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  1. Schistosomiasis japonica remains a major public health concern in China. There are many interventions implemented to control the transmission of the disease. The purpose of the present study was to investigate...

    Authors: Le-Ping Sun, Wei Wang, You-Sheng Liang, Zeng-Xi Tian, Qing-Biao Hong, Kun Yang, Guo-Jing Yang, Jian-Rong Dai and Yang Gao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:243

    Content type: Research

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  2. Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections, among the most common neglected tropical diseases, continue to be a major threat to the health and socioeconomic wellbeing of infected people especially children in ...

    Authors: Abdulhamid Ahmed, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Seow Huey Choy, Init Ithoi, Abdulelah H Al-Adhroey, Awatif M Abdulsalam and Johari Surin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:242

    Content type: Research

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  3. Topographic parameters such as elevation, slope, aspect, and ruggedness play an important role in malaria transmission in the highland areas. They affect biological systems, such as larval habitats presence an...

    Authors: Harrysone E Atieli, Guofa Zhou, Ming-Chieh Lee, Eliningaya J Kweka, Yaw Afrane, Isaac Mwanzo, Andrew K Githeko and Guiyun Yan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:241

    Content type: Research

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  4. Toxoplasma gondii is the causative agent for a major zoonosis with cosmopolitan distribution. Water has been implicated in outbreaks of toxoplasmosis in recent years. Coypus (Myocastor coypus), commonly nutria, a...

    Authors: Simona Nardoni, Maria C Angelici, Linda Mugnaini and Francesca Mancianti

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:240

    Content type: Short report

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  5. Anopheles annularis s.l. is a wide spread malaria vector in South and Southeast Asia, including Sri Lanka. The taxon An. annularis is a complex of two sibling species viz. A and B, that are differentiated by chro...

    Authors: Sinnathamby N Surendran, Kanapathy Gajapathy, Vaitheki Kumaran, Tharmasegaram Tharmatha, Pavilupillai J Jude and Ranjan Ramasamy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:239

    Content type: Short report

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  6. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL, kala azar), caused by Leishmania donovani is a major health problem in Sudan and other East African countries. In this region the only proven vectors of L. donovani are Phlebotomus ori...

    Authors: Dia-Eldin A Elnaiem, Hassan K Hassan, Omran F Osman, Rhayza DC Maingon, Robert Killick-Kendrick and Richard D Ward

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:238

    Content type: Research

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  7. Bacteria associated with insects can have a substantial impact on the biology and life cycle of their host. The checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization technique is a semi-quantitative technique that has been previ...

    Authors: Analiz de Oliveira Gaio, Rivea CC Rodrigues, Cássio do Nascimento, Nagila FC Secundino, Francisco JA Lemos, Paulo FP Pimenta and Nadia Monesi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:237

    Content type: Short report

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  8. In China, large amounts of chemical insecticides are applied in fields or indoors every year, directly or indirectly bringing selection pressure on vector mosquitoes. Culex pipiens complex has evolved to be resis...

    Authors: Yangyang Liu, Hanying Zhang, Chuanling Qiao, Xiping Lu and Feng Cui

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:236

    Content type: Research

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  9. Through a case control seroprevalence study, we sought to determine the association of Toxoplasma gondii infection with occupational exposure to unwashed raw fruits and vegetables.

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Sergio Estrada-Martínez and Oliver Liesenfeld

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:235

    Content type: Research

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  10. Malaria is still a public health problem in Malaysia especially in the interior parts of Peninsular Malaysia and the states of Sabah and Sarawak (East Malaysia). This is the first study on the genetic diversit...

    Authors: Wahib M Atroosh, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Mohammed AK Mahdy, Riyadh Saif-Ali, Abdulsalam M Al-Mekhlafi and Johari Surin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:233

    Content type: Research

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  11. It is widely advocated that integrated strategies for the control of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are cost-effective in comparison to vertical disease-specific programmes. A prerequisite for implementati...

    Authors: Narcis B Kabatereine, Claire J Standley, Jose C Sousa-Figueiredo, Fiona M Fleming, J Russell Stothard, Ambrose Talisuna and Alan Fenwick

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:232

    Content type: Research

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  12. A microsporidian hyperparasite, Desmozoon lepeophtherii, of the parasitic copepod Lepeophtheirus salmonis (salmon louse), infecting farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), was first discovered in the west of Scotla...

    Authors: Mark A Freeman and Christina Sommerville

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:231

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  13. West Nile Virus (WNV) transmission in Italy was first reported in 1998 as an equine outbreak near the swamps of Padule di Fucecchio, Tuscany. No other cases were identified during the following decade until 20...

    Authors: Donal Bisanzio, Mario Giacobini, Luigi Bertolotti, Andrea Mosca, Luca Balbo, Uriel Kitron and Gonzalo M Vazquez-Prokopec

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:230

    Content type: Research

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  14. Ixodiphagus hookeri is a parasitic wasp of ixodid ticks around the world. It has been studied as a potential bio-control agent for several tick species. We suspected that the presence of Wolbachia infected I. hoo...

    Authors: Ellen Tijsse-Klasen, Marieta Braks, Ernst-Jan Scholte and Hein Sprong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:228

    Content type: Research

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  15. Phosphofructokinase (ATP: D-fructose-6-phosphate-1-phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1.11, PFK) is of primary importance in the regulation of glycolytic flux. This enzyme has been extensively studied from mammalian s...

    Authors: Bechan Sharma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:227

    Content type: Research

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  16. Although schistosomiasis is generally considered a rural phenomenon, infections have been reported within urban settings. Based on observations of high prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni infection in schools withi...

    Authors: Selpha Opisa, Maurice R Odiere, Walter GZO Jura, Diana MS Karanja and Pauline NM Mwinzi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:226

    Content type: Research

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  17. Among the European cyprinids, tench, Tinca tinca (L.), and the pathological effects their cestodes may effect, have received very little or no attention. Most literature relating to Monobothrium wageneri Nybelin,...

    Authors: Bahram Sayyaf Dezfuli, Luisa Giari, Samantha Squerzanti, Alice Lui, Massimo Lorenzoni, Sidika Sakalli and Andrew P Shinn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:225

    Content type: Research

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  18. Transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs) have been considered an important strategy for disrupting the malaria transmission cycle, especially for Plasmodium vivax malaria, which undergoes gametocytogenesis earlier d...

    Authors: Hui Feng, Li Zheng, Xiaotong Zhu, Gege Wang, Yanyan Pan, Ying Li, Yimei Yang, Yahui Lin, Liwang Cui and Yaming Cao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:224

    Content type: Research

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  19. Due to the success of the national schistosomiasis control programme in China, transmission has been sufficiently reduced in many areas to severely limit identification of areas at risk by conventional snail s...

    Authors: Le-Ping Sun, You-Sheng Liang, Hong-Hui Wu, Zeng-Xi Tian, Jian-Rong Dai, Kun Yang, Qing-Biao Hong, Xiao-Nong Zhou and Guo-Jing Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:223

    Content type: Research

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  20. Considering the fact that the dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, has a great potential to become the vector of Brazilian Spotted Fever (BSF) for humans, the present study aimed to describe the distribution of th...

    Authors: Luís Flávio da Silva Costa, Pablo Henrique Nunes, João Fábio Soares, Marcelo Bahia Labruna and Maria Izabel Camargo-Mathias

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:222

    Content type: Research

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  21. The knowledge of mosquito species diversity and the level of anthropophily exhibited by each species in a region are of great importance to the integrated vector control. Culicine species are the primary vecto...

    Authors: Xiao-Bo Liu, Qi-Yong Liu, Yu-Hong Guo, Jing-Yi Jiang, Dong-Sheng Ren, Guang-Chao Zhou, Can-Jun Zheng, Yan Zhang, Jing-Li Liu, Zhi-Fang Li, Yun Chen, Hong-Sheng Li, Lindsay C Morton, Hua-Zhong Li, Qun Li and Wei-Dong Gu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:221

    Content type: Research

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  22. Although widely used in medicine, the application of three-dimensional (3D) imaging to parasitology appears limited to date. In this study, developmental stages of a marine fish haemogregarine, Haemogregarina cur...

    Authors: Polly M Hayes, David F Wertheim, Nico J Smit, Alan M Seddon and Angela J Davies

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:219

    Content type: Short report

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  23. The present study was conducted to investigate the serological survey of Toxoplasma antibodies in local.horses from three major regions: a neighbourhood of a city in the North (Sidi Thabet), a neighbourhood of a ...

    Authors: Sonia Boughattas, Ramzi Bergaoui, Rym Essid, Karim Aoun and Aida Bouratbine

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:218

    Content type: Research

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  24. Tsetse flies and trypanosomiasis are among several factors that constrain livestock development in Tanzania. Over the years Rufiji District was excluded from livestock production owing to tsetse fly infestatio...

    Authors: Imna I Malele, Henry B Magwisha, Hamisi S Nyingilili, Kamilius A Mamiro, Elipidius J Rukambile, Joyce W Daffa, Eugene A Lyaruu, Lupakisyo A Kapange, Gideon K Kasilagila, Nicodemus K Lwitiko, Halifa M Msami and Elikira N Kimbita

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:217

    Content type: Research

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  25. Leishmania (Vianna) braziliensis, Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis and Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi are important parasites in the scenario of leishmaniasis in Brazil. During the life cycle of these parasit...

    Authors: Luzia MC Côrtes, Roger MM Silva, Bernardo AS Pereira, Camila Guerra, Angela C Zapata, Felio J Bello, Léa C Finkelstein, Maria F Madeira, Reginaldo P Brazil, Suzana Côrte-Real and Carlos R Alves

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:216

    Content type: Short report

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  26. Insecticide resistance jeopardizes the control of mosquito populations and mosquito-borne disease control, which creates a major public health concern. Two-dimensional electrophoresis identified one protein se...

    Authors: Wenbin Tan, Xiao Wang, Peng Cheng, Lijuan Liu, Haifang Wang, Maoqing Gong, Xin Quan, Honggang Gao and Changliang Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:215

    Content type: Research

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  27. Toxoplasma gondii is an important protozoan parasite infecting humans and almost all warm-blooded animals. As the only definitive host, cats play a crucial role in the transmission of T. gondii infection by shedd...

    Authors: Song-Ming Wu, Xing-Quan Zhu, Dong-Hui Zhou, Bao-Quan Fu, Jia Chen, Jian-Fa Yang, Hui-Qun Song, Ya-Biao Weng and De-He Ye

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:214

    Content type: Research

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  28. Infection with the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii causes serious public health problems and is of great economic importance worldwide. Protection from acute toxoplasmosis is known to be mediated by CD8+ T cells, but...

    Authors: Xi-Meng Sun, Jun Zou, Elashram Saeed AA, Wen-Chao Yan, Xian-Yong Liu, Xun Suo, Heng Wang and Qi-Jun Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:213

    Content type: Research

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  29. The evaluation of malaria transmission intensity is a crucial indicator for estimating the burden of malarial disease. In this respect, entomological and parasitological methods present limitations, especially...

    Authors: Jean Biram Sarr, Eve Orlandi-Pradines, Sonia Fortin, Cheikh Sow, Sylvie Cornelie, François Rogerie, Soihibou Guindo, Lassana Konate, Thierry Fusaï, Gilles Riveau, Christophe Rogier and Franck Remoue

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:212

    Content type: Research

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  30. The rapid growth of Qatar in the last two decades has been associated with an enormous expansion of building programs in its cities and in the provision of new service industries. This in turn has attracted a ...

    Authors: Marawan A Abu-Madi, Jerzy M Behnke, Ahmed Ismail, Nada Al-Olaqi, Kefah Al-Zaher and Roda El-Ibrahim

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:211

    Content type: Research

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  31. Authors: Marianne E Sinka, Yasmin Rubio-Palis, Sylvie Manguin, Anand P Patil, Will H Temperley, Peter W Gething, Thomas Van Boeckel, Caroline W Kabaria, Ralph E Harbach and Simon I Hay

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:210

    Content type: Erratum

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    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:72

  32. Schistosomiasis japonica, caused by contact with Schistosoma japonicum cercaria-infested water when washing, bathing or production, remains a major public-health concern in China. The purpose of the present study...

    Authors: You-Sheng Liang, Wei Wang, Yun-Tian Xing, Hong-Jun Li, Yong-Liang Xu, Xue-Hui Shen, Guo-Li Qu, You-Zi Li and Jian-Rong Dai

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:209

    Content type: Research

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  33. The successful suppression of a target insect population using the sterile insect technique (SIT) partly depends on the premise that the laboratory insects used for mass rearing are genetically compatible with...

    Authors: Givemore Munhenga, Basil D Brooke, Tobias F Chirwa, Richard H Hunt, Maureen Coetzee, Danny Govender and Lizette L Koekemoer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:208

    Content type: Research

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  34. The high transmission potential of species belonging to the monogenean parasite genus Gyrodactylus, coupled with their high fecundity, allows them to rapidly colonise new hosts and to increase in number. One gyro...

    Authors: Adam J Brooker, Mayra I Grano Maldonado, Stephen Irving, James E Bron, Matthew Longshaw and Andrew P Shinn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:207

    Content type: Research

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  35. Oncomelania hupensis robertsoni is the sole intermediate host for Schistosoma japonicum in western China. Given the close co-evolutionary relationships between snail host and parasite, there is interest in unders...

    Authors: Anne-Kathrin Hauswald, Justin V Remais, Ning Xiao, George M Davis, Ding Lu, Margaret J Bale and Thomas Wilke

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:206

    Content type: Research

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  36. Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a zoonotic parasite that causes eosinophilic meningitis in humans. The most common source of infection with A. cantonensis is the consumption of raw or undercooked mollusks (e.g., s...

    Authors: Rui Chen, QunBo Tong, Yi Zhang, Di Lou, QingMing Kong, Shan Lv, MingMing Zhuo, LiYong Wen and ShaoHong Lu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:204

    Content type: Short report

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  37. The need to discover new treatments for human schistosomiasis has been an important driver for molecular research on schistosomes, a major breakthrough being the publication of the Schistosoma mansoni and Schisto...

    Authors: Anthony John Walker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:203

    Content type: Primer

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  38. Anopheles nili is a major vector of malaria in the humid savannas and forested areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding the population genetic structure and evolutionary dynamics of this species is important fo...

    Authors: Ashley Peery, Maria V Sharakhova, Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio, Cyrille Ndo, Mylene Weill, Frederic Simard and Igor V Sharakhov

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:202

    Content type: Research

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  39. Praziquantel has been used as first-line drug for chemotherapy of schistosomiasis since 1984. Besides praziquantel, artemether and artesunate have also been used for the control of this infectious disease sinc...

    Authors: Rong Liu, Hui-Fen Dong, Yi Guo, Qin-Ping Zhao and Ming-Sen Jiang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:201

    Content type: Research

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  40. Human and animal fascioliasis poses serious public health problems in South America. In Venezuela, livestock infection represents an important veterinary problem whereas there appear to be few human cases repo...

    Authors: M Dolores Bargues, L Carolina González, Patricio Artigas and Santiago Mas-Coma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:200

    Content type: Research

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  41. Giardia duodenalis and Entamoeba spp. are among the most common intestinal human protozoan parasites worldwide and they are frequently reported in captive non-human primates (NHP). From a public health point of v...

    Authors: Federica Berrilli, Cristina Prisco, Klaus G Friedrich, Pilar Di Cerbo, David Di Cave and Claudio De Liberato

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:199

    Content type: Research

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  42. The prevalence of spotted fever group rickettsial infection in dogs from a remote indigenous community in the Northern Territory (NT) was determined using molecular tools. Blood samples collected from 130 dogs...

    Authors: Sze-Fui Hii, Steven R Kopp, Mary F Thompson, Caroline A O'Leary, Robert L Rees and Rebecca J Traub

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:198

    Content type: Short report

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  43. Human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is caused by the accidental ingestion of the eggs of the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis. AE occurs frequently in rural western China due to the poor levels of hygiene,...

    Authors: Donald P McManus, Zhengzhi Li, Shukun Yang, Darren J Gray and Yu Rong Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:196

    Content type: Short report

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  44. Intestinal parasitic infections represent a public health problem in Tajikistan, but epidemiological evidence is scarce. The present study aimed at assessing the extent of helminths and intestinal protozoa inf...

    Authors: Barbara Matthys, Mohion Bobieva, Gulzira Karimova, Zulfira Mengliboeva, Vreni Jean-Richard, Malika Hoimnazarova, Matluba Kurbonova, Laurent K Lohourignon, Jürg Utzinger and Kaspar Wyss

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:195

    Content type: Research

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