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  1. Research

    Anopheles gambiae larvae mount stronger immune responses against bacterial infection than adults: evidence of adaptive decoupling in mosquitoes

    The immune system of adult mosquitoes has received significant attention because of the ability of females to vector disease-causing pathogens while ingesting blood meals. However, few studies have focused on ...

    Garrett P. League, Tania Y. Estévez-Lao, Yan Yan, Valeria A. Garcia-Lopez and Julián F. Hillyer

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:367

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  2. Research

    Phlebotomine sand fly survey in the focus of leishmaniasis in Madrid, Spain (2012–2014): seasonal dynamics, Leishmania infantum infection rates and blood meal preferences

    An unusual increase of human leishmaniasis cases due to Leishmania infantum is occurring in an urban area of southwestern Madrid, Spain, since 2010. Entomological surveys have shown that Phlebotomus perniciosus i...

    Estela González, Maribel Jiménez, Sonia Hernández, Inés Martín-Martín and Ricardo Molina

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:368

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  3. Research

    The substructure of three repetitive DNA regions of Schistosoma haematobium group species as a potential marker for species recognition and interbreeding detection

    Schistosoma haematobium is the causative agent of human urogenital schistosomiasis affecting ~112 million people in Africa and the Middle East. The parasite is transmitted by snails of...

    Ibrahim Abbasi, Bonnie L. Webster, Charles H. King, David Rollinson and Joseph Hamburger

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:364

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  4. Research

    Participation of 14-3-3ε and 14-3-3ζ proteins in the phagocytosis, component of cellular immune response, in Aedes mosquito cell lines

    Better knowledge of the innate immune system of insects will improve our understanding of mosquitoes as potential vectors of diverse pathogens. The ubiquitously expressed 14-3-3 protein family is evolutionaril...

    Abel Trujillo-Ocampo, Febe Elena Cázares-Raga, Rosa María del Angel, Fernando Medina-Ramírez, Leopoldo Santos-Argumedo, Mario H. Rodríguez and Fidel de la Cruz Hernández-Hernández

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:362

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  5. Research

    Quadriacanthus species (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) from catfishes (Teleostei: Siluriformes) in eastern Africa: new species, new records and first insights into interspecific genetic relationships

    African catfishes of the families Bagridae and Clariidae are known to be parasitized with monogeneans of Quadriacanthus Paperna, 1961 (Dactylogyridae). The genus remains taxonomically challenging due to its speci...

    Kateřina Francová, Mária Seifertová, Radim Blažek, Milan Gelnar, Zuheir N. Mahmoud and Eva Řehulková

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:361

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  6. Research

    Molecular epidemiology of blastocystosis in Malaysia: does seasonal variation play an important role in determining the distribution and risk factors of Blastocystis subtype infections in the Aboriginal community?

    Alternating wet and dry seasons may play an important role in the acquisition and distribution of Blastocystis subtype infection in the tropics. This cross-sectional study was therefore conducted to provide the p...

    Samseh Abdullah Noradilah, Norhayati Moktar, Tengku Shahrul Anuar, Ii Li Lee, Fatmah Md Salleh, Siti Nor Azreen Abdul Manap, Noor Shazleen Husnie Mohd Mohtar, Syed Muhamad Azrul, Wan Omar Abdullah, Anisah Nordin and Syamsa Rizal Abdullah

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:360

    Published on: 31 July 2017

  7. Research

    Identification of Anaplasma ovis appendage-associated protein (AAAP) for development of an indirect ELISA and its application

    Ovine anaplasmosis is a tick-borne disease that is caused by Anaplasma ovis in sheep and goats. The pathogen is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. At present, diagnosis of the di...

    Zhenguo Wang, Jifei Yang, Qingli Niu, Kelly A. Brayton, Jianxun Luo, Guangyuan Liu, Hong Yin and Zhijie Liu

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:359

    Published on: 28 July 2017

  8. Reseach

    A cross-sectional survey of Aedes aegypti immature abundance in urban and rural household containers in central Colombia

    Aedes aegypti, the major vector of dengue, breeds in domestic water containers. The development of immature mosquitoes in such containers is influenced by various environmental, ecolog...

    Hans J. Overgaard, Víctor Alberto Olano, Juan Felipe Jaramillo, María Inés Matiz, Diana Sarmiento, Thor Axel Stenström and Neal Alexander

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:356

    Published on: 27 July 2017

  9. Research

    Prevalence and seasonal transmission of Schistosoma haematobium infection among school-aged children in Kaedi town, southern Mauritania

    Mauritania is at the fringe of transmission of human schistosomiasis, which mainly occurs in the southern and southeastern parts of the country. This study aimed to assess the influence of rainfall seasonality...

    N’Guessan G C Gbalégba, Kigbafori D Silué, Ousmane Ba, Hampâté Ba, Nathan T Y Tian-Bi, Grégoire Y Yapi, Aboudramane Kaba, Brama Koné, Jürg Utzinger and Benjamin G Koudou

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:353

    Published on: 26 July 2017

  10. Research

    Return of chloroquine sensitivity to Africa? Surveillance of African Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance through malaria imported to China

    Chloroquine (CQ) was the cornerstone of anti-malarial treatment in Africa for almost 50 years, but has been widely withdrawn due to the emergence and spread of resistance. Recent reports have suggested that CQ...

    Feng Lu, Meihua Zhang, Richard L. Culleton, Sui Xu, Jianxia Tang, Huayun Zhou, Guoding Zhu, Yaping Gu, Chao Zhang, Yaobao Liu, Weiming Wang, Yuanyuan Cao, Julin Li, Xinlong He, Jun Cao and Qi Gao

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:355

    Published on: 26 July 2017

  11. Research

    Prevalence of heartworm in dogs and cats of Madrid, Spain

    Dirofilaria immitis causes heartworm disease, a chronic and potentially fatal cardiopulmonary disease which mainly affects dogs and cats. It is present in most of Spain, due to favoura...

    José Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Rodrigo Morchón, Yaiza Falcón-Cordón, Soraya Falcón-Cordón, Fernando Simón and Elena Carretón

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:354

    Published on: 26 July 2017

  12. Research

    Distribution and current infection status of Biomphalaria straminea in Hong Kong

    Schistosomiasis, also generally known as snail fever, is a parasitic disease caused by trematode flatworms of the genus Schistosoma. In Hong Kong and mainland China, the freshwater snail Biomphalaria straminea ha...

    Xin Zeng, Wing Chung Yiu, Kwan Ho Cheung, Ho Yin Yip, Wenyan Nong, Ping He, Dongjuan Yuan, David Rollinson, Jian-Wen Qiu, Ming Chiu Fung, Zhongdao Wu and Jerome Ho Lam Hui

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:351

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  13. Research

    Spatial population dynamics and temporal analysis of the distribution of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in the city of Clorinda, Formosa, Argentina

    Lutzomyia longipalpis, the vector for the causal agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), has extended its distribution in the southern cone in the Americas. The first urban record of Lu....

    Andrea Gómez-Bravo, Alba German, Marcelo Abril, Marcelo Scavuzzo and Oscar D. Salomón

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:352

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  14. Research

    The excretory-secretory products of Echinococcus granulosus protoscoleces directly regulate the differentiation of B10, B17 and Th17 cells

    Excretory-secretory products (ESPs) released by helminths are well-known to regulate T cell responses in the host. However, their direct influence in the differentiation of naïve T cells, and especially B cell...

    Wei Pan, Wen-Ting Hao, Yu-Juan Shen, Xiang-Yang Li, Yan-Juan Wang, Fen-Fen Sun, Jian-Hai Yin, Jing Zhang, Ren-Xian Tang, Jian-Ping Cao and Kui-Yang Zheng

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:348

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  15. Review

    Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review: Western Europe

    Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are zoonotic parasites of public health importance. Data on their occurrence in humans and animals in western Europe are incomplete and fragmented. In...

    Minerva Laranjo-González, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Chiara Trevisan, Alberto Allepuz, Smaragda Sotiraki, Annette Abraham, Mariana Boaventura Afonso, Joachim Blocher, Luís Cardoso, José Manuel Correia da Costa, Pierre Dorny, Sarah Gabriël, Jacinto Gomes, María Ángeles Gómez-Morales, Pikka Jokelainen, Miriam Kaminski…

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:349

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  16. Research

    Genetic structure and gene flow of the flea Xenopsylla cheopis in Madagascar and Mayotte

    The flea Xenopsylla cheopis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) is a vector of plague. Despite this insect’s medical importance, especially in Madagascar where plague is endemic, little is known about the organization of i...

    Mireille Harimalala, Sandra Telfer, Hélène Delatte, Phillip C. Watts, Adélaïde Miarinjara, Tojo Rindra Ramihangihajason, Soanandrasana Rahelinirina, Minoarisoa Rajerison and Sébastien Boyer

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:347

    Published on: 20 July 2017

  17. Research

    Occurrence of strongyloidiasis in privately owned and sheltered dogs: clinical presentation and treatment outcome

    The increasing number of reports of human infections by Strongyloides stercoralis from a range of European countries over the last 20 years has spurred the interest of the scientific community towards this parasi...

    Paola Paradies, Fabrizio Iarussi, Mariateresa Sasanelli, Antonio Capogna, Riccardo Paolo Lia, Daniele Zucca, Beatrice Greco, Cinzia Cantacessi and Domenico Otranto

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:345

    Published on: 20 July 2017

  18. Research

    Zika virus transmission to mouse ear by mosquito bite: a laboratory model that replicates the natural transmission process

    Zika disease has transformed into a serious global health problem due to the rapid spread of the arbovirus and alarming severity including congenital complications, microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Zi...

    Nagila Francinete Costa Secundino, Barbara Aparecida Chaves, Alessandra Silva Orfano, Karine Renata Dias Silveira, Nilton Barnabe Rodrigues, Thais Bonifácio Campolina, Rafael Nacif-Pimenta, Luiz Eduardo Martinez Villegas, Breno Melo Silva, Marcus Vinícius Guimarães Lacerda, Douglas Eric Norris and Paulo Filemon Paolucci Pimenta

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:346

    Published on: 20 July 2017

  19. Research

    Systemic insecticide treatment of the canine reservoir of Trypanosoma cruzi induces high levels of lethality in Triatoma infestans, a principal vector of Chagas disease

    Despite large-scale reductions in Chagas disease prevalence across Central and South America, Trypanosoma cruzi infection remains a considerable public health problem in the Gran Chaco region where vector-borne t...

    Ariel Loza, Adrianna Talaga, Gladys Herbas, Ruben Jair Canaviri, Thalia Cahuasiri, Laura Luck, Alvaro Guibarra, Raquel Goncalves, Juan Antonio Pereira, Sonia A. Gomez, Albert Picado, Louisa Alexandra Messenger, Caryn Bern and Orin Courtenay

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:344

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  20. Research

    Synergy between dinotefuran and fipronil against the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis): improved onset of action and residual speed of kill in adult cats

    The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis (C. felis), is a cosmopolitan hematophagous ectoparasite, and is considered to be the most prevalent flea species in both Europe and the USA. Clinical signs frequently as...

    Romain Delcombel, Hamadi Karembe, Bakela Nare, Audrey Burton, Julian Liebenberg, Josephus Fourie and Marie Varloud

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:341

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  21. Research

    Variation in species composition and infection rates of Anopheles mosquitoes at different altitudinal transects, and the risk of malaria in the highland of Dirashe Woreda, south Ethiopia

    The transmission of malaria is heterogeneous, and varies due to altitude. The information on whether the transmission of malaria is indigenous or imported to highland areas is scarce. Therefore, this study aim...

    Taye Yohannes Daygena, Fekadu Massebo and Bernt Lindtjørn

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:343

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  22. Research

    A dual colour fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay for identifying the zoonotic malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi with a potential application for the specific diagnosis of knowlesi malaria in peripheral-level laboratories of Southeast Asia

    Plasmodium knowlesi is primarily responsible for zoonotic malaria in several Southeast Asian countries. Precise identification of the parasite in the blood of patients presently relies...

    Jyotsna Shah, Akhila Poruri, Olivia Mark, Urmila Khadilka, Franziska Mohring, Robert W. Moon and Ranjan Ramasamy

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:342

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  23. Research

    Molecular characterisation of protist parasites in human-habituated mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei), humans and livestock, from Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda

    Over 60 % of human emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic, and there is growing evidence of the zooanthroponotic transmission of diseases from humans to livestock and wildlife species, with major implicatio...

    Matthew J. Nolan, Melisa Unger, Yuen-Ting Yeap, Emma Rogers, Ilary Millet, Kimberley Harman, Mark Fox, Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka and Damer P. Blake

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:340

    Published on: 18 July 2017

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