Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Associations between hydatid cyst with or without Fasciola hepatica co-infection and host variables: age range and cyst location

From: Echinococcus granulosus hydatid cyst location is modified by Fasciola hepatica infection in cattle

Co-infection Fertile Infertile < 1 cm diameter
(-/+) Ratio χ 2 P (-/+) Ratio χ 2 P (-/+) Ratio χ 2 P
≤ 4 years 7/3 2.33 2.554 0.11 76/54 1.41 4.968 0.0258* 26/22 1.18 13.341 0.2481
> 4 yearsa 3/6 0.5 59/73 0.81 24/12 2
Lungs only 7/6 1.17 b   47/60 0.78 4.409 0.1103 5/18 0.28 19.45 <0.0001*
Liver only 2/0 24/16 1.63 36/11 3.27
Both organs 1/3 0.33 64/51 1.25 9/5 1.8
  1. *Statistically significant difference at P < 0.05
  2. aStatistically significant association between cysts type and co-infection in this group (χ2 = 6.349, P = 0.0418)
  3. bn too small for statistical analyses
  4. Abbreviations: (-/+) number of animals without F. hepatica co-infection/number of animals with F. hepatica co-infection