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  1. Microsporidia are a group of intracellular parasitic eukaryotes, serious pathogens that cause widespread infection in humans, vertebrates, and invertebrates. Because microsporidia have a thick spore wall struc...

    Authors: Zhanqi Dong, Na Gao, Boyuan Deng, Xuhua Huang, Congwu Hu, Peng Chen, Qin Wu, Cheng Lu and Minhui Pan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:141
  2. Despite considerable public health efforts over the past 20 years, childhood stunting (physical and/or cognitive) levels globally remain unacceptably high—at 22% amongst children under 5 years old in 2020. The...

    Authors: E. Raj, B. Calvo-Urbano, C. Heffernan, J. Halder and J. P. Webster
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:135
  3. Mosquito control is currently the main tool available to contain the spread of several arboviruses in Brazil. We have evaluated the association between entomological surveys of female adult Aedes aegypti and the ...

    Authors: Maisa Carla Pereira Parra, Camila Lorenz, Margareth Regina Dibo, Bruno Henrique Gonçalves de Aguiar Milhim, Marluci Monteiro Guirado, Mauricio Lacerda Nogueira and Francisco Chiaravalloti-Neto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:133
  4. The range of the ornate dog tick Dermacentor reticulatus is rapidly expanding in Europe. This tick species is the vector of canine babesiosis, caused by Babesia canis, and also plays a role in the transmission of...

    Authors: Ondřej Daněk, Kristýna Hrazdilová, Dominika Kozderková, Daria Jirků and David Modrý
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:132
  5. Leishmaniosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in the Mediterranean basin caused by Leishmania infantum and transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies. While in dogs disease may be severe, leishmaniosis is also a public...

    Authors: Aurora Müller, Ana Montoya, Cristina Escacena, María de la Cruz, Ana Junco, Andrés Iriso, Eloy Marino, Fernando Fúster and Guadalupe Miró
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:96
  6. The fast-declining clinical efficacy of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHA-PPQ) in Cambodia is a warning of the underlying westward dissemination of piperaquine resistance in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS...

    Authors: Run Ye, Yilong Zhang and Dongmei Zhang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:130
  7. Helminthiasis and resistance to commercial anthelmintic compounds are major causes of economic losses for livestock producers, resulting in an urgent need for new drugs and reliable in vitro screening tests ca...

    Authors: Beatriz Munguía, Jenny Saldaña, Magdalena Nieves, María Elisa Melian, Manuela Ferrer, Ramiro Teixeira, Williams Porcal, Eduardo Manta and Laura Domínguez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:129
  8. The insect endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia is being deployed in field populations of the mosquito Aedes aegypti for biological control. This microbe prevents the replication of human disease-causing viruses ins...

    Authors: Austin J. Mejia, H. L. C. Dutra, M. J. Jones, R. Perera and E. A. McGraw
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:128
  9. Anautogenous mosquitoes commonly consume nectars and other solutions containing sugar but are thought to only produce eggs in discrete gonadotrophic cycles after blood-feeding on a vertebrate host. However, so...

    Authors: Ruby E. Harrison, Kangkang Chen, Lilith South, Ange Lorenzi, Mark R. Brown and Michael R. Strand
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:127
  10. In recent decades, populations of the raccoon (Procyon lotor) and the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonides) have increased and adapted to peri-urban and urban environments in many parts of the world. Their abilit...

    Authors: Izabella Myśliwy, Agnieszka Perec-Matysiak and Joanna Hildebrand
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:126
  11. Proteinuria is a common finding in dogs with leishmaniosis. Although antileishmanial therapeutic protocols are widely implemented, little information is available on which treatments are most adequate for iden...

    Authors: Marta Monteiro, Sara Prata, Luís Cardoso, Isabel Pereira da Fonseca and Rodolfo Oliveira Leal
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:125
  12. Insecticide-treated net (ITN) durability is evaluated using longitudinal bioefficacy and fabric integrity sampling post-distribution. Interceptor® G2 was developed for resistance management and contains two adult...

    Authors: Ummi Abdul Kibondo, Olukayode G. Odufuwa, Saphina H. Ngonyani, Ahmadi B. Mpelepele, Issaya Matanilla, Hassan Ngonyani, Noel O. Makungwa, Antony P. Mseka, Kyeba Swai, Watson Ntabaliba, Susanne Stutz, James W. Austin and Sarah Jane Moore
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:124
  13. Improved understanding of the molecular basis of insecticide resistance may yield new opportunities for control of relevant disease vectors. In this current study, we investigated the quantification responses ...

    Authors: Mas Azlin M. Akhir, Mustafa F. F. Wajidi, Sébastien Lavoué, Ghows Azzam, Izhan Shahrin Jaafar, Noor Aslinda Ummi Awang Besar and Intan H. Ishak
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:122
  14. The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is a well-known, rare and endangered species. Baylisascaris schroederi is a pathogenic ascarid. Infection with B. schroederi may cause death in giant pandas. At present, t...

    Authors: Jing-Yun Xu, XiaoBin Gu, Yue Xie, Ran He, Jing Xu, Lang Xiong, XueRong Peng and GuangYou Yang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:121
  15. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), caused by the SFTS virus (SFTSV), is an acute infectious disease transmitted by ticks that has recently been identified. There are no reports of epidemic ser...

    Authors: Xiao-Hu Han, Yue Ma, Hong-Yan Liu, Dan Li, Yan Wang, Feng-Hua Jiang, Qing-Tian Gao, Feng Jiang, Bao-Shan Liu, Guo-Shun Shen and Ze-Liang Chen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:120
  16. Gastrointestinal (GI) helminth infections cause significant morbidity in both humans and animals worldwide. Specific and sensitive diagnosis is central to the surveillance of such infections and to determine t...

    Authors: Marina Papaiakovou, D. Timothy J. Littlewood, Stephen R. Doyle, Robin B. Gasser and Cinzia Cantacessi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:118
  17. Ixodes barkeri, a tick with a distinctive ventrolateral horn-like projection on palpal segment 1, was described in 2019 from two male ticks from the Wet Tropics of Far North Queensland, Australia. However, female...

    Authors: Dayana Barker, Samuel Kelava, Renfu Shao, Owen D. Seeman, Malcolm K. Jones, Ryo Nakao, Stephen C. Barker and Dmitry A. Apanaskevich
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:117
  18. The genus Cissophyllus (Cosmocercoidea: Kathlaniidae) is a rare group of nematodes parasitic in turtles and lizards. To date, only four species have been reported in Asia and North America. However, most of them ...

    Authors: Xue-Feng Ni, Hui-Xia Chen, Zhen Xu, Xiao-Hong Gu and Liang Li
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:116
  19. In changing northern ecosystems, understanding the mechanisms of transmission of zoonotic pathogens, including the coccidian parasite Toxoplasma gondii, is essential to protect the health of vulnerable animals an...

    Authors: Émilie Bouchard, Rajnish Sharma, Adrián Hernández-Ortiz, Kayla Buhler, Batol Al-Adhami, Chunlei Su, Heather Fenton, Géraldine G.-Gouin, James D. Roth, Chloé Warret Rodrigues, Carla Pamak, Audrey Simon, Nicholas Bachand, Patrick Leighton and Emily Jenkins
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:115

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:146

  20. Throughout history, women have been actively involved in the advancement of science, while struggling to overcome challenges to participate and a lack of recognition. Prior to 1950, most women were not include...

    Authors: Adriana Troyo, María Paula González-Sequeira, Mónica Aguirre-Salazar, Ian Cambronero-Ortíz, Luis Enrique Chaves-González, María José Mejías-Alpízar, Kendall Alvarado-Molina, Ólger Calderón-Arguedas and Diana Rojas-Araya
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:114
  21. Species of the genus Bartonella are facultative intracellular alphaproteobacteria with zoonotic potential. Bartonella infections in humans range from mild with unspecific symptoms to life threatening, and can be ...

    Authors: Maria Krügel, Nina Król, Volkhard A. J. Kempf, Martin Pfeffer and Anna Obiegala
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:113
  22. This article presents an overview of paratransgenesis as a strategy to control pathogen transmission by insect vectors. It first briefly summarises some of the disease-causing pathogens vectored by insects and...

    Authors: Norman A. Ratcliffe, João P. Furtado Pacheco, Paul Dyson, Helena Carla Castro, Marcelo S. Gonzalez, Patricia Azambuja and Cicero B. Mello
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:112
  23. There is a pressing need to improve understanding of how insecticide resistance affects the functional performance of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs). Standard WHO insecticide resistance monitoring assays are ...

    Authors: Priscille Barreaux, Jacob C. Koella, Raphael N’Guessan and Matthew B. Thomas
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:111
  24. This study aimed to fill a gap of knowledge by providing a quantitative measure of molecularly identified species and genotypes belonging to Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) causing human cystic echinoco...

    Authors: Adriano Casulli, Alessandro Massolo, Urmas Saarma, Gérald Umhang, Federica Santolamazza and Azzurra Santoro
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:109
  25. In Brazil, malaria is concentrated in the Amazon Basin, where more than 99% of the annual cases are reported. The main goal of this study was to investigate the population structure and genetic association of ...

    Authors: Marcus Vinicius Niz Alvarez, Diego Peres Alonso, Samir Moura Kadri, Paulo Rufalco-Moutinho, Isabella Ariadne Ferrari Bernardes, Ana Carolina Florindo de Mello, Ana Carolina Souto, Gabriel Carrasco-Escobar, Marta Moreno, Dionicia Gamboa, Joseph M. Vinetz, Jan E. Conn and Paulo E. M. Ribolla
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:106
  26. In canine leishmaniosis (CanL) endemic areas, pathologists often receive skin biopsies for testing with histopathologic findings suggestive—but not conclusive for a definitive diagnosis—of CanL lesions. I the ...

    Authors: Ilaria Porcellato, Giulia Morganti, Maria Teresa Antognoni, Katarzyna Małgorzata Walczak, Stefano De Arcangeli, Tommaso Furlanello, Cristina Bianca Quattrone, Fabrizia Veronesi and Chiara Brachelente
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:104
  27. Schistosomiasis is a disease that poses major threats to human and animal health, as well as the economy, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Whilst many studies have evaluated the economic impact of schis...

    Authors: Praise Adeyemo, Elsa Léger, Elizabeth Hollenberg, Nicolas Diouf, Mariama Sène, Joanne P. Webster and Barbara Häsler
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:101
  28. In arboviral disease systems where the virus can be transmitted from male to female vectors and from one generation to the next, targeting the female (especially when she is gravid) can help alter the persiste...

    Authors: Hamady Dieng, Storm McLean, Holly Stradling, Cole Morgan, Malik Gordon, Whitney Ebanks, Zoila Ebanks and Alan Wheeler
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:100
  29. Most cystic echinococcosis cases in Southern Brazil are caused by Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus ortleppi. Proteomic studies of helminths have increased our knowledge about the molecular survival strate...

    Authors: Guilherme Brzoskowski dos Santos, Edileuza Danieli da Silva, Eduardo Shigueo Kitano, Maria Eduarda Battistella, Karina Mariante Monteiro, Jeferson Camargo de Lima, Henrique Bunselmeyer Ferreira, Solange Maria de Toledo Serrano and Arnaldo Zaha
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:99
  30. Babesia is a common protozoan parasite that infects red blood cells. In mice infected with Babesia microti, the red blood cells were lysed, resulting in decreased oxygen-carrying capacity. To compensate for low b...

    Authors: Xiaohong Yang, Ningmei Wang, Shuguang Ren, Yuhong Hu, Han Wang, Aimeng Ji, Lihui Cao, Mengxue Li, Jingze Liu and Hui Wang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:98
  31. Snail intermediate hosts are mandatory for the transmission of schistosomiasis, which has to date infected more than 200 million people worldwide. Our previous studies showed that niclosamide treatment caused ...

    Authors: Ni Jiang, Shi-Zhu Li, Yang-Wen-Qing Zhang, Mohamed R. Habib, Tao Xiong, Sha Xu, Huifen Dong and Qin-Ping Zhao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:97
  32. Trypanosoma theileri species complex includes parasites of Bovidae (cattle, sheep, goat, etc.) and Cervidae (deer) transmitted mainly by Tabanidae (horse flies and deerflies) and keds (Hippoboscidae). While morph...

    Authors: Alexei Yu. Kostygov, Alexander O. Frolov, Marina N. Malysheva, Anna I. Ganyukova, Daria Drachko, Vyacheslav Yurchenko and Vera V. Agasoi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:95
  33. To develop an effective malaria vector intervention method in forested international border regions within the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), more in-depth studies should be conducted on local Anopheles species ...

    Authors: Canglin Zhang, Chunhai Luo, Rui Yang, Yaming Yang, Xiaofang Guo, Yan Deng, Hongning Zhou and Yilong Zhang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:94
  34. The impact of infections with tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) other than Borrelia burgdorferi (s.l.) and tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) on public health in Europe remains unclear. Our goal is to evaluate whethe...

    Authors: Tal Azagi, Margriet Harms, Arno Swart, Manoj Fonville, Dieuwertje Hoornstra, Lapo Mughini-Gras, Joppe W. Hovius, Hein Sprong and Cees van den Wijngaard
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:93
  35. The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus (Skuse 1894), which is native to Southeast Asia, is among the top 100 invasive species worldwide and one of the most troubling vector species. It has become established i...

    Authors: Federico Romiti, Riccardo Casini, Adele Magliano, Arianna Ermenegildi and Claudio De Liberato
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:92
  36. Among the 18 genera of the Triatominae subfamily, three stand out for their diversity and epidemiological importance: Triatoma, Panstrongylus, and Rhodnius. Rhodnius includes 21 species that can transmit Trypanos...

    Authors: Gustavo Lázari Cacini, Jader de Oliveira, Tiago Belintani, Éder dos Santos Souza, Nicoly Olaia, Mara Cristina Pinto and João Aristeu da Rosa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:91
  37. Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens are vector-borne zoonotic parasites which affect mainly dogs and humans worldwide. In Iran, information about the distribution of those nematodes is scant in several reg...

    Authors: Seyed Hossein Hosseini, Fateme Manshori-Ghaishghorshagh, Mohammad Ramezani, Hassan Nayebzadeh, Mohammad Bagher Ahoo, Ahdieh Eslamian, Minoo Soltani, Shahram Jamshidi, Marcos Antonio Bezerra-Santos, Fatemeh Jalousian, Alireza Sazmand and Domenico Otranto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:90
  38. Ticks are important vectors and transmit diverse pathogens, including protozoa, viruses, and bacteria. Tick-borne diseases can cause damage to both human health and the livestock industries. The control and pr...

    Authors: Zhang Ruiling, Liu Wenjuan, Zhang Kexin, Wang Xuejun and Zhang Zhong
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:89
  39. Despite the eradication of malaria across most European countries in the 1960s and 1970s, the anopheline vectors are still present. Most of the malaria cases that have been reported in Europe up to the present...

    Authors: Michela Bertola, Matteo Mazzucato, Marco Pombi and Fabrizio Montarsi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:88
  40. Small mammals (rodents and marsupials) have been poorly explored for the occurrence of apicomplexan (genus Hepatozoon and genera of the order Piroplasmorida) and Anaplasmataceae agents in Brazil. Thus, this study...

    Authors: Bárbara C. Weck, Maria Carolina A. Serpa, Vanessa N. Ramos, Hermes R. Luz, Francisco Borges Costa, Diego G. Ramirez, Hector R. Benatti, Ubiratan Piovezan, Matias P. J. Szabó, Arlei Marcili, Felipe S. Krawczak, Sebastián Muñoz-Leal and Marcelo B. Labruna
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:87
  41. Ticks are important vectors of various pathogenic protozoa, bacteria and viruses that cause serious and life-threatening illnesses in humans and animals worldwide. Estimating tick-borne pathogen prevalence in ...

    Authors: Shirley C. Nimo-Paintsil, Mba Mosore, Seth Offei Addo, Taylor Lura, Janice Tagoe, Danielle Ladzekpo, Charlotte Addae, Ronald E. Bentil, Eric Behene, Courage Dafeamekpor, Victor Asoala, Anne Fox, Chaselynn M. Watters, Jeffrey W. Koehler, Randy J. Schoepp, Hanayo Arimoto…
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:86
  42. Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis and Enterocytozoon bieneusi are important zoonotic protists in humans and animals around the world, including nonhuman primates (NHPs). However, the prevalence, genetic id...

    Authors: Fanfan Shu, Shujiao Song, Yanting Wei, Falei Li, Yaqiong Guo, Yaoyu Feng, Lihua Xiao and Na Li
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:85
  43. Taenia multiceps is a taeniid cestode that inhabits the small intestines of both wild and domestic carnivores. The larval stage, Coenurus cerebralis, is typically found in the central nervous system (CNS) of a wi...

    Authors: Antonio Varcasia, Claudia Tamponi, Fahad Ahmed, Maria Grazia Cappai, Francesca Porcu, Naunain Mehmood, Giorgia Dessì and Antonio Scala
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:84
  44. Orally administered fluralaner (13.64% w/w) is effective for treating canine generalized demodicosis. A study was initiated to assess the efficacy of a novel 5.46% w/w fluralaner chewable tablet formulation fo...

    Authors: Nadja Rohdich, Leon Meyer and Frank Guerino
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:83

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:123

  45. Heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) disease continues to increase and spread, remaining one of the most important and pathogenic parasitic diseases of dogs, despite the regular use of macrocyclic lactones (MLs) in pr...

    Authors: Molly D. Savadelis, Tom L. McTier, Kristina Kryda, Steven J. Maeder and Debra J. Woods
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:82
  46. Administration of four to six consecutive monthly doses of 24 µg/kg moxidectin alone shows high effectiveness in preventing the maturation of macrocyclic lactone (ML)-resistant heartworm strains, Dirofilaria immi...

    Authors: Jamie A. E. Myers, Susan Holzmer, John W. McCall, Sean P. Mahabir, Tom L. McTier, Steven J. Maeder and Kristina Kryda
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:81

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