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Erratum to: The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Americas: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis

The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:72


In our original publication detailing the distribution of the dominant vector species of malaria in the Americas (Sinka et al. [1]), both Figure one (The predicted distribution map of An. darlingi) and the An. darlingi map shown in Additional file two (The predicted distribution maps of the nine dominant vector species of the Americas) included points on the border between Costa Rica and Nicaragua. These are confirmed absence points and therefore should not have been included. These maps are intended to indicate locations only where the species presence has been confirmed. Anopheles darlingi has never been found or reported from Costa Rica or Nicaragua (as indicated in the Expert opinion map) despite numerous and comprehensive surveys in the area trying to locate it.

Copies of the corrected figure and the updated Additional file can be found in Figure 1 and Additional file 1 (in this publication) and are also available on the Malaria Atlas Project (MAP) website:

Figure 1

Map details: The predicted distribution of An. darlingi mapped using hybrid data (318 occurrence data plus 500 pseudo-presences weighted at half that of the occurrence data and randomly selected from within the Expert Opinion (EO) range). Pseudo-absences (2840) were generated at a ratio of 5:1 absence to presence points, taking into account 250 pseudo-presence points (500 at half weight), and were randomly selected from within the 1000 km buffer surrounding the EO (EO shown in the inset map). Predictions are not shown beyond the buffer boundary. The black dots show the 318 occurrence records for An. darlingi. Map statistics: Deviance = 0.2763, Correlation = 0.8351, Discrimination (AUC) = 0.9684, Kappa = 0.7902. Environmental variables: 1. Prec (max), 2. LST (max), 3. Prec (mean), 4. LST (P2), 5. Prec (P2) (Please see Additional file four in the original publication for abbreviations and definitions). Copyright: Licensed to the Malaria Atlas Project [2] under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Citation: Sinka et al. (2010) The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Americas: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis, Parasite and Vectors 2011, 4 :210.

Figure One:

Additional File Two (all species maps):


  1. 1.

    Sinka ME, Rubio-Palis Y, Manguin S, Patil AP, Temperley WH: The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Americas: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis. Parasit Vectors. 2010, 3: 72-10.1186/1756-3305-3-72.

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Author information

Correspondence to Marianne E Sinka or Simon I Hay.

Additional information

The online version of the original article can be found at 10.1186/1756-3305-3-72

Electronic supplementary material

Additional file 1: Predictive species distribution maps for the nine DVS of the Americas. (PDF 2 MB)

Authors’ original submitted files for images

Below are the links to the authors’ original submitted files for images.

Authors’ original file for figure 1

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