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  1. The emergence of insecticide resistance is a fast-paced example of the evolutionary process of natural selection. In this study, we investigated the molecular basis of resistance in the myiasis-causing fly Cochli...

    Authors: Sophie Tandonnet, Gisele Antoniazzi Cardoso, Pedro Mariano-Martins, Raquel Dietsche Monfardini, Vanessa A. S. Cunha, Renato Assis de Carvalho and Tatiana Teixeira Torres

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:562

    Content type: Research

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  2. Spirometra erinaceieuropaei is a diphylobothriid tapeworm with a complex life-cycle including definitive, intermediate and paratenic (transport) hosts. Multiple routes of parasite transmission often make it impos...

    Authors: Eliza Kondzior, Rafał Kowalczyk, Małgorzata Tokarska, Tomasz Borowik, Andrzej Zalewski and Marta Kołodziej-Sobocińska

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:560

    Content type: Research

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  3. Parasitic flatworms (Trematoda: Digenea) represent one of the most remarkable examples of drastic morphological diversity among the stages within a life cycle. Which genes are responsible for extreme differenc...

    Authors: Maksim A. Nesterenko, Viktor V. Starunov, Sergei V. Shchenkov, Anna R. Maslova, Sofia A. Denisova, Andrey I. Granovich, Andrey A. Dobrovolskij and Konstantin V. Khalturin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:559

    Content type: Research

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  4. Wolbachia bacteria are widely distributed throughout terrestrial arthropod species. These bacteria can manipulate reproduction and influence the vector competence of their hosts. Recently, Wolbachia have been int...

    Authors: Ryan Torres, Eunis Hernandez, Valeria Flores, Jose Luis Ramirez and Andrea L. Joyce

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:558

    Content type: Research

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  5. Trichostrongylus is one of the most important zoonotic trichostrongylid nematodes, infecting mostly livestock. Data on its genetic characteristics are lacking in Iran.

    Authors: Mohammad Amin Ghatee, Seyed Ali Asghar Malek Hosseini, Masoud Marashifard, Mehdi Karamian, Walter Robert Taylor, Ali Jamshidi, Iraj Mobedi and Hasan Azarmehr

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:553

    Content type: Research

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  6. Trichuris trichiura (human whipworm) infects an estimated 477 million individuals worldwide. In addition to T. trichiura, other Trichuris species can cause an uncommon zoonosis and a number of human cases have be...

    Authors: Pedro Fernández-Soto, Carlos Fernández-Medina, Susana Cruz-Fernández, Beatriz Crego-Vicente, Begoña Febrer-Sendra, Juan García-Bernalt Diego, Óscar Gorgojo-Galindo, Julio López-Abán, Belén Vicente Santiago and Antonio Muro Álvarez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:552

    Content type: Research

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  7. Pulmonary manifestations are regularly reported in both human and animal filariasis. In human filariasis, the main known lung manifestations are the tropical pulmonary eosinophilia syndrome. Its duration and s...

    Authors: Frédéric Fercoq, Estelle Remion, Nathaly Vallarino-Lhermitte, Joy Alonso, Lisy Raveendran, Colin Nixon, John Le Quesne, Leo M. Carlin and Coralie Martin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:551

    Content type: Research

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  8. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the primary vector for several diseases. Its control requires a better understanding of the mosquitoes’ live cycle, including the spatial dynamics. Several models address this issue....

    Authors: Monalisa R. Silva, Pedro H. G. Lugão and Grigori Chapiro

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:550

    Content type: Research

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  9. We assessed the impact of two sand fly insecticide interventions (insecticide spraying and insecticide-impregnated dog collars) on the peridomestic abundance and distribution of mosquitoes (Culicidae) and biti...

    Authors: Mikel A. González, Erin Dilger, María M. Ronderos, Gustavo R. Spinelli, Orin Courtenay and James G. C. Hamilton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:549

    Content type: Research

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  10. Blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) are known as effective vectors of human and animal pathogens, worldwide. We have already indicated that some individuals in the Simulium turgaicum complex are annoying pests of hu...

    Authors: Fariba Khanzadeh, Samad Khaghaninia, Naseh Maleki-Ravasan, Mona Koosha and Mohammad Ali Oshaghi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:548

    Content type: Research

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  11. The Greek island of Crete is endemic for both visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and recently increasing cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). This study summarizes published data on the sand fly fauna of Crete, the results ...

    Authors: Vít Dvořák, Nikolaos Tsirigotakis, Christoforos Pavlou, Emmanouil Dokianakis, Mohammad Akhoundi, Petr Halada, Petr Volf, Jérôme Depaquit and Maria Antoniou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:547

    Content type: Research

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  12. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Mercedes Fernández-Escobar, Rafael Calero-Bernal, Julio Benavides, Javier Regidor-Cerrillo, María Cristina Guerrero-Molina, Daniel Gutiérrez-Expósito, Esther Collantes-Fernández and Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:545

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:396

  13. Infections by protozoans of the genus Giardia are a common cause of diarrhea in dogs. Canine giardiosis constitutes a disease with a zoonotic potential; however, it is often underestimated due to its challenging ...

    Authors: Isaia Symeonidou, Athanasios Ι. Gelasakis, Androulla N. Miliotou, Athanasios Angelou, Konstantinos V. Arsenopoulos, Sofia Loukeri and Elias Papadopoulos

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:544

    Content type: Research

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  14. Mosquito surveys that collect local data on mosquito species’ abundances provide baseline data to help understand potential host-pathogen-mosquito relationships, predict disease transmission, and target mosqui...

    Authors: Matthew J. Valentine, Brenda Ciraola, Gregory R. Jacobs, Charlie Arnot, Patrick J. Kelly and Courtney C. Murdock

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:543

    Content type: Research

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  15. Accurate identification of the species of Anopheles Meigen, 1818 requires careful examination of all life stages. However, morphological characters, especially those of the females and fourth-instar larvae, show ...

    Authors: Maria Anice Mureb Sallum, Ranulfo González Obando, Nancy Carrejo and Richard C. Wilkerson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:542

    Content type: Research

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  16. Safe and effective flea and tick treatment options for cats are important in companion animal practice because of feline ectoparasite infestation prevalence and the potential for parasitic disease transmission...

    Authors: Robert Lavan, Rob Armstrong, Dorothy Normile and Wendy Vaala

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:541

    Content type: Short report

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  17. Dengue, chikungunya and Zika viruses (DENV, CHIKV and ZIKV) are transmitted in sylvatic transmission cycles between non-human primates and forest (sylvan) mosquitoes in Africa and Asia. It remains unclear if s...

    Authors: Matthew John Valentine, Brenda Ciraola, Matthew Thomas Aliota, Michel Vandenplas, Silvia Marchi, Bernard Tenebray, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Christa Ann Gallagher, Amy Beierschmitt, Tatiana Corey, Kerry McAuliffe Dore, Xavier de Lamballerie, Chengming Wang, Courtney Cuin Murdock and Patrick John Kelly

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:540

    Content type: Research

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  18. The use of molecular tools in the study of parasite taxonomy and systematics have become a substantial and crucial component of parasitology. Having genetic characterisation at the disposal of researchers has ...

    Authors: Quinton Marco Dos Santos and Annemariè Avenant-Oldewage

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:539

    Content type: Review

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  19. Taxonomic identification of triatomines is generally performed based on aspects of their external morphology. However, the use of a multidisciplinary approach, considering morphological aspects of the external...

    Authors: Simone Caldas Teves, Teresa Cristina Monte Gonçalves, Simone Patrícia Carneiro de Freitas, Catarina Macedo Lopes, Ana Laura Carbajal-de-la-Fuente and Jacenir Reis dos Santos-Mallet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:538

    Content type: Short report

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  20. Parasitic infections are among the important causes of death of giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) that hamper their survival in the wild. There are about 35 species of parasites which have been identified in ...

    Authors: Chanjuan Yue, Zeshuai Deng, Dunwu Qi, Yunli Li, Wenlei Bi, Rui Ma, Guangyou Yang, Xue Luo, Rong Hou and Songrui Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:537

    Content type: Research

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  21. Identifying patterns and drivers of infection risk among host communities is crucial to elucidate disease dynamics and predict infectious disease risk in wildlife populations. Blood parasites of the genera Plasmo...

    Authors: Pooja Gupta, C. K. Vishnudas, V. V. Robin and Guha Dharmarajan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:536

    Content type: Research

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  22. Schistosomiasis japonica is an infectious disease caused by Schistosoma japonicum that seriously endangers human health. Domestic animals have important roles in disease transmission and goats are considered a pr...

    Authors: Qinghong Guo, Cheng Chen, Keke Zhou, Yugang Li, Laibao Tong, Yongcheng Yue, Kerou Zhou, Jinming Liu, Zhiqiang Fu, Jiaojiao Lin, Jiaxi Zhao, Pengxiang Sun and Yang Hong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:535

    Content type: Research

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  23. Taenia solium is a zoonotic parasite responsible for neurocysticercosis—a major cause of late-onset acquired epilepsy in humans. Lack of affordable, specific and sensitive diagnostic tools hampers control of the ...

    Authors: Mwemezi L. Kabululu, Maria V. Johansen, James E. D. Mlangwa, Ernatus M. Mkupasi, Uffe C. Braae, Chiara Trevisan, Angela Colston, Claudia Cordel, Marshall W. Lightowlers and Helena A. Ngowi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:534

    Content type: Research

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  24. The clinical signs of active trachoma are often present in the absence of ocular Chlamydia trachomatis infection, particularly following mass drug administration. Treatment decisions following impact surveys and ...

    Authors: Tamsyn R. Derrick, Natalia Sandetskaya, Harry Pickering, Andreas Kölsch, Athumani Ramadhani, Elias Mafuru, Patrick Massae, Aiweda Malisa, Tara Mtuy, Matthew J. Burton, Martin J. Holland and Dirk Kuhlmeier

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:533

    Content type: Research

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  25. The bacterial communities associated with mosquito eggs are an essential component of the mosquito microbiota, yet there are few studies characterizing and comparing the microbiota of mosquito eggs to other ho...

    Authors: Elijah O. Juma, Chang-Hyun Kim, Christopher Dunlap, Brian F. Allan and Chris M. Stone

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:532

    Content type: Research

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  26. Chemical mosquito control using malathion has been applied in Brazil since 1985. To obtain chemical control effectiveness, vector susceptibility insecticide monitoring is required. This study aimed to describe...

    Authors: Kauara Brito Campos, Ademir Jesus Martins, Cynara de Melo Rodovalho, Diogo Fernandes Bellinato, Luciana dos Santos Dias, Maria de Lourdes da Graça Macoris, Maria Teresa Macoris Andrighetti, José Bento Pereira Lima and Marcos Takashi Obara

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:531

    Content type: Research

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  27. Leishmania infantum is a vector-borne pathogen endemic in countries in the Mediterranean basin, including Italy. Dogs act as the primary reservoir for this parasite, but other animal species may also be infected....

    Authors: Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Filippo Bertero, Iolanda Moretta, Giulia Morganti, Michele Mortarino, Luca Villa, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Benedetto Morandi, Riccardo Rinnovati, Fabrizio Vitale, Maria Teresa Manfredi, Luis Cardoso and Fabrizia Veronesi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:530

    Content type: Research

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  28. Bovine besnoitiosis, an emerging disease in Europe that can be transmitted by vectors, is caused by the apicomplexan Besnoitia besnoiti. Bovine besnoitiosis is difficult to control due to the complexity of its di...

    Authors: Christelle Grisez, Leslie Bottari, Françoise Prévot, Jean-Pierre Alzieu, Emmanuel Liénard, Fabien Corbière, Marie Rameil, Xavier Desclaux, Christophe Lacz, Christian Boulon, Julie Petermann, Jeanne Le Mével, Carine Vilardell and Philippe Jacquiet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:529

    Content type: Research

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  29. In this report we describe the molecular and pathological characteristics of West Nile virus (WNV) infection that occurred during the summer and fall of 2018 in avian species and equines. WNV is reported in Is...

    Authors: Gili Schvartz, Yigal Farnoushi, Asaf Berkowitz, Nir Edery, Shelly Hahn, Amir Steinman, Avishai Lublin and Oran Erster

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:528

    Content type: Research

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  30. Infection by nematodes is a problem for human health, livestock, and agriculture, as it causes deficits in host health, increases production costs, and incurs a reduced food supply. The control of these parasi...

    Authors: Sebastiao Rodrigo Ferreira, Alan Rodrigues T. Machado, Luís Fernando Furtado, Jose Hugo de S. Gomes, Raquel M. de Almeida, Thiago de Oliveira Mendes, Valentina N. Maciel, Fernando Sergio Barbosa, Lorendane M. Carvalho, Lilian Lacerda Bueno, Daniella Castanheira Bartholomeu, Jackson Victor de Araújo, Elida M. L. Rabelo, Rodrigo Maia de Pádua, Lucia Pinheiro Santos Pimenta and Ricardo Toshio Fujiwara

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:527

    Content type: Research

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  31. Climate change is predicted to impact the transmission dynamics of vector-borne diseases. Tsetse flies (Glossina) transmit species of Trypanosoma that cause human and animal African trypanosomiasis. A previous mo...

    Authors: Joshua Longbottom, Cyril Caminade, Harry S. Gibson, Daniel J. Weiss, Steve Torr and Jennifer S. Lord

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:526

    Content type: Research

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  32. Members of the Anopheles hyrcanus group have been incriminated as important malaria vectors. This study aims to identify the species and explore the insecticide susceptibility profile within the Anopheles hyrcanu...

    Authors: Anchana Sumarnrote, Hans J. Overgaard, Vincent Corbel, Kanutcharee Thanispong, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap and Sylvie Manguin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:525

    Content type: Research

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  33. Successful canine sarcoptic mange treatment requires immediate efficacy to eliminate active mites, and sustained activity to prevent re-infestation from in-contact animals and fomites. With extended acaricidal...

    Authors: Rafael Chiummo, Ivo Petersen, Claudia Plehn, Eva Zschiesche, Rainer Roepke and Emmanuel Thomas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:524

    Content type: Research

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  34. Rickettsial diseases are considered important in public health due to their dispersal capacity determined by the particular characteristics of their reservoirs and/or vectors. Among the latter, fleas play an i...

    Authors: Lucila Moreno-Salas, Mario Espinoza-Carniglia, Nicol Lizama-Schmeisser, Luis Gonzalo Torres-Fuentes, María Carolina Silva-de La Fuente, Marcela Lareschi and Daniel González-Acuña

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:523

    Content type: Research

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  35. Anopheles multicolor is known to be present in the arid areas of Africa north of the Sahara Desert, especially in oases. To date, its presence in Mauritania has not been reported. Here, we present the first recor...

    Authors: Mohamed Aly Ould Lemrabott, Gilbert Le Goff, Pierre Kengne, Ousmane Ndiaye, Carlo Costantini, Khadijetou Mint Lekweiry, Mohamed Salem Ould Ahmedou Salem, Vincent Robert, Leonardo Basco, Frédéric Simard and Ali Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:522

    Content type: Research

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  36. Blastocystis is a protist that lives in the intestinal tract of a variety of hosts, including humans. It is still unclear how Blastocystis causes disease, which presents an ongoing challenge for researchers. Desp...

    Authors: Sergio Castañeda, Marina Muñoz, Ximena Villamizar, Paula C. Hernández, Luis Reinel Vásquez, Raúl Yhossef Tito and Juan David Ramírez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:521

    Content type: Research

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  37. Domesticated and wild swine play an important role as reservoir hosts of Trichinella spp. and a source of infection for humans. Little is known about the survival of Trichinella larvae in muscles and the duration...

    Authors: Edoardo Pozio, Giuseppe Merialdi, Elio Licata, Giacinto Della Casa, Massimo Fabiani, Marco Amati, Simona Cherchi, Mattia Ramini, Valerio Faeti, Maria Interisano, Alessandra Ludovisi, Gianluca Rugna, Gianluca Marucci, Daniele Tonanzi and Maria Angeles Gómez-Morales

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:520

    Content type: Research

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  38. Ivermectin-based preventive chemotherapy (PC) is distributed annually to all at-risk populations eligible for ivermectin treatment to control and/or eliminate onchocerciasis. Information on the impact of mass ...

    Authors: René Afor Aza’ah, Laurentine Sumo, Ngum Helen Ntonifor, Jean Bopda, Rolph H. Bamou and Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:519

    Content type: Research

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  39. Nowadays, Ehrlichia canis receives increasing attention because of its great morbidity and mortality in animals. Dogs in the subclinical and chronic phases can be asymptomatic, and serological tests show cross-re...

    Authors: Carlos A. Rodríguez-Alarcón, Diana M. Beristain-Ruiz, Angélica Olivares-Muñoz, Andrés Quezada-Casasola, Federico Pérez-Casio, Jesús A. Álvarez-Martínez, Jane Tapia-Alanís, José J. Lira-Amaya, Ramón Rivera-Barreno, Orlando S. Cera-Hurtado, José A. Ibancovichi-Camarillo, Luis Soon-Gómez, Jaime R. Adame-Gallegos and Julio V. Figueroa-Millán

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:518

    Content type: Research

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  40. Accurate, scalable and sensitive diagnostic tools are crucial in determining prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths (STH), assessing infection intensities and monitoring treatment efficacy. However, assessme...

    Authors: Ladina Keller, Chandni Patel, Sophie Welsche, Tobias Schindler, Eveline Hürlimann and Jennifer Keiser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:517

    Content type: Research

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  41. One of the promising current approaches to curb malaria lies in genetic vector control, the implementation of which will require an improved understanding of the movement of genetic constructs among mosquito p...

    Authors: Patric Stephane Epopa, Abdoul Azize Millogo, Catherine Matilda Collins, Ace R. North, Mark Quentin Benedict, Frederic Tripet, Samantha OʼLoughlin, Roch K. Dabiré, Georges Anicet Ouédraogo and Abdoulaye Diabaté

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:516

    Content type: Research

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  42. Strongyloidiasis caused by Strongyloides stercoralis is a soil-transmitted helminthiasis affecting an estimated 370 million people and considered one of the most neglected tropical diseases. Although mostly distr...

    Authors: Natalia Tiberti, Dora Buonfrate, Carmine Carbone, Geny Piro, Zeno Bisoffi and Chiara Piubelli

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:515

    Content type: Research

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  43. Culex pipiens pallens poses a serious threat to human health because of its widespread distribution, high carrier capacity for several arboviruses, frequent human-biting, and growth in urban environments. Pyrethr...

    Authors: Yang Xu, Xiaoshan Yang, Xiaohong Sun, Xixi Li, Zhihan Liu, Qi Yin, Lei Ma, Dan Zhou, Yan Sun, Bo Shen and Changliang Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:514

    Content type: Research

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  44. The poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778) is a major ectoparasite of poultry. Infestations are found in most laying hen farms in Europe, and breeder flocks have also been reported to be affected. ...

    Authors: Giulio Cocciolo, Elena Circella, Nicola Pugliese, Caterina Lupini, Giulia Mescolini, Elena Catelli, Monika Borchert-Stuhlträger, Hartmut Zoller, Emmanuel Thomas and Antonio Camarda

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:513

    Content type: Research

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  45. There has been considerable confusion concerning the number and classification of Sarcocystis spp. in chickens. Scarce nucleotide data of Sarcocystis spp. from chickens are provided in GenBank. The study aimed to...

    Authors: Jing Pan, Chunli Ma, Zhumei Huang, Yulong Ye, Hongxia Zeng, Shuangsheng Deng, Junjie Hu and Jianping Tao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:512

    Content type: Research

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  46. Larval development in an intermediate host gastropod snail of the genus Biomphalaria is an obligatory component of the life-cycle of Schistosoma mansoni. Understanding of the mechanism(s) of host defense may hast...

    Authors: Fernanda Sales Coelho, Rutchanee Rodpai, André Miller, Shannon E. Karinshak, Victoria H. Mann, Omar dos Santos Carvalho, Roberta Lima Caldeira, Marina de Moraes Mourão, Paul J. Brindley and Wannaporn Ittiprasert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:511

    Content type: Research

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  47. Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease affecting millions of people worldwide. Emerging drug resistance of Leishmania species poses threaten to the effective control and elimination programme of this negle...

    Authors: Zhiwan Zheng, Jianping Chen, Guangxu Ma, Abhay R. Satoskar and Jiao Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:510

    Content type: Research

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  48. Cyathostomins infect virtually all horses, and concomitant infections with 10 or more species per horse is standard. Species-specific knowledge is limited, despite potential species bias in development of dise...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Bellaw and Martin K. Nielsen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:509

    Content type: Research

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  49. Mayaro virus (Togaviridae) is an endemic arbovirus of the Americas with epidemiological similarities with the agents of other more prominent diseases such as dengue (Flaviviridae), Zika (Flaviviridae), and chikun...

    Authors: Bryan Steven Valencia-Marín, Irene Duarte Gandica and Oscar Alexander Aguirre-Obando

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:508

    Content type: Research

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  50. Release of gene-drive mutants to suppress Anopheles mosquito reproduction is a promising method of malaria control. However, many scientific, regulatory and ethical questions remain before transgenic mosquitoes c...

    Authors: Matthew P. Su, Marcos Georgiades, Judit Bagi, Kyros Kyrou, Andrea Crisanti and Joerg T. Albert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:507

    Content type: Research

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