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  1. Parascaris univalens is a pathogenic parasite of foals and yearlings worldwide. In recent years, Parascaris spp. worms have developed resistance to several of the commonly used anthelmintics, though currently the...

    Authors: Frida Martin, Faruk Dube, Oskar Karlsson Lindsjö, Matthías Eydal, Johan Höglund, Tomas F. Bergström and Eva Tydén

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:342

    Content type: Research

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  2. Avian cryptosporidiosis is a common parasitic disease that is caused by five species, which are well characterised at the molecular and biological level, and more than 18 genotypes for which we have limited in...

    Authors: Nikola Holubová, Lenka Tůmová, Bohumil Sak, Adéla Hejzlarová, Roman Konečný, John McEvoy and Martin Kváč

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:340

    Content type: Research

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  3. Lipids play essential structural and functional roles in the biology of animals. Studying the composition and abundance of lipids in parasites should assist in gaining a better understanding of their molecular...

    Authors: Tao Wang, Guangxu Ma, Shuai Nie, Nicholas A. Williamson, Gavin E. Reid and Robin B. Gasser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:338

    Content type: Research

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  4. Preventive chemotherapy with praziquantel is the cornerstone of schistosomiasis control. However, in some social-ecological settings, the prevalence and/or intensity of Schistosoma infection does not lower meanin...

    Authors: Rufin K. Assaré, Roméo N. N’Tamon, Louise G. Bellai, Judicaelle A. Koffi, Tra-Bi I. Mathieu, Mamadou Ouattara, Eveline Hürlimann, Jean T. Coulibaly, Salia Diabaté, Eliézer K. N’Goran and Jürg Utzinger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:337

    Content type: Research

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  5. Echinostoma caproni (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) is an intestinal trematode, which has been extensively used to investigate the factors that determine the rejection of intestinal helminths. In this sense, severa...

    Authors: María Álvarez-Izquierdo, J. Guillermo Esteban, Carla Muñoz-Antoli and Rafael Toledo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:336

    Content type: Research

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  6. Yersinia pestis is the flea-transmitted etiological agent of bubonic plague. Sylvatic plague consists of complex tripartite interactions between diverse flea and wild rodent species, and pathogen strains. Transmi...

    Authors: Athena Lemon, Janelle Sagawa, Kameron Gravelle and Viveka Vadyvaloo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:335

    Content type: Research

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  7. The main symptoms of schistosomiasis are granuloma and fibrosis, caused by Schistosoma eggs. Numerous types of cells and cytokines are involved in the progression of Schistosoma infection. As a class of innate im...

    Authors: Lei Sun, Wenci Gong, Yujuan Shen, Le Liang, Xiaofan Zhang, Teng Li, Tina Tuwen Chen, Yuan Hu and Jianping Cao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:334

    Content type: Research

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  8. Anopheles mosquitoes are the vectors of malaria, one of the most important infectious diseases in the tropics. More than 500 Anopheles species have been described worldwide, and more than 30 are considered a publ...

    Authors: Denis Escobar, Krisnaya Ascencio, Andrés Ortiz, Adalid Palma and Gustavo Fontecha

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:333

    Content type: Research

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  9. Triatoma dimidiata (Reduviidae: Triatominae) is an important vector of Chagas disease in various countries in the Americas. Phylogenetic studies have defined three lineages in Mexico and part of Central America. ...

    Authors: Daryl D. Cruz, Elizabeth Arellano, Dennis Denis Ávila and Carlos N. Ibarra-Cerdeña

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:332

    Content type: Research

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  10. Recent global changes have led to an increase in distribution of ticks towards higher elevation and latitude in Europe and livestock are at increasing risk of contracting tick-borne diseases, but psychological...

    Authors: Maria Johansson, Atle Mysterud and Anders Flykt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:331

    Content type: Research

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  11. Few reports of Echinococcus spp. have been described in the USA; however, the geographical distribution of Echinococcus spp. in wild hosts is increasing consequent to human activities. In the early 2000’s, 253 el...

    Authors: BreeAnna Dell, Shelley J. Newman, Kathryn Purple, Brad Miller, Edward Ramsay, Robert Donnell and Richard W. Gerhold

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:330

    Content type: Research

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  12. Indonesia has high mosquito diversity, with circulating malaria and arboviruses. Human landing catches (HLC) are ethically questionable where arboviral transmission occurs. The host decoy trap (HDT) is an expo...

    Authors: Jenna R. Davidson, Robert N. Baskin, Hajar Hasan, Timothy A. Burton, Muhammad Wardiman, Nur Rahma, Fadly R. Saputra, Muhammad Sultanul Aulya, Isra Wahid, Din Syafruddin, Frances M. Hawkes and Neil F. Lobo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:329

    Content type: Research

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  13. Aedes albopictus has a well-established presence in southern European countries, associated with recent disease outbreaks (e.g. chikungunya). Development of insecticide resistance in the vector is a major concern...

    Authors: Sofia Balaska, Emmanouil A. Fotakis, Ilias Kioulos, Linda Grigoraki, Spyridoula Mpellou, Alexandra Chaskopoulou and John Vontas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:328

    Content type: Research

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  14. Aedes aegypti is a primary vector of dengue, chikungunya and Zika infections in India. In the absence of specific drugs or safe and effective vaccines for these infections, their control relies mainly on vector c...

    Authors: Raja Babu S. Kushwah, Taranjeet Kaur, Cherry L. Dykes, H. Ravi Kumar, Neera Kapoor and Om P. Singh

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:327

    Content type: Research

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  15. In most multicellular organisms, the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signalling pathway is involved in regulating the growth and stem cell differentiation. Previous studies have demonstrated the importanc...

    Authors: Li He, Hui Liu, Bi-Ying Zhang, Fang-Fang Li, Wen-Da Di, Chun-Qun Wang, Cai-Xian Zhou, Lu Liu, Ting-Ting Li, Ting Zhang, Rui Fang and Min Hu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:326

    Content type: Research

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  16. Knockdown resistance (kdr) is the main mechanism that confers resistance to pyrethroids and DDT. This is a product of non-synonymous mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel (vgsc) gene, and these mutations ...

    Authors: Karina Villanueva-Segura, Gustavo Ponce-Garcia, Beatriz Lopez-Monroy, Esteban Mora-Jasso, Lucia Perales, Francisco J. Gonzalez-Santillan, Kevin Ontiveros-Zapata, Jesus A. Davila-Barboza and Adriana E. Flores

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:325

    Content type: Research

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  17. The most commonly used diagnostic tool for soil-transmitted helminths (STH) is the Kato-Katz (KK) thick smear technique. However, numerous studies have suggested that the sensitivity of KK can be problematic, ...

    Authors: Julia C. Dunn, Marina Papaiakovou, Kay Thwe Han, Darren Chooneea, Alison A. Bettis, Nay Yee Wyine, Aye Moe Moe Lwin, Nay Soe Maung, Raju Misra, D. T. J. Littlewood and Roy M. Anderson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:324

    Content type: Research

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  18. Equine trypanosomiases are complex infectious diseases with overlapping clinical signs defined by their mode of transmission. Despite their economic impacts, these diseases have been neglected by the scientifi...

    Authors: Joël Vourchakbé, Arnol Auvaker Z. Tiofack, Mpoame Mbida and Gustave Simo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:323

    Content type: Research

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  19. The success of indoor interventions that target mosquitoes for malaria control is partially dependent on early evening and outdoor biting behaviours of mosquito vectors. In southwest Ethiopia, people and cattl...

    Authors: Melkam Abiye Zeru, Simon Shibru and Fekadu Massebo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:322

    Content type: Research

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  20. The plant-parasitic nematode Hoplolaimus columbus is a pathogen that uses a wide range of hosts and causes substantial yield loss in agricultural fields in North America. This study describes, for the first time,...

    Authors: Xinyuan Ma, Paula Agudelo, Vincent P. Richards and J. Antonio Baeza

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:321

    Content type: Research

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  21. During infection with Leishmania donovani, parasite control is linked to the systemic Th1 immune response, but in infected organs (liver, spleen and bone marrow), the response differs according to the micro-envir...

    Authors: Aurore Lamberet, Octavie Rostan, Sarah Dion, Aurélien Jan, Hélène Guegan, Christelle Manuel, Michel Samson, Jean-Pierre Gangneux and Florence Robert-Gangneux

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:320

    Content type: Research

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  22. Taenia pisiformis is one of the most common intestinal parasites in canines, and leads to serious economic losses in the rabbit breeding industry. Exosome-like vesicles from parasites play crucial roles in host-p...

    Authors: Li-Qun Wang, Ting-Li Liu, Pan-Hong Liang, Shao-Hua Zhang, Tao-Shan Li, Yan-Ping Li, Guang-Xue Liu, Li Mao and Xue-Nong Luo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:318

    Content type: Research

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  23. Angiostrongylus cantonensis is an important food-borne zoonotic parasite. Humans are non-permissive hosts, and this parasite develops into fifth-stage larvae (L5) in the brain and subarachnoid cavity and then ind...

    Authors: Kuang-Yao Chen, Yi-Ju Chen, Chien-Ju Cheng, Kai-Yuan Jhan and Lian-Chen Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:317

    Content type: Research

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  24. The occurrence of the major vectors of Chagas disease has historically been linked to poor rural housing, but urban or peri-urban infestations are increasingly being reported. We evaluated a simple risk index ...

    Authors: María Sol Gaspe, María del Pilar Fernández, Marta Victoria Cardinal, Gustavo Fabián Enriquez, Lucía Inés Rodríguez-Planes, Natalia Paula Macchiaverna and Ricardo Esteban Gürtler

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:316

    Content type: Research

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  25. Amblyomma americanum and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (sensu lato) nymphs commonly feed on and transmit pathogens to dogs (Canis familiaris). Control of immature and adult tick life stages is necessary to fully prote...

    Authors: Kelly Allen, Susan Little, Melissa Petersen, Jeff Gruntmeir, Anne Barrett, Brian Herrin, Lindsay Starkey, Fangshi Sun and Frank Guerino

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:315

    Content type: Research

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  26. Malaria caused by Plasmodium spp. is still a major threat to public health globally. The various approaches to developing new antimalarial agents rely on the understanding of the complex regulatory mechanisms of ...

    Authors: Hui Liu, Xin-Yu Cui, Dan-Dan Xu, Fei Wang, Lin-Wen Meng, Yue-Meng Zhao, Meng Liu, Shi-Jun Shen, Xiao-Hui He, Qiang Fang, Zhi-Yong Tao, Ci-Zong Jiang, Qing-Feng Zhang, Liang Gu and Hui Xia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:314

    Content type: Research

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  27. The Onchocercidae is a family of filarial nematodes with several species of medical or veterinary importance. Microfilariae are found in the blood and/or the dermis and are usually diagnosed in humans by micro...

    Authors: Colette Marie Gaillard, Sebastien David Pion, Hadjira Hamou, Constant Sirima, Charlotte Bizet, Thomas Lemarcis, Jules Rodrigues, Amandine Esteban, Martine Peeters, Eitel Mpoudi Ngole, Illich Mombo, Florian Liégeois, Coralie Martin, Michel Boussinesq and Sabrina Locatelli

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:313

    Content type: Research

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  28. The human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis, is a cosmopolitan blood-sucking ectoparasite affecting mostly schoolchildren in both developed and developing countries. In Honduras, chemical pediculicides are th...

    Authors: Kelsey Larkin, Carol A. Rodriguez, Shabana Jamani, Georgina Fronza, Gonzalo Roca-Acevedo, Ana Sanchez and Ariel C. Toloza

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:312

    Content type: Research

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  29. The castor bean tick Ixodes ricinus is an important vector of several clinically important diseases, whose prevalence increases with accelerating global climate changes. Characterization of a tick life-cycle is t...

    Authors: Pavlina Vechtova, Zoltan Fussy, Radim Cegan, Jan Sterba, Jan Erhart, Vladimir Benes and Libor Grubhoffer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:311

    Content type: Research

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  30. Transmission dynamics of arboviruses like Zika virus are often evaluated by vector competence (the proportion of infectious vectors given exposure) and the extrinsic incubation period (EIP, the time it takes f...

    Authors: E. Handly Mayton, A. Ryan Tramonte, Helen J. Wearing and Rebecca C. Christofferson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:310

    Content type: Research

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  31. The subgenus Megatrypanum Hoare, 1964 of Trypanosoma Gruby, 1843 comprises trypanosomes of cervids and bovids from around the world. Here, the white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmermann) and its ectopar...

    Authors: Herakles A. Garcia, Pilar A. Blanco, Adriana C. Rodrigues, Carla M. F. Rodrigues, Carmen S. A. Takata, Marta Campaner, Erney P. Camargo and Marta M. G. Teixeira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:308

    Content type: Research

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  32. The majority of penguins (Sphenisciformes) have evolved in areas with weak or absent transmission of haemosporidian parasites and are usually naïve to avian haemosporidian infections. Plasmodium parasites are tra...

    Authors: Mizue Inumaru, Shiori Aratani, Misa Shimizu, Mineka Yamamoto, Yukita Sato, Koichi Murata and Gediminas Valkiūnas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:307

    Content type: Research

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  33. Angiostrongylus vasorum is the causative agent of canine angiostrongylosis, a disease that mainly affects domestic dogs and other wild carnivores. In Europe, the number of infected individuals is increasing, bein...

    Authors: Elena Carretón, Rodrigo Morchón, Yaiza Falcón-Cordón, Jorge Matos, Noelia Costa-Rodríguez and José A. Montoya-Alonso

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:306

    Content type: Research

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  34. Bovine babesiosis, commonly known as redwater fever, is a sporadic tick-borne disease in the United Kingdom. Outbreaks occur during the spring, summer and autumn months when ticks are active. This study report...

    Authors: Nicholas Johnson, L. Paul Phipps, Harriet McFadzean and Alex M. Barlow

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:305

    Content type: Short report

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  35. Recent reports indicate that the isoxazoline compounds have the potential to provide safe and effective treatment of canine generalized demodicosis, a condition that has been traditionally difficult to cure. C...

    Authors: Ivo Petersen, Rafael Chiummo, Eva Zschiesche, Joanna Karas-Tecza, Dhimiter Rapti, Rainer Roepke and Emmanuel Thomas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:304

    Content type: Research

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  36. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is the most common viral CNS infection with incidences much higher than all other virus infections together in many risk areas of central and eastern Europe. The Odenwald Hill reg...

    Authors: Daniela Ott, Kristina Ulrich, Philip Ginsbach, Rainer Öhme, Oswinde Bock-Hensley, Ulrich Falk, Martina Teinert and Thorsten Lenhard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:303

    Content type: Research

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  37. Lymphatic filariasis (LF) infection is generally diagnosed through parasitological identification of microfilariae (mf) in the blood. Although historically the most commonly used technique for counting mf is t...

    Authors: Natalie V. S. Vinkeles Melchers, Luc E. Coffeng, Sake J. de Vlas and Wilma A. Stolk

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:302

    Content type: Research

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  38. Environmental conditions in northern Spain allow the development of different arthropods involved in the transmission of significant canine vector-borne pathogens. The aim of the study was to systematically as...

    Authors: David Díaz-Regañón, Xavier Roura, María L. Suárez, Marta León and Ángel Sainz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:301

    Content type: Research

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  39. Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is a neglected disease that affects ~7 million people worldwide. Development of new drugs to treat the infection remains a priority since those currently...

    Authors: Nieves Martinez-Peinado, Nuria Cortes-Serra, Laura Torras-Claveria, Maria-Jesus Pinazo, Joaquim Gascon, Jaume Bastida and Julio Alonso-Padilla

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:299

    Content type: Research

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  40. Species of Macroponema Mawson, 1978 are strongyloid nematodes which occur in the stomachs of macropodid marsupials in Australia. In this study, the genus Macroponema is revised, redescriptions of the two known sp...

    Authors: Tanapan Sukee, Abdul Jabbar and Ian Beveridge

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:298

    Content type: Research

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  41. Mayaro virus (MAYV) is responsible for a mosquito-borne tropical disease with clinical symptoms similar to dengue or chikungunya virus fevers. In addition to the recent territorial expansion of MAYV, this viru...

    Authors: Anna Fernanda Vasconcellos, Samuel Coelho Mandacaru, Athos Silva de Oliveira, Wagner Fontes, Reynaldo Magalhães Melo, Marcelo Valle de Sousa, Renato Oliveira Resende and Sébastien Charneau

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:297

    Content type: Research

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  42. Buffalo flies (Haematobia irritans exigua) (BF) and closely related horn flies (Haematobia irritans irritans) (HF) are invasive haematophagous parasites with significant economic and welfare impacts on cattle pro...

    Authors: Mukund Madhav, Geoff Brown, Jess A. T. Morgan, Sassan Asgari, Elizabeth A. McGraw and Peter James

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:296

    Content type: Research

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  43. Since the implementation of Roll Back Malaria, the widespread use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) is thought to have played a major part in the decrease in mortality and m...

    Authors: Seynabou Sougoufara, Emmanuel Chinweuba Ottih and Frederic Tripet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:295

    Content type: Review

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  44. Leishmaniases are a group of neglected tropical parasitic diseases, mainly affecting vulnerable populations of countries with poor socioeconomic status. Development of efficient vaccines is a priority due to t...

    Authors: Alba Martínez-Flórez, Clara Martori, Paula L. Monteagudo, Fernando Rodriguez, Jordi Alberola and Alhelí Rodríguez-Cortés

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:294

    Content type: Research

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  45. Knowledge of the distribution and habitat preference of freshwater snail intermediate hosts can provide information to initiate and set-up effective snail control programmes. However, there is limited research...

    Authors: Beekam Kebede Olkeba, Pieter Boets, Seid Tiku Mereta, Mesfin Yeshigeta, Geremew Muleta Akessa, Argaw Ambelu and Peter L. M. Goethals

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:292

    Content type: Research

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  46. Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) are intestinal parasites estimated to infect over 1.5 billion people. Current treatment programmes are aimed at morbidity control through school-based deworming programmes (tar...

    Authors: Marleen Werkman, James E. Wright, James E. Truscott, William E. Oswald, Katherine E. Halliday, Marina Papaiakovou, Sam H. Farrell, Rachel L. Pullan and Roy M. Anderson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:290

    Content type: Research

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