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  1. Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse, 1894) are the main vectors of dengue (DENV) and chikungunya (CHIKV) viruses worldwide. As there is still no vaccine or specific treatment for DENV and C...

    Authors: Basile Kamgang, Sébastien Marcombe, Fabrice Chandre, Elysée Nchoutpouen, Philippe Nwane, Josiane Etang, Vincent Corbel and Christophe Paupy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:79

    Content type: Research

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  2. Infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii may cause liver disease. However, the impact of the infection in patients suffering from liver disease is unknown. Therefore, through a case-control study d...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, José Luis Torres-Berumen, Sergio Estrada-Martínez, Oliver Liesenfeld and Miguel Francisco Mercado-Suarez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:75

    Content type: Research

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  3. In this paper, we report an outbreak of bovine trypanosomiasis in Kurmuk District, Blue Nile State, Sudan that involved an infection with four Trypanosoma species in cattle. The outbreak occurred in June 2010 whe...

    Authors: Bashir Salim, Mohammed A Bakheit, Sir Elkhatim Salih, Joseph Kamau, Ichiro Nakamura, Ryo Nakao and Chihiro Sugimoto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:74

    Content type: Short report

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  4. Miltefosine, which is the first oral drug licensed for the treatment of leishmaniasis, was recently reported to be a promising lead compound for the synthesis of novel antischistosomal derivatives with potent ...

    Authors: Maha M Eissa, Samia El Bardicy and Menerva Tadros

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:73

    Content type: Research

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  5. The overwhelming majority of animal conservation projects are focused on vertebrates, despite most of the species on Earth being invertebrates. Estimates state that about half of all named species of invertebr...

    Authors: Andrei Daniel Mihalca, Călin Mircea Gherman and Vasile Cozma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:71

    Content type: Review

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  6. Culex spp. mosquitoes are considered to be the most important vectors of West Nile virus (WNV) detected in at least 34 species of mosquitoes in the United States. In North America, Culex pipiens pipiens, Culex pi...

    Authors: Alvaro Diaz-Badillo, Bethany G Bolling, Gerardo Perez-Ramirez, Chester G Moore, Jorge P Martinez-Munoz, America A Padilla-Viveros, Minerva Camacho-Nuez, Alfonso Diaz-Perez, Barry J Beaty and Maria de Lourdes Munoz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:70

    Content type: Research

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  7. Canine leishmaniasis (CanL) is endemic in western China, resulting in important public health problem. It is essential to evaluate the prevalence of canine Leishmania infantum infection for designing control poli...

    Authors: Jun-Yun Wang, Yu Ha, Chun-Hua Gao, Yong Wang, Yue-Tao Yang and Hai-Tang Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:69

    Content type: Research

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  8. Diagnosis of blood borne infectious diseases relies primarily on the detection of the causative agent in the blood sample. Molecular techniques offer sensitive and specific tools for this although considerable...

    Authors: Heba A Ahmed, Ewan T MacLeod, Geoff Hide, Susan C Welburn and Kim Picozzi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:68

    Content type: Research

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  9. Chagas disease is a health threat for many people, mostly those living in Latin America. One of the most important problems in treatment is the limitation of existing drugs. Prodigiosin, produced by Serratia marc...

    Authors: Carlos Genes, Eduard Baquero, Fernando Echeverri, Juan D Maya and Omar Triana

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:66

    Content type: Research

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  10. In this study, carried out in the Camargue region (France), we combined entomological data with geomatic and modelling tools to assess whether the location of breeding sites may explain the spatial distributio...

    Authors: Priscilla Cailly, Thomas Balenghien, Pauline Ezanno, Didier Fontenille, Céline Toty and Annelise Tran

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:65

    Content type: Research

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  11. In recent years, surveys of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dogs have been reported worldwide, including China. However, little is known about the prevalence of T. gondii in pet dogs in Northwest China. In the pre...

    Authors: Song-Ming Wu, Si-Yang Huang, Bao-Quan Fu, Guang-Yuan Liu, Jia-Xu Chen, Mu-Xin Chen, Zi-Guo Yuan, Dong-Hui Zhou, Ya-Biao Weng, Xing-Quan Zhu and De-He Ye

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:64

    Content type: Research

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  12. The immune system of ticks is stimulated to produce many pharmacologically active molecules during feeding and especially during pathogen invasion. The family of cationic peptides - defensins - represents a sp...

    Authors: Tereza Chrudimská, Jiřina Slaninová, Nataliia Rudenko, Daniel Růžek and Libor Grubhoffer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:63

    Content type: Research

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  13. Melatonin has immunomodulatory effects but very little is known about its influence in protozoan infections, such as Entamoeba histolytica, which causes amoebiasis, a disease with significant morbidity and mortal...

    Authors: Aline C França-Botelho, Juliana L França, Fabrício MS Oliveira, Eduardo L Franca, Adenilda C Honório-França, Marcelo V Caliari and Maria A Gomes

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:62

    Content type: Research

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  14. Awareness for flea- and tick-borne infections has grown in recent years and the range of microorganisms associated with these ectoparasites is rising. Bartonella henselae, the causative agent of Cat Scratch Disea...

    Authors: Ellen Tijsse-Klasen, Manoj Fonville, Fedor Gassner, Ard M Nijhof, Emil KE Hovius, Frans Jongejan, Willem Takken, Johan R Reimerink, Paul AM Overgaauw and Hein Sprong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:61

    Content type: Research

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  15. Pyrethroid insecticides, carbamate and organophosphate are the classes of insecticides commonly used in agriculture for crop protection in Benin. Pyrethroids remain the only class of insecticides recommended b...

    Authors: Anges Yadouleton, Thibaud Martin, Gil Padonou, Fabrice Chandre, Alex Asidi, Luc Djogbenou, Roch Dabiré, Rock Aïkpon, Michel Boko, Isabelle Glitho and Martin Akogbeto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:60

    Content type: Research

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  16. The last review on Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in dogs was published almost ten years ago. Since then, this zoonotic tick-borne arbovirus has been geographically spreading and emerging in many regions in Eur...

    Authors: Martin Pfeffer and Gerhard Dobler

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:59

    Content type: Review

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  17. The Namangan Region in the Pap District, located in Eastern Uzbekistan is the main focus of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Uzbekistan. In total, 28 cases of human VL were registered during 2006-2008 in this re...

    Authors: Dmitriy A Kovalenko, Shavkat A Razakov, Evgeny N Ponirovsky, Alon Warburg, Rokhat M Nasyrova, Valentina I Ponomareva, Aziza A Fatullaeva, Abdelmajeed Nasereddin, Eyal Klement, Mohammad Z Alam, Lionel F Schnur, Charles L Jaffe, Gabriele Schönian and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:58

    Content type: Research

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  18. Diagnosis and follow up of CanL is difficult since the range of clinical signs is varied and seroprevalence is high in endemic areas. The aims of this study were: i) demonstrate the advantages of Leishmania qPCR ...

    Authors: Verónica Martínez, Javier Quilez, Armand Sanchez, Xavier Roura, Olga Francino and Laura Altet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:57

    Content type: Short report

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  19. Leishmania infantum is a widespread parasite that affects dogs and humans worldwide. It is transmitted primarily by phlebotomine sand flies, but recently there has been much discussion on the role of the brown do...

    Authors: Filipe Dantas-Torres, Maria Stefania Latrofa and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:56

    Content type: Research

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  20. Hepatozoon canis is a widespread tick-borne protozoan affecting dogs. The diagnosis of H. canis infection is usually performed by cytology of blood or buffy coat smears, but this method may not be sensitive. Our ...

    Authors: Domenico Otranto, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Stefania Weigl, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Dorothee Stanneck, Donato Decaprariis, Gioia Capelli and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:55

    Content type: Research

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  21. Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) are of major socioeconomic importance worldwide. Although many studies have provided insights into CVBDs, there has been limited exploration of fundamental molecular aspect...

    Authors: Robin B Gasser, Cinzia Cantacessi, Bronwyn E Campbell, Andreas Hofmann and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:53

    Content type: Review

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  22. In Europe most dogs with clinical leishmaniosis are treated with leishmanicides, typically antimonials combined with allopurinol and good clinical recovery is observed in a high number of these dogs. Through x...

    Authors: Guadalupe Miró, Rosa Gálvez, Cristeta Fraile, Miguel A Descalzo and Ricardo Molina

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:52

    Content type: Research

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  23. Canine babesiosis (or piroplasmosis) is endemic in northern Portugal, but molecularly confirmed cases of infection with small piroplasms have not been reported in the country. Three German shepherd dogs - a bi...

    Authors: Paula Brilhante Simões, Luís Cardoso, Manuela Araújo, Yael Yisaschar-Mekuzas and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:50

    Content type: Research

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  24. The canine vector-borne infectious diseases (CVBDs) are an emerging problem in veterinary medicine and the zoonotic potential of many of these agents is a significant consideration for human health. The succes...

    Authors: Michael J Day

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:48

    Content type: Review

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  25. Toxoplasma gondii is an important zoonotic pathogen causing significant human and animal health problems. Infection in dairy goats not only results in significant reproductive losses, but also represents an impor...

    Authors: Guang-Hui Zhao, Miao-Tao Zhang, Li-Hui Lei, Chuan-Chuan Shang, Duo-Yao Cao, Ting-Ting Tian, Jie Li, Jun-Yan Xu, Yun-liang Yao, De-Kun Chen and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:47

    Content type: Research

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  26. Chloroquine is an anti-malarial drug being used to treat Plasmodium vivax malaria cases in Ethiopia. However, emergence of chloroquine resistant strains of the parasite has challenged the current efficacy of the ...

    Authors: Tsige Ketema, Kefelegn Getahun and Ketema Bacha

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:46

    Content type: Research

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  27. Varying reports concerning the duration and reliability of different permethrin preparations' efficacy can be found in the literature. The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamics of the distribution ...

    Authors: Johanna Lüssenhop, Wolfgang Bäumer, Manfred Kietzmann, Thomas Schnieder and Sonja Wolken

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:45

    Content type: Research

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  28. Schistosoma japonicum is a major public health concern in the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC), with over one million people infected and another 50 million living in areas at risk of infection. Based on ecologic...

    Authors: Rong Zhu, Darren J Gray, Aaron P Thrift, Gail M Williams, Yi Zhang, Dong-Chuan Qiu, Feng Zheng, Yue-Sheng Li, Jiagang Guo, Hong-Qing Zhu, Wei-Ping Wu, Robert S Li and Donald P McManus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:43

    Content type: Research

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  29. The parasitic nematode Trichinella has a special relation with muscle, because of its unique intracellular localization in the skeletal muscle cell, completely devoted in morphology and biochemistry to become the...

    Authors: Fabrizo Bruschi and Lorena Chiumiento

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:42

    Content type: Review

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  30. Nowaday, zoonoses are an important cause of human parasitic diseases worldwide and a major threat to the socio-economic development, mainly in developing countries. Importantly, zoonotic helminths that affect ...

    Authors: Domenico Otranto and Mark L Eberhard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:41

    Content type: Review

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  31. Ifakara tent traps (ITT) are currently the only sufficiently sensitive, safe, affordable and practical method for routine monitoring host-seeking mosquito densities in Dar es Salaam. However, it is not clear w...

    Authors: Nicodem J Govella, Prosper P Chaki, John M Mpangile and Gerry F Killeen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:40

    Content type: Research

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  32. Triatoma infestans is the most relevant vector of Chagas disease in the southern cone of South America. Since its genome has not yet been studied, sequencing of Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) is one of the most p...

    Authors: María L Avila, Valeria Tekiel, Georgina Moretti, Soledad Nicosia, Jacqueline Bua, Estela M Lammel, María M Stroppa, Nelia M Gerez de Burgos and Daniel O Sánchez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:39

    Content type: Research

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  33. Union of the Comoros suffered a severe East Coast Fever epidemic in 2004. Rhipicephalus appendiculatus was probably involved in pathogen transmission as this competent tick species, although previously absent fro...

    Authors: Amina Yssouf, Erwan Lagadec, Annabelle Bakari, Coralie Foray, Frédéric Stachurski, Eric Cardinale, Olivier Plantard and Pablo Tortosa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:38

    Content type: Research

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  34. The cysteine proteinases in papaya latex have been shown to have potent anthelmintic properties in monogastric hosts such as rodents, pigs and humans, but this has not been demonstrated in ruminants.

    Authors: David J Buttle, Jerzy M Behnke, Yvonne Bartley, Hany M Elsheikha, David J Bartley, Martin C Garnett, Alison A Donnan, Frank Jackson, Ann Lowe and Ian R Duce

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:36

    Content type: Research

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  35. The emergence of zoonoses is due both to changes in human activities and to changes in their natural wildlife cycles. One of the most significant vector-borne zoonoses in Europe, tick-borne encephalitis (TBE),...

    Authors: Elinor R Godfrey and Sarah E Randolph

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:35

    Content type: Research

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  36. Mosquito salivary proteins are involved in several biological processes that facilitate their blood feeding and have also been reported to elicit an IgG response in vertebrates. A growing number of studies hav...

    Authors: A Fontaine, A Pascual, I Diouf, N Bakkali, S Bourdon, T Fusai, C Rogier and L Almeras

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:33

    Content type: Short report

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  37. Internal transcribed spacer one (ITS1) of the ribosomal DNA is known to be a suitable target for PCR-based detection of trypanosomes. The analysis of this region provides a multi-species-specific diagnosis by ...

    Authors: Bashir Salim, Mohammed A Bakheit, Joseph Kamau, Ichiro Nakamura and Chihiro Sugimoto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:31

    Content type: Short report

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  38. The Sesse Islands, in the Ugandan portion of Lake Victoria, have long been considered a low transmission zone for intestinal schistosomiasis. Based on observations of high prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni infect...

    Authors: Claire J Standley, Moses Adriko, Fred Besigye, Narcis B Kabatereine and Russell J Stothard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:29

    Content type: Short report

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