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  1. Since the original description and naming of Ascaris lumbricoides from humans by Linnaeus in 1758 and later of Ascaris suum from pigs by Goeze 1782, these species have been considered to be valid. Four hypotheses...

    Authors: Daniela Leles, Scott L Gardner, Karl Reinhard, Alena Iñiguez and Adauto Araujo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:42
  2. The most substantial and best preserved area of Atlantic Forest is within the biogeographical sub-region of Serra do Mar. The topographic complexity of the region creates a diverse array of microclimates, whic...

    Authors: Tatiani C Marques, Brian P Bourke, Gabriel Z Laporta and Maria Anice Mureb Sallum
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:41
  3. The most common treatments for scabies in human and veterinary settings are topical 5% permethrin or systemic treatment with ivermectin. However, these treatments have very little activity against arthropod eg...

    Authors: Cielo Pasay, Jim Rothwell, Kate Mounsey, Andrew Kelly, Beverly Hutchinson, Alon Miezler and James McCarthy
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:40
  4. Blood-feeding patterns of mosquitoes are crucial for incriminating malaria vectors. However, little information is available on the host preferences of Anopheles mosquitoes in Bangladesh. Therefore, the objective...

    Authors: Kabirul Bashar, Nobuko Tuno, Touhid Uddin Ahmed and Abdul Jabber Howlader
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:39
  5. Blastocystis sp. is one of the most common intestinal protozoa in humans. Unlike other intestinal parasitic infections such as giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis, the epidemiology of blastocystosis in children who ...

    Authors: Duangnate Pipatsatitpong, Ram Rangsin, Saovanee Leelayoova, Tawee Naaglor and Mathirut Mungthin
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:37
  6. Intestinal parasite infections (IPIs) are among the most significant causes of illness and disease of socially and economically disadvantaged populations in developing countries, including rural areas of the P...

    Authors: Li-Guang Tian, Jia-Xu Chen, Tian-Ping Wang, Guo-Jin Cheng, Peter Steinmann, Feng-Feng Wang, Yu-Chun Cai, Xiao-Mei Yin, Jian Guo, Li Zhou and Xiao-Nong Zhou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:36
  7. Toxoplasma gondii is an amphixenosis which has extensive hosts. In recent years, the prevalence of T. gondii in China has been reported, while little is known on the survey of T. gondii infection in northwest Chi...

    Authors: Meng Wang, Yan-hua Wang, Qiang Ye, Peng Meng, Hong Yin and De-lin Zhang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:35
  8. Anopheles subpictus s.l., an important malaria vector in Sri Lanka, is a complex of four morphologically identified sibling species A-D. Species A-D reportedly differ in bio-ecological traits that are important f...

    Authors: Sinnathamby N Surendran, Pavilupillai J Jude, Thilini C Weerarathne, SHP Parakrama Karunaratne and Ranjan Ramasamy
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:34
  9. The effective measures for the control of malaria and filariasis vectors can be achieved by targeting immature stages of anopheline and culicine mosquitoes in productive habitat. To design this strategy, the m...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Goufa Zhou, Leila B Beilhe, Amruta Dixit, Yaw Afrane, Thomas M Gilbreath III, Stephen Munga, Mramba Nyindo, Andrew K Githeko and Guiyun Yan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:33
  10. The risk posed to the United Kingdom by West Nile virus (WNV) has previously been considered low, due to the absence or scarcity of the main Culex sp. bridge vectors. The mosquito Culex modestus is widespread in ...

    Authors: Nick Golding, Miles A Nunn, Jolyon M Medlock, Bethan V Purse, Alexander GC Vaux and Stefanie M Schäfer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:32
  11. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is still an important public health problem in China. In recent years endemic regions spread, prevalence increased, and even an outbreak of the disease occurred in China due to glob...

    Authors: Jun-Yun Wang, Gang Cui, Hai-Tang Chen, Xiao-Nong Zhou, Chun-Hua Gao and Yue-Tao Yang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:31
  12. Sheep scab is caused by the ectoparasitic mite Psoroptes ovis which initiates a profound cutaneous inflammatory response, leading to the development of the skin lesions which are characteristic of the disease. Ex...

    Authors: Stewart TG Burgess, Alison Downing, Craig A Watkins, Edward J Marr, Alasdair J Nisbet, Fiona Kenyon, Carol McNair and John F Huntley
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:30
  13. This study evaluated the exposure of dogs to three different Ehrlichia spp. in the south and central regions of the United States where vector-borne disease prevalence has been previously difficult to ascertain, ...

    Authors: Melissa J Beall, A Rick Alleman, Ed B Breitschwerdt, Leah A Cohn, C Guillermo Couto, Michael W Dryden, Lynn C Guptill, Cristina Iazbik, Stephen A Kania, Patty Lathan, Susan E Little, Alma Roy, Katherine A Sayler, Brett A Stillman, Elizabeth G Welles, Wendy Wolfson…
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:29
  14. Onchocerciasis can be effectively controlled as a public health problem by annual mass drug administration of ivermectin, but it was not known if ivermectin treatment in the long term would be able to achieve ...

    Authors: Afework Hailemariam Tekle, Elizabeth Elhassan, Sunday Isiyaku, Uche V Amazigo, Simon Bush, Mounkaila Noma, Simon Cousens, Adenike Abiose and Jan H Remme
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:28
  15. New interventions are required to optimally and sustainably control the Anopheles sp. mosquitoes that transmit malaria and filariasis. The mosquito olfactory system is important in host seeking (transmission) and...

    Authors: Seth A Hoffman, Lakshminarayanan Aravind and Soundarapandian Velmurugan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:27
  16. Ixodes scapularis ticks are hematophagous arthropods capable of transmitting many infectious agents to humans. The process of blood feeding is an extended and continuous interplay between tick and host responses....

    Authors: Dar M Heinze, Stephen K Wikel, Saravanan Thangamani and Francisco J Alarcon-Chaidez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:26
  17. A simple method called RAPLOA, to rapidly assess what proportion of people in a community are infected with L. loa and hence which communities are at high risk of severe adverse reactions following ivermectin tre...

    Authors: Samuel Wanji, Dowo O Akotshi, Maurice N Mutro, Floribert Tepage, Tony O Ukety, Peter J Diggle and Jan H Remme
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:25
  18. It is rare to find terrestrial nematode lineages parasitizing arthropods inhabiting the intertidal or littoral zone of the oceans. During an ecological study along the Oregon dunes, an allantonematid nematode ...

    Authors: George O Poinar Jr
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:24
  19. Giardia duodenalis is a widespread parasite of mammalian species, including humans. The prevalence of this parasite in children residing in Portugal is currently unknown. This study intended to estimate G. duoden...

    Authors: Cláudia Júlio, Anabela Vilares, Mónica Oleastro, Idalina Ferreira, Salomé Gomes, Lurdes Monteiro, Baltazar Nunes, Rogério Tenreiro and Helena Ângelo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:22
  20. During the last decades two dams were constructed along the Senegal River. These intensified the practice of agriculture along the river valley basin. We conducted a study to assess malaria vector diversity, d...

    Authors: Mamadou O Ndiath, Jean-Biram Sarr, Lobna Gaayeb, Catherine Mazenot, Seynabou Sougoufara, Lassana Konate, Franck Remoue, Emmanuel Hermann, Jean-francois Trape, Gilles Riveau and Cheikh Sokhna
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:21
  21. Sandflies are vectors of Leishmania, the causative agent of leishmaniasis in mammalian hosts, including humans. The protozoan parasite is transmitted by the sandfly bite during salivation that occurs at the momen...

    Authors: Nagila FC Secundino, Vanessa C de Freitas, Carolina C Monteiro, Ana-Clara AM Pires, Bruna A David and Paulo FP Pimenta
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:20
  22. Rickettsioses are among both the longest known and most recently recognized infectious diseases. Although new spotted fever group rickettsiae have been isolated in many parts of the world including China, Litt...

    Authors: Zhan-Cheng Tian, Guang-Yuan Liu, Hui Shen, Jun-Ren Xie, Jin Luo and Mei-Yuan Tian
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:19
  23. Taenia solium is a zoonotic cestode that causes taeniasis and cysticercosis in humans. The parasite is traditionally found in developing countries where undercooked pork is consumed under poor sanitary conditions...

    Authors: Tetsuya Yanagida, Yasuhito Sako, Minoru Nakao, Kazuhiro Nakaya and Akira Ito
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:18
  24. Chagas disease transmission risk is a function of the presence of triatomines in domestic habitats. Rhodnius ecuadoriensis is one of the main vectors implicated in transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in Ecuador. Th...

    Authors: Mario J Grijalva, Victoria Suarez-Davalos, Anita G Villacis, Sofia Ocaña-Mayorga and Olivier Dangles
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:17
  25. RNA interference (RNAi) is an efficient reverse genetics technique for investigating gene function in eukaryotes. The method has been widely used in model organisms, such as the free-living nematode Caenorhabditi...

    Authors: Frédéric Landmann, Jeremy M Foster, Barton E Slatko and William Sullivan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:16
  26. Leishmaniases control has been hampered by the unavailability of rapid detection methods and the lack of suitable therapeutic and prophylactic measures. Accurate diagnosis, which can distinguish between Leishmani...

    Authors: Daniela Pita-Pereira, Rachel Lins, Marcia P Oliveira, Rosimar B Lima, Bernardo AS Pereira, Otacilio C Moreira, Reginaldo P Brazil and Constança Britto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:15
  27. Knowledge of the potential vector role of Culicidae mosquitoes in Germany is very scanty, and until recently it was generally assumed that they are not involved in the transmission of anthroponotic or zoonotic...

    Authors: Christina Czajka, Norbert Becker, Sven Poppert, Hanna Jöst, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit and Andreas Krüger
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:14
  28. Toxoplasma gondii has been associated with reflex impairment and traffic accidents. It is unknown whether Toxoplasma infection might be associated with work accidents. Therefore, using a case-control seroprevalen...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Alejandro Torres-Castorena, Oliver Liesenfeld, Sergio Estrada-Martínez and Jesús D Urbina-Álvarez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:13
  29. The human parasite Onchocerca volvulus harbours Wolbachia endosymbionts essential for worm embryogenesis, larval development and adult survival. In this study, the development of Wolbachia-depleted microfilariae ...

    Authors: Anna Albers, Mathias Eyong Esum, Nicholas Tendongfor, Peter Enyong, Ute Klarmann, Samuel Wanji, Achim Hoerauf and Kenneth Pfarr
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:12
  30. Parasites of the Leishmania genus alternate between the flagellated extracellular promastigote stage and intracellular amastigotes. Here we report the characterization of a Leishmania isolate, obtained from a cut...

    Authors: Rogéria C Zauli, Jenicer KU Yokoyama-Yasunaka, Danilo C Miguel, Alexandre S Moura, Ledice IA Pereira, Ildefonso A da Silva Jr, Lucianna GN Lemes, Miriam L Dorta, Milton AP de Oliveira, André N Pitaluga, Edna AY Ishikawa, Juliany CF Rodrigues, Yara M Traub-Cseko, A Tania Bijovsky, Fátima Ribeiro-Dias and Silvia RB Uliana
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:11
  31. National mapping of lymphatic filariasis (LF) was conducted using Immunochromatographic tests (ICT) in 2005 to determine endemicity and geographic spread of the disease. A baseline microfilaria survey was then...

    Authors: Joseph B Koroma, Momodu M Bangura, Mary H Hodges, Mohamed S Bah, Yaobi Zhang and Moses J Bockarie
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:10
  32. Praziquantel (PZQ) is an isoquinoline derivative (2-cyclohexylcarbonyl-1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 11b-hexahydro-4H-pyrazino{2,1-a}-isoquinoline-4-one), and is currently the drug of choice for all forms of schistosomiasis....

    Authors: Naglaa M El-Lakkany, Olfat A Hammam, Walaa H El-Maadawy, Afkar A Badawy, Afaf A Ain-Shoka and Fatma A Ebeid
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:9
  33. Ixodes ricinus is the main vector in Europe of human-pathogenic Lyme borreliosis (LB) spirochaetes, the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) and other pathogens of humans and domesticated mammals. The results of ...

    Authors: Thomas GT Jaenson, David GE Jaenson, Lars Eisen, Erik Petersson and Elisabet Lindgren
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:8
  34. Sheep scab is a highly contagious disease of sheep caused by the ectoparasitic mite Psoroptes ovis. The disease is endemic in the UK and has significant economic impact through its effects on performance and welf...

    Authors: Stewart TG Burgess, Giles Innocent, Francesca Nunn, David Frew, Fiona Kenyon, Alasdair J Nisbet and John F Huntley
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:7
  35. Acanthamoeba is a free-living protist pathogen, capable of causing a blinding keratitis and fatal granulomatous encephalitis. The factors that contribute to Acanthamoeba infections include parasite biology, genet...

    Authors: Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui and Naveed Ahmed Khan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:6
  36. Toxoplasmosis is an important parasitic zoonosis caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii that is distributed world-wide and infects a variety of hosts. However, the prevalence of T. gondii in the environment (s...

    Authors: Chao Yan, Lin-Lin Fu, Cai-Ling Yue, Ren-Xian Tang, Yi-Sheng Liu, Liang Lv, Na Shi, Ping Zeng, Peng Zhang, Dong-Hui Wang, Dong-Hui Zhou, Xing-Quan Zhu and Kui-Yang Zheng
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:5
  37. Precise data on quantitative kinetics of blood feeding of fleas, particularly immediately after contact with the host, are essential for understanding dynamics of flea-borne disease transmission and for evalua...

    Authors: Chengming Wang, Jane Mount, Jamie Butler, Dongya Gao, Euisun Jung, Byron L Blagburn and Bernhard Kaltenboeck
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:4
  38. The lack of genomic data available for mites limits our understanding of their biology. Evolving high-throughput sequencing technologies promise to deliver rapid advances in this area, however, estimates of ge...

    Authors: Kate E Mounsey, Charlene Willis, Stewart TG Burgess, Deborah C Holt, James McCarthy and Katja Fischer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:3
  39. Toxoplasmosis is a widespread zoonotic parasitic disease that occurs in both animals and humans. Traditional molecular assays are often difficult to perform, especially for the early diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondi...

    Authors: Qing-Ming Kong, Shao-Hong Lu, Qun-Bo Tong, Di Lou, Rui Chen, Bin Zheng, Takashi Kumagai, Li-Yong Wen, Nobuo Ohta and Xiao-Nong Zhou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:2
  40. This study was aimed at investigating the distribution of a Cercopithifilaria sp. sensu Otranto et al., 2011 with dermal microfilariae recently identified in a dog from Sicily (Italy). A large epidemiological sur...

    Authors: Domenico Otranto, Emanuele Brianti, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Giada Annoscia, Stefania Weigl, Riccardo Paolo Lia, Gabriella Gaglio, Ettore Napoli, Salvatore Giannetto, Elias Papadopoulos, Guadalupe Mirò, Filipe Dantas-Torres and Odile Bain
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:1
  41. Schistosomiasis japonica remains a major public health concern in China. There are many interventions implemented to control the transmission of the disease. The purpose of the present study was to investigate...

    Authors: Le-Ping Sun, Wei Wang, You-Sheng Liang, Zeng-Xi Tian, Qing-Biao Hong, Kun Yang, Guo-Jing Yang, Jian-Rong Dai and Yang Gao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:243
  42. Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections, among the most common neglected tropical diseases, continue to be a major threat to the health and socioeconomic wellbeing of infected people especially children in ...

    Authors: Abdulhamid Ahmed, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Seow Huey Choy, Init Ithoi, Abdulelah H Al-Adhroey, Awatif M Abdulsalam and Johari Surin
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:242
  43. Topographic parameters such as elevation, slope, aspect, and ruggedness play an important role in malaria transmission in the highland areas. They affect biological systems, such as larval habitats presence an...

    Authors: Harrysone E Atieli, Guofa Zhou, Ming-Chieh Lee, Eliningaya J Kweka, Yaw Afrane, Isaac Mwanzo, Andrew K Githeko and Guiyun Yan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:241
  44. Toxoplasma gondii is the causative agent for a major zoonosis with cosmopolitan distribution. Water has been implicated in outbreaks of toxoplasmosis in recent years. Coypus (Myocastor coypus), commonly nutria, a...

    Authors: Simona Nardoni, Maria C Angelici, Linda Mugnaini and Francesca Mancianti
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:240
  45. Anopheles annularis s.l. is a wide spread malaria vector in South and Southeast Asia, including Sri Lanka. The taxon An. annularis is a complex of two sibling species viz. A and B, that are differentiated by chro...

    Authors: Sinnathamby N Surendran, Kanapathy Gajapathy, Vaitheki Kumaran, Tharmasegaram Tharmatha, Pavilupillai J Jude and Ranjan Ramasamy
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:239
  46. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL, kala azar), caused by Leishmania donovani is a major health problem in Sudan and other East African countries. In this region the only proven vectors of L. donovani are Phlebotomus ori...

    Authors: Dia-Eldin A Elnaiem, Hassan K Hassan, Omran F Osman, Rhayza DC Maingon, Robert Killick-Kendrick and Richard D Ward
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:238
  47. Bacteria associated with insects can have a substantial impact on the biology and life cycle of their host. The checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization technique is a semi-quantitative technique that has been previ...

    Authors: Analiz de Oliveira Gaio, Rivea CC Rodrigues, Cássio do Nascimento, Nagila FC Secundino, Francisco JA Lemos, Paulo FP Pimenta and Nadia Monesi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:237
  48. In China, large amounts of chemical insecticides are applied in fields or indoors every year, directly or indirectly bringing selection pressure on vector mosquitoes. Culex pipiens complex has evolved to be resis...

    Authors: Yangyang Liu, Hanying Zhang, Chuanling Qiao, Xiping Lu and Feng Cui
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:236

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