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  1. Spatial repellents that drive mosquitoes away from treated areas, and odour-baited traps, that attract and kill mosquitoes, can be combined and work synergistically in a push-pull system. Push-pull systems hav...

    Authors: Mgeni M. Tambwe, Sarah J. Moore, Hassan Chilumba, Johnson K. Swai, Jason D. Moore, Caleb Stica and Adam Saddler

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:392

    Content type: Research

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  2. Lyme disease is the most prevalent vector-borne disease in the USA with cases continuing to increase. Current control measures have not been shown to be impactful, and therefore alternatives are needed. Treati...

    Authors: David M. Poché, Gregory Franckowiak, Tyler Clarke, Batchimeg Tseveenjav, Larisa Polyakova and Richard M. Poché

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:391

    Content type: Research

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  3. Fasciolosis is one of the most important parasitic diseases of livestock. The need for better control strategies gave rise to the identification of various vaccine candidates. The recombinant form of a member ...

    Authors: Leandro Buffoni, Laura Garza-Cuartero, Raúl Pérez-Caballero, Rafael Zafra, F. Javier Martínez-Moreno, Verónica Molina-Hernández, José Pérez, Álvaro Martínez-Moreno and Grace Mulcahy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:390

    Content type: Research

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  4. Sticky traps are generally viewed as interceptive sand fly sampling methods; although no previous experimental evidence has supported this assumption. In this study, we tested this assumption experimentally for P...

    Authors: Dia-Eldin Elnaiem, Altayeb Khogali, Bashir Alsharif, Osman Dakein, Tayseer Jibreel, Mohamed Hassan, Hassan H. Edries, Hanan Elhadi, Bakri Elnur, Omran F. Osman, Margriet den Boer, Jorge Alvar and Noteila M. Khalid

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:389

    Content type: Research

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  5. Free-ranging chickens are often infected with Toxoplasma gondii and seroconvert upon infection. This indicates environmental contamination with T. gondii.

    Authors: Benedikt T. Fabian, Fatima Hedar, Martin Koethe, Berit Bangoura, Pavlo Maksimov, Franz J. Conraths, Isabelle Villena, Dominique Aubert, Frank Seeber and Gereon Schares

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:388

    Content type: Research

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  6. Dermatobia hominis (Diptera: Oestridae: Cuterebrinae) is a parasite with an important zoonotic and economical impact in the cattle industry, distributed in Central and South America, inhabiting wooded areas along...

    Authors: Georgiana Deak, Angela Monica Ionică, Giulia Nădășan-Cozma and Andrei Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:386

    Content type: Short report

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  7. Infection with the cardiopulmonary nematode Angiostrongylus vasorum may cause severe disease in dogs, therefore prophylactic treatments are necessary to prevent infection in dogs at risk. A clinical field study w...

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Jakob L. Willesen, Manuela Schnyder, Magda Wozniakiewicz, Nataliya Miroshnikova and Sean P. Mahabir

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:385

    Content type: Research

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  8. Because ixodid ticks are vectors of zoonotic pathogens, including Borrelia, information of their abundance, seasonal variation in questing behaviour and pathogen prevalence is important for human health. As ticks...

    Authors: Veli-Matti Pakanen, Jani J. Sormunen, Ella Sippola, Donald Blomqvist and Eva R. Kallio

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:384

    Content type: Research

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  9. Dirofilaria immitis is a parasitic nematode transmitted by mosquitoes and the cause of heartworm disease in dogs and dirofilariasis in humans and other mammals. The parasite is endemic worldwide. Vector stage res...

    Authors: Takahiro Shirozu, Akira Soga and Shinya Fukumoto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:383

    Content type: Methodology

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  10. Despite the public health importance of toxocariasis/toxascariasis, only a few species of these ascaridoid parasites from wild canine and feline carnivores have been studied at the molecular level so far. Poor...

    Authors: Yue Xie, Yingxin Li, Xiaobin Gu, Yunjian Liu, Xuan Zhou, Lu Wang, Ran He, Xuerong Peng and Guangyou Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:382

    Content type: Research

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  11. Cases of polydactyly in natural populations of amphibians have attracted great interest from biologists. At the end of the 1940s, the French biologist Jean Rostand discovered a polymorphic syndrome in some wat...

    Authors: Anton O. Svinin, Ivan V. Bashinskiy, Spartak N. Litvinchuk, Oleg A. Ermakov, Alexander Yu. Ivanov, Leonid A. Neymark, Aleksander A. Vedernikov, Vitalij V. Osipov, Galina P. Drobot and Alain Dubois

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:381

    Content type: Research

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  12. Understanding local Anopheles species compositions and bionomic traits are vital for an effective malaria vector intervention strategy. Though eight malaria vectors, including species complexes, have been documen...

    Authors: Jenna R. Davidson, Isra Wahid, Rusdiyah Sudirman, Scott T. Small, Allison L. Hendershot, Robert N. Baskin, Timothy A. Burton, Victoria Makuru, Honglin Xiao, Xiaoyu Yu, Emma V. Troth, Daniel Olivieri, Stephanny Lizarraga, Hajar Hasan, Andi Arfah, Muhammad Yusuf…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:379

    Content type: Research

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  13. Babesiosis, a tick-borne disease caused by protozoans of the genus Babesia, is widespread in subtropical and tropical countries. Mitochondria are essential organelles that are responsible for energy transduction ...

    Authors: Xiaoxing Wang, Jinming Wang, Junlong Liu, Aihong Liu, Xin He, Quanjia Xiang, Youquan Li, Hong Yin, Jianxun Luo and Guiquan Guan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:378

    Content type: Research

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  14. Babesia motasi is known as an etiological agent of human and ovine babesiosis. Diagnosis of babesiosis is traditionally performed by microscopy, examining Giemsa-stained thin peripheral blood smears. Rapid detect...

    Authors: Jinming Wang, Shandian Gao, Shangdi Zhang, Xin He, Junlong Liu, Aihong Liu, Youquan Li, Guangyuan Liu, Jianxun Luo, Guiquan Guan and Hong Yin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:377

    Content type: Research

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  15. The control of insects of medical importance, such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are still the only effective way to prevent the transmission of diseases, such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika. Their contr...

    Authors: Wellington Junior da Silva, Harry Luiz Pilz-Júnior, Ralf Heermann and Onilda Santos da Silva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:376

    Content type: Review

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  16. Bovine cysticercosis (BCC) is an infection of cattle with the metacestode stage of Taenia saginata, the beef tapeworm, which causes taeniosis in humans. BCC is responsible for considerable economic losses in the ...

    Authors: Edilu Jorga, Inge Van Damme, Bizunesh Mideksa and Sarah Gabriël

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:375

    Content type: Review

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  17. Neospora caninum is an obligate intracellular parasite, and its ability to survive inside host immune cells may be a key mechanism for the establishment of infection in cattle. In vitro studies carried out by our...

    Authors: Marta García-Sánchez, Laura Jiménez-Pelayo, Pilar Horcajo, Esther Collantes-Fernández, Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora and Javier Regidor-Cerrillo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:374

    Content type: Research

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  18. Avian coccidiosis is a widespread, economically significant disease of poultry, caused by several Eimeria species. These parasites have complex and diverse life-cycles that require invasion of their host cells. T...

    Authors: Cong Li, Qiping Zhao, Shunhai Zhu, Qingjie Wang, Haixia Wang, Shuilan Yu, Yu Yu, Shashan Liang, Huanzhi Zhao, Bing Huang, Hui Dong and Hongyu Han

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:373

    Content type: Research

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  19. The pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, is a serious public health problem in rural low-resource areas of Latin America, Africa and Asia, where the associated conditions of nuerocysticercosis (NCC) and porcine cysticer...

    Authors: Ian W. Pray, Wayne Wakeland, William Pan, William E. Lambert, Hector H. Garcia, Armando E. Gonzalez and Seth E. O’Neal

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:372

    Content type: Research

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  20. Metagenomic studies have revealed the presence of a filarial nematode in Ixodes scapularis. The phylogeny of this agent, and its potential for human infection, are unknown.

    Authors: Rafal Tokarz, Teresa Tagliafierro, W. Ian Lipkin and Adriana R. Marques

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:371

    Content type: Short report

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  21. Acaricide resistance is a central problem for the control of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus. The physiological effects and phenotypes of the mutations that cause acaricide resistance are not always well ...

    Authors: Raquel Cossío-Bayúgar, Estefan Miranda-Miranda, Francisco Martínez-Ibañez, Verónica Narváez-Padilla and Enrique Reynaud

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:370

    Content type: Research

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  22. The tick-borne intra-erythrocytic apicomplexan Babesia caballi is one of the etiological agents of equine babesiosis, an economically important disease of equids in most tropical and subtropical areas of the worl...

    Authors: Mona S. Mahmoud, Omnia M. Kandil, Nadia T. Abu El-Ezz, Seham H. M. Hendawy, Bassma S. M. Elsawy, Donald P. Knowles, Reginaldo G. Bastos, Lowell S. Kappmeyer, Jacob M. Laughery, Heba F. Alzan and Carlos E. Suarez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:369

    Content type: Research

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  23. The encystation of Acanthamoeba leads to the development of resilient cysts from vegetative trophozoites. This process is essential for the survival of parasites under unfavorable conditions. Previous studies hav...

    Authors: So-Young Joo, Ja Moon Aung, Minsang Shin, Eun-Kyung Moon, Hyun-Hee Kong, Youn-Kyoung Goo, Dong-Il Chung and Yeonchul Hong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:368

    Content type: Research

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  24. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the most frequently detected microsporidian species in humans and animals. Currently, to the best of our knowledge, no information on E. bieneusi infection in Himalayan marmots (Marmota...

    Authors: Jie Xu, Xin Wang, Huaiqi Jing, Shengkui Cao, Xiaofan Zhang, Yanyan Jiang, Jianhai Yin, Jianping Cao and Yujuan Shen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:367

    Content type: Research

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  25. Several members of genus Babesia are important pathogens causing babesiosis in dogs. In China, at least five Babesia species have been described in dogs or ticks. This study sought to determine the prevalence and...

    Authors: Wen-Ping Guo, Guang-Cheng Xie, Dan Li, Meng Su, Rui Jian and Luan-Ying Du

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:366

    Content type: Research

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  26. Blastocystis sp. is a common intestinal protist that infects humans and many animals globally. Thus far, 22 subtypes (STs) have been identified in mammalian and avian hosts. Since various STs are common to humans...

    Authors: Iraj Mohammadpour, Farzaneh Bozorg-Ghalati, Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Maria Teresa Manfredi, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian and Niloofar Mohammadpour

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:365

    Content type: Research

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  27. Molecular advances have accelerated our understanding of nematode systematics and taxonomy. However, comparative analyzes between various genetic markers have led to discrepancies in nematode phylogenies. This...

    Authors: Abigail Hui En Chan, Kittipong Chaisiri, Serge Morand, Naowarat Saralamba and Urusa Thaenkham

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:364

    Content type: Research

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  28. The fucose-mannose ligand (FML) of Leishmania infantum is a complex glycoprotein which does not elicit adequate immunogenicity in humans. In recent years, adjuvant compounds derived from plants have been used for...

    Authors: Hasan Namdar Ahmadabad, Reza Shafiei, Gholam Reza Hatam, Reza Zolfaghari Emameh and Ashok Aspatwar

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:363

    Content type: Research

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  29. Babesiosis represents a veterinary and medical threat, with a need for novel drugs. Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACT) have been successfully implemented for malaria, a human disease caused by relat...

    Authors: Leonardo J. M. Carvalho, Bunduurem Tuvshintulga, Arifin B. Nugraha, Thillaiampalam Sivakumar and Naoaki Yokoyama

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:362

    Content type: Research

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  30. The mosquito Aedes albopictus is a vector of dengue and Zika viruses. Insecticide-resistant mosquito populations have evolved in recent decades, suggesting that new control strategies are needed. Hong Kong has a ...

    Authors: Elaine Y. Y. Huang, Annette Y. P. Wong, Ivy H. T. Lee, Zhe Qu, Ho Yin Yip, Chi-wah Leung, Shuk-may Yin and Jerome H. L. Hui

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:361

    Content type: Research

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  31. Schistosoma japonicum is a waterborne parasite that causes schistosomiasis in humans and in more than 40 animal species. Schistosoma japonicum shows distinct genetic differentiation among geographical populations...

    Authors: Meng-Jie Gu, Yan-Wei Li, Aidan M. Emery, Shi-Zhu Li, Yong-Zhong Jiang, Hui-Fen Dong and Qin-Ping Zhao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:360

    Content type: Research

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  32. Mosquito vectors cause a significant human public health burden through the transmission of pathogens. Due to the expansion of international travel and trade, the dispersal of these mosquito vectors and the pa...

    Authors: Antsa Rakotonirina, Morgane Pol, Malia Kainiu, Emilie Barsac, Jordan Tutagata, Sosiasi Kilama, Olivia O’Connor, Arnaud Tarantola, Julien Colot, Myrielle Dupont-Rouzeyrol, Vincent Richard and Nicolas Pocquet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:359

    Content type: Research

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  33. Effective vector control measures are essential in a world where many mosquito-borne diseases have no vaccines or drug therapies available. Insecticidal tools remain the mainstay of most vector-borne disease m...

    Authors: Lisa M. Rigby, Gordana Rašić, Christopher L. Peatey, Leon E. Hugo, Nigel W. Beebe and Gregor J. Devine

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:358

    Content type: Research

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  34. The schizothoracine fishes, an excellent model for several studies, is a dominant fish group of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). However, species populations have rapidly declined due to various factors, and i...

    Authors: Meng-Tong Lei, Jin-Zhong Cai, Chun-Hua Li, Yong Fu, Jian Sun, Dou-Dou Ma, Yao-Peng Li and Yan-Ming Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:357

    Content type: Short report

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  35. Only the sylvatic and zoophilic population of Aedes aegypti was formerly identified in southeastern Senegal. A newly established anthropophilic population was detected in the urban area of the Kedougou city. Beca...

    Authors: Diawo Diallo and Mawlouth Diallo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:356

    Content type: Research

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  36. Fasciola gigantica infection threatens the health of both humans and animals in the world. The excretory/secretory products (ESPs) of this fluke has been reported to impair the activation and maturation of immune...

    Authors: Xuefang Mei, Wei Shi, Wenping Zhao, Honglin Luo, Yaoyao Zhang, Yurui Wang, Zhaoan Sheng, Dongying Wang, Xing-Quan Zhu and Weiyi Huang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:355

    Content type: Research

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  37. Accurate quantification of infection intensity is essential to estimate infection patterns of avian haemosporidian parasites in order to understand the evolution of host-parasite associations. Traditional micr...

    Authors: Xi Huang, Di Huang, Yuge Liang, Linlin Zhang, Guocheng Yang, Boye Liu, Yangyang Peng, Wenhong Deng and Lu Dong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:354

    Content type: Methodology

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  38. The wide distribution of Aedes aegypti, the main vector of dengue and yellow fever viruses, currently puts three billion people in the world at risk of infection with these viruses. Continuous transmission of the...

    Authors: Bianca B. Kojin, James K. Biedler, Zhijian Tu and Zach N. Adelman

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:353

    Content type: Research

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  39. Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus are the main urban vectors of arthropod-borne viruses causing human disease, including dengue, Zika, or West Nile. Although key to disease prevention, urban-mosquito contr...

    Authors: Klauss K. S. Garcia, Hanid S. Versiani, Taís O. Araújo, João P. A. Conceição, Marcos T. Obara, Walter M. Ramalho, Thaís T. C. Minuzzi-Souza, Gustavo D. Gomes, Elisa N. Vianna, Renata V. Timbó, Vinicios G. C. Barbosa, Maridalva S. P. Rezende, Luciana P. F. Martins, Glauco O. Macedo, Bruno L. Carvalho, Israel M. Moreira…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:352

    Content type: Research

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  40. Tick-borne diseases are of substantial concern worldwide in both humans and animals. Several hard tick species are of medical and veterinary interest in Europe, and changes in the range of tick species can aff...

    Authors: Valentina Capligina, Maija Seleznova, Sarmite Akopjana, Lauma Freimane, Marija Lazovska, Rudolfs Krumins, Agnija Kivrane, Agne Namina, Darja Aleinikova, Janis Kimsis, Alisa Kazarina, Viktorija Igumnova, Antra Bormane and Renate Ranka

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:351

    Content type: Research

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  41. Recent reports indicated that increasing the monthly oral dosage and the number of consecutive monthly doses of moxidectin improved the efficacy against macrocyclic lactone (ML)-resistant Dirofilaria immitis. The...

    Authors: Kristina Kryda, Susan Holzmer, William R. Everett, John W. McCall, Sean P. Mahabir, Tom L. McTier and Steven J. Maeder

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:339

    Content type: Research

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  42. The ability of blood-feeding arthropods to successfully acquire and transmit pathogens of medical and veterinary importance has been shown to be interfered with, or enhanced by, the arthropod’s native microbio...

    Authors: Abdulsalam Adegoke, Erik Neff, Amie Geary, Montana Ciara Husser, Kevin Wilson, Shawn Michael Norris, Guha Dharmarajan and Shahid Karim

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:349

    Content type: Research

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  43. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Kristina Stafford, Todd M. Kollasch, Kathryn T. Duncan, Stephanie Horr, Troy Goddu, Christine Heinz-Loomer, Anthony J. Rumschlag, William G. Ryan, Sarah Sweet and Susan E. Little

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:348

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:275

  44. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a serious tapeworm infection caused by Echinococcus granulosus (sensu lato) which infects a wide range of animals and humans worldwide. Despite the millions of livestock heads reared...

    Authors: Mughees Aizaz Alvi, John Asekhaen Ohiolei, Muhammad Saqib, Li Li, Muhammad Haleem Tayyab, Anum Aizaz Alvi, Yan-Tao Wu, Bao-Quan Fu, Hong-Bin Yan and Wan-Zhong Jia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:347

    Content type: Research

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  45. Fecal examination is an important component of routine companion animal wellness exams. Sensitivity and specificity of fecal examinations, however, are influenced by sample preparation methodologies and the le...

    Authors: Yoko Nagamori, Ruth Hall Sedlak, Andrew DeRosa, Aleah Pullins, Travis Cree, Michael Loenser, Benjamin S. Larson, Richard Boyd Smith and Richard Goldstein

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:346

    Content type: Research

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  46. The metastrongyloid nematodes Aelurostrongylus abstrusus, Troglostrongylus brevior and Angiostrongylus chabaudi are cardiopulmonary parasites affecting domestic cats (Felis catus) and wildcats (Felis silvestris)....

    Authors: Dimitris Dimzas, Simone Morelli, Donato Traversa, Angela Di Cesare, Yoo Ree Van Bourgonie, Karin Breugelmans, Thierry Backeljau, Antonio Frangipane di Regalbono and Anastasia Diakou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:345

    Content type: Research

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  47. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is one of the delousing agents used to control sea lice infestations in salmonid aquaculture. However, some Lepeophtheirus salmonis populations have developed resistance towards H2O2. An ...

    Authors: Celia Agusti-Ridaura, Marit Jørgensen Bakke, Kari Olli Helgesen, Arvind Y. M. Sundaram, Sigrid Jørgensen Bakke, Kiranpreet Kaur and Tor Einar Horsberg

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:344

    Content type: Research

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  48. Poultry coccidiosis is a parasitic enteric disease with a highly negative impact on chicken production. In-feed chemoprophylaxis remains the primary method of control, but the increasing ineffectiveness of ant...

    Authors: Iván Pastor-Fernández, Sungwon Kim, Virginia Marugán-Hernández, Francesca Soutter, Fiona M. Tomley and Damer P. Blake

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:343

    Content type: Research

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