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Table 1 Effects of temperature and acclimation on the thermal limits of Culicoides bolitinos and C. imicola

From: Thermal limits of two biting midges, Culicoides imicola Kieffer and C. bolitinos Meiswinkel (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)

Species Trait Effect Waldχ2 d.f. p
C. bolitinos ULT Intercept 276.072 1 <0.0001
Acclimation 341.425 2 <0.0001
Temperature 5.826 1 0.016
Acclimation × Temperature 521.357 5 <0.0001
LLT Intercept 59.813 1 <0.0001
Acclimation 37.235 2 <0.0001
Temperature 128.514 2 <0.0001
Acclimation × Temperature 107.761 4 <0.0001
C. imicola ULT Intercept 4.1 1 0.043
Acclimation 29.793 2 <0.0001
Temperature 63.892 2 <0.0001
Acclimation × Temperature 67.629 4 <0.0001
LLT Intercept 167.244 1 <0.0001
Acclimation 6.978 2 0.031
Temperature 0.993 1 0.319
   Acclimation × Temperature 425.118 4 <0.0001