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  1. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an endemic disease in Brazil that is highly prevalent in the northern region of the country. Although there is a continuous and growing number of cases registered in the state o...

    Authors: Joseneide Viana de Almeida, Cristian Ferreira de Souza, Andressa Alencastre Fuzari, Christie A. Joya, Hugo O. Valdivia, Daniella Castanheira Bartholomeu and Reginaldo Peçanha Brazil

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:32

    Content type: Research

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  2. Biting midges of the genus Culicoides transmit disease-causing agents resulting in a significant economic impact on livestock industries in many parts of the world. Localized control efforts, such as removal of l...

    Authors: Phillip Shults, Lee W. Cohnstaedt, Zach N. Adelman and Corey Brelsfoard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:31

    Content type: Review

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  3. Mosquitoes transmit filarial nematodes to both human and animal hosts, with worldwide health and economic consequences. Transmission to a vertebrate host requires that ingested microfilariae develop into infec...

    Authors: Abigail R. McCrea, Elizabeth B. Edgerton, Genevieve T. Oliver, Fiona M. O’Neill, Thomas J. Nolan, James B. Lok and Michael Povelones

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:30

    Content type: Methodology

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  4. Echinococcus multilocularis is a small tapeworm affecting wild and domestic carnivores and voles in a typical prey-predator life cycle. In Italy, there has been a focus of E. multilocularis since 1997 in the nort...

    Authors: Carlo Vittorio Citterio, Federica Obber, Karin Trevisiol, Debora Dellamaria, Roberto Celva, Marco Bregoli, Silvia Ormelli, Sofia Sgubin, Paola Bonato, Graziana Da Rold, Patrizia Danesi, Silvia Ravagnan, Stefano Vendrami, Davide Righetti, Andreas Agreiter, Daniele Asson…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:29

    Content type: Research

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  5. Light trapping is an important tool for monitoring insect populations. This is especially true for biting Diptera, where light traps play a crucial role in disease surveillance by tracking the presence and abu...

    Authors: Roksana Wilson, Andrew Wakefield, Nicholas Roberts and Gareth Jones

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:28

    Content type: Review

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  6. Culicoides biting midges (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) are known vectors of avian Haemoproteus parasites. These parasites cause diseases, pathology and even mortality in birds. The diversity of biting midges in Euro...

    Authors: Rita Žiegytė, Elena Platonova, Egidijus Kinderis, Andrey Mukhin, Vaidas Palinauskas and Rasa Bernotienė

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:27

    Content type: Research

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  7. Feral swine (Sus scrofa) are highly invasive and threaten animal and human health in the Americas. The screwworm (Cochliomyia hominivorax) is listed by the World Organization for Animal Health as a notifiable inf...

    Authors: Martín Altuna, Paul V. Hickner, Gustavo Castro, Santiago Mirazo, Adalberto A. Pérez de León and Alex P. Arp

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:26

    Content type: Research

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  8. The endemic rodent family of Bathyergidae in Africa, particularly South Africa, are understudied as reservoirs of diseases of significant medical importance. Considering the diversity and wide distribution of ...

    Authors: Dina M. Fagir, Nigel C. Bennett, Eddie A. Ueckermann, Alexandra Howard and Daniel W. Hart

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:24

    Content type: Short report

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  9. The World Health Organization has targeted lymphatic filariasis (LF) for elimination as a public health problem and recommends, among other measures, post-elimination surveillance of LF. The identification of ...

    Authors: Ameyo Monique Dorkenoo, Adjaho Koba, Wemboo A. Halatoko, Minongblon Teko, Komlan Kossi, Kossi Yakpa and Rachel N. Bronzan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:23

    Content type: Research

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  10. Due to an increase in mosquito habitats and the lack facilities to carry out basic mosquito control, construction sites in China are more likely to experience secondary dengue fever infection after importation...

    Authors: Xingchun Liu, Meng Zhang, Qu Cheng, Yingtao Zhang, Guoqiang Ye, Xiqing Huang, Zeyu Zhao, Jia Rui, Qingqing Hu, Roger Frutos, Tianmu Chen, Tie Song and Min Kang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:22

    Content type: Research

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  11. Aedes aegypti control programs have failed to restrain mosquito population expansion and, consequently, the spread of diseases such as dengue, Zika, and Chikungunya. Wolbachia infection of mosquitoes is a new and...

    Authors: Luana Cristina Farnesi, Fabiano Dias Carvalho, Anna Paula Canuto Lacerda, Luciano Andrade Moreira and Rafaela Vieira Bruno

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:21

    Content type: Research

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  12. Phlebotomine sand flies are the principal vectors of Leishmania spp. (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae). Information on sand flies in Central Europe is scarce and, to date, in Austria, only Phlebotomus mascittii ...

    Authors: Edwin Kniha, Vít Dvořák, Markus Milchram, Adelheid G. Obwaller, Martina Köhsler, Wolfgang Poeppl, Maria Antoniou, Alexandra Chaskopoulou, Lusine Paronyan, Jovana Stefanovski, Gerhard Mooseder, Petr Volf and Julia Walochnik

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:20

    Content type: Research

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  13. The mass drug administration of ivermectin for onchocerciasis control has contributed to a significant drop in Loa loa microfilaria loads in humans that has, in turn, led to reduction of infection levels in Chrys...

    Authors: Glory Ngongeh Amambo, Raphael Awah Abong, Fanny Fri Fombad, Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Franck Nietcho, Amuam Andrew Beng, Ritter Manuel, Mathias Eyong Esum, Kebede Deribe, Jerome Fru Cho, Peter Ivo Enyong, Catherine Poole, Achim Hoerauf, Clotilde Carlow and Samuel Wanji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:19

    Content type: Research

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  14. Sarcoptic mange causes significant animal welfare and occasional conservation concerns for bare-nosed wombats (Vombatus ursinus) throughout their range. To date, in situ chemotherapeutic interventions have involv...

    Authors: Vicky Wilkinson, Kotaro Tokano, David Nichols, Alynn Martin, Roz Holme, David Phalen, Kate Mounsey, Michael Charleston, Alexandre Kreiss, Ruth Pye, Elizabeth Browne, Christina Næsborg-Nielsen, Shane A. Richards and Scott Carver

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:18

    Content type: Research

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  15. The sibling species of the malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae (sensu stricto) and Anopheles coluzzii co-exist in many parts of West Africa and are thought to have recently diverged through a process of ecologica...

    Authors: Nwamaka Oluchukwu Akpodiete and Frédéric Tripet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:17

    Content type: Research

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  16. Fleas frequently infest small mammals and play important vectoring roles in the epidemiology of (re)emerging zoonotic disease. Rodent outbreaks in intensified agro-ecosystems of North-West Spain have been rece...

    Authors: Silvia Herrero-Cófreces, Manuel Fabio Flechoso, Ruth Rodríguez-Pastor, Juan José Luque-Larena and François Mougeot

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:16

    Content type: Research

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  17. Leishmaniasis, caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania, is a disease that affects up to 8 million people worldwide. Parasites are transmitted to human and animal hosts through the bite of an infected sand fly...

    Authors: Megan A. Sloan, Jovana Sadlova, Tereza Lestinova, Mandy J. Sanders, James A. Cotton, Petr Volf and Petros Ligoxygakis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:15

    Content type: Research

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  18. Thelazia callipaeda is a zoonotic parasitic nematode of the family Thelaziidae, with Phortica okadai as its intermediate host and only confirmed vector in China. China has the largest number of human cases of th...

    Authors: Yipeng Jin, Zichen Liu, Jiaqi Wei, Yifan Wen, Nianjun He, Liubin Tang, Degui Lin and Jiahao Lin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:13

    Content type: Short report

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  19. Aedes albopictus is an indigenous primary vector for dengue and Zika viruses in China. Compared with its insecticide resistance, biology and vector competence, little is known about its genetic variation, which c...

    Authors: Jian Gao, Heng-Duan Zhang, Xiao-Xia Guo, Dan Xing, Yan-De Dong, Ce-Jie Lan, Ge Wang, Chao-Jie Li, Chun-Xiao Li and Tong-Yan Zhao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:12

    Content type: Research

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  20. Blastocystis sp. is an anaerobic protozoan that parasitizes many animal hosts and the human gastrointestinal tract, and its pathogenicity is controversial. Captive wildlife may be potential reservoirs for human i...

    Authors: Lei Deng, Jingxin Yao, Shanyu Chen, Tingmei He, Yijun Chai, Ziyao Zhou, Xiaogang Shi, Haifeng Liu, Zhijun Zhong, Hualin Fu and Guangneng Peng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:11

    Content type: Research

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  21. Dogs in the US are commonly infected with vector-borne pathogens, including heartworm and tick-borne disease agents. The geographic distribution of both arthropod vectors and the pathogens they transmit contin...

    Authors: Susan Little, Jennifer Braff, Joshua Place, Jesse Buch, Bhagya Galkissa Dewage, Andrew Knupp and Melissa Beall

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:10

    Content type: Research

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  22. With widespread insecticide resistance in mosquito vectors, there is a pressing need to evaluate alternatives with different modes of action. Blood containing the antihelminthic drug ivermectin has been shown ...

    Authors: Max Hadlett, Sanjay C. Nagi, Manas Sarkar, Mark J. I. Paine and David Weetman

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:9

    Content type: Research

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  23. Schistosomiasis japonica is a severe zoonosis. Domestic animals are the primary source of infection and play an important role in disease transmission. Surveillance and diagnosis play key roles in schistosomia...

    Authors: Yuanxi Shen, Rongyi Ji, Rui Chai, Nana Yuan, Jiyue Zhang, Yi Jing, Man Yang, Lanqi Zhang, Yang Hong, Jiaojiao Lin and Chuangang Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:8

    Content type: Short report

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  24. Constant emerging sites infested with Oncomelania hupensis (O. hupensis) impede the goal realization of eliminating schistosomiasis. The study assessed the spatial and temporal distributions of new Oncomelania sn...

    Authors: Shengming Li, Ying Shi, Weicheng Deng, Guanghui Ren, Hongbin He, Benjiao Hu, Chunlin Li, Na Zhang, Yingyan Zheng, Yingjian Wang, Shurong Dong, Yue Chen, Qingwu Jiang and Yibiao Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:7

    Content type: Research

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  25. Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) constitute a major constraint for livestock development in sub-Saharan Africa, with East Coast fever (ECF) being the most devastating TBD of cattle. However, in Burundi, detailed in...

    Authors: Lionel Nyabongo, Esther G. Kanduma, Richard P. Bishop, Eunice Machuka, Alice Njeri, Alain V. Bimenyimana, Canesius Nkundwanayo, David O. Odongo and Roger Pelle

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:6

    Content type: Research

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  26. Ticks are hematophagous arthropods which normally attach to the surface of the host’s skin. Their aberrant presence in the subcutaneous tissue of a few carnivores, predominantly foxes, has been reported. Howev...

    Authors: Noureddine Mechouk, Georgiana Deak, Angela Monica Ionică, Dan Traian Ionescu, Gabriel Bogdan Chișamera, Călin Mircea Gherman and Andrei Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:5

    Content type: Short report

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  27. In a recent study using DNA barcoding, we identified the plants fed upon by four Afro-tropical mosquito species that vector dengue, malaria, and Rift Valley fever. Herein, we have expanded on this study by inv...

    Authors: Vincent Odhiambo Nyasembe, David Poumo Tchouassi, Martha Njeri Muturi, Christian W. W. Pirk, Catherine L. Sole and Baldwyn Torto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:4

    Content type: Research

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  28. The control of onchocerciasis in Ghana started in 1974 under the auspices of the Onchocerciasis Control Programme (OCP). Between 1974 and 2002, a combination of approaches including vector control, mobile comm...

    Authors: Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum, Dziedzom K. de Souza, Odame Asiedu, Benjamin Marfo, Uche Veronica Amazigo and John Owusu Gyapong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:3

    Content type: Research

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  29. In Mvoua, a village situated in a forested area of Cameroon, recent studies have reported high prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum infection among the population. In order to understand factors that can sustain s...

    Authors: Dominique Mieguim Ngninpogni, Cyrille Ndo, Patrick Ntonga Akono, Anicet Nguemo, Amine Nguepi, Danale Rosine Metitsi, Jeannette Tombi, Parfait Awono-Ambene and Charles Félix Bilong Bilong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:2

    Content type: Research

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  30. Insect growth regulators (IGRs) can control insect vector populations by disrupting growth and development in juvenile stages of the vectors. We previously identified and described the curry tree (Murraya koenigi...

    Authors: Clarence M. Mang’era, Fathiya M. Khamis, Erick O. Awuoche, Ahmed Hassanali, Fidelis Levi Odhiambo Ombura and Paul O. Mireji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:1

    Content type: Research

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  31. Usutu virus (USUV) is a rapidly spreading zoonotic arbovirus (arthropod-borne virus) and a considerable threat to the global avifauna and in isolated cases to human health. It is maintained in an enzootic cycl...

    Authors: Cora M. Holicki, Dorothee E. Scheuch, Ute Ziegler, Julia Lettow, Helge Kampen, Doreen Werner and Martin H. Groschup

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:625

    Content type: Research

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  32. Free-living amoebae of the genus Acanthamoeba are cosmopolitan, widely distributed protozoans that cause a severe, vision-threatening corneal infection known as Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). The majority of the in...

    Authors: Edyta B. Hendiger, Marcin Padzik, Agnieszka Żochowska, Wanda Baltaza, Gabriela Olędzka, Diana Zyskowska, Julita Bluszcz, Sylwia Jarzynka, Lidia Chomicz, Marta Grodzik, Jacek Hendiger, José E. Piñero, Jarosław Grobelny, Katarzyna Ranoszek-Soliwoda and Jacob Lorenzo-Morales

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:624

    Content type: Short report

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  33. Aedes japonicus japonicus, first detected in Europe in 2000 and considered established in Germany 10 years later, is of medical importance due to its opportunistic biting behaviour and its potential to transmit p...

    Authors: Linus Früh, Helge Kampen, Marcel B. Koban, Nadja Pernat, Günter A. Schaub and Doreen Werner

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:623

    Content type: Research

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  34. Arboviral diseases, including dengue and chikungunya, are major public health concerns in Bangladesh where there have been unprecedented levels of transmission reported in recent years. The primary approach to...

    Authors: Hasan Mohammad Al-Amin, Fatema Tuj Johora, Seth R. Irish, Muhammad Riadul Haque Hossainey, Lucrecia Vizcaino, Kishor Kumar Paul, Wasif A. Khan, Rashidul Haque, Mohammad Shafiul Alam and Audrey Lenhart

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:622

    Content type: Research

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  35. Brazil has the fourth highest prevalence of malaria of all countries in the Americas, with an estimated 42 million people at risk of contracting this disease. Although most cases occur in the Amazon region, ca...

    Authors: Elainne Christine de Souza Gomes, Derciliano Lopes da Cruz, Maria Alice Varjal Melo Santos, Renata Maria Costa Souza, Cláudia Maria Fontes de Oliveira, Constância Flávia Junqueira Ayres, Renata Martins Domingos, Maria das Graça da Silva Pedro, Marcelo Henrique Santos Paiva and Lílian Maria Lapa Montenegro Pimentel

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:621

    Content type: Research

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  36. Psoroptes ovis var. cuniculi is a common ectoparasite of wild and domestic rabbits worldwide that causes economically devastating losses in commercial rabbit husbandry and significantly affects the overall health...

    Authors: Xiaobin Gu, Yuhang Chen, Chongyang Zhang, Yue Xie, Nengxing Shen, Ce Wang, Xuan Zhou, Guangyou Yang, Ran He, Xuerong Peng, Deying Yang, Zhi He and Zhijun Zhong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:620

    Content type: Research

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  37. The commensal microbiota of mosquitoes impacts their development, immunity, and competency, and could provide a target for alternative entomological control approaches. However, despite the importance of the m...

    Authors: Haikel N. Bogale, Matthew V. Cannon, Kalil Keita, Denka Camara, Yaya Barry, Moussa Keita, Drissa Coulibaly, Abdoulaye K. Kone, Ogobara K. Doumbo, Mahamadou A. Thera, Christopher V. Plowe, Mark Travassos, Seth Irish and David Serre

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:619

    Content type: Research

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  38. Several species of soft ticks in genus Ornithodoros are known vectors and reservoirs of African swine fever virus (ASFV). However, the underlying mechanisms of vector competence for ASFV across Ornithodoros speci...

    Authors: Rémi Pereira De Oliveira, Evelyne Hutet, Renaud Lancelot, Frédéric Paboeuf, Maxime Duhayon, Fernando Boinas, Adalberto A. Pérez de León, Serhii Filatov, Marie-Frédérique Le Potier and Laurence Vial

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:618

    Content type: Research

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  39. Eosinophilic meningitis, caused by fifth-stage larvae of the nematode (roundworm) Angiostrongylus cantonensis, is mainly attributed to the contribution of eosinophils to tissue inflammatory responses in helminthi...

    Authors: Wei-Wei Sun, Xiu-Mei Yan, Qing Shi, Yuan-Jiao Zhang, Jun-Ting Huang, Hui-Cong Huang, Hong-Fei Shi and Bao-Long Yan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:617

    Content type: Research

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  40. Human gnathostomiasis is a food-borne zoonosis. Its etiological agents are the third-stage larvae of Gnathostoma spp. Human gnathostomiasis is often reported in developing countries, but it is also an emerging di...

    Authors: Guo-Hua Liu, Miao-Miao Sun, Hany M. Elsheikha, Yi-Tian Fu, Hiromu Sugiyama, Katsuhiko Ando, Woon-Mok Sohn, Xing-Quan Zhu and Chaoqun Yao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:616

    Content type: Review

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  41. Parasitic infections can increase susceptibility to bacterial co-infections. This may be true for urogenital schistosomiasis and bacterial urinary tract co-infections (UTI). We previously reported that this co...

    Authors: Evaristus C. Mbanefo, Loc Le, Luke F. Pennington, Yi- Ju Hsieh, Justin I. Odegaard, Kristina Lapira, Theodore S. Jardetzky, Franco H. Falcone and Michael H. Hsieh

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:615

    Content type: Research

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  42. Current measures for the prevention of dirofilariasis, caused by the dog heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis, rely on macrocyclic lactones, but evidence of drug-resistant isolates has called for alternative approaches...

    Authors: Tsai-Chi Shang Kuan and Roger K. Prichard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:614

    Content type: Research

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  43. Mayaro virus (MAYV; Alphavirus, Togaviridae) is an emerging pathogen endemic in South American countries. The increase in intercontinental travel and tourism-based forest excursions has resulted in an increase in...

    Authors: Constentin Dieme, Alexander T. Ciota and Laura D. Kramer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:613

    Content type: Short report

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  44. Wolbachia are intracellular bacterial endosymbionts found in most insect lineages. In mosquitoes, the influence of these endosymbionts on host reproduction and arboviral transmission has spurred numerous studies ...

    Authors: Huicong Ding, Huiqing Yeo and Nalini Puniamoorthy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:612

    Content type: Research

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  45. Haem is a key metabolic factor in the life cycle of the malaria parasite. In the blood stage, the parasite acquires host haemoglobin to generate amino acids for protein synthesis and the by-product haem for me...

    Authors: Yingchao Yang, Tongke Tang, Bo Feng, Shanshan Li, Nan Hou, Xiao Ma, Lubin Jiang, Xiaofang Xin and Qijun Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:611

    Content type: Research

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  46. Six Sarcocystis species are known to use cattle (Bos taurus) as the intermediate host, two of which, S. hominis and S. heydorni, are zoonotic. There is a need for a method that will enable rapid identification of...

    Authors: Petras Prakas, Živilė Strazdaitė-Žielienė, Vytautas Januškevičius, Francesco Chiesa, Agnė Baranauskaitė, Eglė Rudaitytė-Lukošienė, Elena Servienė, Saulius Petkevičius and Dalius Butkauskas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:610

    Content type: Research

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  47. Leishmania infantum is the etiological agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in the New World, where the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis and domestic dogs are considered the main vector and host reservoirs, respect...

    Authors: Tamyres Bernadete Dantas Queiroga, Henrique Rafael Pontes Ferreira, Wilo Victor dos Santos, Ana Beatriz Lourenço de Assis, Vicente Toscano de Araújo Neto, Antônia Cláudia Jácome da Câmara, João Ciro Fagundes Neto, Romeika Karla dos Reis, Manuela Sales Lima Nascimento, Renata Antonaci Gama and Paulo Marcos Matta Guedes

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:609

    Content type: Research

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  48. The cytokine interleukin-25 (IL-25) is recognized as the most relevant initiator of protective T helper 2 (Th2) responses in intestinal helminth infections. This cytokine induces resistance against several spe...

    Authors: María Álvarez-Izquierdo, Miguel Pérez-Crespo, J. Guillermo Esteban, Carla Muñoz-Antoli and Rafael Toledo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:608

    Content type: Research

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  49. Birds can act as reservoirs of tick-borne pathogens and can also disperse pathogen-containing ticks to both nearby and remote localities. The aims of this study were to estimate tick infestation patterns on mi...

    Authors: Peter Wilhelmsson, Thomas G. T. Jaenson, Björn Olsen, Jonas Waldenström and Per-Eric Lindgren

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:607

    Content type: Research

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