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  1. The oriental rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis, is the most efficient vector of the plague. Pyrethroid insecticides such as cypermethrin, cyhalothrin and deltamethrin have been often used to limit plague transmission

    Authors: Nian Liu, Xiangyang Feng, Mei Li and Xinghui Qiu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:526

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The present study aimed to identify the national prevalence of Fasciola hepatica in Irish sheep and to conduct a risk analysis assessment based on management and treatment practices in participating flocks. Also,...

    Authors: Maria Pia Munita, Rosemary Rea, Ana Maria Martinez-Ibeas, Noel Byrne, Guy McGrath, Luis Enrique Munita-Corbalan, Mary Sekiya, Grace Mulcahy and Ríona G. Sayers

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:525

    Content type: Research

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  3. Aedes koreicus was detected in northern Italy for the first time in 2011, and it is now well established in several areas as a new invasive mosquito species. Data regarding the influence of temperature on mosquit...

    Authors: Giovanni Marini, Daniele Arnoldi, Frederic Baldacchino, Gioia Capelli, Giorgio Guzzetta, Stefano Merler, Fabrizio Montarsi, Annapaola Rizzoli and Roberto Rosà

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:524

    Content type: Research

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  4. Insecticides formulated into products that target Anopheles mosquitos have had an immense impact on reducing malaria cases in Africa. However, resistance to currently used insecticides is spreading rapidly and th...

    Authors: Jessica Williams, Lori Flood, Giorgio Praulins, Victoria A. Ingham, John Morgan, Rosemary Susan Lees and Hilary Ranson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:522

    Content type: Research

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  5. Sarcoptic mange is a contagious skin disease of wild and domestic mammals caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Reports of sarcoptic mange in wildlife increased worldwide in the second half of the 20th century, e...

    Authors: Simone Roberto Rolando Pisano, Fridolin Zimmermann, Luca Rossi, Simon Capt, Ezgi Akdesir, Roland Bürki, Florin Kunz, Francesco Carlo Origgi and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:521

    Content type: Research

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  6. Cysticercosis caused by the metacestode larval stage of Taenia hydatigena is a disease of veterinary and economic importance. A considerable level of genetic variation among isolates of different intermediate hos...

    Authors: John A. Ohiolei, Joshua Luka, Guo-Qiang Zhu, Hong-Bin Yan, Li Li, Abdullahi A. Magaji, Mughees A. Alvi, Yan-Tao Wu, Jian-Qiu Li, Bao-Quan Fu and Wan-Zhong Jia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:520

    Content type: Research

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:547

  7. Troglostrongylus brevior is a lungworm of wild felids that recently has been recognized as agent of severe respiratory disease in domestic cats in Mediterranean and Balkan countries. Nevertheless, the information...

    Authors: Anastasia Diakou, Simone Morelli, Dimitris Dimzas, Angela Di Cesare, Gioia Capelli, Chiara Parrinello, Matthias Pollmeier, Roland Schaper and Donato Traversa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:519

    Content type: Short report

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  8. Trachoma, caused by ocular Chlamydia trachomatis, is the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide. Sudan first reported trachoma in the 1930s and has since been consistently endemic. Ocular C. trachomatis ...

    Authors: Abdulazeem Abdulsalam Ibrahim Alkhidir, Martin J. Holland, Wafa Ibrahim Elhag, Charlotte A. Williams, Judith Breuer, Abdah Elfatih Elemam, Khalid Mohamed Khalid El Hussain, Mohammed Elfatih Hussein Ournasseir and Harry Pickering

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:518

    Content type: Research

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  9. Bovine besnoitiosis, caused by the cyst-forming apicomplexan parasite Besnoitia besnoiti, is a chronic and debilitating cattle disease that continues to spread in Europe in the absence of control tools. In this s...

    Authors: Alejandro Jiménez-Meléndez, María Fernández-Álvarez, Alexandra Calle, Miguel Ángel Ramírez, Carlos Diezma-Díaz, Patricia Vázquez-Arbaizar, Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora and Gema Álvarez-García

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:517

    Content type: Research

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  10. Haemoproteus parasites (Haemosporida, Haemoproteidae) are cosmopolitan in birds and recent molecular studies indicate enormous genetic diversity of these pathogens, which cause diseases in non-adapted avian hosts...

    Authors: Mikas Ilgūnas, Carolina Romeiro Fernandes Chagas, Dovilė Bukauskaitė, Rasa Bernotienė, Tatjana Iezhova and Gediminas Valkiūnas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:516

    Content type: Research

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  11. Strongyloidiasis is a health problem in Vietnam, but appropriate information is still limited. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, geographical distribution, epidemiological aspects, symptom...

    Authors: Nguyen Van De, Pham Ngoc Minh, Le Van Duyet and Santiago Mas-Coma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:515

    Content type: Research

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  12. Accurate diagnosis of urogenital schistosomiasis is vital for surveillance and control programmes. While a number of diagnostic techniques are available there is a need for simple, rapid and highly sensitive p...

    Authors: Penelope Rostron, Tom Pennance, Faki Bakar, David Rollinson, Stefanie Knopp, Fiona Allan, Fatma Kabole, Said M. Ali, Shaali M. Ame and Bonnie L. Webster

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:514

    Content type: Short report

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  13. Scrub typhus, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is an important and neglected vector-borne zoonotic disease with an expanding known distribution. The ecology of the disease is complex and poorly understood, impai...

    Authors: Ivo Elliott, Isabelle Pearson, Prabin Dahal, Nigel V. Thomas, Tamalee Roberts and Paul N. Newton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:513

    Content type: Review

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  14. Parasites of deep-sea fishes from the South-East Pacific (SPO) are poorly known. Of c.1030 species of fish found in this area, 100–150 inhabit the deep-sea (deeper than 200 m). Only six articles concerning metazo...

    Authors: Luis A. Ñacari, Fabiola A. Sepúlveda, Ruben Escribano and Marcelo E. Oliva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:512

    Content type: Research

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  15. The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti is a public health concern in the USA, especially in the wake of emergent diseases such as Zika and chikungunya. Aedes aegypti populations dwindled after the invasion of A...

    Authors: Kristen A. Hopperstad, Michael H. Reiskind, Paul E. Labadie and Martha O. Burford Reiskind

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:511

    Content type: Research

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  16. Apicomplexan parasites of the genus Cryptosporidium infect a wide range of animal species as well as humans. Cryptosporidium spp. can cause life threatening diarrhea especially in young animals, children, immunoc...

    Authors: Zohre Firoozi, Alireza Sazmand, Alireza Zahedi, Akram Astani, Ali Fattahi-Bafghi, Narges Kiani-Salmi, Behnam Ebrahimi, Arefeh Dehghani-Tafti, Una Ryan and Fateme Akrami-Mohajeri

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:510

    Content type: Short report

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  17. Haemaphysalis longicornis is the major tick affecting dogs in most of the East Asia/Pacific region and has recently been detected in a number of areas of the USA. This tick is a vector for a number of pathogens o...

    Authors: Kenji Oda, Wakako Yonetake, Takeshi Fujii, Andrew Hodge, Robert H. Six, Steven Maeder and Douglas Rugg

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:509

    Content type: Research

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  18. New candidate protective antigens for tick vaccine development may be identified by selecting and testing antigen candidates that play key biological functions. After blood-feeding, tick midgut overexpresses p...

    Authors: Ricardo Pérez-Sánchez, Raúl Manzano-Román, Prosper Obolo-Mvoulouga and Ana Oleaga

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:508

    Content type: Research

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  19. The identification and characterization of epitopes facilitate the discovery and development of new therapeutics, vaccines and diagnostics for infectious diseases. In this study, we developed a glutathione S-t...

    Authors: Li Ma, Wenrong Zhao, Xunya Hou, Mengmeng Liu, Yanna Li, Li Shen and Xindong Xu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:507

    Content type: Research

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  20. Chagas disease (CD) is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi and is transmitted by triatomine insects. Clinical manifestations vary according to the phase of the disease. Cutaneous manifestations are...

    Authors: Lucia Rangel-Gamboa, Lirio López-García, Francisco Moreno-Sánchez, Irma Hoyo-Ulloa, María Elisa Vega-Mémije, Nancy Mendoza-Bazán, Mirza Romero-Valdovinos, Angélica Olivo-Díaz, Guiehdani Villalobos and Fernando Martínez-Hernández

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:506

    Content type: Short report

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  21. Countries of eastern Europe are considered, due to several risk factors, more vulnerable to infections with newly (re)emerging pathogens. During the last decade, in several European countries, reports of autoc...

    Authors: Mirabela Oana Dumitrache, Angela Monica Ionică, Eugeniu Voinițchi, Nicolai Chavdar and Gianluca D’Amico

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:505

    Content type: Short report

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  22. Triatomine bugs are vectors of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes Chagas disease. Rhodnius pallescens is a major vector of Chagas disease in Panama. Understanding the microbial ecology of dise...

    Authors: Troy J. Kieran, Kaylee M. H. Arnold, Jesse C. Thomas IV, Christina P. Varian, Azael Saldaña, Jose E. Calzada, Travis C. Glenn and Nicole L. Gottdenker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:504

    Content type: Research

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  23. National deworming programmes rely almost exclusively on mass drug administration (MDA) to children to control morbidity caused by these parasitic infections. The provision of other interventions, consisting o...

    Authors: Kalkidan Mekete, Alison Ower, Julia Dunn, Heven Sime, Gemechu Tadesse, Ebba Abate, Nebiyu Nigussu, Fikreselasie Seife, Emily McNaughton, Roy Malcolm Anderson and Anna Elizabeth Phillips

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:503

    Content type: Research

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  24. Cryptosporidium viatorum is a minor Cryptosporidium pathogen in humans. Currently, there is limited information regarding the prevalence and genotypes of C. viatorum in animals in China.

    Authors: Yi-Wei Chen, Wen-Bin Zheng, Nian-Zhang Zhang, Bin-Ze Gui, Qiu-Yan Lv, Jia-Qi Yan, Quan Zhao and Guo-Hua Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:502

    Content type: Short report

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  25. Malaria still has a devastating impact on public health and welfare in Cameroon. Despite the increasing number of studies conducted on disease prevalence, transmission patterns or treatment, there are to date,...

    Authors: Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio, Cyrille Ndo, Flobert Njiokou, Jude D. Bigoga, Parfait Awono-Ambene, Josiane Etang, Albert Same Ekobo and Charles S. Wondji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:501

    Content type: Review

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  26. The hard tick Haemaphysalis longicornis (Ixodidae) is widely distributed in East Asia, China, Australia and New Zealand. It can transmit many infectious pathogens, including the causative agents of human ricketts...

    Authors: Muhammad Irfan Malik, Mohsin Nawaz, Yanan Wang, Houshuang Zhang, Jie Cao, Yongzhi Zhou, Ibrahim A. Hassan, Md. Nazrul Islam, Muhammad Naveed Anwar and Jinlin Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:500

    Content type: Research

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  27. Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease, targeted by the World Health Organization for reduction in morbidity by 2020. It is caused by parasitic flukes that spread through contamination of local water ...

    Authors: Benjamin S. Collyer, Hugo C. Turner, T. Déirdre Hollingsworth and Matt J. Keeling

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:499

    Content type: Research

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  28. Sound knowledge of the abundance and distribution of intermediate host snails is key to understanding schistosomiasis transmission and to inform effective interventions in endemic areas.

    Authors: Muriel Rabone, Joris Hendrik Wiethase, Fiona Allan, Anouk Nathalie Gouvras, Tom Pennance, Amina Amadou Hamidou, Bonnie Lee Webster, Rabiou Labbo, Aidan Mark Emery, Amadou Djirmay Garba and David Rollinson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:498

    Content type: Research

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  29. Mass drug administration (MDA) with azithromycin is a cornerstone of the trachoma elimination strategy. Although the global prevalence of active trachoma has declined considerably, prevalence persists or even ...

    Authors: Emma M. Harding-Esch, Martin J. Holland, Jean-François Schémann, Ansumana Sillah, Boubacar Sarr, Linus Christerson, Harry Pickering, Sandra Molina-Gonzalez, Isatou Sarr, Aura A. Andreasen, David Jeffries, Chris Grundy, David C. W. Mabey, Bjorn Herrmann and Robin L. Bailey

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:497

    Content type: Research

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  30. Strongyloidiasis is a soil-borne helminthiasis, which, in spite of the up to 370 million people currently estimated to be infected with its causing agent, the nematode Strongyloides stercoralis, is frequently ove...

    Authors: Siyu Zhou, Dorothee Harbecke and Adrian Streit

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:496

    Content type: Methodology

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  31. Our study aimed to assess the diversity of the species of Anaplasmataceae in Senegal that infect animals and ticks in three areas: near Keur Momar Sarr (northern region), Dielmo and Diop (Sine Saloum, central reg...

    Authors: Mustapha Dahmani, Bernard Davoust, Masse Sambou, Hubert Bassene, Pierre Scandola, Tinhinene Ameur, Didier Raoult, Florence Fenollar and Oleg Mediannikov

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:495

    Content type: Research

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  32. Epidemics of dengue, chikungunya and Zika are a growing threat to areas where Aedes aegypti are present. The efficacy of chemical control of Ae. aegypti is threatened by the increasing frequency of insecticide re...

    Authors: Jesus Pinto, Miriam Palomino, Leonardo Mendoza-Uribe, Carmen Sinti, Kelly A. Liebman and Audrey Lenhart

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:494

    Content type: Research

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  33. Over the past five years, as a public service to encourage and accelerate drug discovery for diseases of poverty, the Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV) has released box sets of 400 compounds named the Malari...

    Authors: Martina Maccesi, Pedro H. N. Aguiar, Valérian Pasche, Melody Padilla, Brian M. Suzuki, Sandro Montefusco, Ruben Abagyan, Jennifer Keiser, Marina M. Mourão and Conor R. Caffrey

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:493

    Content type: Research

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  34. Water mites are among the most diverse organisms inhabiting freshwater habitats and are considered as substantial part of the species communities in springs. As parasites, Hydrachnidia influence other inverteb...

    Authors: Lucas Blattner, Reinhard Gerecke and Stefanie von Fumetti

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:492

    Content type: Research

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  35. Giardiasis is a common diarrhoeal disease caused by the protozoan Giardia duodenalis. It is prevalent in low-income countries in the context of inadequate access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), and is fr...

    Authors: Jessica Y. H. Aw, Naomi E. Clarke, James S. McCarthy, Rebecca J. Traub, Salvador Amaral, Md Hamidul Huque, Ross M. Andrews, Darren J. Gray, Archie C. A. Clements and Susana Vaz Nery

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:491

    Content type: Research

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  36. The monogenean Benedenia seriolae parasitizes fishes belonging to the genus Seriola, represents a species complex, and causes substantial impact on fish welfare in aquaculture systems worldwide. This study report...

    Authors: J. Antonio Baeza, Fabiola A. Sepúlveda and M. Teresa González

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:490

    Content type: Research

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  37. Ticks and tick-borne diseases are a major impediment to livestock production worldwide. Cattle trade and transnational transhumance create risks for the spread of ticks and tick-borne diseases and threaten cat...

    Authors: Barberine A. Silatsa, Gustave Simo, Naftaly Githaka, Stephen Mwaura, Rolin M. Kamga, Farikou Oumarou, Christian Keambou, Richard P. Bishop, Appolinaire Djikeng, Jules-Roger Kuiate, Flobert Njiokou and Roger Pelle

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:489

    Content type: Research

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  38. Sarcoptic mange is a highly contagious skin disease caused by the ectoparasitic mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Although it afflicts over 100 mammal species worldwide, sarcoptic mange remains a disease obscured by variab...

    Authors: Alexandra L. DeCandia, Kennedy N. Leverett and Bridgett M. vonHoldt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:488

    Content type: Research

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  39. The liver plays a central role in the development of canine visceral leishmaniasis. Studies of natural infection in animals and humans indicate a direct relationship between resolution of infection and the for...

    Authors: Isadora S. Lima, Manuela S. Solcá, Wagner L. Tafuri, Luiz A. R. de Freitas and Washington L. C. dos-Santos

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:487

    Content type: Research

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  40. In the animal production sector, enteritis is responsible for serious economic losses, and intestinal parasitism is a major stress factor leading to malnutrition and lowered performance and animal production e...

    Authors: Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Rubén Gil-Solsona, Itziar Estensoro, M. Carla Piazzon, Juan Antonio Martos-Sitcha, Amparo Picard-Sánchez, Juan Fuentes, Juan Vicente Sancho, Josep A. Calduch-Giner, Félix Hernández and Jaume Pérez-Sánchez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:486

    Content type: Research

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  41. Parasite traits associated with transmission success, such as the number of infective stages released from the host, are expected to be optimized by natural selection. However, in the trematode parasite Schistoso...

    Authors: Winka Le Clecʼh, Robbie Diaz, Frédéric D. Chevalier, Marina McDew-White and Timothy J. C. Anderson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:485

    Content type: Research

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  42. Aedes vexans (Meigen) is considered a nuisance species in central Europe and the Mediterranean region. It is an anthropophilic and mammalophilic floodwater mosquito involved in the transmission of several arbovir...

    Authors: Lotty Birnberg, Sandra Talavera, Carles Aranda, Ana I. Núñez, Sebastian Napp and Núria Busquets

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:484

    Content type: Research

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  43. Biting midges of the genus Culicoides vector multiple veterinary pathogens and are difficult to control. Endosymbionts particularly Wolbachia pipientis may offer an alternative to control populations of Culicoide...

    Authors: Arnab Ghosh, Dane Jasperson, Lee W. Cohnstaedt and Corey L. Brelsfoard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:483

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Endoparasites in dogs and cats are a concern related to pet health and zoonotic risks. Several determinants may affect the endoparasite transmission and infection of dogs and cats such as pet’s lifestyle or re...

    Authors: Clarisse Roussel, Jason Drake and Juan Manuel Ariza

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:480

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Unfortunately, the original version of this article [1] contained an error. In the distribution map in Fig. 3, the presence of the mosquito Aedes vittatus was incorrectly indicated for Libya and Egypt.

    Authors: Alazne Díez-Fernández, Josué Martínez-de la Puente, Santiago Ruiz, Rafael Gutiérrez-López, Ramón Soriguer and Jordi Figuerola

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:479

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2018 11:297

  46. Mepraia gajardoi and Mepraia spinolai are endemic triatomine vector species of Trypanosoma cruzi, a parasite that causes Chagas disease. These vectors inhabit arid, semiarid and Mediterranean areas of Chile. Mepr...

    Authors: Rubén Garrido, Antonella Bacigalupo, Francisco Peña-Gómez, Ramiro O. Bustamante, Pedro E. Cattan, David E. Gorla and Carezza Botto-Mahan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:478

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse) is an important worldwide invasive species and can be a locally important vector of chikungunya, dengue and, potentially, Zika. This species is nativ...

    Authors: Maysa Tiemi Motoki, Dina Madera Fonseca, Elliott Frederic Miot, Bruna Demari-Silva, Phoutmany Thammavong, Somsanith Chonephetsarath, Nothasine Phommavanh, Jeffrey Conrad Hertz, Pattamaporn Kittayapong, Paul Trevor Brey and Sebastien Marcombe

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:477

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  48. Borrelia burgdorferi and Anaplasma phagocytophilum are tick-borne infections transmitted by Ixodes scapularis in the eastern USA; both agents cause disease in dogs and people. To characterize changes in seropreva...

    Authors: Bhagya Galkissa Dewage, Susan Little, Mark Payton, Melissa Beall, Jennifer Braff, Donald Szlosek, Jesse Buch and Andrew Knupp

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:476

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  49. Inflammation-induced dysfunction of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is involved in schistosomiasis-associated liver fibrosis, and soluble egg antigen (SEA) is a crucial pathogen-associated molecular pattern asso...

    Authors: De-Long Kong, Fan-Yun Kong, Xiang-Ye Liu, Chao Yan, Jie Cui, Ren-Xian Tang and Kui-Yang Zheng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:475

    Content type: Research

    Published on: