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  1. Ticks are responsible for transmitting several notable pathogens worldwide. Finland lies in a zone where two human-biting tick species co-occur: Ixodes ricinus and Ixodes persulcatus. Tick densities have increase...

    Authors: Ruut Uusitalo, Mika Siljander, Andreas Lindén, Jani J. Sormunen, Juha Aalto, Guy Hendrickx, Eva Kallio, Andrea Vajda, Hilppa Gregow, Heikki Henttonen, Cedric Marsboom, Essi M. Korhonen, Tarja Sironen, Petri Pellikka and Olli Vapalahti
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:310
  2. Chagas disease, one of the most important neglected tropical diseases in the countries of Latin America, is considered to be a particularly important public health concern in the Amazon region due to increases...

    Authors: Stéphanie Depickère, Anita G. Villacís, Soledad Santillán-Guayasamín, Jorgia Esperanza Callapa Rafael, Simone Frédérique Brenière and Susana Revollo Zepita
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:307
  3. Current recommendations for diagnosis of Dirofilaria immitis infection in dogs rely on the detection of antigen produced largely by adult females coupled with the visualization of microfilariae (mf) in the circul...

    Authors: Veronica Negron, Meriam N. Saleh, Caroline Sobotyk, Joe L. Luksovsky, Tatiani V. Harvey and Guilherme G. Verocai
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:306
  4. Bartonella spp. are vector-borne pathogens that cause zoonotic infections in humans. One of the most well-known of these is cat-scratch disease caused by Bartonella henselae and Bartonella clarridgeiae, with cats...

    Authors: Ahmet Efe Köseoğlu, Hüseyin Can, Mervenur Güvendi, Muhammet Karakavuk, Pumla Manyatsi, Sedef Erkunt Alak, Aysu Değirmenci Döşkaya, Aytül Gül, Mert Döşkaya, Adnan Yüksel Gürüz and Cemal Ün
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:305
  5. The aim of this study was to identify local transmission patterns of Cryptosporidium spp. infections among livestock and humans in four extremely rural and remote highland communities in Madagascar.

    Authors: Ralf Krumkamp, Franz J. Conraths, Simone Caccio, Gereon Schares, Benedikt Hogan, Doris Winter, Anna Jaeger, Sophia Melhem, Njari Rakotozandrindrainy, Jürgen May, Raphael Rakotozandrindrainy and Daniel Eibach
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:304
  6. Aedes albopictus is a highly invasive species and an important vector of dengue and chikungunya viruses. Indigenous to Southeast Asia, Ae. albopictus has successfully invaded every inhabited continent, except Ant...

    Authors: Tom Swan, Tanya L. Russell, Kyran M. Staunton, Matt A. Field, Scott A. Ritchie and Thomas R. Burkot
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:303
  7. Ticks are obligate hematophagous arthropods with a world-wide distribution that are extremely important not only in terms of human and animal health but also economically. In Algeria, information on tick speci...

    Authors: Noureddine Mechouk, Andrei Daniel Mihalca, Georgiana Deak and Zihad Bouslama
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:302
  8. Appropriate behaviour change with regard to safe water contact practices will facilitate the elimination of schistosomiasis as a public health concern. Various approaches to effecting this change have been tri...

    Authors: May N. Sule, Justina Mosha, Teshome Emana Soboka, Safari M. Kinung’hi, Chrysoula Sfynia, Kamran Rafiq, Alex Dower, Marianne Comparet, Emma Bewley, Teckla Angelo, Feleke Zewge Beshah and Michael R. Templeton
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:301
  9. Hepatic macrophages regulate liver granuloma formation and fibrosis caused by infection with Schistosoma japonicum, with the manner of regulation dependent on macrophage activation state. Interleukin (IL)-37 may ...

    Authors: Cuiping Ren, Fengchun Liu, Chen Xing, Ruyu Zhao, Xiaoxue Tang, Miao Liu, Wenda Gao and Jijia Shen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:300
  10. The recently discovered Babesia sp. Mymensingh, which causes clinical bovine babesiosis, has a wide geographical distribution. We investigated the phylogenetic position of Babesia sp. Mymensingh using its mitocho...

    Authors: Thillaiampalam Sivakumar, Bumduuren Tuvshintulga, Davaajav Otgonsuren, Enkhbaatar Batmagnai, Believe Ahedor, Hemal Kothalawala, Singarayar Caniciyas Vimalakumar, Seekkuge Susil Priyantha Silva, Junya Yamagishi and Naoaki Yokoyama
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:299
  11. An integrated approach to innovatively counter the transmission of various arthropod-borne diseases to humans would benefit from strategies that sustainably limit onward passage of infective life cycle stages ...

    Authors: Jackson M. Muema, Joel L. Bargul, Meshack A. Obonyo, Sospeter N. Njeru, Damaris Matoke-Muhia and James M. Mutunga
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:298
  12. The effective transmission mode of Neospora caninum, with infection leading to reproductive failure in ruminants, is vertical transmission. The uterus is an important reproductive organ that forms the maternal–fe...

    Authors: Shan-Shan Zhao, De-Liang Tao, Jin-Ming Chen, Jiang-Ping Wu, Xin Yang, Jun-Ke Song, Xing-Quan Zhu and Guang-Hui Zhao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:297
  13. Hepatozoon canis is a protozoal agent that is known to be transmitted by oral uptake of H. canis-infected Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato ticks in dogs. Vertical transmission of H. canis has only been describ...

    Authors: Ingo Schäfer, Elisabeth Müller, Ard M. Nijhof, Heike Aupperle-Lellbach, Gerhard Loesenbeck, Sybille Cramer and Torsten J. Naucke
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:296
  14. Canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME) is caused by the tick-borne pathogen Ehrlichia canis, an obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacterium of the family Anaplasmataceae with tropism for canine monocytes and macr...

    Authors: Maylin González Navarrete, Adnan Hodžić, Belkis Corona-González, Matheus Dias Cordeiro, Claudia Bezerra da Silva, Liani Coronado Báez, Dasiel Obregón, Daniel Moura de Aguiar, Amanda Noeli da Silva Campos, Ísis Indaiara Gonçalves Granjeiro Taques, Alejandra Wu-Chuang, Eugenio Roque López, Elianne Piloto-Sardiñas, Lianet Abuin-Denis, Adivaldo Henrique da Fonseca and Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:295
  15. Canine intestinal parasite prevalence may be influenced by geographical region, age, and health status of the dog. Behaviors such as predation, scavenging, or roaming as well as routine administration of anthe...

    Authors: Darcy Visscher, Emilie Porter, Sarah Sweet, Donald Szlosek and Stephanie Horr
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:294
  16. Improved methods for sampling outdoor-biting mosquitoes are urgently needed to improve surveillance of vector-borne diseases. Such tools could potentially replace the human landing catch (HLC), which, despite ...

    Authors: Halfan S. Ngowo, Alex J. Limwagu, Heather M. Ferguson, Jason Matthiopoulos, Fredros O. Okumu and Luca Nelli
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:293
  17. Schistosomiasis elimination has gained renewed priority in the WHO guidance documents published in 2020 and 2022. The SchistoBreak project, implemented in Pemba, Tanzania between 2020 and 2024, aims to assess ...

    Authors: Lydia Trippler, Said Mohammed Ali, Shaali Makame Ame, Jan Hattendorf, Khamis Rashid Suleiman, Mohammed Nassor Ali, Saleh Juma, Fatma Kabole and Stefanie Knopp
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:292
  18. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the regulation of both the innate and adaptive immune response to Cryptosporidium parvum infection. We previously reported that C. parvum upregulated miR‑942‑5p expression in HC...

    Authors: Fujie Xie, Yajun Zhang, Juanfeng Li, Lulu Sun, Longxian Zhang, Meng Qi, Sumei Zhang, Fuchun Jian, Xiaoying Li, Junqiang Li, Changsheng Ning and Rongjun Wang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:291
  19. Species belonging to the subgenus Sauroleishmania are parasites of reptiles, and traditionally considered to be non-pathogenic to mammals. Knowledge of the development of these parasites in sand flies and their m...

    Authors: Lucie Ticha, Jovana Sadlova, Paul Bates and Petr Volf
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:289
  20. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are the main vectors of highly pathogenic viruses for humans, such as dengue (DENV), chikungunya (CHIKV), and Zika (ZIKV), which cause febrile, hemorrhagic, and neurological dis...

    Authors: Marcela Gómez, David Martinez, Marina Muñoz and Juan David Ramírez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:287
  21. The genus Rickettsia contains the lineages spotted fever group (SFG), typhus group (TG), and transitional group (TRG). The spotted fever group Rickettsia (SFGR) is transmitted by ticks. The tick species Dermacent...

    Authors: Zheng Gui, Hao Cai, Dong-Dong Qi, Shun Zhang, Shao-Yin Fu, Jing-Feng Yu, Xiao-Yan Si, Ting Cai and Rui Mao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:286
  22. The entomological inoculation rate (EIR) is one of the key indices used to evaluate malaria transmission and vector control interventions. One of the components of the EIR is the sporozoite rate in Anopheles vect...

    Authors: Chutipong Sukkanon, Frederick Ramirez Masangkay, Wanida Mala, Kwuntida Uthaisar Kotepui, Polrat Wilairatana, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap and Manas Kotepui
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:285
  23. Toxoplasma gondii has been reported to be associated with higher mortality in patients with schizophrenia. This study aimed to explore the relationship between T. gondii infection and 25-year mortality based on d...

    Authors: Jiaofeng Huang, Jiaolong Zheng, Bang Liu, Lingling Lu, Haicong Wu, Su Lin and Dongliang Li
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:284
  24. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), one kind of tick-borne acute infectious disease, is caused by a novel bunyavirus. The relationship between meteorological factors and infectious diseases is ...

    Authors: Zijiang Wang, Shiting Yang, Li Luo, Xiaohao Guo, Bin Deng, Zeyu Zhao, Jia Rui, Shanshan Yu, Bin Zhao, Yifang Wang, Jingyi Chen, Yingwei Sun, Tianmu Chen and Xinyu Feng
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:283
  25. Histidine acid phosphatase (HAP), a member of the histidine phosphatase superfamily, is widely found in parasites and is also a potential vaccine antigen or drug target. However, the biological function of HAP...

    Authors: Zhaohai Wen, Zhaoying Zhang, Kalibixiati Aimulajiang, Muhammad Tahir Aleem, Jiajun Feng, Meng Liang, Mingmin Lu, Lixin Xu, Xiaokai Song, Xiangrui Li and Ruofeng Yan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:282
  26. Monitoring the biological attributes of mosquitoes is critical for understanding pathogen transmission and estimating the impacts of vector control interventions on the survival of vector species. Infrared spe...

    Authors: Jacqueline N. Mgaya, Doreen J. Siria, Faraja E. Makala, Joseph P. Mgando, John-Mary Vianney, Emmanuel P. Mwanga and Fredros O. Okumu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:281
  27. Colonization of large part of Europe by the Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus is causing autochthonous transmission of chikungunya and dengue exotic arboviruses. While pyrethroids are recommended only to redu...

    Authors: Verena Pichler, Beniamino Caputo, Vera Valadas, Martina Micocci, Cintia Horvath, Chiara Virgillito, Mustafa Akiner, Georgios Balatsos, Christelle Bender, Gilles Besnard, Daniel Bravo-Barriga, Rubén Bueno-Mari, Francisco Collantes, Sarah Delacour-Estrella, Enkelejda Dikolli, Elena Falcuta…
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:280
  28. Toxocara canis is a cosmopolitan parasite with a significant adverse impact on the health of humans and animals. The spleen is a major immune organ that plays essential roles in protecting the host against variou...

    Authors: Yue Xu, Wen-Bin Zheng, Hao-Yu Li, Lang Cai, Yang Zou, Shi-Chen Xie, Xing-Quan Zhu and Hany M. Elsheikha
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:279
  29. In malaria endemic countries, seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) interventions are performed during the high malaria transmission in accordance with epidemiological surveillance data. In this study we prop...

    Authors: Mady Cissoko, Issaka Sagara, Jordi Landier, Abdoulaye Guindo, Vincent Sanogo, Oumou Yacouba Coulibaly, Pascal Dembélé, Sokhna Dieng, Cedric S. Bationo, Issa Diarra, Mahamadou H. Magassa, Ibrahima Berthé, Abdoulaye Katilé, Diahara Traoré, Nadine Dessay and Jean Gaudart
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:278
  30. Dengue is a major public health problem in Sri Lanka. Aedes vector surveillance and monitoring of larval indices are routine, long-established public health practices in the country. However, the association betw...

    Authors: Prasad Liyanage, Yesim Tozan, Hasitha Aravinda Tissera, Hans J. Overgaard and Joacim Rocklöv
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:277
  31. Toxoplasma gondii is a neurotropic single-celled parasite that can infect mammals, including humans. Central nervous system infection with T. gondii infection can lead to Toxoplasma encephalitis. Toxoplasma infec...

    Authors: Cudjoe Obed, Minmin Wu, Ying Chen, Ran An, Haijian Cai, Qingli Luo, Li Yu, Jie Wang, Fang Liu, Jilong Shen and Jian Du
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:276
  32. Avian haemosporidia infect both domestic and wild birds, causing anemia, acute tissue degeneration, and depopulation in wild birds. Poultry and wild birds have been reported as common reservoirs of haemosporid...

    Authors: Zhao Li, Xiao-Xia Ren, Yin-Jiao Zhao, Lian-Tao Yang, Bo-fang Duan, Na-Ying Hu, Feng-Cai Zou, Xing-Quan Zhu, Jun-Jun He and Qi-Shuai Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:275
  33. Infection of Neospora caninum, an important obligate intracellular protozoan parasite, causes reproductive dysfunctions (e.g. abortions) in ruminants (e.g. cattle, sheep and goats), leading to serious economic lo...

    Authors: De-Liang Tao, Shan-Shan Zhao, Jin-Ming Chen, Xi Chen, Xin Yang, Jun-Ke Song, Qun Liu and Guang-Hui Zhao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:274
  34. Gaining insight into molecular signalling pathways of socioeconomically important parasitic nematodes has implications for understanding their molecular biology and for developing novel anthelmintic interventi...

    Authors: Jack Adderley, Tao Wang, Guangxu Ma, Yuanting Zheng, Neil D. Young, Christian Doerig and Robin B. Gasser
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:273
  35. Encystation of the protoscoleces (PSCs) of Echinococcus granulosus is the main cause of secondary hydatid dissemination in the intermediate host. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) can transfer miRNAs into parasite cel...

    Authors: Jian Gao, Xuan Zhou, Ling Liu, Guodong Lv, Qiulian Hou, Xiaofan Zhang and Yujuan Shen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:272
  36. The protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii is a major concern for human and animal health. Although the metabolic understanding of toxoplasmosis has increased in recent years, the analysis of metabolic alterations ...

    Authors: Chun-Xue Zhou, Ling-Yu Li, Cui-Qin Huang, Xu-Dong Guo, Xu-Dian An, Fang-Fang Luo and Wei Cong
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:271
  37. Rhodnius prolixus is an important vector of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causal agent of Chagas disease in humans. Despite the medical importance of this and other triatomine vectors, the study of their immune response...

    Authors: Nicolas Salcedo-Porras, Pedro Lagerblad Oliveira, Alessandra Aparecida Guarneri and Carl Lowenberger
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:269
  38. Liver fibrosis is thought to have a close relationship with lipid profile. The possible association between lipids and liver fibrosis of different etiologies has been widely explored. However, the association...

    Authors: Yang Liu, PengPeng Zhang, JunHui Li, Hao Li, Chen Zhou, Yu Zhang and YingZi Ming
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:268

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:330

  39. Sequencing parasite genomes in the presence of host DNA is challenging. Sequence capture can overcome this problem by using RNA probes that hybridize with the parasite DNA and then are removed from solution, t...

    Authors: Vincenzo A. Ellis, Victor Kalbskopf, Arif Ciloglu, Mélanie Duc, Xi Huang, Abdullah Inci, Staffan Bensch, Olof Hellgren and Vaidas Palinauskas
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:267
  40. Fleas are the most economically significant blood-feeding ectoparasites worldwide. Ctenocephalides felis and Pulex irritans can parasitize various animals closely related to humans and are of high veterinary sign...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Yu Nie, Le-Yan Li, Shu-Yu Chen, Guo-Hua Liu and Wei Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:266
  41. Sand flies vector several human pathogens, including Leishmania species, which cause leishmaniases. A leishmaniasis vaccine does not yet exist, so the most common prevention strategies involve personal protection...

    Authors: Nayma Romo Bechara, Gideon Wasserberg and Kasie Raymann
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:265
  42. Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) represent an emerging global threat to public health due to the geographical expansion of arthropod vectors. The study aims to assess the seroprevalence of selected vector-borne pa...

    Authors: Angela Stufano, Roberta Iatta, Giovanni Sgroi, Hamid Reza Jahantigh, Francesco Cagnazzo, Agnes Flöel, Guglielmo Lucchese, Daniela Loconsole, Francesca Centrone, Jairo Alfonso Mendoza-Roldan, Maria Chironna, Domenico Otranto and Piero Lovreglio
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:264
  43. The aim of this study was to gain an understanding of the transcriptomic changes that occur in a wild species when infected with Toxoplasma gondii. The masked palm civet, an artifically domesticated animal, was u...

    Authors: Hao Yuan, Xiu-Xiang Zhang, Zi-Peng Yang, Xiao-Hu Wang, Yasser S. Mahmmod, Pian Zhang, Zi-Jing Yan, Yan-Yun Wang, Zhao-Wen Ren, Qing-Yong Guo and Zi-Guo Yuan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:263
  44. Phlebotomine sand flies are vectors of Leishmania parasites, which are the causative agents of leishmaniasis. Herein, we developed an amplicon-based next-generation sequencing (Amp-NGS) to characterize sand flies...

    Authors: Abedelmajeed Nasereddin, Suheir Ereqat, Amer Al-Jawabreh, Mohamad Taradeh, Ibrahim Abbasi, Hanan Al-Jawabreh, Samer Sawalha and Ziad Abdeen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:262
  45. The rapid worldwide spreading of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus is expanding the risk of arboviral diseases transmission, pointing out the urgent need to improve monitoring and control of mosquito vector popu...

    Authors: Sara Buezo Montero, Paolo Gabrieli, Anne Poinsignon, Bi Zamble Hubert Zamble, Fabrizio Lombardo, Franck Remoue and Bruno Arcà
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:260
  46. Providing protection from malaria vector bites, both indoors and outdoors, is crucial to curbing malaria parasite transmission. Screening of house entry points, especially with incorporated insecticides, confe...

    Authors: Margaret Mendi Njoroge, Alexandra Hiscox, Adam Saddler, Willem Takken, Joop J. A. van Loon and Ulrike Fillinger
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:259

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