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Table 6 Attitude and perceived practices towards intestinal helminths among Orang Asli and Malay participants in Terengganu, Malaysia

From: A tale of two communities: intestinal polyparasitism among Orang Asli and Malay communities in rural Terengganu, Malaysia

Variables Orang Asli (n = 104) Malay (n = 83) χ 2 P-value
n (%) n (%)
Attitude (n = 160)
 Effects of intestinal parasitic infections      14.992 0.001*
 Harmful to peoples’ health 48 61.5 72 87.8   
 Not harmful to peoples’ health 9 11.5 2 2.4   
 Do not know 21 26.9 8 9.8   
Faeces as source of infections      12.439 0.002*
 Yes 16 20.5 38 46.3   
 No 18 23.1 10 12.2   
 Do not know 44 56.4 34 41.5   
Practices (n = 187)
 Washing hands before eating 67 64.4 72 86.7 12.057 0.001*
 Washing hands after defecation 66 63.5 77 92.8 22.039 < 0.001*
 Washing hands after playing with soil 61 58.7 64 77.1 7.093 0.008*
 Washing vegetables before consumption 55 52.9 73 88.0 26.284 < 0.001*
 Washing fruits before consumption 44 42.3 72 86.7 38.705 < 0.001*
 Using safe sources for drinking water 52 50.0 83 100 57.485 < 0.001*
 Wearing shoes when outside the house 41 39.4 82 98.8 72.282 < 0.001*
 Boiling/filtering drinking water 24 23.1 59 71.1 43.098 < 0.001*
 Using toilets for defecation 17 16.3 83 100 129.839 < 0.001*
 Cutting fingernails regularly 70 67.3 72 86.7 9.546 0.002*
 Eating soil (geophagy) 17 16.3 5 6.0 4.783 0.030*
Treatment-seeking behaviour for GIT symptoms
 Go to clinic as a first line activity 58 55.8 68 81.9 14.371 <0.001*
 Go to traditional healer as a first line activity 10 9.6 4 4.8 1.533 0.216
 Use herbal remedies as a first line activity 19 18.3 11 13.3 0.862 0.353
 Do nothing 18 17.3 1 1.2 15.895 <0.001*
  1. Abbreviations: χ 2 Chi-square test statistic
  2. *Significant difference between both groups (P < 0.05)