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  1. Research

    Sources of variability in the measurement of Ascaris lumbricoides infection intensity by Kato-Katz and qPCR

    Understanding and quantifying the sources and implications of error in the measurement of helminth egg intensity using Kato-Katz (KK) and the newly emerging “gold standard” quantitative polymerase chain reacti...

    Alice V. Easton, Rita G. Oliveira, Martin Walker, Elise M. O’Connell, Sammy M. Njenga, Charles S. Mwandawiro, Joanne P. Webster, Thomas B. Nutman and Roy M. Anderson

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:256

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  2. Research

    The abundance of the Lyme disease pathogen Borrelia afzelii declines over time in the tick vector Ixodes ricinus

    The population dynamics of vector-borne pathogens inside the arthropod vector can have important consequences for vector-to-host transmission. Tick-borne spirochete bacteria of the Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lat...

    Maxime Jacquet, Dolores Genné, Alessandro Belli, Elodie Maluenda, Anouk Sarr and Maarten J. Voordouw

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:257

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  3. Research

    An ultrastructural study of the surface and attachment structures of Paradiplozoon homoion (Bychowsky & Nagibina, 1959) (Monogenea: Diplozoidae)

    Species of Diplozoon Palombi, 1949 (Monogenea: Diplozoidae) are blood-feeding ectoparasites mainly parasitising the gills of cyprinid fishes. Although these parasites have been the subject of numerous taxonomic, ...

    Veronika Konstanzová, Božena Koubková, Martin Kašný, Jana Ilgová, Ewa Dzika and Milan Gelnar

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:261

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  4. Research

    Clonorchis sinensis granulin: identification, immunolocalization, and function in promoting the metastasis of cholangiocarcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma

    Long-term infections by Clonorchis sinensis are associated with cholangitis, cholecystitis, liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and even liver cancer. Molecules from the worm play vital roles in disease progress. In the p...

    Caiqin Wang, Huali Lei, Yanli Tian, Mei Shang, Yinjuan Wu, Ye Li, Lu Zhao, Mengchen Shi, Xin Tang, Tingjin Chen, Zhiyue Lv, Yan Huang, Xiaoping Tang, Xinbing Yu and Xuerong Li

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:262

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  5. Research

    Detection and genetic characterization of a wide range of infectious agents in Ixodes pavlovskyi ticks in Western Siberia, Russia

    The Ixodes pavlovskyi tick species, a member of the I. persulcatus/I. ricinus group, was discovered in the middle of the 20th century in the Russian Far East. Limited data have been reported on the detection of i...

    Vera Rar, Natalia Livanova, Sergey Tkachev, Galina Kaverina, Artem Tikunov, Yuliya Sabitova, Yana Igolkina, Victor Panov, Stanislav Livanov, Nataliya Fomenko, Igor Babkin and Nina Tikunova

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:258

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  6. Research

    The past matters: estimating intrinsic hookworm transmission intensity in areas with past mass drug administration to control lymphatic filariasis

    Current WHO guidelines for soil-transmitted helminth (STH) control focus on mass drug administration (MDA) targeting preschool-aged (pre-SAC) and school-aged children (SAC), with the goal of eliminating STH as...

    Marleen Werkman, James E. Truscott, Jaspreet Toor, James E. Wright and Roy M. Anderson

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:254

    Published on: 23 May 2017

  7. Research

    MicroRNA-275 and its target Vitellogenin-2 are crucial in ovary development and blood digestion of Haemaphysalis longicornis

    The hard tick Haemaphysalis longicornis is widely distributed in eastern Asia, New Zealand and Australia and is considered the major vector of Theileria and Babesia, harmful parasites to humans and animals. Femal...

    Jiawei Hao, Jin Luo, Ze Chen, Qiaoyun Ren, Jinxia Guo, Xiaocui Liu, Qiuyu Chen, Feng Wu, Zhen Wang, Jianxun Luo, Hong Yin, Hui Wang and Guangyuan Liu

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:253

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  8. Research

    Heat pretreatment of canine samples to evaluate efficacy of imidacloprid + moxidectin and doxycycline in heartworm treatment

    Considering the recent information on the increase of Dirofilaria immitis antigen detection by rapid assays in canine blood samples after heat treatment, the proposal that immune complexes block D. immitis antige...

    Alexandre José Rodrigues Bendas, Flavya Mendes-de-Almeida, Cristiano Von Simson and Norma Labarthe

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:246

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  9. Research

    Assessment of parasitological findings in heartworm-infected beagles treated with Advantage Multi® for dogs (10% imidacloprid + 2.5% moxidectin) and doxycycline

    Anecdotal reports support the position that the adulticidal heartworm treatment utilizing doxycycline and Advantage Multi®/Advocate® for Dogs (10% imidacloprid + 2.5% moxidectin) has successfully converted ant...

    Molly D. Savadelis, Cameon M. Ohmes, Joe A. Hostetler, Terry L. Settje, Robert Zolynas, Michael T. Dzimianski and Andrew R. Moorhead

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:245

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  10. Research

    Molecular characterization of Dirofilaria spp. circulating in Portugal

    Dirofilariosis is a potentially zoonotic parasitic disease, mainly transmitted by mosquito vectors in many parts of the world. Data concerning the canine Dirofilaria species currently circulating in Portugal is s...

    Cátia Ferreira, Ana Afonso, Manuela Calado, Isabel Maurício, Ana Margarida Alho, José Meireles, Luís Madeira de Carvalho and Silvana Belo

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:250

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  11. Research

    Canine infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, Dirofilaria immitis, Anaplasma spp. and Ehrlichia spp. in Canada, 2013–2014

    Canine test results generated by veterinarians throughout Canada from 2013–2014 were evaluated to assess the geographical distribution of canine infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, Dirofilaria immitis, Ehrlichia

    Brian H. Herrin, Andrew S. Peregrine, Jonas Goring, Melissa J. Beall and Susan E. Little

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:244

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  12. Research

    Transovarial transmission of DENV in Aedes aegypti in the Amazon basin: a local model of xenomonitoring

    Transovarial transmission of dengue virus in Aedes spp. mosquitoes is considered an important mechanism for the maintenance of the virus in nature and may be implicated in the occurrence of outbreaks and epidemic...

    Cristiano Fernandes da Costa, Ricardo Augusto dos Passos, José Bento Pereira Lima, Rosemary Aparecida Roque, Vanderson de Souza Sampaio, Thais Bonifácio Campolina, Nágila Francinete Costa Secundino and Paulo Filemon Paolucci Pimenta

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:249

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  13. Research

    PvGAMA reticulocyte binding activity: predicting conserved functional regions by natural selection analysis

    Adhesin proteins are used by Plasmodium parasites to bind and invade target cells. Hence, characterising molecules that participate in reticulocyte interaction is key to understanding the molecular basis of Plasm...

    Luis A. Baquero, Darwin A. Moreno-Pérez, Diego Garzón-Ospina, Johanna Forero-Rodríguez, Heidy D. Ortiz-Suárez and Manuel A. Patarroyo

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:251

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  14. Research

    High prevalence of Trichomonas gallinae in wild columbids across western and southern Europe

    Avian trichomonosis is known as a widespread disease in columbids and passerines, and recent findings have highlighted the pathogenic character of some lineages found in wild birds. Trichomonosis can affect wi...

    Melanie Marx, Gerald Reiner, Hermann Willems, Gregorio Rocha, Klaus Hillerich, Juan F. Masello, Sylvia L. Mayr, Sarah Moussa, Jenny C. Dunn, Rebecca C. Thomas, Simon J. Goodman, Keith C. Hamer, Benjamin Metzger, Jacopo G. Cecere, Fernando Spina, Steffen Koschkar…

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:242

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  15. Research

    Emergence of Babesia canis in southern England

    The United Kingdom is considered free of autochthonous transmission of canine babesiosis although cases are reported in dogs associated with recent travel abroad. During the winter months of 2015/16, a cluster...

    Maria del Mar Fernández de Marco, Luis M. Hernández-Triana, L. Paul Phipps, Kayleigh Hansford, E. Sian Mitchell, Ben Cull, Clive S. Swainsbury, Anthony R. Fooks, Jolyon M. Medlock and Nicholas Johnson

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:241

    Published on: 17 May 2017

  16. Letter to the Editor

    Response to the Letter to the Editor by Eberhard et al.

    In a Letter to the Editor, Eberhard et al. question the validity of our model of skin snip sensitivity and argue against the use of skin snips to evaluate onchocerciasis elimination by mass drug administration...

    Christian Bottomley, Valerie Isham, Sarai Vivas-Martínez, Annette C. Kuesel, Simon K. Attah, Nicholas O. Opoku, Sara Lustigman, Martin Walker and Maria-Gloria Basáñez

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:240

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  17. Research

    The use of kDNA minicircle subclass relative abundance to differentiate between Leishmania (L.) infantum and Leishmania (L.) amazonensis

    Leishmaniasis is a neglected disease caused by many Leishmania species, belonging to subgenera Leishmania (Leishmania) and Leishmania (Viannia). Several qPCR-based molecular diagnostic approaches have been report...

    Marcello Ceccarelli, Luca Galluzzi, Aurora Diotallevi, Francesca Andreoni, Hailie Fowler, Christine Petersen, Fabrizio Vitale and Mauro Magnani

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:239

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  18. Research

    Comparison of T24H-his, GST-T24H and GST-Ts8B2 recombinant antigens in western blot, ELISA and multiplex bead-based assay for diagnosis of neurocysticercosis

    Currently, the reference standard assay for the serodiagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the lentil lectin-bound glycoproteins/enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (LLGP-EITB). The main disadvantage of...

    Ana Hernández-González, John Noh, María Jesús Perteguer, Teresa Gárate and Sukwan Handali

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:237

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  19. Research

    Socio-demographic determinants of Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in migrant workers of Peninsular Malaysia

    The number of migrants working in Malaysia has increased sharply since the 1970’s and there is concern that infectious diseases endemic in other (e.g. neighbouring) countries may be inadvertently imported. Com...

    Norhidayu Sahimin, Yvonne A. L. Lim, Farnaza Ariffin, Jerzy M. Behnke, Maria-Gloria Basáñez, Martin Walker, John W. Lewis, Rahmah Noordin, Khairul Anuar Abdullah and Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:238

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  20. Research

    A comparative molecular and 3-dimensional structural investigation into cross-continental and novel avian Trypanosoma spp. in Australia

    Molecular and structural information on avian Trypanosoma spp. throughout Australia is limited despite their intrinsic value in understanding trypanosomatid evolution, diversity, and structural biology. In Wester...

    Crystal Cooper, R. C. Andrew Thompson, Adriana Botero, Amanda Kristancic, Christopher Peacock, Yaowanuj Kirilak and Peta L. Clode

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:234

    Published on: 12 May 2017

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