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  1. African animal trypanosomosis is a major constraint to the rearing of productive livestock in the sub-humid Sudan-Sahel zone of West Africa where cotton is grown. Trypanosomosis is mainly controlled using tryp...

    Authors: Erick O Mungube, Oumar Diall, Maximilian PO Baumann, Antje Hoppenheit, Barbara Hinney, Burkhard Bauer, Yousouf Sanogo, Brehima Maiga, Karl-Hans Zessin, Thomas F Randolph and Peter-Henning Clausen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:164

    Content type: Research

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  2. Since 2008, the National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) has been engaged in the implementation of indoor residual spraying (IRS) in Benin. The first and second round was a success with a drastic decrease of ma...

    Authors: Razaki Ossè, Rock Aikpon, Gil Germain Padonou, Olivier Oussou, Anges Yadouléton and Martin Akogbéto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:163

    Content type: Research

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  3. Cattle babesiosis is a tick-borne disease of cattle that has severe economic impact on cattle producers throughout the world’s tropical and subtropical countries. The most severe form of the disease is caused ...

    Authors: Andrew M Heekin, Felix D Guerrero, Kylie G Bendele, Leo Saldivar, Glen A Scoles, Cedric Gondro, Vishvanath Nene, Appolinaire Djikeng and Kelly A Brayton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:162

    Content type: Research

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  4. Hexose transporters (HT) are membrane proteins involved in the uptake of energy-supplying glucose and other hexoses into the cell. Previous studies employing the Differential Display technique have shown that ...

    Authors: Paula F dos Santos, Jerônimo C Ruiz, Rodrigo P P Soares, Douglas S Moreira, Antônio M Rezende, Edson L Folador, Guilherme Oliveira, Alvaro J Romanha and Silvane M F Murta

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:161

    Content type: Research

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  5. Leishmania parasites cause human tegumentary and visceral infections that are commonly referred to as leishmaniasis. Despite the high incidence and prevalence of cases, leishmaniasis has been a neglected disease ...

    Authors: Mariana Silva-Almeida, Bernardo Acácio Santini Pereira, Michelle Lopes Ribeiro-Guimarães and Carlos Roberto Alves

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:160

    Content type: Review

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  6. The emergence and spread of insecticide resistance in the major African malaria vectors Anopheles gambiae s.s. and Anopheles arabiensis may compromise control initiatives based on insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) ...

    Authors: Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Abebe Asale, Kora Tushune, Yehenew Getachew, Luc Duchateau and Niko Speybroeck

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:159

    Content type: Research

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  7. The efficacy and safety of a combination formulation of 10% imidacloprid + 1.0% moxidectin spot-on (Advocate® for Cats, Bayer Animal Health GmbH, Leverkusen, Germany) was tested in 40 African pygmy hedgehogs (Ate...

    Authors: Kyu-Rim Kim, Kyu-Sung Ahn, Dae-Sung Oh and Sung-Shik Shin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:158

    Content type: Research

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  8. Active case detection through mass community screening is a major control strategy against human African trypanosomiasis (HAT, sleeping sickness) caused by T. brucei gambiense. However, its impact can be limited ...

    Authors: Francesco Checchi, Andrew P Cox, François Chappuis, Gerardo Priotto, Daniel Chandramohan and Daniel T Haydon

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:157

    Content type: Research

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  9. Ixodes ricinus ticks transmit Babesia species to vertebrate hosts. Using molecular tools we were able to detect the presence of this piroplasmid in its vector. The aims of this study were to investigate the preva...

    Authors: Øivind Øines, Jana Radzijevskaja, Algimantas Paulauskas and Olav Rosef

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:156

    Content type: Research

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  10. Tsetse fly-transmitted African animal trypanosomosis causes annual losses that run into billions of dollars. The disease is assumed to cause hunger and poverty in most sub-Saharan countries since it represents...

    Authors: Erick O Mungube, Hervé S Vitouley, Emmanuel Allegye-Cudjoe, Oumar Diall, Zakaria Boucoum, Boucader Diarra, Yousouf Sanogo, Thomas Randolph, Burkhard Bauer, Karl-Hans Zessin and Peter-Henning Clausen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:155

    Content type: Research

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  11. Sleeping sickness, transmitted by G. p. palpalis, is known to be present in the Ivory Coast. G. p. palpalis has recently been reported to occur in several places within the town of Abidjan, including: (i) the Ban...

    Authors: Dramane Kaba, Sophie Ravel, Geneviève Acapovi-Yao, Philippe Solano, Koffi Allou, Henriette Bosson-Vanga, Laetitia Gardes, Eliezer Kouakou N’Goran, Christopher John Schofield, Moussa Koné and Jean-Pierre Dujardin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:153

    Content type: Research

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  12. Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses have not been given high priority in China, although the role of companion animals as reservoirs for zoonotic parasitic diseases has been recognized worldwide. With an incr...

    Authors: Jia Chen, Min-Jun Xu, Dong-Hui Zhou, Hui-Qun Song, Chun-Ren Wang and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:152

    Content type: Review

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  13. The objective of the study was to determine the sustained effectiveness of 10% imidacloprid (w/w) and 4.5% flumethrin (w/w) incorporated in a slow-release matrix collar in preventing Dipylidium caninum infection ...

    Authors: Josephus J Fourie, Dionne Crafford, Ivan G Horak and Dorothee Stanneck

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:151

    Content type: Research

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  14. Historically, the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) of Bangladesh was considered hyperendemic for malaria. To better understand the contemporary malaria epidemiology and to develop new and innovative control strate...

    Authors: Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Sumit Chakma, Wasif A Khan, Gregory E Glass, Abu Naser Mohon, Rubayet Elahi, Laura C Norris, Milka Patracia Podder, Sabeena Ahmed, Rashidul Haque, David A Sack, David J Sullivan Jr and Douglas E Norris

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:150

    Content type: Research

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  15. Ticks are the most important pathogen vectors in Europe. They are known to be influenced by environmental factors, but these links are usually studied at specific temporal or spatial scales. Focusing on Ixodes ri...

    Authors: Sen Li, Paul Heyman, Christel Cochez, Leopold Simons and Sophie O Vanwambeke

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:149

    Content type: Research

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  16. The understanding of mosquito immune responses can provide valuable tools for development of novel mosquito control strategies. Aiming the study at insect innate immunity, continuous insect cell lines have bee...

    Authors: Ana Beatriz Ferreira Barletta, Maria Clara L Nascimento Silva and Marcos H Ferreira Sorgine

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:148

    Content type: Research

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  17. Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) biting midges are vectors for a diversity of pathogens including bluetongue virus (BTV) that generate important economic losses. BTV has expanded its range in recent decades,...

    Authors: Josué Martínez-de la Puente, Javier Martínez, Martina Ferraguti, Antonio Morales-de la Nuez, Noemí Castro and Jordi Figuerola

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:147

    Content type: Research

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  18. Echinococcus transmission is known to be affected by various environmental factors, which may be modified by human influence or natural events including global warming. Considerable population growth in the last ...

    Authors: Yu Rong Yang, Archie C A Clements, Darren J Gray, Jo-An M Atkinson, Gail M Williams, Tamsin S Barnes and Donald P McManus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:146

    Content type: Review

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  19. Microbial ecology of phlebotomine sand flies is not well understood although bacteria likely play an important role in the sand fly biology and vector capacity for Leishmania parasites. In this study, we assessed...

    Authors: Kamila Peterkova-Koci, Maricela Robles-Murguia, Marcelo Ramalho-Ortigao and Ludek Zurek

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:145

    Content type: Research

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  20. Cutaneous leishmaniasis is endemic to the Pacific coast of Ecuador, and Nyssomyia trapidoi is considered to be its main vector. Dujardin et al. [1] recorded some differences in body pigmentation and isoenzymatic ...

    Authors: Zapata S, Mejía L, Le Pont F, León R, Pesson B, Ravel C, Bichaud L, Charrel R, Cruaud C, Trueba G and Depaquit J

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:144

    Content type: Research

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  21. Host preference studies in haematophagous insects e.g. Culicoides biting midges are pivotal to assess transmission routes of vector-borne diseases and critical for the development of veterinary contingency plans ...

    Authors: Sandra B Lassen, Søren Achim Nielsen and Michael Kristensen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:143

    Content type: Research

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  22. Leishmania (V.) braziliensis is a causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil. During the parasite life cycle, the promastigotes adhere to the gut of sandflies, to avoid being eliminated with the dejecti...

    Authors: Luzia Monteiro de Castro Côrtes, Mirian Claudia de Souza Pereira, Franklin Souza da Silva, Bernardo Acácio Santini Pereira, Francisco Odêncio de Oliveira Junior, Renata Oliveira de Araújo Soares, Reginaldo Peçanha Brazil, Leny Toma, Carolina Meloni Vicente, Helena Bonciani Nader, Maria de Fátima Madeira, Felio J Bello and Carlos Roberto Alves

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:142

    Content type: Research

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  23. The status of Toxoplasma gondii infection among primary schoolchildren (PSC) of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe (DRSTP), West Africa, remains unknown to date.

    Authors: Chia-Kwung Fan, Lin-Wen Lee, Chien-Wei Liao, Ying-Chieh Huang, Yueh-Lun Lee, Yu-Tai Chang, Ângela dos Santos Ramos José da Costa, Vilfrido Gil, Li-Hsing Chi, Takeshi Nara, Akiko Tsubouchi and Olaoluwa Pheabian Akinwale

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:141

    Content type: Research

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  24. The characterization of proteins released from filariae is an important step in addressing many of the needs in the diagnosis and treatment of these clinically important parasites, as well as contributing to a...

    Authors: James Geary, Mohamed Satti, Yovany Moreno, Nicole Madrill, Doug Whitten, Selwyn A Headley, Dalen Agnew, Timothy Geary and Charles Mackenzie

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:140

    Content type: Research

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  25. In the Eastern and Upper Midwestern regions of North America, Ixodes scapularis (L.) is the most abundant tick species encountered by humans and the primary vector of B. burgdorferi, whereas in the southeastern r...

    Authors: Rebecca T Trout Fryxell, C Dayton Steelman, Allen L Szalanski, Ken L Kvamme, Peggy M Billingsley and Philip C Williamson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:139

    Content type: Research

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  26. The appearance of bluetongue virus (BTV) in 2006 within northern Europe exposed a lack of expertise and resources available across this region to enable the accurate morphological identification of species of Cul...

    Authors: Bruno Mathieu, Catherine Cêtre-Sossah, Claire Garros, David Chavernac, Thomas Balenghien, Simon Carpenter, Marie-Laure Setier-Rio, Régine Vignes-Lebbe, Visotheary Ung, Ermanno Candolfi and Jean-Claude Delécolle

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:137

    Content type: Research

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  27. Both falciparum and vivax malaria were historically prevalent in China with high incidence. With the control efforts, the annual incidence in the whole country has reduced to 0.0001% except in some areas in th...

    Authors: Jia-Yun Pan, Shui-Sen Zhou, Xiang Zheng, Fang Huang, Duo-Quan Wang, Yu-Zu Shen, Yun-Pu Su, Guang-Chao Zhou, Feng Liu and Jing-Jing Jiang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:136

    Content type: Short report

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  28. Social-ecological systems govern parasitic infections in humans. Within the frame of assessing the accuracy of a rapid diagnostic test for Schistosoma mansoni in Côte d’Ivoire, three different endemicity settings...

    Authors: Jean T Coulibaly, Thomas Fürst, Kigbafori D Silué, Stefanie Knopp, Dimitri Hauri, Mamadou Ouattara, Jürg Utzinger and Eliézer K N’Goran

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:135

    Content type: Research

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  29. Continuous and excessive application of insecticides has resulted in the rapid development of insecticide resistance in several mosquito species, including Culex pipiens pallens. Previous studies in our laborator...

    Authors: Yan Sun, Ping Zou, Xin-You Yu, Chen Chen, Jing Yu, Lin-Na Shi, Shan-Chao Hong, Dan Zhou, Xue-Lian Chang, Wei-Jie Wang, Bo Shen, Dong-Hui Zhang, Lei Ma and Chang-Liang Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:134

    Content type: Research

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  30. Schistosomiasis remains a major health problem at global and national levels, contributing to the vulnerability of the poor people in Sudan. Southern Kordofan is affected by Schistosomiasis but the disease pre...

    Authors: Alaa Hammad Ali Abou-Zeid, Tigani Abdullah Abkar and Rashid Osman Mohamed

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:133

    Content type: Research

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  31. Blastocystis sp. is a common intestinal parasite found in faecal sample surveys. Several studies have implicated human-to-human, zoonotic and waterborne transmissions by Blastocystis sp. However, there has been n...

    Authors: Li Ii Lee, Tan Tian Chye, Biraj Man Karmacharya and Suresh Kumar Govind

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:130

    Content type: Research

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  32. For many years social economic status has been used as an indicator to characterize malaria treatment seeking behaviors of communities and their adherence to malaria control programs. The present study was the...

    Authors: Asanterabi Lowassa, Humphrey D Mazigo, Aneth M Mahande, Beda J Mwang’onde, Shandala Msangi, Michael J Mahande, Epiphania E Kimaro, Eliapenda Elisante and Eliningaya J Kweka

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:129

    Content type: Research

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  33. Capillaria aerophila, Capillaria boehmi and Trichuris vulpis are trichuroid nematodes affecting wild and companion animals all over the World. The canine intestinal whipworm, T. vulpis, is the most common and wel...

    Authors: Angela Di Cesare, Giuseppe Castagna, Silvana Meloni, Domenico Otranto and Donato Traversa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:128

    Content type: Short report

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  34. Historical studies have indicated that An. gambiae s.s. is the predominant malaria vector species in Bobo-Dioulasso the second biggest city of Burkina Faso (West Africa). However, over the last decade, An. arabie...

    Authors: Roch K Dabiré, Moussa Namountougou, Simon P Sawadogo, Lassina B Yaro, Hyacinthe K Toé, Ali Ouari, Louis-Clément Gouagna, Frédéric Simard, Fabrice Chandre, Thierry Baldet, Chris Bass and Abdoulaye Diabaté

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:127

    Content type: Research

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  35. The snail Neotricula aperta transmits Mekong schistosomiasis in southern Laos and Cambodia, with about 1.5 million people at risk of infection. Plans are under consideration for at least 12 hydroelectric power da...

    Authors: Stephen W Attwood and E Suchart Upatham

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:126

    Content type: Research

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  36. Most epidemiological studies on tick-borne pathogens involve collection of ticks from the environment. An efficient collection method is essential for large sample pools. Our main aim was to evaluate the effic...

    Authors: Călin M Gherman, Andrei D Mihalca, Mirabela O Dumitrache, Adriana Györke, Ioan Oroian, Mignon Sandor and Vasile Cozma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:125

    Content type: Research

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  37. Thelazia callipaeda eyeworms are transmitted by the non-biting insect vector Phortica variegata in Europe and infest the conjunctiva(s) of several mammalians, including dogs and humans. Infested hosts might remai...

    Authors: Lisete Vieira, Filipa T Rodrigues, Álvaro Costa, Duarte Diz-Lopes, João Machado, Teresa Coutinho, Joana Tuna, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Luís Cardoso and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:124

    Content type: Research

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  38. The mosquito Culex quinquefasciatu s, a widespread insect in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world, is a vector of multiple arboviruses and parasites, and is considered an important risk to human and vet...

    Authors: Andre Borges-Veloso, Leonardo Saboia-Vahia, Patricia Cuervo, Renata C Pires, Constança Britto, Nilma Fernandes, Claudia M d’Avila-Levy and Jose B De Jesus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:123

    Content type: Research

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  39. Studies on malaria vector ecology and development/evaluation of vector control strategies often require measures of mosquito life history traits. Assessing the fecundity of malaria vectors can be carried out b...

    Authors: Ali Mollahosseini, Marie Rossignol, Cédric Pennetier, Anna Cohuet, António dos Anjos, Fabrice Chandre and Hamid Reza Shahbazkia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:122

    Content type: Research

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  40. Many cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) have been recorded in the Jenin District based on their clinical appearance. Here, their parasites have been characterized in depth.

    Authors: Kifaya Azmi, Lionel Schnur, Gabriele Schonian, Abedelmajeed Nasereddin, Francine Pratlong, Fouad El Baidouri, Christophe Ravel, Jean-Pierre Dedet, Suheir Ereqat and Ziad Abdeen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:121

    Content type: Research

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  41. Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) caused by Leishmania infantum is an endemic zoonosis in southern European countries. Infected dogs can present rare or atypical forms of the disease and diagnosis can be challenging. T...

    Authors: Carlos Viegas, João Requicha, Carlos Albuquerque, Teresa Sargo, João Machado, Isabel Dias, Maria A Pires, Lenea Campino and Luís Cardoso

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:120

    Content type: Short report

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  42. Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infections, anaemia and malnutrition are major public health problems in school-age children in developing countries. This study was conducted on 289 Orang Asli (aboriginal) sc...

    Authors: Abdulhamid Ahmed, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Abdulelah H Al-Adhroey, Init Ithoi, Awatif M Abdulsalam and Johari Surin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:119

    Content type: Research

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  43. Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, which infects almost all warm-blooded animals, including humans, with a worldwide distribution. However, little is known of...

    Authors: Gang Duan, Yi-Ming Tian, Bi-Feng Li, Jian-Fa Yang, Zi-Li Liu, Fei-Zhou Yuan, Xing-Quan Zhu and Feng-Cai Zou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:118

    Content type: Research

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  44. Malaria is a public health problem in Ethiopia, and increasingly so in highland areas, possibly because of global warming. This study describes the distribution, breeding habitat and monthly dynamics of anophe...

    Authors: Abebe Animut, Teshome Gebre-Michael, Meshesha Balkew and Bernt Lindtjørn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:117

    Content type: Research

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  45. Resistance monitoring is essential in ensuring the success of insecticide based vector control programmes. This study was carried out to assess the susceptibility status of urban populations of Anopheles gambiae ...

    Authors: Adedayo O Oduola, Emmanuel T Idowu, Muyiwa K Oyebola, Adedapo O Adeogun, Judith B Olojede, Olubunmi A Otubanjo and Taiwo S Awolola

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:116

    Content type: Research

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