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  1. In the Veneto region (north-eastern Italy) an entomological surveillance system has been implemented since the introduction of the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) in 1991. During the routine monitoring ac...

    Authors: Gioia Capelli, Andrea Drago, Simone Martini, Fabrizio Montarsi, Mauro Soppelsa, Nicola Delai, Silvia Ravagnan, Luca Mazzon, Francis Schaffner, Alexander Mathis, Marco Di Luca, Roberto Romi and Francesca Russo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:188
  2. The saliva of haematophagous arthropods contains an array of anti-haemostatic, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory molecules that contribute to the success of the blood meal. The saliva of haematophagous ar...

    Authors: Albin Fontaine, Ibrahima Diouf, Nawal Bakkali, Dorothée Missé, Frédéric Pagès, Thierry Fusai, Christophe Rogier and Lionel Almeras
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:187
  3. Helminth infection may modulate the expression of Toll like receptors (TLR) in dendritic cells (DCs) and modify the responsiveness of DCs to TLR ligands. This may regulate aberrant intestinal inflammation in h...

    Authors: ShuMin Sun, XueLin Wang, XiuPing Wu, Ying Zhao, Feng Wang, XiaoLei Liu, YanXia Song, ZhiLiang Wu and MingYuan Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:186
  4. In the Canary Islands there are no previous data about tapeworms (Cestoda) of rodents. In order to identify the hymenolepidid species present in these hosts, a survey of 1,017 murine (349 Rattus rattus, 13 Rattus...

    Authors: Pilar Foronda, Mercedes López-González, Mariano Hernández, Voitto Haukisalmi and Carlos Feliu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:185
  5. Chemical and behavioural ecology of mosquitoes plays an important role in the development of chemical cue based vector control. To date, studies available have focused on evaluating mosquito attractants and re...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Eunice A Owino, Beda J Mwang'onde, Aneth M Mahande, Mramba Nyindo and Franklin Mosha
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:184
  6. Native mosquito repellent plants have a good potential for integrated mosquito control in local settings. Ocimum forskolei, Lamiaceae, is used in Eritrea as a spatial mosquito repellent inside houses, either thro...

    Authors: Teun Dekker, Rickard Ignell, Maedot Ghebru, Robert Glinwood and Richard Hopkins
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:183
  7. Anaplasmataceae and Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. are important tick-borne bacteria maintained in nature by transmission between ticks and vertebrate hosts. However, the potential role of lizards as hosts has not bee...

    Authors: Anna Ekner, Krzysztof Dudek, Zofia Sajkowska, Viktória Majláthová, Igor Majláth and Piotr Tryjanowski
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:182
  8. There is little information on the social perception of malaria and the use of prevention methods in Cameroon. This study was designed to assess knowledge, attitude and management of malaria in households livi...

    Authors: Cyrille Ndo, Benjamin Menze-Djantio and Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:181
  9. Clonorchiasis, caused by Clonorchis sinensis, is one of the major parasitic zoonoses in China, particularly in China's southern Guangdong province where the prevalence of C. sinensis infection in humans is high. ...

    Authors: Rui-Qing Lin, Jian-Dong Tang, Dong-Hui Zhou, Hui-Qun Song, Si-Yang Huang, Jia-Xu Chen, Mu-Xin Chen, Han Zhang, Xing-Quan Zhu and Xiao-Nong Zhou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:180
  10. The urinary metabolic fingerprint of a patent Schistosoma mansoni infection in the mouse has been characterized using spectroscopic methods. However, the temporal dynamics of metabolic alterations have not been s...

    Authors: Jia V Li, Jasmina Saric, Yulan Wang, Jennifer Keiser, Jürg Utzinger and Elaine Holmes
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:179
  11. The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has a significant burden of lymphatic filariasis (LF) caused by the parasite Wuchereria bancrofti. A major impediment to the expansion of the LF elimination programme is the...

    Authors: Louise A Kelly-Hope, Brent C Thomas, Moses J Bockarie and David H Molyneux
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:178
  12. This research was carried out to develop a reliable monoclonal antibody (MoAb)-based sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the diagnosis of active Fasciola gigantica infection in both serum and s...

    Authors: Zeinab A Demerdash, Tarek M Diab, Ibrahim R Aly, Salwa H Mohamed, Faten S Mahmoud, Mona K Zoheiry, Wafaa A Mansour, Mohy E Attia and Azza E El-Bassiouny
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:176
  13. Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are major public health problems in developing countries where they contribute to suffering of populations living in poor settings. As part of a research project started in S...

    Authors: Sammy M Njenga, Charles S Mwandawiro, Erastus Muniu, Mariam T Mwanje, Fatma M Haji and Moses J Bockarie
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:175
  14. Two studies were conducted to evaluate and compare the efficacy of imidacloprid + moxidectin and selamectin topical solutions against the KS1 flea strain infesting cats. In both studies the treatment groups we...

    Authors: Michael W Dryden, Patricia A Payne, Vicki Smith and Joe Hostetler
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:174
  15. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is endemic in western China, and becoming an important public health concern. Infected dogs are the main reservoir for Leishmania infantum, and a potential sentinel for human VL in end...

    Authors: Li-min Shang, Wei-ping Peng, Hong-tao Jin, Ding Xu, Ni-na Zhong, Wen-long Wang, You-xi Wu and Quan Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:173
  16. Schistosomiasis remains an important public health problem throughout tropical and subtropical countries. Humans are infected through contact with water contaminated with schistosome cercariae. Therefore, issu...

    Authors: Jie Wang, Chuan-Xin Yu, Xu-Ren Yin, Wei Zhang, Chun-Yan Qian, Li-Jun Song, Xue-Dan Ke, Yong-Liang Xu, Wei He and Guo-Qun Cao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:172
  17. Dengue is a viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. It is a threat for public health worldwide and its primary vector Aedes aegypti is becoming resistant to chemical insecticides. These factors have encour...

    Authors: Filiberto Reyes-Villanueva, Javier A Garza-Hernandez, Alberto M Garcia-Munguia, Patricia Tamez-Guerra, Annabel FV Howard and Mario A Rodriguez-Perez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:171
  18. Chagas disease is a neglected illness, with limited treatments, caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Two drugs are prescribed to treat the disease, nifurtimox and benznidazole, which have been previously rep...

    Authors: Ana M Mejía-Jaramillo, Geysson J Fernández, Lina Palacio and Omar Triana-Chávez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:169
  19. Toxoplasma gondii has been shown to trigger strong cellular immune responses to heterologous antigens expressed by the parasite in the inbred mouse model [1]. We studied the immune response induced by T. gondii a...

    Authors: Jun Zou, Xiao-Xi Huang, Guang-Wen Yin, Ye Ding, Xian-Yong Liu, Heng Wang, Qi-Jun Chen and Xun Suo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:168
  20. Clinical manifestation due to infection by Toxoplasma gondii is closely linked to the infecting strain of the parasite. Several genetic markers are available to determinate its genotype but few of them are able t...

    Authors: Sonia Boughattas, Rym Ben-Abdallah, Emna Siala, Imen Ben-Abda, Olfa Souissi, Karim Aoun and Aida Bouratbine
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:167
  21. The heat stress suffered by Leishmania sp during its digenetic life-cycle is a key trigger for its stage differentiation. In Leishmania subgenera two classes of HSP70 genes differing in their 3' UTR were describe...

    Authors: César A Ramírez, José M Requena and Concepción J Puerta
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:166
  22. Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic infection of humans and animals, caused by the opportunistic protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite belonging to the phylum Apicomplexa. Infection in pregnant women may lead to aborti...

    Authors: Peng Zhou, Zhaoguo Chen, Hai-Long Li, Haihong Zheng, Shenyi He, Rui-Qing Lin and Xing-Quan Zhu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:165
  23. Research is now focused on identification of sensitive and specific diagnostic tests for early identification of schistosomal infection and evaluation of chemotherapy in field situations in China.

    Authors: Cen Wang, Lin Chen, Xuren Yin, Wanquan Hua, Min Hou, Minjun Ji, Chuanxin Yu and Guanling Wu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:164
  24. Cercariae of schistosomes employ bioactive molecules for penetration into their hosts. These are released from specialized unicellular glands upon stimuli from host skin. The glands were previously well-descri...

    Authors: Anna Ligasová, Jana Bulantová, Ondřej Šebesta, Martin Kašný, Karel Koberna and Libor Mikeš
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:162
  25. Insecticide treatment of nets, curtains or walls and ceilings of houses represent the primary means for malaria prevention worldwide. Direct personal protection of individuals and households arises from deterr...

    Authors: Gerry F Killeen, Fredros O Okumu, Raphael N'Guessan, Marc Coosemans, Adedapo Adeogun, Sam Awolola, Josiane Etang, Roch K Dabiré and Vincent Corbel
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:160
  26. Leishmania killicki was originally described in 1980 in southeast Tunisia. It was also recently reported in Lybia and Algeria. Nevertheless, neither vector nor reservoirs of this parasite are known. The identific...

    Authors: Kaouther Jaouadi, Najoua Haouas, Dhekra Chaara, Mohamed Gorcii, Najla Chargui, Denis Augot, Francine Pratlong, Jean-Pierre Dedet, Selim Ettlijani, Habib Mezhoud and Hamouda Babba
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:159
  27. The cave fauna of the Brazil is poorly documented, and among the insects those live or frequent caves and their adjacent environments phlebotomine sand flies call for special attention because several species ...

    Authors: Gustavo ML Carvalho, Reginaldo P Brazil, Cristiani C Sanguinette and José D Andrade Filho
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:158
  28. Schistosomiasis japonica (schistosomiasis) is a zoonosis that can seriously affect human health. At present, the immunodiagnostic assays for schistosomiasis detection are time-consuming and require well-traine...

    Authors: Li-Ling Yu, Jian-Zu Ding, Li-Yong Wen, Di Lou, Xiao-Lan Yan, Li-Jun Lin, Shao-Hong Lu, Dan-Dan Lin and Xiao-Nong Zhou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:157
  29. Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) have been strongly advocated for use to prevent malaria in sub-Saharan Africa and have significantly reduced human-vector contact. PermaNet® 2.0 is among the five LLINs bran...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Yousif E Himeidan, Aneth M Mahande, Beda J Mwang'onde, Shandala Msangi, Michael J Mahande, Humphrey D Mazigo and Mramba Nyindo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:156
  30. More than 46 species of mammals can be naturally infected with Schistosoma japonicum in the mainland of China. Mice are permissive and may act as the definitive host of the life cycle. In contrast, rats are less ...

    Authors: Jinbiao Peng, Hongxiao Han, Geoffrey N Gobert, Yang Hong, Weibin Jiang, Xinzhi Wang, Zhiqiang Fu, Jinming Liu, Yaojun Shi and Jiaojiao Lin
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:155
  31. The distribution of insecticide treated nets (ITN) has been dramatically scaled up in eastern and central Sudan. Resistance to insecticides has already been reported in this region and there is an urgent need ...

    Authors: Yousif E Himeidan, Muzamil M Abdel Hamid, Christopher M Jones and Hilary Ranson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:154
  32. Intensive anti-malaria campaigns targeting the Anopheles population have demonstrated substantial reductions in adult mosquito density. Understanding the population dynamics of Anopheles mosquitoes throughout the...

    Authors: Michael T White, Jamie T Griffin, Thomas S Churcher, Neil M Ferguson, María-Gloria Basáñez and Azra C Ghani
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:153
  33. As the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) matured into its 10th year of ensuring community involvement in mass annual treatment of onchocerciasis with ivermectin, there was recognition of a need ...

    Authors: William R Brieger, Joseph C Okeibunor, Adenike O Abiose, Samuel Wanji, Elizabeth Elhassan, Richard Ndyomugyenyi and Uche V Amazigo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:152
  34. Implicitly, parasite molecular studies assume temporal genetic stability. In this study we tested, for the first time to our knowledge, the extent of changes in genetic diversity and structure of Sarcoptes mite p...

    Authors: Samer Alasaad, Álvaro Oleaga, Rosa Casais, Luca Rossi, Annarita Molinar Min, Ramón C Soriguer and Christian Gortázar
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:151
  35. Cathepsin cysteine proteases play multiple roles in the life cycle of parasites such as food uptake, immune invasion and pathogenesis, making them valuable targets for diagnostic assays, vaccines and drugs. Th...

    Authors: Wenjun Chen, Xiaoyun Wang, Xuerong Li, Xiaoli Lv, Chenhui Zhou, Chuanhuan Deng, Huali Lei, Jingtao Men, Yongxiu Fan, Chi Liang and Xinbing Yu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:149
  36. Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae), eyeworms, are known as the causative agents of thelaziosis, initially described in Asia and, later on, over the last decade, also in some European countries (e.g., It...

    Authors: Guadalupe Miró, Ana Montoya, Leticia Hernández, Diana Dado, María Victoria Vázquez, Marta Benito, Manuel Villagrasa, Emanuelle Brianti and Domenico Otranto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:148
  37. The life cycle of Taenia pisiformis includes canines as definitive hosts and rabbits as intermediate hosts. Golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) is a rodent that has been successfully used as experimental model ...

    Authors: Elizabeth Toral-Bastida, Adriana Garza-Rodriguez, Diego E Jimenez-Gonzalez, Ramon Garcia-Cortes, Guillermina Avila-Ramirez, Pablo Maravilla and Ana Flisser
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:147
  38. Agrochemicals have been widely used in Pakistan for several years. This exposes mosquito populations, particularly those present around agricultural settings, to an intense selection pressure for insecticide r...

    Authors: Hafiz Azhar Ali Khan, Waseem Akram, Khurram Shehzad and Essam A Shaalan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:146
  39. Sheep scab is caused by Psoroptes ovis and is arguably the most important ectoparasitic disease affecting sheep in the UK. The disease is highly contagious and causes and considerable pruritis and irritation and ...

    Authors: Stewart TG Burgess, Alasdair J Nisbet, Fiona Kenyon and John F Huntley
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:145
  40. Vector control in the highlands of western Kenya has resulted in a significant reduction of malaria transmission and a change in the vectorial system. Climate variability as a result of events such as El Niño ...

    Authors: Ednah N Ototo, Andrew K Githeko, Christine L Wanjala and Thomas W Scott
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:144
  41. Hippobosca longipennis (the 'dog louse fly') is a blood sucking ectoparasite found on wild carnivores such as cheetahs and lions and domesticated and feral dogs in Africa, the Middle East and Asia, including Chin...

    Authors: Puteri Azaziah Megat Abd Rani, Glen T Coleman, Peter J Irwin and Rebecca J Traub
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:143
  42. There are few published reports on canine Babesia, Ehrlichia, Anaplasma, Hepatozoon and haemotropic Mycoplasma infections in India and most describe clinical disease in individual dogs, diagnosed by morphological...

    Authors: Puteri Azaziah Megat Abd Rani, Peter J Irwin, Glen T Coleman, Mukulesh Gatne and Rebecca J Traub
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:141
  43. Glossina palpalis palpalis (Diptera: Glossinidae) is widespread in west Africa, and is the main vector of sleeping sickness in Cameroon as well as in the Bas Congo Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Ho...

    Authors: Trésor Tito Tanekou/TT Melachio, Gustave Simo, Sophie Ravel, Thierry De Meeûs, Sandrine Causse, Philippe Solano, Pascal Lutumba, Tazoacha Asonganyi and Flobert Njiokou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:140
  44. Historically, flea-borne diseases are among the most important medical diseases of humans. Plague and murine typhus are known for centuries while the last years brought some new flea-transmitted pathogens, like R...

    Authors: Gerhard Dobler and Martin Pfeffer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:139

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