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  1. Research

    Circulating species of Leishmania at microclimate area of Boulemane Province, Morocco: impact of environmental and human factors

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is widely distributed in Morocco where its geographical range and incidence are related to environmental factors. This study aimed to examine the impact of several factors on the d...

    Asmae Hmamouch, Mahmoud Mohamed El Alem, Maryam Hakkour, Fatima Amarir, Hassan Daghbach, Khalid Habbari, Hajiba Fellah, Khadija Bekhti and Faiza Sebti

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:100

    Published on: 22 February 2017

  2. Research

    Fasciolopsis buski (Digenea: Fasciolidae) from China and India may represent distinct taxa based on mitochondrial and nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences

    Fasciolopsis buski is a zoonotic intestinal fluke infecting humans and pigs, but it has been seriously neglected. It is yet to know whether there is any genetic diversity among F. busk...

    Jun Ma, Miao-Miao Sun, Jun-Jun He, Guo-Hua Liu, Lin Ai, Mu-Xin Chen and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:101

    Published on: 22 February 2017

  3. Research

    Assessment of lymphatic filariasis prior to re-starting mass drug administration campaigns in coastal Kenya

    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a debilitating disease associated with extensive disfigurement and is one of a diverse group of diseases referred to as neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) which mainly occur among ...

    Sammy M. Njenga, Henry M. Kanyi, Faith M. Mutungi, Collins Okoyo, Hadley S. Matendechero, Rachel L. Pullan, Katherine E. Halliday, Simon J. Brooker, C. Njeri Wamae, Joyce K. Onsongo and Kimberly Y. Won

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:99

    Published on: 22 February 2017

  4. Research

    Comparative speed of kill of sarolaner (Simparica®) and afoxolaner (NexGard®) against induced infestations of Ixodes holocyclus on dogs

    The Australian paralysis tick, Ixodes holocyclus, causes paralysis predominantly in dogs and cats in the Eastern coastal regions of Australia. Rapid onset of effect of a parasiticide is critical to minimize the d...

    Raj Packianathan, Andrew Hodge, Natalie Bruellke, Kylie Davis and Steven Maeder

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:98

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  5. Research

    An effective method for the identification and separation of Anopheles minimus, the primary malaria vector in Thailand, and its sister species Anopheles harrisoni, with a comparison of their mating behaviors

    Species of the Anopheles minimus complex are considered to be the primary vectors of malaria in South and Southeast Asia. Two species of the complex, Anopheles minimus and Anopheles harrisoni, occur in Thailand. ...

    Kritsana Taai, Ralph E. Harbach, Kittipat Aupalee, Wichai Srisuka, Thippawan Yasanga, Yasushi Otsuka and Atiporn Saeung

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:97

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  6. Research

    Parasites of parasites of bats: Laboulbeniales (Fungi: Ascomycota) on bat flies (Diptera: Nycteribiidae) in central Europe

    Bat flies (Streblidae and Nycteribiidae) are among the most specialized families of the order Diptera. Members of these two related families have an obligate ectoparasitic lifestyle on bats, and they are known...

    Danny Haelewaters, Walter P. Pfliegler, Tamara Szentiványi, Mihály Földvári, Attila D. Sándor, Levente Barti, Jasmin J. Camacho, Gerrit Gort, Péter Estók, Thomas Hiller, Carl W. Dick and Donald H. Pfister

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:96

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  7. Research

    Plasticity of host selection by malaria vectors of Papua New Guinea

    Host selection is an important determinant of vectorial capacity because malaria transmission increases when mosquitoes feed more on humans than non-humans. Host selection also affects the outcome of long-last...

    John B. Keven, Lisa Reimer, Michelle Katusele, Gussy Koimbu, Rebecca Vinit, Naomi Vincent, Edward Thomsen, David R. Foran, Peter A. Zimmerman and Edward D. Walker

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:95

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  8. Research

    Understanding trophic interactions in host-parasite associations using stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen

    Stable isotope analysis of carbon and nitrogen can deliver insights into trophic interactions between organisms. While many studies on free-living organisms are available, the number of those focusing on troph...

    Milen Nachev, Maik A. Jochmann, Friederike Walter, J. Benjamin Wolbert, S. Marcel Schulte, Torsten C. Schmidt and Bernd Sures

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:90

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  9. Research

    Characterization of Schistosoma japonicum CP1412 protein as a novel member of the ribonuclease T2 molecule family with immune regulatory function

    Schistosome infection typically induces a polarized Th2 type host immune response. As egg antigen molecules play key roles in this immunoregulatory process, clarifying their functions in schistosomiasis would ...

    Xue-Dan Ke, Shuang Shen, Li-Jun Song, Chuan-Xin Yu, Mihoko Kikuchi, Kenji Hirayama, Hong Gao, Jie Wang, Xuren Yin, Yuan Yao, Qian Liu and Wei Zhou

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:89

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  10. Research

    Association of community sanitation usage with soil-transmitted helminth infections among school-aged children in Amhara Region, Ethiopia

    Globally, in 2010, approximately 1.5 billion people were infected with at least one species of soil-transmitted helminth (STH), Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necat...

    William E. Oswald, Aisha E. P. Stewart, Michael R. Kramer, Tekola Endeshaw, Mulat Zerihun, Berhanu Melak, Eshetu Sata, Demelash Gessese, Tesfaye Teferi, Zerihun Tadesse, Birhan Guadie, Jonathan D. King, Paul M. Emerson, Elizabeth K. Callahan, Matthew C. Freeman, W. Dana Flanders…

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:91

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  11. Research

    Genetic diversity and selection of three nuclear genes in Schistosoma japonicum populations

    The blood fluke, Schistosoma japonicum still causes severe disease in China, the Philippines and Indonesia. Although there have been some studies the molecular epidemiology of this persistent and harmful parasite...

    Yaqi Li, Mingbo Yin, Qunfeng Wu, Donald P. McManus, David Blair, Hongyan Li, Bin Xu, Xiaojin Mo, Zheng Feng and Wei Hu

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:87

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  12. Research

    Assessing the interruption of the transmission of human helminths with mass drug administration alone: optimizing the design of cluster randomized trials

    A method is outlined for the use of an individual-based stochastic model of parasite transmission dynamics to assess different designs for a cluster randomized trial in which mass drug administration (MDA) is ...

    Roy Anderson, Sam Farrell, Hugo Turner, Judd Walson, Christl A. Donnelly and James Truscott

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:93

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  13. Research

    Toxoplasma gondii survey in cats from two environments of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil by Modified Agglutination Test on sera and filter-paper

    Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan with a worldwide distribution, in warm-blood animals, including humans. Local conditions and environmental disturbances may influence transmission dyna...

    Paula F. Bolais, Philippe Vignoles, Pamela F. Pereira, Rafael Keim, Abdelkrim Aroussi, Khadja Ismail, Marie-Laure Dardé, Maria Regina Amendoeira and Aurélien Mercier

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:88

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  14. Research

    Recombinant α-actinin subunit antigens of Trichomonas vaginalis as potential vaccine candidates in protecting against trichomoniasis

    Human trichomoniasis caused by Trichomonas vaginalis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases with more than 200 million cases worldwide. It has caused a series of health problems to patients. For ...

    Yi-Ting Xie, Jiang-Mei Gao, Ya-Ping Wu, Petrus Tang, Geoff Hide, De-Hua Lai and Zhao-Rong Lun

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:83

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  15. Review

    The history of leishmaniasis

    In this review article the history of leishmaniasis is discussed regarding the origin of the genus Leishmania in the Mesozoic era and its subsequent geographical distribution, initial evidence of the disease in a...

    Dietmar Steverding

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:82

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  16. Research

    Tick-borne pathogens induce differential expression of genes promoting cell survival and host resistance in Ixodes ricinus cells

    There has been an emergence and expansion of tick-borne diseases in Europe, Asia and North America in recent years, including Lyme disease, tick-borne encephalitis and human anaplasmosis. The primary vectors i...

    Karen L. Mansfield, Charlotte Cook, Richard J. Ellis, Lesley Bell-Sakyi, Nicholas Johnson, Pilar Alberdi, José de la Fuente and Anthony R. Fooks

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:81

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  17. Research

    Microgeographical structure in the major Neotropical malaria vector Anopheles darlingi using microsatellites and SNP markers

    In recent decades, throughout the Amazon Basin, landscape modification contributing to profound ecological change has proceeded at an unprecedented rate. Deforestation that accompanies human activities can sig...

    Melina Campos, Jan E. Conn, Diego Peres Alonso, Joseph M. Vinetz, Kevin J. Emerson and Paulo Eduardo Martins Ribolla

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:76

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  18. Review

    Proteases of haematophagous arthropod vectors are involved in blood-feeding, yolk formation and immunity - a review

    Ticks, triatomines, mosquitoes and sand flies comprise a large number of haematophagous arthropods considered vectors of human infectious diseases. While consuming blood to obtain the nutrients necessary to ca...

    Paula Beatriz Santiago, Carla Nunes de Araújo, Flávia Nader Motta, Yanna Reis Praça, Sébastien Charneau, Izabela M. Dourado Bastos and Jaime M. Santana

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:79

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  19. Research

    Meteorological variables and mosquito monitoring are good predictors for infestation trends of Aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue, chikungunya and Zika

    Aedes aegypti is an important vector for arboviroses and widely distributed throughout the world. Climatic factors can influence vector population dynamics and, consequently, disease t...

    Danielle Andreza da Cruz Ferreira, Carolin Marlen Degener, Cecilia de Almeida Marques-Toledo, Maria Mercedes Bendati, Liane Oliveira Fetzer, Camila P. Teixeira and Álvaro Eduardo Eiras

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:78

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  20. Research

    A novel modified-indirect ELISA based on spherical body protein 4 for detecting antibody during acute and long-term infections with diverse Babesia bovis strains

    Cattle persistently infected with Babesia bovis are reservoirs for intra- and inter-herd transmission. Since B. bovis is considered a persistent infection, developing a reliable, high-throughput assay that detect...

    Chungwon J. Chung, Carlos E. Suarez, Carey L. Bandaranayaka-Mudiyanselage, Chandima-Bandara Bandaranayaka-Mudiyanselage, Joanna Rzepka, TJ Heiniger, Grace Chung, Stephen S. Lee, Ethan Adams, Grace Yun and Susan J. Waldron

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:77

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  21. Research

    Artemisia spp. essential oils against the disease-carrying blowfly Calliphora vomitoria

    Synanthropic flies play a considerable role in the transmission of pathogenic and non-pathogenic microorganisms. In this work, the essential oil (EO) of two aromatic plants, Artemisia annua and Artemisia ...

    Stefano Bedini, Guido Flamini, Francesca Cosci, Roberta Ascrizzi, Maria Cristina Echeverria, Lucia Guidi, Marco Landi, Andrea Lucchi and Barbara Conti

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:80

    Published on: 13 February 2017

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