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  1. Mosquitoes and other vectors are often exposed to sublethal doses of insecticides. Larvae can be exposed to the run-off of agricultural use, and adults can be irritated by insecticides used against them and mo...

    Authors: Gaël Hauser, Kevin Thiévent and Jacob C. Koella

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:107

    Content type: Research

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  2. Ixodes ricinus is the most common tick species in Europe and the main vector for Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato) and tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). It is involved also in the transmission of Borrelia miy...

    Authors: Cristian Răileanu, Oliver Tauchmann, Ana Vasić, Elisabeth Wöhnke and Cornelia Silaghi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:106

    Content type: Research

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  3. Blood parasites belonging to the Apicomplexa, Trypanosomatidae and Filarioidea are widespread in birds and have been studied extensively. Microscopical examination (ME) of stained blood films remains the gold ...

    Authors: Carolina R. F. Chagas, Rasa Binkienė, Mikas Ilgūnas, Tatjana Iezhova and Gediminas Valkiūnas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:104

    Content type: Methodology

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  4. Mosquito-borne viral infections have in recent years, become a public health threat globally. This review aimed to provide an overview of the ecological and epidemiological profiles of mosquito-borne viral inf...

    Authors: Kennedy M. Mbanzulu, Leonard E. G. Mboera, Flory K. Luzolo, Roger Wumba, Gerald Misinzo and Sharadhuli I. Kimera

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:103

    Content type: Review

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  5. Pets may be carriers of infectious agents including parasites. As part of a larger-scale study covering the whole of Europe, this study examines deworming measures reported by Spanish pet owners and identifies...

    Authors: Guadalupe Miró, Rosa Gálvez, Ana Montoya, Beatriz Delgado and Jason Drake

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:101

    Content type: Research

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  6. Trichinella spiralis muscle larval (ML) excretion/secretion (ES) antigen is the most widely used diagnostic antigen of trichinellosis, but preparation of ES antigen requires collecting worms from infected animals...

    Authors: Chen Xi Hu, Peng Jiang, Xin Yue, Jie Zeng, Xin Zhuo Zhang, Yan Yan Song, Ruo Dan Liu, Xi Zhang, Zhong Quan Wang and Jing Cui

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:97

    Content type: Research

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  7. Since the introduction of miltefosine (MIL) as first-line therapy in the kala-azar elimination programme in the Indian subcontinent, treatment failure rates have been increasing. Since parasite infectivity and...

    Authors: Sarah Hendrickx, Lieselotte Van Bockstal, Dimitri Bulté, Annelies Mondelaers, Hamide Aslan, Luis Rivas, Louis Maes and Guy Caljon

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:96

    Content type: Research

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  8. Rodents constitute an important part of the diet of many carnivore species. This predator-prey food chain is exploited by helminth parasites, such as cestodes, whose larval stages develop in rodents and then m...

    Authors: Anna Bajer, Mohammed Alsarraf, Dorota Dwużnik, Ewa J. Mierzejewska, Marta Kołodziej-Sobocińska, Jolanta Behnke-Borowczyk, Łukasz Banasiak, Maciej Grzybek, Katarzyna Tołkacz, Natalia Kartawik, Łukasz Stańczak, Patrycja Opalińska, Małgorzata Krokowska-Paluszak, Grzegorz Górecki, Mustafa Alsarraf and Jerzy M. Behnke

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:95

    Content type: Research

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  9. New therapeutic drugs are urgently needed against visceral leishmaniasis because current drugs, such as pentavalent antimonials and miltefosine, produce severe side effects and development of resistance. Wheth...

    Authors: Zhi-Wan Zheng, Jiao Li, Han Chen, Jin-Lei He, Qi-Wei Chen, Jian-Hui Zhang, Qi Zhou, Da-Li Chen and Jian-Ping Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:94

    Content type: Research

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  10. Coccidiosis is caused by Eimeria spp. and can result in severe economic losses to the global poultry industry. Due to anticoccidial drug resistance rapidly developing in the parasites and drug residues in poultry...

    Authors: Jin Liu, Wenbin Tuo, Xiangdong Wu, Jiaming Xiong, Enchao Yu, Chao Yin, Zhiwu Ma and Liheng Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:93

    Content type: Research

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  11. Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis has been well studied in several countries. Brazil is one of the most important beef exporting countries and has one of the highest cattle population size in the world. In ...

    Authors: Gabriel Augusto Marques Rossi, Inge Van Damme and Sarah Gabriël

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:92

    Content type: Research

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  12. The international movement of used tyres is a major factor responsible for global introductions of Aedes invasive mosquitoes (AIMs) (Diptera: Culicidae) that are major disease vectors (e.g. dengue, Zika, chikungu...

    Authors: Thom Dallimore, David Goodson, Sven Batke and Clare Strode

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:91

    Content type: Methodology

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  13. Yellow fever (YF) is a severe, infectious, but non-communicable arboviral hemorrhagic disease. In the last decades, yellow fever virus (YFV) infections have been prevalent in endemic areas in Brazil, affecting...

    Authors: Maria Angélica Monteiro de Mello Mares-Guia, Marco A. Horta, Alessandro Romano, Cíntia D. S. Rodrigues, Marcos C. L. Mendonça, Carolina C. dos Santos, Maria C. Torres, Eliane S. M. Araujo, Allison Fabri, Everton R. de Souza, Roberta O. R. Ribeiro, Fabiana P. Lucena, Luiz C. A. Junior, Rivaldo V. da Cunha, Rita M. R. Nogueira, Patricia C. Sequeira…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:90

    Content type: Research

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  14. The drosophilid Phortica variegata is known as vector of Thelazia callipaeda, the oriental eyeworm native to Asia that has become an emergent zoonotic agent in several European regions. Unlike almost all other ar...

    Authors: Marco Pombi, Valentina Marino, John Jaenike, John Graham-Brown, Ilaria Bernardini, Riccardo P. Lia, Fred Beugnet, Guadalupe Miro and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:89

    Content type: Research

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  15. It is hypothesised that being a blood-feeding ectoparasite, Argulus foliaceus (Linnaeus, 1758), uses similar mechanisms for digestion and host immune evasion to those used by other haematophagous ecdysozoa, inclu...

    Authors: Aisha AmbuAli, Sean J. Monaghan, Kevin McLean, Neil F. Inglis, Michaël Bekaert, Stefanie Wehner and James E. Bron

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:88

    Content type: Research

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  16. Anopheles funestus (s.s.) is a primary vector of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in Africa, a human pathogen that causes almost half a million deaths each year. The population structure of An. funestus

    Authors: Martha A. Kaddumukasa, Jane Wright, Mbanga Muleba, Jenny C. Stevenson, Douglas E. Norris and Maureen Coetzee

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:87

    Content type: Research

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  17. An aberrant Ascaris suum infection in a domestic dog in China in 2019 is described for the first time. This pathogen is a common roundworm of pigs with few reported cases in domestic animals. Our findings suggest...

    Authors: Yue Xie, Yunjian Liu, Xiaobin Gu, Xuan Zhou, Xuerong Peng, Ran He, Hongrui Guo, Zhicai Zuo and Guangyou Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:86

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  18. Lipid metabolism is pivotal for the growth of apicomplexan parasites. Lipid synthesis requires bulk carbon skeleton acyl-CoAs, the transport of which depends on the acyl-CoA binding protein (ACBP). In Neospora ca...

    Authors: Bingxin Zhou, Yong Fu, Heng Zhang, Xianmei Wang, Gaowei Jin, Jianhai Xu, Qun Liu and Jing Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:85

    Content type: Research

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  19. Infection with the apicomplexan protozoan parasite T. gondii can cause severe and potentially fatal cerebral and ocular disease, especially in immunocompromised individuals. The anticoccidial ionophore drug monen...

    Authors: Bintao Zhai, Jun-Jun He, Hany M. Elsheikha, Jie-Xi Li, Xing-Quan Zhu and Xiaoye Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:84

    Content type: Research

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  20. Historical European exploration and colonization resulted in the introduction of four species of rodents to the Australian continent from Eurasia: the brown rat, Rattus norvegicus, the black rat, R. rattus, the P...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Lance A. Durden and Renfu Shao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:83

    Content type: Research

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  21. Felids (domestic and wild cats) are important in the epidemiology of the parasite Toxoplasma gondii because they are the only hosts that can excrete the environmentally resistant oocysts. We conducted a systemati...

    Authors: Mahbobeh Montazeri, Tahereh Mikaeili Galeh, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Samira Dodangeh, Javad Javidnia, Mehdi Sharif and Ahmad Daryani

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:82

    Content type: Review

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  22. Sphaerothecum destruens is an obligate intracellular fish parasite which has been identified as a serious threat to freshwater fishes. Taxonomically, S. destruens belongs to the order Dermocystida within the clas...

    Authors: Salma Sana, Emilie A. Hardouin, Richard Paley, Tiantian Zhang and Demetra Andreou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:81

    Content type: Research

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  23. The use of semiochemicals in odour-based traps for surveillance and control of vector mosquitoes is deemed a new and viable component for integrated vector management programmes. Over 114 semiochemicals have b...

    Authors: Madelien Wooding, Yvette Naudé, Egmont Rohwer and Marc Bouwer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:80

    Content type: Review

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  24. Culicoides biting midges are potential vectors of different pathogens. However, especially for eastern Europe, there is a lack of knowledge on the host-feeding patterns of this vector group. Therefore, this study...

    Authors: Alexandru Tomazatos, Hanna Jöst, Jonny Schulze, Marina Spînu, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Daniel Cadar and Renke Lühken

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:79

    Content type: Research

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  25. Illnesses transmitted by Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika comprise a considerable global burden; mosquito control is the primary public health tool to reduce disease transmissio...

    Authors: Rachel Sippy, Galo E. Rivera, Valeria Sanchez, Froilán Heras, Bianca Morejón, Efraín Beltrán, Robert S. Hikida, María A. López-Latorre, Alex Aguirre, Anna M. Stewart-Ibarra, David A. Larsen and Marco Neira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:78

    Content type: Research

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  26. The bacterium Coxiella burnetii is the etiological agent of Q fever and is mainly transmitted via inhalation of infectious aerosols. DNA of C. burnetii is frequently detected in ticks, but the role of ticks as ve...

    Authors: Sophia Körner, Gustavo R. Makert, Katja Mertens-Scholz, Klaus Henning, Martin Pfeffer, Alexander Starke, Ard M. Nijhof and Sebastian Ulbert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:75

    Content type: Research

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  27. The Dicrocoeliidae are digenetic trematodes mostly parasitic in the bile ducts and gall bladder of various avian and mammalian hosts. Until recently their systematics was based on morphological data only. Due ...

    Authors: Suleman, Mian Sayed Khan, Vasyl V. Tkach, Nehaz Muhammad, Dong Zhang, Xing-Quan Zhu and Jun Ma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:74

    Content type: Research

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  28. Lyme disease (LD) is an increasing public health threat in temperate zones of the northern hemisphere, yet relatively few methods exist for reducing LD risk in endemic areas. Disrupting the LD transmission cyc...

    Authors: Jérôme Pelletier, Jean-Philippe Rocheleau, Cécile Aenishaenslin, Francis Beaudry, Gabrielle Dimitri Masson, L. Robbin Lindsay, Nicholas H. Ogden, Catherine Bouchard and Patrick A. Leighton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:73

    Content type: Research

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  29. Canine heartworm disease, caused by Dirofilaria immitis, has global veterinary importance. In Australia, the prevalence of canine heartworm infection decreased markedly following the introduction of over-the-coun...

    Authors: Bronwyn Orr, Gemma Ma, Wei Ling Koh, Richard Malik, Jacqui M. Norris, Mark E. Westman, Denise Wigney, Graeme Brown, Michael P. Ward and Jan Šlapeta

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:69

    Content type: Research

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  30. The malaria elimination plan of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) is jeopardized by the increasing number of Plasmodium vivax infections and emergence of parasite strains with reduced susceptibility to the front...

    Authors: Huguette Gaelle Ngassa Mbenda, Meilian Wang, Jian Guo, Faiza Amber Siddiqui, Yue Hu, Zhaoqing Yang, Veerayuth Kittichai, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Yaming Cao, Lubin Jiang and Liwang Cui

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:67

    Content type: Research

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  31. Ornithodoros turicata is an important vector of both human and veterinary pathogens. One primary concern is the global spread of African swine fever virus and the risk of its re-emergence in the Americas through ...

    Authors: Hee J. Kim, Aparna Krishnavajhala, Brittany A. Armstrong, Adalberto A. Pérez de León, Serhii Filatov, Pete D. Teel and Job E. Lopez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:66

    Content type: Research

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  32. In three randomized, controlled laboratory efficacy studies, the efficacy in the prevention of patent infections of a topical combination of imidacloprid 10%/moxidectin 1% (Advocate® spot-on formulation for ca...

    Authors: Lea Heuer, Gabriele Petry, Matthias Pollmeier, Roland Schaper, Katrin Deuster, Holger Schmidt, Katrin Blazejak, Christina Strube, Angela Di Cesare, Donato Traversa, Manuela Schnyder, Janina McKay-Demeler, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Sandra Mangold-Gehring and Claudia Böhm

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:65

    Content type: Research

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  33. Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease that infects over 200 million people worldwide. Control measures can benefit from improved surveillance methods in freshwaters, with environmental DNA (eDNA) sur...

    Authors: Hind Alzaylaee, Rupert A. Collins, Asilatu Shechonge, Benjamin P. Ngatunga, Eric R. Morgan and Martin J. Genner

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:63

    Content type: Methodology

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  34. Red Vent Syndrome (RVS), a haemorrhagic inflammation of the vent region in Atlantic salmon, is associated with high abundance of Anisakis simplex (s.s.) third-stage larvae (L3) in the vent region. Despite evidenc...

    Authors: Alexander J. Kent, Campbell C. Pert, Robert A. Briers, Karen Diele and Sonja Rueckert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:62

    Content type: Research

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  35. Zoonotic onchocerciasis is a vector-borne disease, which involves many animal species, including large ungulates, boars, dogs, and sporadically, humans. So far, 39 cases of zoonotic onchocerciasis have been re...

    Authors: Maria Wesołowska, Hanna Zając-Pytrus, Aleksander Masny, Wiktoria Pytrus, Brygida Knysz, Elzbieta Golab and Rusłan Sałamatin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:61

    Content type: Short report

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  36. Ascariasis, caused by Ascaris suum, is an important soil-transmitted parasitic disease of pigs worldwide. It leads to significant economic losses in the pork industry, as a consequence of low feed conversion effi...

    Authors: Youle Zheng, Yue Xie, Peter Geldhof, Johnny Vlaminck, Guangxu Ma, Robin B. Gasser and Tao Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:60

    Content type: Short report

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  37. Trichomonas vaginalis is the causative agent of trichomoniasis, which is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases worldwide. Trichomoniasis has a high incidence and prevalence and is associated with s...

    Authors: Mirna Samara Dié Alves, Raquel Nascimento das Neves, Ângela Sena-Lopes, Micaela Domingues, Angela Maria Casaril, Natália Vieira Segatto, Thaís Cristina Mendonça Nogueira, Marcus Vinicius Nora de Souza, Lucielli Savegnago, Fabiana Kömmling Seixas, Tiago Collares and Sibele Borsuk

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:59

    Content type: Research

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  38. Trichinella nematodes are globally distributed food-borne pathogens, in which Trichinella spiralis is the most common species in China. Microsatellites are a powerful tool in population genetics and phylogeograph...

    Authors: Ting-Ting Li, Bin Tang, Xue Bai, Xue-Lin Wang, Xue-Nong Luo, Hong-Bin Yan, Hong-Fei Zhu, Hong Jia, Xiao-Lei Liu and Ming-Yuan Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:58

    Content type: Methodology

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  39. Eimeria spp. are responsible for chicken coccidiosis which is the most important enteric protozoan disease resulting in tremendous economic losses in the poultry industry. Understanding the interaction between th...

    Authors: Hong-Liang Chen, Xin-Yu Zhao, Guang-Xun Zhao, Hai-Bin Huang, Hao-Rui Li, Chun-Wei Shi, Wen-Tao Yang, Yan-Long Jiang, Jian-Zhong Wang, Li-Ping Ye, Quan Zhao, Chun-Feng Wang and Gui-Lian Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:56

    Content type: Research

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  40. Nyssorhynchus darlingi (also known as Anopheles darlingi) is the primary malaria vector in the Amazon River Basin. In Brazil, analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) previously detected three major pop...

    Authors: Virginia M. Chu, Maria Anice Mureb Sallum, Timothy E. Moore, Kevin J. Emerson, Carl D. Schlichting and Jan E. Conn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:55

    Content type: Research

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  41. Wolbachia pipientis are bacterial endosymbionts of arthropods currently being implemented as biocontrol agents to reduce the global burden of arboviral diseases. Some strains of Wolbachia, when introduced into Ae...

    Authors: O’mezie Ekwudu, Gregor J. Devine, John G. Aaskov and Francesca D. Frentiu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:54

    Content type: Short report

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  42. Aedes-borne diseases such as dengue and chikungunya constitute constant threats globally. In Tanzania, these diseases are transmitted by Aedes aegypti, which is widely distributed in urban areas, but whose ecolog...

    Authors: Najat F. Kahamba, Alex J. Limwagu, Salum A. Mapua, Betwel J. Msugupakulya, Dickson S. Msaky, Emmanuel W. Kaindoa, Halfan S. Ngowo and Fredros O. Okumu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:53

    Content type: Research

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  43. The Spirorchiidae is a family of blood flukes parasitizing turtles. Spirorchiids may cause a wide range of inflammatory reactions in the vascular system of their host being frequently implicated with stranding...

    Authors: Mario Santoro, Erica Marchiori, Rudi Cassini, Michele Drigo, Doriana Iaccarino, Fabio Di Nocera, Barbara Degli Uberti, Giovanna De Luca, Marianna D’Amore, Cinzia Centelleghe, Mario Pietrobelli and Federica Marcer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:52

    Content type: Research

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  44. Different immune mechanisms are capable of killing developmental stages of filarial nematodes and these mechanisms are also likely to vary between the primary and a challenge infection. However, the lack of a ...

    Authors: Valerine C. Chunda, Manuel Ritter, Ayukenchengamba Bate, Narcisse V. T. Gandjui, Mathias E. Esum, Fanny F. Fombad, Abdel J. Njouendou, Patrick W. C. Ndongmo, Mark J. Taylor, Achim Hoerauf, Laura E. Layland, Joseph D. Turner and Samuel Wanji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:51

    Content type: Research

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  45. The genus Onchocerca Diesing, 1841 includes species of medical importance, such as O. volvulus (Leuckart, 1893), which causes river blindness in the tropics. Recently, zoonotic onchocercosis has been reported in ...

    Authors: Shigehiko Uni, Ahmad Syihan Mat Udin, Takeshi Agatsuma, Kerstin Junker, Weerachai Saijuntha, Naruemon Bunchom, Masako Fukuda, Coralie Martin, Emilie Lefoulon, Amandine Labat, Faisal Ali Anwarali Khan, Van Lun Low, Phaik Leng Cheah, Yvonne Ai-Lian Lim, Rosli Ramli, Daicus Martin Belabut…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:50

    Content type: Research

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  46. Cystic echinococcosis is a chronic disease caused by infection with the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus. The parasite’s ability to establish persistent infection is partly due to its evolving immune evasion str...

    Authors: Shengkui Cao, Wenci Gong, Xiaofan Zhang, Meng Xu, Ying Wang, Yuxin Xu, Jianping Cao, Yujuan Shen and Jiaxu Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:49

    Content type: Research

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  47. Melanic (dark) morphs have been barely reported in peridomestic and sylvatic conditions for Triatoma infestans, the most important vector of Chagas disease in the Southern Cone of South America. Adults with dark ...

    Authors: Julieta Nattero, Ana Laura Carbajal de la Fuente, Romina Valeria Piccinali, Miriam Cardozo, Claudia Susana Rodríguez and Liliana Beatriz Crocco

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:47

    Content type: Research

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  48. The tick Haemaphysalis longicornis exhibits two separate reproductive populations: bisexual and parthenogenetic, which have diploid and triploid karyotypes, respectively. The parthenogenetic population can underg...

    Authors: Zhao-Xi Qiu, Yuan Li, Meng-Meng Li, Wen-Ying Wang, Tian-Tian Zhang and Jing-Ze Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:46

    Content type: Research

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