jean Bosco Mbonigaba, Jean Bosco Mucaca, Warren Lancaster, Alan Fenwick, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhães and Aimable Mbituyumuremyi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:138

    Content type: Research

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  38. Routine molecular surveillance for imported drug-resistant malaria parasites to the USA and European Union is an important public health activity. The obtained molecular data are used to help keep chemoprophyl...

    Authors: Mariangela L’Episcopia, Julia Kelley, Dhruviben Patel, Sarah Schmedes, Shashidahar Ravishankar, Michela Menegon, Edvige Perrotti, Abduselam M. Nurahmed, Albadawi A. Talha, Bakri Y. Nour, Naomi Lucchi, Carlo Severini and Eldin Talundzic

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:137

    Content type: Short report

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  39. Australian marsupials harbour a diverse array of helminth parasites. Despite current attempts to assess the extent of this diversity in macropodid hosts, it has been suggested that unique parasite fauna of Aus...

    Authors: Tanapan Sukee, Tony Huynh, Ian Beveridge and Abdul Jabbar

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:135

    Content type: Short report

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  40. Insecticide resistance is a growing concern for malaria control and vector control effectiveness relies on assessing it distribution and understanding its evolution.

    Authors: Benoît S. Assogba, Nicole Pasteur, Patrick Makoundou, Sandra Unal, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Pierrick Labbé and Mylène Weill

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:134

    Content type: Research

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  41. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a worldwide parasitic zoonosis caused by infection of the larval stage of tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. In human CE, the parasites develop and form cysts in internal organs. The ...

    Authors: Zhi-Dan Li, Xiao-Jin Mo, Shuai Yan, Dong Wang, Bin Xu, Jian Guo, Ting Zhang, Wei Hu, Yu Feng, Xiao-Nong Zhou and Zheng Feng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:133

    Content type: Research

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  42. Proving that specific genes are essential for the intracellular viability of Leishmania parasites within macrophages remains a challenge for the identification of suitable targets for drug development. This is es...

    Authors: Daniel Paape, Catriona T. Prendergast, Helen P. Price, Johannes S. P. Doehl and Deborah F. Smith

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:132

    Content type: Research

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  43. Zika virus (ZIKV) is transmitted to humans during the bite of an infected mosquito. In a scenario of globalization and climate change, the frequency of outbreaks has and will increase in areas with competent v...

    Authors: Ricardo Vieira Araujo, Fabiana Feitosa-Suntheimer, Alexander S. Gold, Berlin Londono-Renteria and Tonya M. Colpitts

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:128

    Content type: Methodology

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  44. Psoroptic mange is an important disease in Belgian Blue cattle. Treatment failure of macrocyclic lactones against Psoroptes ovis has been reported, but clear evidence of in vivo resistance is lacking. This study ...

    Authors: Wouter van Mol, Nathalie De Wilde, Stijn Casaert, Zhenzhen Chen, Marieke Vanhecke, Luc Duchateau and Edwin Claerebout

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:127

    Content type: Research

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  45. The present study focuses on both long- and short-term malaria transmission in Eritrea and investigates the risk factors. Annual aggregates of information on malaria cases, deaths, diagnostics and control inte...

    Authors: Selam Mihreteab, Jailos Lubinda, Bingxin Zhao, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, Ajlina Karamehic-Muratovic, Aman Goitom, Muhammad Yousaf Shad and Ubydul Haque

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:126

    Content type: Research

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  46. Prevalence of lymphatic filariasis (LF) antigen in American Samoa was 16.5% in 1999. Seven rounds of mass drug administration (MDA) programmes between 2000 and 2006 reduced antigen prevalence to 2.3%. The most...

    Authors: Patricia M. Graves, Sarah Sheridan, Saipale Fuimaono and Colleen L. Lau

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:125

    Content type: Research

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  47. Following publication of the original article [1], the corresponding author flagged that the article had published with two errors.

    Authors: Yaping Hu, Zhiyong Xi, Xiaobo Liu, Jun Wang, Yuhong Guo, Dongsheng Ren, Haixia Wu, Xiaohua Wang, Bin Chen and Qiyong Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:124

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:28