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  1. Echinococcosis is a parasitic zoonotic disease that threatens human health and economic development. In China, 370 counties are endemic for echinococcosis. Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has the most patients and peopl...

    Authors: Li-Ying Wang, Min Qin, Laurent Gavotte, Wei-Ping Wu, Xixi Cheng, Jia-Xi Lei, Jun Yan and Roger Frutos
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:385
  2. Insecticide-based vector control interventions in combination with case management with artemisinin-based combination therapy has reduced malaria incidence and prevalence worldwide. Current control methods foc...

    Authors: Arega Tsegaye, Assalif Demissew, Dawit Hawaria, Hallelujah Getachew, Kassahun Habtamu, Abebe Asale, Guiyun Yan and Delenasaw Yewhalaw
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:384
  3. The amino acid transporter protein cationic amino acid transporter 1 (CAT1) is part of the nutrient sensor in the fat body of mosquitoes. A member of the SLC7 family of cationic amino acid transporters, it is ...

    Authors: Matthew Pinch, Theodore Muka, Yashoda Kandel, Mahesh Lamsal, Nathan Martinez, Marialuisa Teixeira, Dmitri Y. Boudko and Immo A. Hansen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:383
  4. The presence of breeding sites and distribution of species of Simulium damnosum sensu lato are critical in understanding the epidemiology of onchocerciasis and evaluating the impact of elimination interventions. ...

    Authors: Franklin Ayisi, Naniogué Sedou, Stephanie Kouahou Dieunang, Florent Yaya, Edmond François Tchago, Cosmas Ejong Ndellejong, Benjamin Biholong and Daniel Adjei Boakye
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:382
  5. Arboviral diseases such as dengue, Zika and chikungunya transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes have been reported in 34 African countries. Available data indicate that in recent years there have been dengue and chikungu...

    Authors: Samuel K. Dadzie, Jewelna Akorli, Mamadou B. Coulibaly, Koffi Mensah Ahadji-Dabla, Ibrahima Baber, Thierry Bobanga, Ali Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary, Tiago Canelas, Luca Facchinelli, Adéritow Gonçalves, Moussa Guelbeogo, Basile Kamgang, Ibrahima Kalil Keita, Lucien Konan, Rebecca Levine, Nicole Dzuris…
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:381
  6. Microbial communities can affect disease risk by interfering with the transmission or maintenance of pathogens in blood-feeding arthropods. Here, we investigated whether bacterial communities vary between Ixodes ...

    Authors: Aleksandra Iwona Krawczyk, Sam Röttjers, Maria João Coimbra-Dores, Dieter Heylen, Manoj Fonville, Willem Takken, Karoline Faust and Hein Sprong
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:380
  7. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) for nuclear phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (pepck) and polymerase delta (pold), respectively, have been used to...

    Authors: Emi Okamoto, Michiyo Tashiro, Pedro Ortiz, Uday Kumar Mohanta, Cristian Hobán, César A. Murga-Moreno, José M. Angulo-Tisoc and Madoka Ichikawa-Seki
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:379
  8. Hard ticks (Ixodidae) are hematophagous ectoparasites that transmit various pathogens to a variety of hosts including humans. Transhumant herds have been involved in the spread of ticks and associated Rickettsia ...

    Authors: Muhammad Numan, Nabeela Islam, Muhammad Adnan, Sher Zaman Safi, Lidia Chitimia-Dobler, Marcelo B. Labruna and Abid Ali
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:378
  9. Leishmania parasites are deposited in the host through sand fly bites along with sand fly saliva. Therefore, salivary proteins are promising vaccine candidates for controlling leishmaniasis. Herein, two immunogen...

    Authors: Mahya Sadat Lajevardi, Tahereh Taheri, Elham Gholami, Negar Seyed and Sima Rafati
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:377
  10. Classification of the Acanthocephala, a clade of obligate endoparasites, remains unresolved because of insufficiently strong resolution of morphological characters and scarcity of molecular data with a suffici...

    Authors: Jin-Wei Gao, Xi-Ping Yuan, Hao Wu, Chuan-Yu Xiang, Min Xie, Rui Song, Zhong-Yuan Chen, Yuan-An Wu and Dong-Sheng Ou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:376
  11. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the primary vector for dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika viruses worldwide. The first record of Ae. aegypti in southwestern Saudi Arabia was in 1956. However, the first outb...

    Authors: Abadi M. Mashlawi, Ashwaq M. Al-Nazawi, Elsiddig M. Noureldin, Hussain Alqahtani, Jazem A. Mahyoub, Jassada Saingamsook, Mustapha Debboun, Martha Kaddumukasa, Hesham M. Al-Mekhlafi and Catherine Walton
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:375
  12. The study of behavioral and physiological traits in mosquitoes has been mainly focused on females since males are not hematophagous and thus do not transfer the parasites that cause diseases in human populatio...

    Authors: Jéssica Rodrigues Assunção Bezerra, Rafaela Vieira Bruno and Luciana Ordunha Araripe
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:374
  13. Despite being one of the most prevalent helminth parasitic zoonoses worldwide and particularly in socioeconomically vulnerable populations, toxocariasis remains to be fully investigated in persons experiencing...

    Authors: Vamilton Alvares Santarém, Anahi Chechia do Couto, Susana Zevallos Lescano, William Henry Roldán, Ruana Renostro Delai, Rogério Giuffrida, Louise Bach Kmetiuk, Alexander Welker Biondo, Sriveny Dangoudoubiyam and Andrea Pires dos Santos
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:373
  14. Leishmaniosis, a vector-borne disease caused by Leishmania infantum, is one of the most important parasitic zoonoses in Europe. The transmission cycle of leishmaniosis is maintained by both domestic and wild anim...

    Authors: María Magdalena Alcover, Jacobo Giner, Judit Rabasedas, Xavier Roca-Geronés, Maite Verde, Antonio Fernández, Cristina Riera, Roser Fisa and Sergio Villanueva-Saz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:372
  15. Sexual stage surface antigens are potential targets of transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs). The gametocyte and gamete surface antigen P230, a leading TBV candidate, is critical for red blood cell binding dur...

    Authors: Xin Zhao, Yubing Hu, Yan Zhao, Lin Wang, Zifang Wu, Myat Thu Soe, Myat Phone Kyaw, Liwang Cui, Xiaotong Zhu and Yaming Cao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:371
  16. For a long time known as the oriental eyeworm, Thelazia callipaeda is a zoonotic nematode that infects the eyes of a wide range of vertebrate hosts including dogs, cats, wildlife carnivores, lagomorphs, and human...

    Authors: Marcos Antonio Bezerra-Santos, Jairo Alfonso Mendoza-Roldan, Giovanni Sgroi, Riccardo Paolo Lia, Giulia Venegoni, Fabrizio Solari Basano, Roose Nele, Sean P. Mahabir, Stasia Borowski, Thomas Geurden and Domenico Otranto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:370
  17. The protein ferritin, which plays an important role in the maintenance of iron homeostasis, is indispensable for iron detoxification, resistance to oxidative stress and innate immunity. Ticks, which are obliga...

    Authors: Zhihua Gao, Peijing Zheng, Kuang Wang, Xin Ji, Yanqing Shi, Xuecheng Song, Jingze Liu, Zhijun Yu and Xiaolong Yang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:368
  18. Heartworms, Dirofilaria immitis, are known to be widespread in dogs and cats in the USA, but there have been no country-wide prevalence studies performed to date. There have also been no large-scale studies to de...

    Authors: Rachel Smith, Daniel Felipe Barrantes Murillo, Kelly Chenoweth, Subarna Barua, Patrick John Kelly, Lindsay Starkey, Byron Blagburn, Theresa Wood and Chengming Wang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:367
  19. Bartonella are intracellular bacteria that are transmitted via animal scratches, bites and hematophagous arthropods. Rodents and their associated fleas play a key role in the maintenance of Bartonella worldwide, ...

    Authors: Kayla J. Buhler, Champika Fernando, Janet E. Hill, Terry Galloway, Suzanne Carriere, Heather Fenton, Dominique Fauteux and Emily J. Jenkins
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:366
  20. There is presently no effective and safe vaccine for Toxoplasma gondii for humans. The study described here was designed to search for a novel group of optimal B cell and T cell epitopes from Toxoplasma membrane ...

    Authors: Xuan-Wu Li, Ni Zhang, Zhuo-Lin Li, Nouhoum Dibo, Zhen-Rong Ma, Bin Lu, Ye-Hong Huang, Yun-Feng Chang, Hong-Zhi Chen and Xiang Wu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:364
  21. Snail control is critical to schistosomiasis control efforts in China. However, re-emergence of Oncomelania hupensis is challenging the achievements of schistosomiasis control. The present study aimed to test whe...

    Authors: Shen Chen, Ding Lu, Lei Duan, Ben Ma, Chao Lv, Yin-long Li, Shen-ning Lu, Lan-hua Li, Liang Xu, Zi-song Wu, Shang Xia, Jing Xu, Yang Liu and Shan Lv
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:363
  22. Babesia gibsoni is one of the causative agents of canine babesiosis worldwide. Some dogs infected with B. gibsoni show severe clinical signs with progressive anemia, hemoglobinuria and splenomegaly. However, most...

    Authors: Jiaying Guo, Furong Yang, Lingna Wang, Xuenan Xuan, Junlong Zhao and Lan He
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:362
  23. As climate variability and extreme weather events associated with climate change become more prevalent, public health authorities can expect to face an expanding spectrum of vector-borne diseases with increasi...

    Authors: Kimberlyn Roosa and Nina H. Fefferman
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:361
  24. Encystation is one of the two processes comprising the life cycle of Giardia lamblia, a protozoan pathogen with tetraploid genome. Giardia lamblia Myb2 (GlMyb2) is a distinct encystation-induced transcription fac...

    Authors: Juri Kim, Eun-Ah Park, Mee Young Shin and Soon-Jung Park
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:360
  25. The cattle fever tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, is a vector of pathogens causative of babesiosis and anaplasmosis, both highly lethal bovine diseases that affect cattle worldwide. In Ecdysozoa, neurop...

    Authors: Juan P. Wulff, Kevin B. Temeyer, Jason P. Tidwell, Kristie G. Schlechte, Kimberly H. Lohmeyer and Patricia V. Pietrantonio
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:359
  26. Limited evidence is available about the association between tropical cyclones and dengue incidence. This study aimed to examine the effects of tropical cyclones on the incidence of dengue and to explore the vu...

    Authors: Chuanxi Li, Zhe Zhao, Yu Yan, Qiyong Liu, Qi Zhao and Wei Ma
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:358
  27. Echinococcosis is a neglected zoonosis of increasing public health concern worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, 19,300 lives and 871,000 disability-adjusted life-years are lost globally each ...

    Authors: Solomon Ngutor Karshima, Musa Isiyaku Ahmed, Nuhu Bala Adamu, Abdullahi Alhaji Magaji, Musa Zakariah and Konto Mohammed
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:357
  28. When Theileria annulata infects host cells, it undertakes unlimited proliferation as tumor cells. Although the transformed cells will recover their limited reproductive characteristics and enter the apoptosis pro...

    Authors: Hong-xi Zhao, Xia Li, Jun-long Liu, Gui-quan Guan and Xin-gang Dan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:356
  29. Phlebotomine sand flies are proven or suspected vectors of several pathogens of importance, including leishmaniasis, bartonellosis and sand fly fevers. Although sand flies have a worldwide distribution, there ...

    Authors: John Hustedt, Didot Budi Prasetyo, Jodi M. Fiorenzano, Michael E. von Fricken and Jeffrey C. Hertz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:355

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:432

  30. Over the past decade, evidence has emerged of the ability of gastrointestinal (GI) helminth parasites to alter the composition of the host gut microbiome; however, the mechanism(s) underpinning such interactio...

    Authors: James Rooney, Timothy L. Williams, Holly M. Northcote, Fiona E. Karet Frankl, Daniel R. G. Price, Alasdair J. Nisbet, Russell M. Morphew and Cinzia Cantacessi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:354
  31. Both Culex quinquefasciatus and Cx. pipiens molestus are sibling species within Cx. pipiens complex. Even though they are hard to distinguish morphologically, they have different physiological behaviors. However,...

    Authors: Heting Gao, Zhenyu Gu, Dan Xing, Qiaojiang Yang, Jianhang Li, Xinyu Zhou, Teng Zhao and Chunxiao Li
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:353
  32. Ticks (order Ixodida) are ectoparasites, vectors and reservoirs of many infectious agents affecting humans and domestic animals. However, the lack of information on tick genomic diversity leaves significant ga...

    Authors: JunHua Tian, Xin Hou, MiHong Ge, HongBin Xu, Bin Yu, Jing Liu, RenFu Shao, Edward C. Holmes, ChaoLiang Lei and Mang Shi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:352
  33. The control of the Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) is crucial owing to its high vector competence for more than 20 arboviruses—the most important being dengue, chikungunya and Zika viru...

    Authors: Isabel Pauly, Oliver Jakoby and Norbert Becker
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:351
  34. Infection with Trichomonas vaginalis can lead to cervicitis, urethritis, pelvic inflammatory disease, prostatitis and perinatal complications and increased risk of HIV transmission. Here, we used an RPA-based CRI...

    Authors: Shan Li, Xiaocen Wang, Yanhui Yu, Songgao Cao, Juan Liu, Panpan Zhao, Jianhua Li, Xichen Zhang, Xin Li, Nan Zhang, Min Sun, Lili Cao and Pengtao Gong
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:350

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:429

  35. It has been reported that the NF-κB pathway, an important component of host defense system against pathogens infections, can be differentially modulated by different Toxoplasma gondii strains, depending on the po...

    Authors: Guanghao Guo, Jianmin Cui, Lindong Song, Lvqing Tang, Sijie Fan, Bang Shen, Rui Fang, Min Hu, Junlong Zhao and Yanqin Zhou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:347
  36. Mosquito-borne diseases (e.g., transmitted by Aedes aegypti) affect almost 700 million people each year and result in the deaths of more than 1 million people annually.

    Authors: Ana Cláudia Piovezan-Borges, Francisco Valente-Neto, Gustavo Lima Urbieta, Susan G. W. Laurence and Fabio de Oliveira Roque
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:346
  37. The Silk Road connected the East and West for over 1500 years. Countries in Central Asia are valuable in addressing the hypothesis that parasites on domestic animals were introduced along the Silk Road. Adult ...

    Authors: Georgiana Deak, Alisher Safarov, Xi Carria Xie, Runting Wang, Andrei Daniel Mihalca and Jan Šlapeta
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:345
  38. Malaria remains endemic in Cameroon, with heterogeneous transmission related to eco-climatic variations, vector diversity and spatial distribution. The intensification of malaria prevention and control through...

    Authors: Pilate N. Kwi, Elvis E. Ewane, Marcel N. Moyeh, Livinus N. Tangi, Vincent N. Ntui, Francis Zeukeng, Denis D. Sofeu-Feugaing, Eric A. Achidi, Fidelis Cho-Ngwa, Alfred Amambua-Ngwa, Jude D. Bigoga and Tobias O. Apinjoh
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:344
  39. Chagas disease (CD) is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, which is transmitted mainly through the feces/urine of infected triatomine bugs. The acute phase lasts 2–3 months and is characterized by high parasitemia and n...

    Authors: Natália Erdens Maron Freitas, Fernanda Lopes Habib, Emily Ferreira Santos, Ângelo Antônio Oliveira Silva, Natália Dantas Fontes, Leonardo Maia Leony, Daniel Dias Sampaio, Marcio Cerqueira de Almeida, Filipe Dantas-Torres and Fred Luciano Neves Santos
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:343
  40. Optimal climatic conditions for dengue vector mosquito species may play a significant role in dengue transmission. We previously developed a species-specific Suitable Conditions Index (SCI) for Aedes aegypti and

    Authors: Xinting Lu, Hilary Bambrick, Francesca D. Frentiu, Xiaodong Huang, Callan Davis, Zhongjie Li, Weizhong Yang, Gregor J. Devine and Wenbiao Hu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:342
  41. Wildlife hosts may serve as reservoirs for strongyles, which can be transmitted to domestic livestock. Therefore, studies evaluating nemabiome compositions in wildlife ruminants are of great use in assessing t...

    Authors: Peter Halvarsson, Paulius Baltrušis, Petter Kjellander and Johan Höglund
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:341
  42. Identification and characterization of larval habitats, documentation of Anopheles spp. composition and abundance, and Plasmodium spp. infection burden are critical components of integrated vector management. The...

    Authors: Wilfred Ouma Otambo, Patrick O. Onyango, Chloe Wang, Julius Olumeh, Benyl M. Ondeto, Ming-Chieh Lee, Harrysone Atieli, Andrew K. Githeko, James Kazura, Daibin Zhong, Guofa Zhou, John Githure, Collins Ouma and Guiyun Yan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:340
  43. Jingmen tick virus (JMTV) is a newly discovered tick-borne virus that can cause disease in humans. This virus has been authenticated as being extremely widespread worldwide and as posing a significant threat t...

    Authors: Yuli Zhang, Zhenfeng Li, Zheng Pang, Zhen Wu, Zhijuan Lin and Guoyu Niu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:339
  44. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has the potential to be a useful tool for assessing key entomological parameters of malaria-transmitting mosquitoes, including age, infectious status and species identity. How...

    Authors: Bernard Mouonniba Somé, Dari F. Da, Ruth McCabe, Nicaise Denis C. Djègbè, Lawata Inès Géraldine Paré, Kadidia Wermé, Karine Mouline, Thierry Lefèvre, Anicet Georges Ouédraogo, Thomas S. Churcher and Roch Kounbobr Dabiré
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:338
  45. Infections are a major threat to human reproductive health because they can induce pregnancy failure, including recurrent abortion, stillbirth, and preterm birth. Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection can resul...

    Authors: Xiaoyan Xu, Guangmei Zheng, Yushan Ren, Xiaohua He, Biwen Peng, Xuemei Hu and Wanhong Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:337
  46. Mathematical modelling of host-parasite systems has seen tremendous developments and broad applications in theoretical and applied ecology. The current study focuses on the infection dynamics of a gyrodactylid...

    Authors: Clement Twumasi, Owen Jones and Joanne Cable
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:336

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