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  1. Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic pathogen that causes toxoplasmosis and leads to serious public health problems in developing countries. However, current clinical therapeutic drugs have some disadvantages, such as...

    Authors: Shuxian Liu, Mimi Wu, Qianqian Hua, Daiqiang Lu, Yuan Tian, Helin Yu, Linyan Cheng, Yinqi Chen, Jiaxin Cao, Xin Hu and Feng Tan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:242

    Content type: Research

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  2. The development of insecticide resistance in disease-vectoring mosquito species can lead to vector control failure and disease resurgence. However, insecticide applications remain an essential public health in...

    Authors: Stephanie J. Mundis, Alden S. Estep, Christy M. Waits and Sadie J. Ryan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:241

    Content type: Research

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  3. Millions of pyrethroid LLINs have been distributed in Mali during the past 20 years which, along with agricultural use, has increased the selection pressure on malaria vector populations. This study investigat...

    Authors: Arthur Sovi, Chitan Keita, Youssouf Sinaba, Abdourhamane Dicko, Ibrahim Traore, Moussa B. M. Cisse, Ousmane Koita, Dereje Dengela, Cecilia Flatley, Elie Bankineza, Jules Mihigo, Allison Belemvire, Jenny Carlson, Christen Fornadel and Richard M. Oxborough

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:239

    Content type: Research

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  4. Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacterium that replicates in neutrophil granulocytes. It is transmitted by ticks of the Ixodes ricinus complex and causes febrile illness in hum...

    Authors: Denis B. Langenwalder, Sabine Schmidt, Cornelia Silaghi, Jasmin Skuballa, Nikola Pantchev, Ioana A. Matei, Andrei D. Mihalca, Urs Gilli, Joanna Zajkowska, Martin Ganter, Tove Hoffman, Erik Salaneck, Miroslav Petrovec and Friederike D. von Loewenich

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:238

    Content type: Research

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  5. During blood feeding, sand flies inoculate salivary proteins that interact with the host haemostatic system. The blocking of biogenic amines such as serotonin and histamine helps to limit vasodilatation and cl...

    Authors: Tatiana Spitzova, Petra Sumova, Vera Volfova, Nikola Polanska, Luisa Poctova and Petr Volf

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:237

    Content type: Research

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  6. The real burden of human cystic echinococcosis (CE) remains elusive, due to the peculiar characteristics of the disease and the heterogeneous and incomplete data recording of clinical cases. Furthermore, offic...

    Authors: Patrizia Rossi, Francesca Tamarozzi, Fabio Galati, Okan Akhan, Carmen Michaela Cretu, Kamenna Vutova, Mar Siles-Lucas, Enrico Brunetti and Adriano Casulli

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:236

    Content type: Research

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  7. Bartonella spp. are vector-borne pathogens transmitted to humans via blood-sucking arthropods. Rodents such as the black rat (Rattus rattus) and Norway rat (R. norvegicus) are thought to be the main reservoirs. A...

    Authors: Maria Krügel, Martin Pfeffer, Nina Król, Christian Imholt, Kristof Baert, Rainer G. Ulrich and Anna Obiegala

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:235

    Content type: Research

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  8. Taenia saginata is an important zoonotic parasite, causing taeniosis in humans and cysticercosis in bovines, the latter being a significant concern for the global beef industry. Many countries in East, Southeast ...

    Authors: Ramon M. Eichenberger, Lian F. Thomas, Sarah Gabriël, Branco Bobić, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Lucy J. Robertson, Anastasios Saratsis, Paul R. Torgerson, Uffe C. Braae, Veronique Dermauw and Pierre Dorny

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:234

    Content type: Review

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  9. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) and alveolar echinococcosis (AE) are life-threatening parasitic infections worldwide caused by Echinococcus granulosus (sensu lato) and E. multilocularis, respectively. Very little is k...

    Authors: Nayer Mehdizad Bakhtiar, Adel Spotin, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Ehsan Ahmadpour and Ali Rostami

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:232

    Content type: Review

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  10. Apicomplexan parasites of the genus Sarcocystis have an obligate two-host life-cycle and comprise about 200 species, which infect different cold- and warm-blooded hosts, including humans. Recently, morphological ...

    Authors: Ondřej Máca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:231

    Content type: Short report

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  11. Faecal egg count (FEC) techniques are commonly used to detect gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) in cattle and to determine anthelmintic efficacy/resistance through the faecal egg count reduction test (FECRT). ...

    Authors: Alessandra Amadesi, Antonio Bosco, Laura Rinaldi, Giuseppe Cringoli, Edwin Claerebout and Maria Paola Maurelli

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:230

    Content type: Short report

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  12. Knowledge of the relative abundance and biting rates of riverine blackflies (vectors of onchocerciasis) is essential as these entomological indices affect transmission of the disease. However, transmission pat...

    Authors: Kenneth Bentum Otabil, Samuel Fosu Gyasi, Esi Awuah, Daniels Obeng-Ofori, Seth Boateng Tenkorang, Justice Amenyo Kessie and Henk D. F. H. Schallig

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:229

    Content type: Research

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  13. Insect growth regulators (IGRs) are considered a novel group of insecticides to control mosquitoes. Novaluron is an IGR with benzoylphenyl urea insecticide, which inhibits chitin synthesis in insects and can r...

    Authors: Nayana Gunathilaka, Tharaka Ranathunga, Dakshina Hettiarachchi, Lahiru Udayanga and Wimaladharma Abeyewickreme

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:228

    Content type: Research

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  14. The safety and efficacy of a new spot-on formulation of selamectin plus sarolaner were evaluated for the treatment and control of natural flea infestations on cats in two non-randomised, multi-centre clinical ...

    Authors: Raj Packianathan, Melissa Pittorino, Andrew Hodge, Natalie Bruellke and Kelly Graham

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:227

    Content type: Research

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  15. Chagas disease is a parasitic infection transmitted by “kissing bugs” (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) that has a huge economic impact in Latin American countries. The vector species with the upmost epidem...

    Authors: Anita G. Villacís, Jean-Pierre Dujardin, Francisco Panzera, César A. Yumiseva, Sebastián Pita, Soledad Santillán-Guayasamín, Marco I. Orozco, Katherine D. Mosquera and Mario J. Grijalva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:226

    Content type: Research

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  16. Blood-feeding is a common strategy among parasitizing arthropods, including the ectoparasitic salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis), feeding off its salmon host’s skin and blood. Blood is rich in nutrients, amon...

    Authors: Erna Irene Heggland, Michael Dondrup, Frank Nilsen and Christiane Eichner

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:225

    Content type: Research

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  17. Insecticide resistance is a serious problem for vector control programmes worldwide. Resistance is commonly attributed to mutations at the insecticide’s target site or increased activity of detoxification enzy...

    Authors: Yamili Contreras-Perera, Gustavo Ponce-Garcia, Karina Villanueva-Segura, Beatriz Lopez-Monroy, Iram P. Rodríguez-Sanchez, Audrey Lenhart, Pablo Manrique-Saide and Adriana E. Flores

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:224

    Content type: Research

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  18. Toxoplasma gondii infection may pose a severe medical problem especially in a congenital form and as an acquired infection in immunocompromised persons. Raw and undercooked meat of slaughtered animals is regarded...

    Authors: Jacek Sroka, Jacek Karamon, Angelina Wójcik-Fatla, Weronika Piotrowska, Jacek Dutkiewicz, Ewa Bilska-Zając, Violetta Zając, Maciej Kochanowski, Joanna Dąbrowska and Tomasz Cencek

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:223

    Content type: Research

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  19. The African leopard Panthera pardus pardus (L.) is currently listed as a vulnerable species on the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) red list of threatened species due to ongoing populatio...

    Authors: Michelle van As, Edward C. Netherlands and Nico J. Smit

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:222

    Content type: Research

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  20. Lake Tanganyika is considered a biodiversity hotspot with exceptional species richness and level of endemism. Given the global importance of the lake in the field of evolutionary biology, the understudied stat...

    Authors: Nikol Kmentová, Rodney A. Bray, Stephan Koblmüller, Tom Artois, Els Lea R. De Keyzer, Milan Gelnar, Maarten P. M. Vanhove and Simona Georgieva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:221

    Content type: Research

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  21. Wild carnivores living alongside humans and domestic animals are vulnerable to changes in the infectious disease dynamics in their populations. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence and diver...

    Authors: Storme Viljoen, M. Justin O’Riain, Barend L. Penzhorn, Marine Drouilly, Laurel E. K. Serieys, Bogdan Cristescu, Kristine J. Teichman and Jacqueline M. Bishop

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:220

    Content type: Research

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  22. Tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) and tabanids (Diptera: Tabanidae) are haematophagous insects of medical and veterinary importance due to their respective role in the biological and mechanical transmission ...

    Authors: Fernando C. Mulandane, Louwtjie P. Snyman, Denise R. A. Brito, Jeremy Bouyer, José Fafetine, Jan Van Den Abbeele, Marinda Oosthuizen, Vincent Delespaux and Luis Neves

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:219

    Content type: Research

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  23. Dogs and cats in the UK are exposed to many internal parasites which can pose risks to the health of both the pet and their owners. By understanding these endemic parasites and the risks they pose, we can asse...

    Authors: Christopher Pennelegion, Jason Drake, Scott Wiseman and Ian Wright

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:218

    Content type: Research

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  24. In the Netherlands, Aedes albopictus has been found each year since 2010 during routine exotic mosquito species surveillance at companies that import used tires. We developed habitat suitability models to investi...

    Authors: Adolfo Ibáñez-Justicia, Juan Diego Alcaraz-Hernández, Ron van Lammeren, Constantianus J. M. Koenraadt, Aldo Bergsma, Luca Delucchi, Annapaola Rizzoli and Willem Takken

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:217

    Content type: Research

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  25. Cercopithifilaria bainae is a filarioid nematode of dogs. Infection with the parasite was not reported in the USA until 2017, when a dog with skin lesions in Florida was diagnosed. Brown dog ticks, Rhipicephalus ...

    Authors: Megan W. Lineberry, Kellee D. Sundstrom, Susan E. Little, Erin M. Stayton and Kelly E. Allen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:216

    Content type: Research

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  26. Vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) is a highly conserved protein complex which hydrolyzes ATP and pumps protons to acidify vacuolar vesicles. Beyond its role in pH maintenance, the involvement of V-ATPase in endocytos...

    Authors: Zhi-Shen Xu, Feng-Jun Li, Geoff Hide, Zhao-Rong Lun and De-Hua Lai

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:214

    Content type: Research

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  27. When the first systematic list of mosquitoes in Nepal was reported in 1990, there was no description of Aedes aegypti (L.), while Aedes albopictus (Skuse) has been included in the Stegomyia subgroup since the 195...

    Authors: Hitoshi Kawada, Kyoko Futami, Yukiko Higa, Ganesh Rai, Takashi Suzuki and Shiba Kumar Rai

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:213

    Content type: Research

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  28. Olfactory cues drive mosquito behaviors such as host-seeking, locating sugar sources and oviposition. These behaviors can vary between sexes and closely related species. For example, the malaria vector Anopheles ...

    Authors: Giridhar Athrey, Zachary Popkin-Hall, Luciano Veiga Cosme, Willem Takken and Michel Andre Slotman

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:212

    Content type: Research

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  29. Triatomine bugs are responsible for the vectorial transmission of the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease, a zoonosis affecting 10 million people and with 25 million at risk of inf...

    Authors: Johan M. Calderón and Camila González

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:211

    Content type: Research

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  30. Recent studies demonstrate that insect-specific viruses can influence the ability of their mosquito hosts to become infected with and transmit arboviruses of medical and veterinary importance. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Nadya Urakova, Marco Brustolin, Renuka E. Joseph, Rebecca M. Johnson, Sujit Pujhari and Jason L. Rasgon

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:210

    Content type: Research

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  31. Babesia gibsoni is an apicomplexan parasite transmitted by ticks, which can infect canine species and cause babesiosis. The apicoplast is an organelle associated with isoprenoids metabolism, is widely present in ...

    Authors: Qin Liu, Long Yu, Fan Jiang, Muxiao Li, Xueyan Zhan, Yuan Huang, Sen Wang, Xiaoyong Du, Lan He and Junlong Zhao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:209

    Content type: Research

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  32. Biological controls with predators of larval mosquito vectors have historically focused almost exclusively on insectivorous animals, with few studies examining predatory plants as potential larvacidal agents. ...

    Authors: Jannelle Couret, Marco Notarangelo, Sarashwathy Veera, Noah LeClaire-Conway, Howard S. Ginsberg and Roger L. LeBrun

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:208

    Content type: Research

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  33. Intestinal schistosomiasis is still a public health problem in Burundi. Since 2008, annual mass drug administration with praziquantel has been rolled out in 11 endemic districts. The national programme relies ...

    Authors: Paul Bizimana, Katja Polman, Giuseppina Ortu, Meryam Krit, Frédéric Nsabiyumva, Audace Nkeshimana, Urlich Bijabuka, Marcelline Nibakire and Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:206

    Content type: Research

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  34. Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) is a parasitic zoonotic disease, endemic in the Mediterranean basin including Spain. While knowledge about CanL, its management, treatment, prevention and control mounts, it remains...

    Authors: Ana Montoya, Rosa Gálvez, Rocío Checa, Juliana Sarquis, Alexandra Plaza, Juan Pedro Barrera, Valentina Marino and Guadalupe Miró

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:205

    Content type: Research

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  35. This report describes L. infantum infection seroprevalence in dogs in Spain through data obtained from peer-reviewed literature and a cross-sectional serological survey assessing epidemiological and habitat varia...

    Authors: Rosa Gálvez, Ana Montoya, Israel Cruz, Carlos Fernández, Oihane Martín, Rocío Checa, Carmen Chicharro, Silvia Migueláñez, Valentina Marino and Guadalupe Miró

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:204

    Content type: Research

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  36. Various vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) affect dogs worldwide, with their diversity and force of infection being usually higher in the tropics. Cross-sectional studies have been conducted to investigate the prev...

    Authors: Filipe Dantas-Torres, Luciana Aguiar Figueredo, Kamila Gaudêncio da Silva Sales, Débora Elienai de Oliveira Miranda, Joanna Lúcia de Almeida Alexandre, Yury Yzabella da Silva, Lidiane Gomes da Silva, Guilherme Ribeiro Valle, Vitor Márcio Ribeiro, Domenico Otranto, Katrin Deuster, Matthias Pollmeier and Gertraut Altreuther

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:195

    Content type: Short report

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  37. Borrelia burgdorferi is a tick-borne spirochete that causes Lyme borreliosis (LB). After an initial tick bite, it spreads from the deposition site in the dermis to distant tissues of the host. It is generally bel...

    Authors: Liucun Liang, Jinyong Wang, Lucas Schorter, Thu Phong Nguyen Trong, Shari Fell, Sebastian Ulrich and Reinhard K. Straubinger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:191

    Content type: Research

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  38. Ixodes spp. are vectors of zoonotic pathogens. All three active life stages (larvae, nymphs, adults) need to feed on a host in order to develop. Usually ticks parasitize attached to the external surface of their ...

    Authors: Maja Haut, Nina Król, Anna Obiegala, Johannes Seeger and Martin Pfeffer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:189

    Content type: Short report

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  39. Population of stray dogs is significant in large cities of Nepal, such as Kathmandu. Most of stray dogs suffer a lack of basic health care. Considering the clinical relevance, the broad distribution and the la...

    Authors: David Díaz-Regañón, Beatriz Agulla, Bidur Piya, Natalia Fernández-Ruiz, Alejandra Villaescusa, Mercedes García-Sancho, Fernando Rodríguez-Franco and Ángel Sainz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:174

    Content type: Short report

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  40. Vector-borne diseases (VBD) are of growing global importance. Sand flies are potential vectors for phleboviruses (family Phenuiviridae) including Toscana virus (TOSV), Sicilian virus, Sandfly fever, Naples virus,...

    Authors: Sandra Oerther, Hanna Jöst, Anna Heitmann, Renke Lühken, Andreas Krüger, Irmgard Steinhausen, Christine Brinker, Susanne Lorentz, Michael Marx, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Torsten Naucke and Norbert Becker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:173

    Content type: Research

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  41. The blood-feeding behaviour of female sand flies may increase their likelihood of acquiring and transmitting Leishmania parasites. Studies on the host usage by these insects may thus improve our understanding of ...

    Authors: Kamila Gaudêncio da Silva Sales, Débora Elienai de Oliveira Miranda, Marcelo Henrique Santos Paiva, Luciana Aguiar Figueredo, Domenico Otranto and Filipe Dantas-Torres

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:131

    Content type: Methodology

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  42. Babesiosis is a protozoan tick-borne infection associated with anemia and life-threatening disease in humans, domestic and wildlife animals. Dogs are infected by at least six well-characterized Babesia spp. that ...

    Authors: Gad Baneth, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Adam Joseph Birkenheuer, Megan Elizabeth Schreeg, Hagar Prince, Monica Florin-Christensen, Leonhard Schnittger and Itamar Aroch

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:130

    Content type: Research

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  43. Canine leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is a neglected zoonosis transmitted by sand flies like Phlebotomus perniciosus. Clinical signs and disease susceptibility vary according to various factors, incl...

    Authors: Alexis C. Burnham, Laura Ordeix, M. Magdalena Alcover, Pamela Martínez-Orellana, Sara Montserrat-Sangrà, Laura Willen, Tatiana Spitzova, Petr Volf and Laia Solano-Gallego

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:129

    Content type: Research

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  44. In endemic areas of zoonotic leishmaniosis caused by L. infantum, early detection of Leishmania infection in dogs is essential to control the dissemination of the parasite to humans. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Carla Maia, José Cristóvão, André Pereira, Tatiana Kostalova, Tereza Lestinova, Petra Sumova, Petr Volf and Lenea Campino

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:119

    Content type: Research

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  45. The ability of tick-borne agents to survive in stored blood bags is a key factor for their transmissibility by blood transfusion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival and potential infectivity of Ri...

    Authors: Laura Lucchese, Silvia Ravagnan, Graziana Da Rold, Federica Toniolo, Wendy Wurzburger, Monica Mion, Antonio Carminato, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Gioia Capelli, Alda Natale and Marta Vascellari

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:118

    Content type: Research

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  46. Dirofilaria immitis, Leishmania infantum and Toxoplasma gondii are zoonotic parasites which can affect domestic cats. Considering the lack of published data from the local feline population, this study aimed to a...

    Authors: Michelle Neves, Ana Patrícia Lopes, Carolina Martins, Raquel Fino, Cláudia Paixão, Liliana Damil, Clara Lima, Ana Margarida Alho, Henk D. F. H. Schallig, Jitender P. Dubey and Luís Cardoso

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:117

    Content type: Short report

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  47. Feline vector-borne pathogens (FeVBPs) have been increasingly investigated for their impact on cat health and their zoonotic potential. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of FeVBPs and h...

    Authors: Maria Stefania Latrofa, Roberta Iatta, Federica Toniolo, Tommaso Furlanello, Silvia Ravagnan, Gioia Capelli, Bettina Schunack, Bruno Chomel, Andrea Zatelli, Jairo Mendoza-Roldan, Filipe Dantas-Torres and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:116

    Content type: Research

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