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Table 4 Sub-group meta-analysis for different species using different diagnostic methods

From: Global distribution, host range and prevalence of Trypanosoma vivax: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Host species Diagnostic method Number of publications Number of tests Number of positives Pooled prevalence in % 95% CI
Domestic buffalo Parasitological 1 316 36 11.4 8.3–15.4
Molecular 2 609 127 20.9 17.4–25.0
Serological 2 556 301 57.6 22.5–86.4
Camel Molecular 4 1611 133 8.4 3.4–19.3
Cattle Parasitological 92 102910 5414 4.6 4.0–5.3
Molecular 51 31549 3140 7.4 6.2–8.7
Serological 23 16469 4495 34.6 28.0–41.9
Dog Parasitological 3 257 0 3.4 1.1–9.6
Molecular 2 189 1 1.2 0.2–8.5
Domestic buffalo Parasitological 1 316 36 11.4 8.3–15.4
Molecular 2 609 127 20.9 17.4–25.0
Serological 2 556 301 57.6 22.5–86.4
Equine Parasitological 8 2471 20 1.5 0.9–2.6
Molecular 7 1425 251 5.6 2.7–11.3
Serological 1 6 3 50 16.8–83.2
Pig Parasitological 4 799 3 1.1 0.4–2.9
Molecular 10 1851 230 9 4.9–15.9
Small ruminant Parasitological 19 8990 220 2.3 1.5–3.6
Molecular 15 4045 327 5 2.7–9.3
Serological 3 408 43 13.8 6.1–28.4
Wild animal Parasitological 3 1093 75 11.8 7.1–16.9
Molecular 3 1618 121 10.7 8.6–13.3
Serological 1 748 318 49.3 37.5–61.2