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  1. Ascaris roundworms are the parasitic nematodes responsible for causing human and porcine ascariasis. Whereas A. lumbricoides is the most common soil-transmitted helminth infecting humans in the world, A. suum cau...

    Authors: Alicia Diosdado, Fernando Simón, Rodrigo Morchón and Javier González-Miguel

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:203

    Content type: Research

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  2. Malaria vector mosquitoes acquire midgut microbiota primarily from their habitat. The homeostasis of these microbial communities plays an essential role in the mosquito longevity, the most essential factor in ...

    Authors: Serkadis Debalke, Tibebu Habtewold, George K. Christophides and Luc Duchateau

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:202

    Content type: Research

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  3. Recent reports have demonstrated the presence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) genomic material in Hyalomma aegyptium ticks feeding primarily on tortoises belonging to the genus Testudo. This rais...

    Authors: Sirri Kar, Sergio E. Rodriguez, Gurkan Akyildiz, Maria N. B. Cajimat, Rifat Bircan, Megan C. Mears, Dennis A. Bente and Aysen G. Keles

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:201

    Content type: Research

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  4. Approximately 30% of children worldwide are infected with gastrointestinal parasites. Depending on the species, parasites can disrupt intestinal bacterial microbiota affecting essential vitamin biosynthesis.

    Authors: Rojelio Mejia, Ashish Damania, Rebecca Jeun, Patricia E. Bryan, Paola Vargas, Marisa Juarez, Pamela S. Cajal, Julio Nasser, Alejandro Krolewiecki, Emilie Lefoulon, Courtney Long, Evan Drake, Rubén O. Cimino and Barton Slatko

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:200

    Content type: Short report

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  5. Borrelia miyamotoi is a relapsing fever Borrelia species transmitted by ticks of the Ixodes ricinus complex. Human disease caused by B. miyamotoi was first described in Russia and later in the USA and Japan. Addi...

    Authors: Pierre H. Boyer, Joris Koetsveld, Laurence Zilliox, Hein Sprong, Émilie Talagrand-Reboul, Yves Hansmann, Sylvie Josiane de Martino, Nathalie Boulanger, Joppe W. Hovius and Benoît Jaulhac

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:199

    Content type: Short report

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  6. Radiation induced sterility is the basis of the Sterile Insect Technique, by which a target insect pest population is suppressed by releasing artificially reared sterile males of the pest species in overfloodi...

    Authors: Hanano Yamada, Hamidou Maiga, Nanwintoum Severin Bimbile-Somda, Danilo O. Carvalho, Wadaka Mamai, Carina Kraupa, Andrew G. Parker, Aiman Abrahim, Georg Weltin, Thomas Wallner, Marc F. Schetelig, Carlos Caceres and Jeremy Bouyer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:198

    Content type: Research

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  7. Larval indices such as the house index (HI), Breteau index (BI) and container index (CI) are widely used to interpret arbovirus vector density in surveillance programmes. However, the use of such data as an al...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Policarpo Cavalcante, Ricardo Alves de Olinda, Alexandrino Gomes, John Traxler, Matt Smith and Silvana Santos

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:197

    Content type: Research

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  8. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) caused by dimorphic Leishmania species is a parasitic disease with high socioeconomic burden in endemic areas worldwide. Sustaining control of VL in terms of proper and prevailing immu...

    Authors: Md Anik Ashfaq Khan, Jenifar Quaiyum Ami, Khaledul Faisal, Rajashree Chowdhury, Prakash Ghosh, Faria Hossain, Ahmed Abd El Wahed and Dinesh Mondal

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:196

    Content type: Research

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  9. Culicoides biting midges transmit viruses resulting in disease in ruminants and equids such as bluetongue, Schmallenberg disease and African horse sickness. In the past decades, these diseases have led to importa...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Cuéllar, Lene Jung Kjær, Andreas Baum, Anders Stockmarr, Henrik Skovgard, Søren Achim Nielsen, Mats Gunnar Andersson, Anders Lindström, Jan Chirico, Renke Lühken, Sonja Steinke, Ellen Kiel, Jörn Gethmann, Franz J. Conraths, Magdalena Larska, Marcin Smreczak…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:194

    Content type: Research

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  10. For long time, canine leishmaniosis (CanL) was considered endemic in the southern, central, and insular regions of Italy, whereas heartworm disease (HW) caused by Dirofilaria immitis was considered endemic in the...

    Authors: Jairo Mendoza-Roldan, Giovanni Benelli, Rossella Panarese, Roberta Iatta, Tommaso Furlanello, Frederic Beugnet, Andrea Zatelli and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:193

    Content type: Research

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  11. Prior to a major release campaign of sterile insects, including the sterile insect technique, male mosquitoes must be marked and released (small scale) to determine key parameters including wild population abu...

    Authors: Nicole J. Culbert, Maria Kaiser, Nelius Venter, Marc J. B. Vreysen, Jeremie R. L. Gilles and Jérémy Bouyer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:192

    Content type: Methodology

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  12. Cystic echinococcosis, caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus, is a neglected tropical disease with remarkable morbidity in humans and a problem of worldwide economic importance in livestock industry. Unde...

    Authors: Seyed Mohammad Mousavi, Ali Afgar, Mohammad Ali Mohammadi, Seifollah Mortezaei, Ashkan Faridi, Balal Sadeghi and Majid Fasihi Harandi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:190

    Content type: Research

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  13. Monogenea van Beneden, 1858 is a group of parasitic flatworms, commonly found infecting bony fish. Several genera, such as Cichlidogyrus Paperna, 1960, are reported to include potential pathogenic species that ca...

    Authors: Mare Geraerts, Fidel Muterezi Bukinga, Maarten P. M. Vanhove, Antoine Pariselle, Auguste Chocha Manda, Emmanuel Vreven, Tine Huyse and Tom Artois

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:187

    Content type: Research

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  14. From a veterinary-medical point of view, the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans, is perhaps the economically most important blood-sucking muscoid fly species (Diptera: Muscidae), owing to its worldwide occurrence, f...

    Authors: Sándor Hornok, Nóra Takács, Sándor Szekeres, Krisztina Szőke, Jenő Kontschán, Gábor Horváth and László Sugár

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:186

    Content type: Short report

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  15. Tick distribution in Sweden has increased in recent years, with the prevalence of ticks predicted to spread towards the northern parts of the country, thus increasing the risk of tick-borne zoonoses in new reg...

    Authors: Amélie Wallenhammar, Richard Lindqvist, Naveed Asghar, Sezin Gunaltay, Hans Fredlund, Åke Davidsson, Sören Andersson, Anna K. Överby and Magnus Johansson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:185

    Content type: Research

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  16. Angiostrongylus cantonensis can cause severe symptoms of central nervous system infections. In the host, this parasite localizes in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid, and its secreted components can impact immune...

    Authors: Xiaomeng Shi, Mengran Xiao, Zhiyue Xie, Qing Shi, Yuanjiao Zhang, Jianmei W. Leavenworth, Baolong Yan and Huicong Huang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:183

    Content type: Research

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  17. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is one of common intestinal pathogens in humans and animals including non-human primates (NHPs). Many zoonotic pathogens including E. bieneusi have been found in these animals. However, th...

    Authors: Li Chen, Na Li, Yaqiong Guo, Jianguo Zhao, Yaoyu Feng and Lihua Xiao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:182

    Content type: Research

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  18. Leishmaniasis is a human and animal disease caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania, which is now divided into four subgenera, Leishmania, Viannia, Sauroleishmania and Mundinia. Subgenus Mundinia, established...

    Authors: Tomas Becvar, Padet Siriyasatien, Paul Bates, Petr Volf and Jovana Sádlová

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:181

    Content type: Research

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  19. Toxoplasma gondii is the third most important contributor to health burden caused by food-borne illness. Ingestion of tissue cysts from undercooked meat is an important source of horizontal transmission to humans...

    Authors: Cláudia S. Marques, Susana Sousa, António Castro and José Manuel Correia da Costa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:180

    Content type: Research

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  20. There is substantial concern that the spread of insecticide resistance will render long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) ineffective. However, there is limited evidence supporting a clear association b...

    Authors: Marissa K. Grossman, Shüné V. Oliver, Basil D. Brooke and Matthew B. Thomas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:179

    Content type: Research

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  21. Aedes aegypti is a potential vector for several arboviruses including dengue and Zika viruses. The species seems to be restricted to subtropical/tropical habitats and has difficulties in establishing permanent po...

    Authors: Isabelle M. Kramer, Aljoscha Kreß, Doris Klingelhöfer, Christian Scherer, Parbati Phuyal, Ulrich Kuch, Bodo Ahrens, David A. Groneberg, Meghnath Dhimal and Ruth Müller

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:178

    Content type: Research

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  22. Humans are parasitized by three types of lice: body, head and pubic lice. As their common names imply, each type colonizes a specific region of the body. The body louse is the only recognized disease vector. H...

    Authors: Nadia Amanzougaghene, Oleg Mediannikov, Tran Duc Anh Ly, Philippe Gautret, Bernard Davoust, Florence Fenollar and Arezki Izri

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:177

    Content type: Research

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  23. Ixodes ricinus constitutes the main European vector tick for the Lyme borreliosis pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato), the relapsing fever borrelia Borrelia miyamotoi, as well as Anaplasma phagocytophilum ...

    Authors: Daniela Hauck, Daniela Jordan, Andrea Springer, Bettina Schunack, Stefan Pachnicke, Volker Fingerle and Christina Strube

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:176

    Content type: Research

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  24. Antigens expressed in sexual stages of the malaria parasites are targets of transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs). HAP2/GCS1, a TBV candidate, is critical for fertilization in Plasmodium. Here, the genetic divers...

    Authors: Danni Li, Chunyun Yu, Jian Guo, Yazhou Wang, Yan Zhao, Lin Wang, Myat Thu Soe, Hui Feng, Myat Phone Kyaw, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Lubin Jiang, Liwang Cui, Xiaotong Zhu and Yaming Cao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:175

    Content type: Research

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  25. Fascioliasis is a snail-borne zoonotic trematodiasis emerging due to climate changes, anthropogenic environment modifications, and livestock movements. Many areas where Fasciola hepatica is endemic in humans have...

    Authors: M. Dolores Bargues, Patricio Artigas, Rene Angles, David Osca, Pamela Duran, Paola Buchon, R. Karina Gonzales-Pomar, Julio Pinto-Mendieta and Santiago Mas-Coma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:171

    Content type: Research

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  26. Trypanosoma brucei exhibits a complex life-cycle alternating between tsetse flies and mammalian hosts. When parasites infect the fly, cells differentiate to adapt to life in various tissues, which is accompanied ...

    Authors: Moara Lemos, Adeline Mallet, Eloïse Bertiaux, Albane Imbert, Brice Rotureau and Philippe Bastin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:169

    Content type: Research

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  27. The enzyme farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS) is positioned in the intersection of different sterol biosynthesis pathways such as those producing isoprenoids, dolichols and ergosterol. FPPS is ubiquitous in ...

    Authors: Ana Paula R. Gadelha, Claudia Maia Brigagao, Martha Barros da Silva, Aline Beatriz Mello Rodrigues, Ana Carolina Ramos Guimarães, Fernando Paiva, Wanderley de Souza and Cristina Henriques

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:168

    Content type: Research

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  28. Eimeria necatrix, the most highly pathogenic coccidian in chicken small intestines, can cause high morbidity and mortality in susceptible birds and devastating economic losses in poultry production, but the under...

    Authors: Xian-Cheng Fan, Ting-Li Liu, Yi Wang, Xue-Mei Wu, Yu-Xin Wang, Peng Lai, Jun-Ke Song and Guang-Hui Zhao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:167

    Content type: Research

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  29. Babesia spp. are apicomplexan parasites which infect a wide range of mammalian hosts. Historically, most Babesia species were described based on the assumed host specificity and morphological features of the intr...

    Authors: Alexandra Corduneanu, Teodor Dan Ursache, Marian Taulescu, Bogdan Sevastre, David Modrý and Andrei Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:166

    Content type: Research

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  30. Rhipicephalus microplus, an invasive tick species of Asian origin and the main vector of Babesia species, is considered one of the most widespread ectoparasites of livestock. The tick has spread from its native h...

    Authors: Dennis Muhanguzi, Joseph Byaruhanga, Wilson Amanyire, Christian Ndekezi, Sylvester Ochwo, Joseph Nkamwesiga, Frank Norbert Mwiine, Robert Tweyongyere, Josephus Fourie, Maxime Madder, Theo Schetters, Ivan Horak, Nick Juleff and Frans Jongejan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:165

    Content type: Research

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  31. Smad proteins are essential cellular mediators within the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily. They directly transmit incoming signals from the cell surface receptors to the nucleus. In spite of t...

    Authors: Fang-Fang Li, Robin B. Gasser, Feng Liu, Jia-Nan Shan, Wen-Da Di, Li He, Cai-Xian Zhou, Chun-Qun Wang, Rui Fang and Min Hu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:164

    Content type: Research

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  32. Triatomine bugs are responsible for the vectorial transmission of the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, etiological agent of Chagas disease, a zoonosis affecting 10 million people and with 25 million at risk of infecti...

    Authors: Johan M. Calderón, Patricia Fuya, Liliana Santacoloma and Camila González

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:163

    Content type: Research

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  33. While immune responses to the murine hookworm Nippostrongylus brasiliensis have been investigated, signaling pathways regulating development of infectious larvae (iL3) are not well understood. We hypothesized tha...

    Authors: Katherine Omueti Ayoade, Faith R. Carranza, Woong Hee Cho, Zhu Wang, Steven A. Kliewer, David J. Mangelsdorf and Jonathan D. C. Stoltzfus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:162

    Content type: Research

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  34. Practical, field-ready age-grading tools for mosquito vectors of disease are urgently needed because of the impact that daily survival has on vectorial capacity. Previous studies have shown that near-infrared ...

    Authors: Oselyne T. W. Ong, Elise A. Kho, Pedro M. Esperança, Chris Freebairn, Floyd E. Dowell, Gregor J. Devine and Thomas S. Churcher

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:160

    Content type: Research

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  35. The 5th Post-Kala-Azar Dermal Leishmaniasis (PKDL) Consortium meeting brought together PKDL experts from all endemic areas to review and discuss existing and new data on PKDL. This report summarizes the presen...

    Authors: Eduard E. Zijlstra, Amresh Kumar, Abhijit Sharma, Suman Rijal, Dinesh Mondal and Satyabrata Routray

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:159

    Content type: Meeting report

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  36. Snails of the genus Biomphalaria are intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni, the causative agent of the human intestinal schistosomiasis. Two Biomphalaria species (Biomphalaria pfeifferi and Biomphalaria camer...

    Authors: Mureille Carole Tchami Mbagnia, Tito Trésor Melachio Tanekou, Alvine Christelle Kengne Fokam, Daniel Nguiffo Nguete, Charles Sinclair Wondji and Flobert Njiokou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:158

    Content type: Research

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  37. Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacterium that replicates in neutrophil granulocytes. It is transmitted by ticks of the Ixodes ricinus complex and causes febrile illness in hum...

    Authors: Denis B. Langenwalder, Cornelia Silaghi, Marion Nieder, Martin Pfeffer and Friederike D. von Loewenich

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:157

    Content type: Research

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  38. Malaria was eliminated from Sri Lanka in 2013. However, the influx of infected travelers and the presence of potent anopheline vectors can re-initiate transmission in Jaffna city, which is separated by a narro...

    Authors: Sinnathamby N. Surendran, Tibutius T. P. Jayadas, Annathurai Tharsan, Vaikunthavasan Thiruchenthooran, Sharanga Santhirasegaram, Kokila Sivabalakrishnan, Selvarajah Raveendran and Ranjan Ramasamy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:156

    Content type: Research

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  39. As new lymphatic filariasis infections are eliminated through mass chemotherapy, previously affected individuals are left with the sequellae, especially chronic progressive lymphoedema. Currently this is manag...

    Authors: John Horton, Ute Klarmann-Schulz, Mariana Stephens, Philip J. Budge, Yaya Coulibaly, Alex Debrah, Linda Batsa Debrah, Suma Krishnasastry, Upendo Mwingira, Abdallah Ngenya, Samuel Wanji, Mirani Weerasooriya, Channa Yahathugoda, Inge Kroidl, Drew Deathe, Andrew Majewski…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:155

    Content type: Study Protocol

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  40. Methyltransferases (MTFs) are broad range of enzymes, which are ubiquitously expressed in diverse organisms ranging from bacteria to animals. MTFs proteins have been associated with various biological/cellular...

    Authors: Muhammad Ehsan, Javaid A. Gadahi, Tingqi Liu, Mingmin Lu, Yujian Wang, Muhammad W. Hasan, Muhammad Haseeb, Ruofeng Yan, Lixin Xu, Xiaokai Song, Xing-Quan Zhu and Xiangrui Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:154

    Content type: Research

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  41. In the USA, there are several Ehrlichia spp. of concern including Ehrlichia canis, Ehrlichia ewingii, Ehrlichia chaffeensis, Ehrlichia muris eauclarensis, and “Panola Mountain Ehrlichia”. Of these, E. canis is co...

    Authors: Jenna R. Gettings, Stella C. W. Self, Christopher S. McMahan, D. Andrew Brown, Shila K. Nordone and Michael J. Yabsley

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:153

    Content type: Research

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  42. Progress made in the control of malaria vectors globally is largely due to the use of insecticides. However, success in the fight against malaria has slowed down or even stalled due to a host of factors includ...

    Authors: Okechukwu Chukwuekezie, Emmanuel Nwosu, Udoka Nwangwu, Festus Dogunro, Cosmas Onwude, Nneka Agashi, Ebuka Ezihe, Clementina Anioke, Stephen Anokwu, Emelda Eloy, Peter Attah, Francis Orizu, Sylvester Ewo, Angela Okoronkwo, Anumba Joseph, Ijeoma Ikeakor…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:152

    Content type: Research

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  43. RNA interference (RNAi) is an important tool to determine the role of genes. RNAi has been widely used to downregulate target molecules, resulting in the reduction of mRNA for protein expression. Matrix metall...

    Authors: Muhammad Ali-ul-Husnain Naqvi, Hao Li, Wenxiang Gao, Sana Zahra Naqvi, Tahseen Jamil, Kalibixiati Aimulajiang, Lixin Xu, Xiaokai Song, Xiangrui Li and Ruofeng Yan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:151

    Content type: Research

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  44. Several mosquito collection methods are routinely used in vector control programmes. However, they target different behaviours causing bias in estimation of species diversity and abundance. Given the paucity o...

    Authors: Cintia Cansado-Utrilla, Claire L. Jeffries, Mojca Kristan, Victor A. Brugman, Patrick Heard, Gnepou Camara, Moussa Sylla, Abdoul H. Beavogui, Louisa A. Messenger, Seth R. Irish and Thomas Walker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:150

    Content type: Research

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  45. Bamboo rats are widely farmed in southern China for meat, but their potential in transmitting pathogens to humans and other farm animals remains unclear.

    Authors: Falei Li, Zhenjie Zhang, Suhui Hu, Wentao Zhao, Jianguo Zhao, Martin Kváč, Yaqiong Guo, Na Li, Yaoyu Feng and Lihua Xiao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:149

    Content type: Research

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  46. Equine trypanosomiasis is a severe and prevalent disease that has the greatest impact globally upon working equids due to its distribution across lower income countries. Morbidity and mortality rates are high;...

    Authors: Alexandra G. Raftery, Saloum Jallow, Robert M. Coultous, Jean Rodgers and David G. M. Sutton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:148

    Content type: Research

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  47. An outbreak of leishmaniosis was studied in cats and dogs housed together with no separation in an animal shelter in Israel.

    Authors: Gad Baneth, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Adam Zuberi, Nirit Zipori-Barki, Laor Orshan, Gabriela Kleinerman, Ayelet Shmueli-Goldin, Michel Bellaiche, Monica Leszkowicz-Mazuz, Harold Salant and Daniel Yasur-Landau

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:115

    Content type: Research

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