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  1. Aedes aegypti is a vector of high relevance, since it transmits several arboviruses, including dengue, chikungunya and Zika. Studies on vector biology are usually conducted with laboratory strains presenting a di...

    Authors: Carlucio Rocha dos Santos, Cynara de Melo Rodovalho, Willy Jablonka, Ademir Jesus Martins, José Bento Pereira Lima, Luciana dos Santos Dias, Mário Alberto Cardoso da Silva Neto and Georgia Correa Atella

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:293

    Content type: Research

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  2. Knowledge of the distribution and habitat preference of freshwater snail intermediate hosts can provide information to initiate and set-up effective snail control programmes. However, there is limited research...

    Authors: Beekam Kebede Olkeba, Pieter Boets, Seid Tiku Mereta, Mesfin Yeshigeta, Geremew Muleta Akessa, Argaw Ambelu and Peter L. M. Goethals

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:292

    Content type: Research

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  3. Giardia duodenalis is a gastrointestinal protozoan causing 184 million cases of giardiasis worldwide annually. Detection is by microscopy or coproantigen assays, although sensitivity is often compromised by inter...

    Authors: Sandra J. Molina-Gonzalez, Tapan Bhattacharyya, Hajri R. AlShehri, Kate Poulton, Stephen Allen, Michael A. Miles, Moses Arianitwe, Edridah M. Tukahebwa, Bonnie Webster, J. Russell Stothard and Amaya L. Bustinduy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:289

    Content type: Research

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  4. Apoptosis is fundamental in maintaining cell balance in multicellular organisms, and caspases play a crucial role in apoptosis pathways. It is reported that apoptosis plays an important role in tick salivary g...

    Authors: Yanan Wang, Shanming Hu, Mayinuer Tuerdi, Xinmao Yu, Houshuang Zhang, Yongzhi Zhou, Jie Cao, Itabajara da Silva Vaz Jr. and Jinlin Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:288

    Content type: Research

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  5. The fast development of molecular taxonomy is impacting our knowledge of the world parasite diversity at an unprecedented level. A number of operational taxonomic units have been uncovered and new species desc...

    Authors: Filipe Dantas-Torres and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:287

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  6. African animal trypanosomosis (AAT) is a major livestock disease in Kenya. Even though, over the years various organizations have collected a vast amount of field data on tsetse and AAT in different parts of t...

    Authors: Nancy N. Ngari, Daniel O. Gamba, Pamela A. Olet, Weining Zhao, Massimo Paone and Giuliano Cecchi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:286

    Content type: Research

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  7. Sand flies are responsible for the transmission of several disease pathogens including Leishmania. Sand flies breed in habitats with high levels of humidity and organic matter. They are nocturnal in nature and pe...

    Authors: Tharaka Wijerathna and Nayana Gunathilaka

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:284

    Content type: Research

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  8. The long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying of insecticide (IRS) are major malaria vector control strategies in Mali. The success of control strategies depends on a better understan...

    Authors: Moussa Keïta, Fousseyni Kané, Oumar Thiero, Boissé Traoré, Francis Zeukeng, Ambiélè Bernard Sodio, Sekou Fantamady Traoré, Rousseau Djouaka, Seydou Doumbia and Nafomon Sogoba

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:283

    Content type: Research

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  9. The aim of this study was to determine exposure to vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) in populations of dogs living on Greek islands in the Ionian and Aegean seas.

    Authors: Despoina Kostopoulou, Manuela Gizzarelli, Panagiota Ligda, Valentina Foglia Manzillo, Katerina Saratsi, Serena Montagnaro, Bettina Schunack, Annette Boegel, Matthias Pollmeier, Gaetano Oliva and Smaragda Sotiraki

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:282

    Content type: Research

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  10. Several studies have independently evaluated the occurrence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) and enteroparasites in swine, but no surveys have been conducted to jointly assess the prevalence and genetic diversity of...

    Authors: Antonio Rivero-Juarez, Alejandro Dashti, Pedro López-López, Aly Salimo Muadica, Maria de los Angeles Risalde, Pamela C. Köster, Isabel Machuca, Begoña Bailo, Marta Hernández de Mingo, Elena Dacal, Ignacio García-Bocanegra, José M. Saugar, Rafael Calero-Bernal, David González-Barrio, Antonio Rivero, Verónica Briz…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:281

    Content type: Research

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  11. Gravid females assess the conditions of oviposition sites to secure the growth and survival of their offspring. Conspecific-occupied sites may signal suitable oviposition sites but may also impose risk due to ...

    Authors: Dannielle Kowacich, Eduardo Hatano, Coby Schal, Loganathan Ponnusamy, Charles S. Apperson, Tatsiana Shymanovich and Gideon Wasserberg

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:280

    Content type: Research

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  12. Schistosomiasis is a socioeconomically devastating parasitic infection afflicting hundreds of millions of people and animals worldwide. It is the most important helminth infection, and its treatment relies sol...

    Authors: Rogério P. Xavier, Ana C. Mengarda, Marcos P. Silva, Daniel B. Roquini, Maria C. Salvadori, Fernanda S. Teixeira, Pedro L. Pinto, Thiago R. Morais, Leonardo L. G. Ferreira, Adriano D. Andricopulo and Josué de Moraes

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:278

    Content type: Research

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  13. Despite the overall major impact of long-lasting insecticide treated nets (LLINs) in eliciting individual and collective protection to malaria infections, some sub-Saharan countries, including Burkina Faso, st...

    Authors: Eleonora Perugini, Wamdaogo Moussa Guelbeogo, Maria Calzetta, Sara Manzi, Chiara Virgillito, Beniamino Caputo, Verena Pichler, Hilary Ranson, N’Fale Sagnon, Alessandra della Torre and Marco Pombi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:277

    Content type: Research

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  14. In eco-epidemiological studies, Leishmania detection in vectors and reservoirs is frequently accomplished by high-throughput and sensitive molecular methods that target minicircle kinetoplast DNA (kDNA). A pan-Le...

    Authors: Myrthe Pareyn, Rik Hendrickx, Nigatu Girma, Sarah Hendrickx, Lieselotte Van Bockstal, Natalie Van Houtte, Simon Shibru, Louis Maes, Herwig Leirs and Guy Caljon

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:276

    Content type: Research

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  15. The rapid growth in off-leash dog parks provides opportunity for canine socialization activities but carries risk of exposure to intestinal parasites. This study assessed the prevalence of these infections in ...

    Authors: Kristina Stafford, Todd M. Kollasch, Kathryn T. Duncan, Stephanie Horr, Troy Goddu, Christine Heinz-Loomer, Anthony J. Rumschlag, William G. Ryan, Sarah Sweet and Susan E. Little

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:275

    Content type: Research

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  16. Trichomoniasis is the most common non-viral sexually transmitted disease caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. Metronidazole (MTZ) is a widely used drug for the treatment of trichomoniasis; howe...

    Authors: Hsin-Chung Lin, Lichieh Julie Chu, Po-Jung Huang, Wei-Hung Cheng, Yu-Hsing Zheng, Ching-Yun Huang, Shu-Wen Hong, Lih-Chyang Chen, Hsin-An Lin, Jui-Yang Wang, Ruei-Min Chen, Wei-Ning Lin, Petrus Tang and Kuo-Yang Huang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:274

    Content type: Research

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  17. Fishermen and boatmen are a population at-risk for contracting schistosomiasis due to their high frequency of water contact in endemic areas of schistosomiasis in the People’s Republic of China (P. R. China). ...

    Authors: Zhou Guan, Si-Min Dai, Jie Zhou, Xiao-Bing Ren, Zhi-Qiang Qin, Yin-Long Li, Shan Lv, Shi-Zhu Li, Xiao-Nong Zhou and Jing Xu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:273

    Content type: Research

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  18. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), is a parasitic disease that causes serious medical consequences if treatment is delayed. Despite a decline in the number of VL cases in the Indian subcontinent, the commencement of...

    Authors: Sarfaraz Ahmad Ejazi, Smriti Ghosh, Anirban Bhattacharyya, Mohd Kamran, Sonali Das, Sudipta Bhowmick, Mehebubar Rahaman, Rama Prosad Goswami and Nahid Ali

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:272

    Content type: Research

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  19. Vector-borne infectious diseases (VBDs) represent a major public health concern worldwide. Among VBDs, West Nile virus (WNV) showed an increasingly wider spread in temperate regions of Europe, including Italy....

    Authors: Diletta Fornasiero, Matteo Mazzucato, Marco Barbujani, Fabrizio Montarsi, Gioia Capelli and Paolo Mulatti

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:271

    Content type: Research

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  20. Granada virus belongs to the genus Phlebovirus within the Naples serocomplex and was detected for the first time in sand flies from Spain in 2003. Seroprevalence studies have revealed that Granada virus may infec...

    Authors: Laura Davó, Laura Herrero, Maria Paz Sánchez-Seco, Nuria Labiod, David Roiz, Elena Gómez-Díaz, Lourdes Hernandez, Jordi Figuerola and Ana Vázquez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:270

    Content type: Methodology

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  21. Despite the importance of some species of Culex (Melanoconion) (Diptera: Culicidae) as vectors of several arboviruses that cause diseases in humans and other animals, there are few taxonomic studies focusing on s...

    Authors: Ivy Luizi Rodrigues de Sá, Rosa Sá Gomes Hutchings, Roger William Hutchings and Maria Anice Mureb Sallum

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:269

    Content type: Research

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  22. Urogenital schistosomiasis, caused by infection with Schistosoma haematobium, is endemic in Niger but complicated by the presence of Schistosoma bovis, Schistosoma curassoni and S. haematobium group hybrids along...

    Authors: Tom Pennance, Fiona Allan, Aidan Emery, Muriel Rabone, Jo Cable, Amadou Djirmay Garba, Amina Amadou Hamidou, Joanne P. Webster, David Rollinson and Bonnie L. Webster

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:268

    Content type: Research

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  23. Equine piroplasmosis is a highly endemic protozoan disease of horses worldwide, caused by Theileria equi and Babesia caballi. While most horses in endemic areas are subclinically infected, the mechanisms leading ...

    Authors: Sharon Tirosh-Levy, Amir Steinman, Hadas Levy, Yotam Katz, Margarita Shtilman and Yuval Gottlieb

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:267

    Content type: Short report

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  24. The sterile insect technique (SIT) is a vector control strategy relying on the mass release of sterile males into wild vector populations. Current sex separation techniques are not fully efficient and could le...

    Authors: Edwige Guissou, Serge Poda, Domombabele François de Sales Hien, Serge Rakiswende Yerbanga, Dari Frédéric Da, Anna Cohuet, Florence Fournet, Olivier Roux, Hamidou Maiga, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Jeremie Gilles, Jérémy Bouyer, Anicet G. Ouédraogo, Jean-Baptiste Rayaissé, Thierry Lefèvre and Kounbobr Roch Dabiré

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:266

    Content type: Research

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  25. Culicoides obsoletus is an abundant and widely distributed Holarctic biting midge species, involved in the transmission of bluetongue virus (BTV) and Schmallenberg virus (SBV) to wild and domestic ruminants. Fema...

    Authors: Antoine Mignotte, Claire Garros, Laetitia Gardès, Thomas Balenghien, Maxime Duhayon, Ignace Rakotoarivony, Laura Tabourin, Léa Poujol, Bruno Mathieu, Adolfo Ibañez-Justicia, Ahmet Deniz, Aleksandar Cvetkovikj, Bethan V. Purse, David W. Ramilo, Despoina Stougiou, Doreen Werner…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:265

    Content type: Research

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  26. Roraima, the northernmost State in Brazil, borders Venezuela and Guyana. Although mostly covered by the tropical forests, the urban centers of this state are highly infested with Ae. aegypti and are endemic for d...

    Authors: Ramão Luciano Nogueira Hayd, Luana Carrara, Joel de Melo Lima, Nathalia Coelho Vargas de Almeida, José Bento Pereira Lima and Ademir Jesus Martins

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:264

    Content type: Research

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  27. The 30-year-old armed conflict in Sri Lanka resulted in a general breakdown of civil administration in the Northern and Eastern provinces, leading to mobilisation of many armed forces personnel to assist with ...

    Authors: Nayana Gunathilaka, Saveen Semege, Nishantha Pathirana, Nuwani Manamperi, Lahiru Udayanga, Harshima Wijesinghe, Prasad Premaratne and Deepika Fernando

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:263

    Content type: Research

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  28. Identifying factors that sustain parasite transmission is important for understanding their spread and emergence, including how changes in biodiversity may affect parasite prevalence and spread. Toxoplasma gondii

    Authors: Tiziano Iemmi, Alice Vismarra, Carlo Mangia, Rolando Zanin, Marco Genchi, Paolo Lanfranchi, Laura Helen Kramer, Nicoletta Formenti and Nicola Ferrari

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:262

    Content type: Research

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  29. Equine theileriosis, a tick-transmitted disease caused by the hemoprotozoan parasites Theileria equi and Theileria haneyi, affects equids throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is a signific...

    Authors: Richard P. Bishop, Lowell S. Kappmeyer, Cynthia K. Onzere, David O. Odongo, Naftaly Githaka, Kelly P. Sears, Donald P. Knowles and Lindsay M. Fry

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:261

    Content type: Review

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  30. Myocardial dysfunction is one of the most common complications of multiple organ failure in septic shock and significantly increases mortality in patients with sepsis. Although many studies having confirmed th...

    Authors: Shifang Gao, Huihui Li, Hong Xie, Shili Wu, Yuan Yuan, Liang Chu, Siying Sun, Huijuan Yang, Lingqin Wu, Yongsheng Bai, Qiao Zhou, Xin Wang, Bin Zhan, Hu Cui and Xiaodi Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:260

    Content type: Research

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  31. Application of the larvicide Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (Bti) is a viable complementary strategy for malaria control. Efficacy of Bti is dose-dependent. There is a knowledge gap on the effects of lar...

    Authors: Steven Gowelo, James Chirombo, Jeroen Spitzen, Constantianus J. M. Koenraadt, Themba Mzilahowa, Henk van den Berg, Willem Takken and Robert McCann

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:259

    Content type: Research

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  32. Little information is available on the effect of ivermectin on the third- and fourth-stage larvae of Onchocerca volvulus. To assess a possible prophylactic effect of ivermectin on this parasite, we compared the e...

    Authors: Jérémy T. Campillo, Cédric B. Chesnais, Sébastien D. S. Pion, Jacques Gardon, Joseph Kamgno and Michel Boussinesq

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:258

    Content type: Research

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  33. Aedes aegypti (L.) is the main vector of dengue, yellow fever, Zika and chikungunya viruses. A new method for controlling this mosquito has been developed based on the possibility that wild adult mosquitoes expos...

    Authors: Paula V. Gonzalez and Laura Harburguer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:257

    Content type: Research

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  34. Little is known about the epidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum infections in alpacas (Vicugna pacos) and llamas (Lama glama) outside South America. The study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence...

    Authors: Walter Basso, Elena Sollberger, Gereon Schares, Susanne Küker, Flurin Ardüser, Gaia Moore-Jones and Patrik Zanolari

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:256

    Content type: Research

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  35. Severe changes in temperature can affect the behavior and ecology of some infectious agents. Trypanosoma cruzi is a protozoan that causes Chagas disease. This parasite has high genetic variability and can be divi...

    Authors: Lissa Cruz-Saavedra, Marina Muñoz, Luz Helena Patiño, Gustavo A. Vallejo, Felipe Guhl and Juan David Ramírez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:255

    Content type: Research

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  36. Hepatic fibrosis caused by chronic infection with Schistosoma japonica remains a serious public health problem in the world. Symptoms include inflammation, liver granuloma and fibrosis, whilst treatment options a...

    Authors: Yuzheng Huang, Jin Lu, Yongliang Xu, Chunrong Xiong, Deshen Tong, Nannan Hu and Haitao Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:254

    Content type: Research

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  37. Despite the morphological characterization established in the 1950s and 1960s, the identity of extant taxa that make up Glossina fuscipes (s.l.) in the Congo remains questionable. Previous claims of overlap betwe...

    Authors: Abraham Mayoke, Shadrack M. Muya, Rosemary Bateta, Paul O. Mireji, Sylvance O. Okoth, Samuel G. Onyoyo, Joanna E. Auma and Johnson O. Ouma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:253

    Content type: Research

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  38. Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease, and T. rangeli are kinetoplastid parasites endemic to Latin America. Although closely related to T. cruzi and capable of infecting humans, T. rangeli is n...

    Authors: Jalil Maiguashca Sánchez, Salem Oduro Beffi Sueto, Philipp Schwabl, Mario J. Grijalva, Martin S. Llewellyn and Jaime A. Costales

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:252

    Content type: Research

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  39. The morphological and molecular identification of mites is challenging due to the large number of species, the microscopic size of the organisms, diverse phenotypes of the same species, similar morphology of d...

    Authors: Yae Zhao, Wan-Yu Zhang, Rui-Ling Wang and Dong-Ling Niu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:251

    Content type: Research

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  40. Strongyloidiasis is a soil borne helminthiasis, which in most cases is caused by Strongyloides stercoralis. Human infections with S. fuelleborni fuelleborni and S. fuelleborni kellyi also occur. Although up to 37...

    Authors: Kittipat Aupalee, Adulsak Wijit, Kittikhun Singphai, Christian Rödelsperger, Siyu Zhou, Atiporn Saeung and Adrian Streit

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:250

    Content type: Research

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  41. Onchocerca fasciata is a prevalent filarial species in camelids of Asia and Africa forming nodules in the skin of dromedary and Bactrian camels. In spite of recent advances in the biology and epidemiology of this...

    Authors: Younes Ghahvei, Mohammad Mirzaei, Shadi Hashemnia, Mehdi Golchin, Reza Kheirandish, Shigehiko Uni, Jairo Alfonso Mendoza-Roldan, Domenico Otranto and Alireza Sazmand

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:249

    Content type: Research

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  42. Sparganosis caused by Spirometra erinaceieuropaei spargana is a zoonotic parasitic infection that has been reported in many countries, including China, Japan, Thailand and Korea, as well as European countries and...

    Authors: Wei Liu, Hailin Tang, Asmaa M. I. Abuzeid, Lei Tan, Aibing Wang, Xueping Wan, Haoji Zhang, Yisong Liu and Guoqing Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:248

    Content type: Research

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  43. Both incidence and geographical range of tick-borne disease has increased across the USA. Similar to people, dogs are hosts for Anaplasma spp., Babesia spp., Ehrlichia spp. and Borrelia burgdorferi. Dogs also sha...

    Authors: Kurayi Mahachi, Eric Kontowicz, Bryan Anderson, Angela J. Toepp, Adam Leal Lima, Mandy Larson, Geneva Wilson, Tara Grinnage-Pulley, Carolyne Bennett, Marie Ozanne, Michael Anderson, Hailie Fowler, Molly Parrish, Jill Saucier, Phyllis Tyrrell, Zachary Palmer…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:247

    Content type: Research

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  44. Leishmania donovani-induced and sand fly-transmitted leishmaniasis is a growing health problem in Sri Lanka. Limited knowledge on biological and behavioral characteristics of probable vector Phlebotomus argentipe...

    Authors: Dulani R. K. Pathirage, S. H. P. Parakrama Karunaratne, Sanath C. Senanayake and Nadira D. Karunaweera

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:246

    Content type: Research

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  45. The diagnosis of active Toxocara canis infections in humans is challenging. Larval stages of T. canis do not replicate in human tissues and disease may result from infection with a single T. canis larva. Recently...

    Authors: Francisco Morales-Yánez, Stanislav Trashin, Idalia Sariego, Clémentine Roucher, Linda Paredis, Martha Chico, Karolien De Wael, Serge Muyldermans, Philip Cooper and Katja Polman

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:245

    Content type: Research

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  46. Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease that affects countries in the developing world. In Sri Lanka, cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form of the disease. It is prevalent in dry and intermedia...

    Authors: Tharaka Wijerathna, Nayana Gunathilaka, Kithsiri Gunawardena and Wasana Rodrigo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:244

    Content type: Research

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  47. Within the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), the subgenus Avaritia is of particular interest as it contains a significant number of economically important vector species. Disagreements about the system...

    Authors: Bruno Mathieu, Claire Garros, Thomas Balenghien, Ermanno Candolfi, Jean-Claude Delécolle and Catherine Cêtre-Sossah

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:243

    Content type: Research

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  48. Humans are the primary hosts of dengue viruses (DENV). However, sylvatic cycles of transmission can occur among non-human primates and human encroachment into forested regions can be a source of emergence of n...

    Authors: Paul Pickering, Leon E. Hugo, Gregor J. Devine, John G. Aaskov and Wenjun Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:240

    Content type: Short report

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