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Table 1 Trichomonas spp. prevalence found in four columbid species at different European study sites with the use of PCR analysis. The prevalence was calculated according to PCR results

From: High prevalence of Trichomonas gallinae in wild columbids across western and southern Europe

Species No. of samples Place (n) Status (n) Sample (n) No. positive No. negative Prevalence [%] No. of sequences
Stock dove 92 Hesse, Germany (90) Brandenburg, Germany (2) Adult (33) First year (1) Chick (58) Swab (92) 79 13 86 16
Wood pigeon 87 Bavaria, Germany (50) North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany (24) Lower Saxony, Germany (8) Thuringia, Germany (3) Hesse, Germany (1) Unknown, Germany (1) Adult (87) Tissue (87)a 61 26 70 23
Collared dove 5 Monfrague, Spain (3) Comino, Malta (2) Adult (3) Second year (1) Unknown (1) Swab (5) 3 2 60 2
Turtle dove 97 Monfrague, Spain (42) Comino, Malta (34) Ventotene, Italy (20) Hesse, Germany (1) Adult (22) Juvenile (23) Second year (2) Unknown (50) Swab (70) Tissue (27) All 65 0 65 5 27 32 93 0 67 43 0 43
Total 281    Swab (167) Tissue (114) All 154 61 208 13 53 73 93 54 74 61 23 84
  1. aOne of the wood pigeons (sample WP4) had yellow plaque