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  1. Prevalence of lymphatic filariasis (LF) antigen in American Samoa was 16.5% in 1999. Seven rounds of mass drug administration (MDA) programmes between 2000 and 2006 reduced antigen prevalence to 2.3%. The most...

    Authors: Patricia M. Graves, Sarah Sheridan, Saipale Fuimaono and Colleen L. Lau

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:125

    Content type: Research

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  2. Acanthamoeba spp. are ubiquitous pathogens which cause granulomatous amoebic encephalitis and disseminated infection. Moreover, Acanthamoeba spp. infection of the cornea leads to Acanthamoeba keratitis. Our previ...

    Authors: Karolina Kot, Danuta Kosik-Bogacka, Patrycja Kupnicka and Natalia Łanocha-Arendarczyk

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:123

    Content type: Research

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  3. Outbreaks of cyclosporiasis, a diarrheal illness caused by Cyclospora cayetanensis, have been a public health issue in the USA since the mid 1990’s. In 2018, 2299 domestically acquired cases of cyclosporiasis wer...

    Authors: Hediye Nese Cinar, Gopal Gopinath, Helen R. Murphy, Sonia Almeria, Mauricio Durigan, Dajung Choi, AhYoung Jang, Eunje Kim, RaeYoung Kim, Seonju Choi, Jeongu Lee, Yurim Shin, Jieon Lee, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, Theresa K. Benedict, Henry S. Bishop…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:122

    Content type: Methodology

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  4. Emerging arboviral diseases like Zika, dengue and chikungunya that are transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, are increasingly threatening human health. Blends of human-like synthetic chemical attractants can b...

    Authors: Tessa M. Visser, Marieke P. de Cock, Hélène Hiwat, Merril Wongsokarijo, Niels O. Verhulst and Constantianus J. M. Koenraadt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:121

    Content type: Research

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  5. Mosquito-feeding assays that assess transmission of Plasmodium from man-to-mosquito typically use laboratory mosquito colonies. The microbiome and genetic background of local mosquitoes may be different and influ...

    Authors: Wakweya Chali, Temesgen Ashine, Elifaged Hailemeskel, Abrham Gashaw, Temesgen Tafesse, Kjerstin Lanke, Endashaw Esayas, Soriya Kedir, Girma Shumie, Sinknesh Wolde Behaksra, John Bradley, Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Hassen Mamo, Beyene Petros, Chris Drakeley, Endalamaw Gadisa…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:120

    Content type: Research

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  6. Benzimidazole (BZ) resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes is a worldwide problem for livestock production, particularly in small ruminants. Assignment of the emergence of resistance using sensitive and relia...

    Authors: Khalid M. Mohammedsalih, Jürgen Krücken, Amna Khalafalla, Ahmed Bashar, Fathel-Rahman Juma, Adam Abakar, Abdalhakaim A. H. Abdalmalaik, Gerald Coles and Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:114

    Content type: Research

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  7. Bovine besnoitiosis, caused by the apicomplexan parasite Besnoitia besnoiti, is a chronic and debilitating cattle disease that notably impairs fertility. Acutely infected bulls may develop respiratory signs and o...

    Authors: David González-Barrio, Carlos Diezma-Díaz, Enrique Tabanera, Elena Aguado-Criado, Manuel Pizarro, Marta González-Huecas, Ignacio Ferre, Alejandro Jiménez-Meléndez, Fernando Criado, Daniel Gutiérrez-Expósito, Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora and Gema Álvarez-García

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:113

    Content type: Research

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  8. The modifiable areal unit problem (MAUP) arises when the support size of a spatial variable affects the relationship between prevalence and environmental risk factors. Its effect on schistosomiasis modelling s...

    Authors: Andrea L. Araujo Navas, Frank Osei, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhães, Lydia R. Leonardo and Alfred Stein

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:112

    Content type: Research

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  9. Tick infestations can cause direct deleterious effects to dogs as a result of tick blood-feeding, and indirectly ticks can transmit disease agents that can be detrimental to the health of both dogs and humans....

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Julian Liebenberg, Mirjan Thys and Sean P. Mahabir

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:100

    Content type: Research

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  10. Ancylostomatids (‘hookworms’) are among the most important zoonotic nematode parasites infecting dogs worldwide. Ancylostoma caninum and Uncinaria stenocephala are two of the most common hookworm species that inf...

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Mirjan Thys, Kristina Kryda, Leon Meyer, Susanna Martorell, Thomas Geurden, Leentje Dreesen, Tiago Fernandes and Sean P. Mahabir

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:99

    Content type: Research

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  11. One randomized, controlled clinical field study was conducted in 18 general veterinary practices throughout the USA to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel oral chewable combination tablet, Simparica Tr...

    Authors: Kristina Kryda, Sean P. Mahabir, Tammy Inskeep and Jady Rugg

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:98

    Content type: Research

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  12. The efficacy of a novel oral combination product, Simparica Trio™, containing sarolaner, moxidectin and pyrantel was evaluated against five tick species that commonly infest dogs in the USA, Amblyomma americanum,...

    Authors: Kristina Kryda, Sean P. Mahabir, Sara Chapin, Susan J. Holzmer, Laurel Bowersock, William R. Everett, John Riner, Lori Carter and David Young

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:77

    Content type: Research

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  13. The black-legged (or deer) tick, Ixodes scapularis, commonly infests dogs in the USA and is the vector of important zoonotic pathogens, including Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme disease. Rapid o...

    Authors: Susan Holzmer, Kristina Kryda, Sean P. Mahabir and William Everett

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:76

    Content type: Short report

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  14. A novel chewable oral tablet containing sarolaner, moxidectin and pyrantel (Simparica Trio™) has recently been developed to provide persistent protection against flea and tick infections for a month, treatment...

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Daphne Fias, Sean P. Mahabir and Robert Farkas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:72

    Content type: Research

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  15. Ascarid infections are among the most prevalent intestinal parasitic infections occurring in dogs around the world, with Toxocara canis and Toxascaris leonina commonly observed. Toxocara canis can cause considera...

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Kristina Kryda, Mirjan Thys, Susan Holzmer, Laurel Bowersock, Tiago Fernandes, Leon Meyer, Craig Reinemeyer and Sean P. Mahabir

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:71

    Content type: Research

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  16. Gastrointestinal nematodes are parasites that commonly infect dogs, and infections can be subclinical or may cause considerable clinical disease. Some species are zoonotic and may also cause clinical disease i...

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Kristina Kryda, Daphne Fias, Stacey L. Follis, Magda Wozniakiewicz, Sean P. Mahabir and Robert Farkas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:70

    Content type: Research

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  17. Infection with Angiostrongylus vasorum may cause severe clinical disease, even death in dogs, however, due to the often non-specific clinical signs, diagnosis is not always straightforward. Regular prophylactic t...

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Mirjan Thys, Padraig Doherty and Sean P. Mahabir

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:64

    Content type: Research

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  18. Five studies were conducted to evaluate a novel oral combination tablet containing sarolaner, moxidectin and pyrantel (Simparica Trio™), for efficacy against induced flea infestations, speed of kill and effect...

    Authors: Kristina Kryda, Sean P. Mahabir, Lori Carter, William R. Everett, David R. Young, Leon Meyer, Mirjan Thys, Sara Chapin, Susan J. Holzmer and Csilla Becskei

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:57

    Content type: Research

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  19. Determination of blood-meal hosts in blood-fed female Anopheles mosquitoes is important for evaluating vectorial capacity of vector populations and assessing effectiveness of vector control measures. Sensitive mo...

    Authors: John B. Keven, Georgia Artzberger, Mary L. Gillies, Rex B. Mbewe and Edward D. Walker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:111

    Content type: Methodology

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  20. Camel production in Saudi Arabia is severely affected by various diseases and by inadequate veterinary services. Ticks and tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) affect the health and wellbeing of camels consequently dim...

    Authors: Abdullah D. Alanazi, Viet Linh Nguyen, Mohamed S. Alyousif, Ranju R. S. Manoj, Abdulaziz S. Alouffi, Ridolfi Donato, Alireza Sazmand, Jairo A. Mendoza-Roldan, Filipe Dantas-Torres and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:110

    Content type: Research

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  21. Schistosomiasis continues to inflict significant morbidity and mortality in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The disease endemicity overlaps with the transmission of other parasitic diseases....

    Authors: Loc Le, Sabiha Khatoon, Paola Jiménez, Christopher Peterson, Rebecca Kernen, Weidong Zhang, Adebayo J. Molehin, Samra Lazarus, Justin Sudduth, Jordan May, Souvik Karmakar, Juan U. Rojo, Gul Ahmad, Workineh Torben, David Carey, Roman F. Wolf…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:109

    Content type: Short report

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  22. Currently available short read genome assemblies of the tetraploid protozoan parasite Giardia intestinalis are highly fragmented, highlighting the need for improved genome assemblies at a reasonable cost. Long na...

    Authors: Stephen M. J. Pollo, Sarah J. Reiling, Janneke Wit, Matthew L. Workentine, Rebecca A. Guy, G. William Batoff, Janet Yee, Brent R. Dixon and James D. Wasmuth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:108

    Content type: Research

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  23. Mosquitoes and other vectors are often exposed to sublethal doses of insecticides. Larvae can be exposed to the run-off of agricultural use, and adults can be irritated by insecticides used against them and mo...

    Authors: Gaël Hauser, Kevin Thiévent and Jacob C. Koella

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:107

    Content type: Research

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  24. Ixodes ricinus is the most common tick species in Europe and the main vector for Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato) and tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). It is involved also in the transmission of Borrelia miy...

    Authors: Cristian Răileanu, Oliver Tauchmann, Ana Vasić, Elisabeth Wöhnke and Cornelia Silaghi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:106

    Content type: Research

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  25. Anaplasma ovis is a gram-negative, tick-borne obligate intraerythrocytic pathogen, which causes ovine anaplasmosis in small ruminants worldwide. VirB10 of A. ovis is an integral component of the Type IV Secretion...

    Authors: Muhammad Uzair Mukhtar, Naveed Iqbal, Jifei Yang, Qingli Niu, Shuaiyang Zhao, Zhi Li, Yaru Zhao, Muhammad Rashid, Ze Chen, Guiquan Guan, Zhijie Liu and Hong Yin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:105

    Content type: Research

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  26. Blood parasites belonging to the Apicomplexa, Trypanosomatidae and Filarioidea are widespread in birds and have been studied extensively. Microscopical examination (ME) of stained blood films remains the gold ...

    Authors: Carolina R. F. Chagas, Rasa Binkienė, Mikas Ilgūnas, Tatjana Iezhova and Gediminas Valkiūnas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:104

    Content type: Methodology

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  27. Mosquito-borne viral infections have in recent years, become a public health threat globally. This review aimed to provide an overview of the ecological and epidemiological profiles of mosquito-borne viral inf...

    Authors: Kennedy M. Mbanzulu, Leonard E. G. Mboera, Flory K. Luzolo, Roger Wumba, Gerald Misinzo and Sharadhuli I. Kimera

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:103

    Content type: Review

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  28. School-based deworming programmes are currently the main approach used to control the soil-transmitted helminths (STHs). A key unanswered policy question is whether mass drug administration (MDA) should be tar...

    Authors: Hugo C. Turner and Donald A. P. Bundy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:102

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  29. Pets may be carriers of infectious agents including parasites. As part of a larger-scale study covering the whole of Europe, this study examines deworming measures reported by Spanish pet owners and identifies...

    Authors: Guadalupe Miró, Rosa Gálvez, Ana Montoya, Beatriz Delgado and Jason Drake

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:101

    Content type: Research

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  30. Trichinella spiralis muscle larval (ML) excretion/secretion (ES) antigen is the most widely used diagnostic antigen of trichinellosis, but preparation of ES antigen requires collecting worms from infected animals...

    Authors: Chen Xi Hu, Peng Jiang, Xin Yue, Jie Zeng, Xin Zhuo Zhang, Yan Yan Song, Ruo Dan Liu, Xi Zhang, Zhong Quan Wang and Jing Cui

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:97

    Content type: Research

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  31. Since the introduction of miltefosine (MIL) as first-line therapy in the kala-azar elimination programme in the Indian subcontinent, treatment failure rates have been increasing. Since parasite infectivity and...

    Authors: Sarah Hendrickx, Lieselotte Van Bockstal, Dimitri Bulté, Annelies Mondelaers, Hamide Aslan, Luis Rivas, Louis Maes and Guy Caljon

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:96

    Content type: Research

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  32. Rodents constitute an important part of the diet of many carnivore species. This predator-prey food chain is exploited by helminth parasites, such as cestodes, whose larval stages develop in rodents and then m...

    Authors: Anna Bajer, Mohammed Alsarraf, Dorota Dwużnik, Ewa J. Mierzejewska, Marta Kołodziej-Sobocińska, Jolanta Behnke-Borowczyk, Łukasz Banasiak, Maciej Grzybek, Katarzyna Tołkacz, Natalia Kartawik, Łukasz Stańczak, Patrycja Opalińska, Małgorzata Krokowska-Paluszak, Grzegorz Górecki, Mustafa Alsarraf and Jerzy M. Behnke

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:95

    Content type: Research

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  33. New therapeutic drugs are urgently needed against visceral leishmaniasis because current drugs, such as pentavalent antimonials and miltefosine, produce severe side effects and development of resistance. Wheth...

    Authors: Zhi-Wan Zheng, Jiao Li, Han Chen, Jin-Lei He, Qi-Wei Chen, Jian-Hui Zhang, Qi Zhou, Da-Li Chen and Jian-Ping Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:94

    Content type: Research

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  34. Coccidiosis is caused by Eimeria spp. and can result in severe economic losses to the global poultry industry. Due to anticoccidial drug resistance rapidly developing in the parasites and drug residues in poultry...

    Authors: Jin Liu, Wenbin Tuo, Xiangdong Wu, Jiaming Xiong, Enchao Yu, Chao Yin, Zhiwu Ma and Liheng Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:93

    Content type: Research

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  35. Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis has been well studied in several countries. Brazil is one of the most important beef exporting countries and has one of the highest cattle population size in the world. In ...

    Authors: Gabriel Augusto Marques Rossi, Inge Van Damme and Sarah Gabriël

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:92

    Content type: Research

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  36. The international movement of used tyres is a major factor responsible for global introductions of Aedes invasive mosquitoes (AIMs) (Diptera: Culicidae) that are major disease vectors (e.g. dengue, Zika, chikungu...

    Authors: Thom Dallimore, David Goodson, Sven Batke and Clare Strode

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:91

    Content type: Methodology

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  37. Yellow fever (YF) is a severe, infectious, but non-communicable arboviral hemorrhagic disease. In the last decades, yellow fever virus (YFV) infections have been prevalent in endemic areas in Brazil, affecting...

    Authors: Maria Angélica Monteiro de Mello Mares-Guia, Marco A. Horta, Alessandro Romano, Cíntia D. S. Rodrigues, Marcos C. L. Mendonça, Carolina C. dos Santos, Maria C. Torres, Eliane S. M. Araujo, Allison Fabri, Everton R. de Souza, Roberta O. R. Ribeiro, Fabiana P. Lucena, Luiz C. A. Junior, Rivaldo V. da Cunha, Rita M. R. Nogueira, Patricia C. Sequeira…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:90

    Content type: Research

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  38. The drosophilid Phortica variegata is known as vector of Thelazia callipaeda, the oriental eyeworm native to Asia that has become an emergent zoonotic agent in several European regions. Unlike almost all other ar...

    Authors: Marco Pombi, Valentina Marino, John Jaenike, John Graham-Brown, Ilaria Bernardini, Riccardo P. Lia, Fred Beugnet, Guadalupe Miro and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:89

    Content type: Research

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  39. It is hypothesised that being a blood-feeding ectoparasite, Argulus foliaceus (Linnaeus, 1758), uses similar mechanisms for digestion and host immune evasion to those used by other haematophagous ecdysozoa, inclu...

    Authors: Aisha AmbuAli, Sean J. Monaghan, Kevin McLean, Neil F. Inglis, Michaël Bekaert, Stefanie Wehner and James E. Bron

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:88

    Content type: Research

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  40. Anopheles funestus (s.s.) is a primary vector of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in Africa, a human pathogen that causes almost half a million deaths each year. The population structure of An. funestus

    Authors: Martha A. Kaddumukasa, Jane Wright, Mbanga Muleba, Jenny C. Stevenson, Douglas E. Norris and Maureen Coetzee

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:87

    Content type: Research

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  41. An aberrant Ascaris suum infection in a domestic dog in China in 2019 is described for the first time. This pathogen is a common roundworm of pigs with few reported cases in domestic animals. Our findings suggest...

    Authors: Yue Xie, Yunjian Liu, Xiaobin Gu, Xuan Zhou, Xuerong Peng, Ran He, Hongrui Guo, Zhicai Zuo and Guangyou Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:86

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  42. Lipid metabolism is pivotal for the growth of apicomplexan parasites. Lipid synthesis requires bulk carbon skeleton acyl-CoAs, the transport of which depends on the acyl-CoA binding protein (ACBP). In Neospora ca...

    Authors: Bingxin Zhou, Yong Fu, Heng Zhang, Xianmei Wang, Gaowei Jin, Jianhai Xu, Qun Liu and Jing Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:85

    Content type: Research

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  43. Infection with the apicomplexan protozoan parasite T. gondii can cause severe and potentially fatal cerebral and ocular disease, especially in immunocompromised individuals. The anticoccidial ionophore drug monen...

    Authors: Bintao Zhai, Jun-Jun He, Hany M. Elsheikha, Jie-Xi Li, Xing-Quan Zhu and Xiaoye Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:84

    Content type: Research

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  44. Historical European exploration and colonization resulted in the introduction of four species of rodents to the Australian continent from Eurasia: the brown rat, Rattus norvegicus, the black rat, R. rattus, the P...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Lance A. Durden and Renfu Shao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:83

    Content type: Research

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  45. Felids (domestic and wild cats) are important in the epidemiology of the parasite Toxoplasma gondii because they are the only hosts that can excrete the environmentally resistant oocysts. We conducted a systemati...

    Authors: Mahbobeh Montazeri, Tahereh Mikaeili Galeh, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Samira Dodangeh, Javad Javidnia, Mehdi Sharif and Ahmad Daryani

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:82

    Content type: Review

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  46. Sphaerothecum destruens is an obligate intracellular fish parasite which has been identified as a serious threat to freshwater fishes. Taxonomically, S. destruens belongs to the order Dermocystida within the clas...

    Authors: Salma Sana, Emilie A. Hardouin, Richard Paley, Tiantian Zhang and Demetra Andreou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:81

    Content type: Research

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  47. The use of semiochemicals in odour-based traps for surveillance and control of vector mosquitoes is deemed a new and viable component for integrated vector management programmes. Over 114 semiochemicals have b...

    Authors: Madelien Wooding, Yvette Naudé, Egmont Rohwer and Marc Bouwer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:80

    Content type: Review

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  48. Culicoides biting midges are potential vectors of different pathogens. However, especially for eastern Europe, there is a lack of knowledge on the host-feeding patterns of this vector group. Therefore, this study...

    Authors: Alexandru Tomazatos, Hanna Jöst, Jonny Schulze, Marina Spînu, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Daniel Cadar and Renke Lühken

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:79

    Content type: Research

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  49. Illnesses transmitted by Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika comprise a considerable global burden; mosquito control is the primary public health tool to reduce disease transmissio...

    Authors: Rachel Sippy, Galo E. Rivera, Valeria Sanchez, Froilán Heras, Bianca Morejón, Efraín Beltrán, Robert S. Hikida, María A. López-Latorre, Alex Aguirre, Anna M. Stewart-Ibarra, David A. Larsen and Marco Neira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:78

    Content type: Research

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  50. The bacterium Coxiella burnetii is the etiological agent of Q fever and is mainly transmitted via inhalation of infectious aerosols. DNA of C. burnetii is frequently detected in ticks, but the role of ticks as ve...

    Authors: Sophia Körner, Gustavo R. Makert, Katja Mertens-Scholz, Klaus Henning, Martin Pfeffer, Alexander Starke, Ard M. Nijhof and Sebastian Ulbert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:75

    Content type: Research

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