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Table 2 Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections by parasite species and number of infections among Orang Asli and Malay in Terengganu (n = 340)

From: A tale of two communities: intestinal polyparasitism among Orang Asli and Malay communities in rural Terengganu, Malaysia

Infections Orang Asli n (%) Malay n (%) Overall n (%) χ 2 P-value
Overall infections 149 (90.3) 43 (24.6) 192 (56.5) 149.275 < 0.001*
Parasite species
 Trichuris trichiura 130 (78.8) 17 (9.7) 147 (43.2) 165.101 < 0.001*
 Ascaris lumbricoides 89 (53.9) 6 (3.4) 95 (27.9) 107.617 < 0.001*
 Hookworm 39 (23.6) 1 (0.6) 40 (11.8) 43.524 < 0.001*
 Giardia duodenalis 24 (14.5) 15 (8.6) 39 (11.5) 2.985 0.084
 Entamoeba spp. 24 (14.5) 14 (8.0) 38 (11.2) 3.665 0.056
 Cryptosporidium spp. 7 (4.2) 4 (2.3) 11 (3.2) 1.039 0.308
 Blastocystis sp. 57 (34.5) 31 (17.7) 88 (25.9) 12.541 < 0.001*
Type of infection (n = 192)a
 Monoparasitism 35 (23.5) 18 (41.9) 50 (26.6)
 Polyparasitism 113 (75.8) 25 (58.1) 138 (71.9) 6.654 0.010*
No. and type of polyparasitism (n = 138)b
 Two parasite species 39 (34.5) 8 (32.0) 47 (34.1) 0.058 0.810
 Three parasite species 43 (38.1) 14 (56.0) 57 (41.3) 2.720 0.099
 Four parasite species 27 (23.9) 3 (12.0) 30 (21.7) 1.702 0.192
 Five parasite species 4 (3.5) 0 (0) 4 (2.9) 0.911 0.340
  1. Abbreviations: χ 2 Chi-square test statistic
  2. *Significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05)
  3. a n = 192, children who were infected with at least one parasite species
  4. b n = 138, children who were infected with two or more parasite species