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  1. We review existing information on the epidemiology of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL) in Panama, with emphasis on the bionomics of anthropophilic Lutzomyia sand fly species. Evidence from Panamanian studie...

    Authors: Larissa C Dutari and Jose R Loaiza
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:218
  2. Topical permethrin treatment is known to prevent feeding of sandflies on dogs. This study investigated the anti-feeding efficacy and the immediate insecticidal efficacy (knock-down effect) of topical treatment...

    Authors: Régis Frenais, Annie Flochlay-Sigognault and Gaëlle Milon-Harnois
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:217
  3. Owing to the harmfulness and seriousness of Schistosomiasis japonica in China, the control and prevention of S. japonica transmission are imperative. As the unique intermediate host of this disease, Oncomelania h...

    Authors: Jin-Yi Wu, Yi-Biao Zhou, Lin-Han Li, Sheng-Bang Zheng, Song Liang, Ashley Coatsworth, Guang-Hui Ren, Xiu-Xia Song, Zhong He, Bin Cai, Jia-Bian You and Qing-Wu Jiang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:216
  4. Ashworthius sidemi, a blood-sucking nematode, is a primary parasite of Asiatic cervides, primarily sika deer (Cervus nippon). As A. sidemi infections are common in bison, red and roe deer, and gastrointestinal ne...

    Authors: Bożena Moskwa, Justyna Bień, Katarzyna Goździk and Władysław Cabaj
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:215
  5. Hytrosaviridae cause salivary gland hypertrophy (SGH) syndrome in some infected tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae). Infected male and female G. pallidipes with SGH have a reduced fecundity and fertility. Due to ...

    Authors: Adly MM Abd-Alla, Carmen Marin, Andrew G Parker and Marc JB Vreysen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:214
  6. Malaria vector control in Sudan relies mainly on indoor residual spraying (IRS) and the use of long lasting insecticide treated bed nets (LLINs). Monitoring insecticide resistance in the main Sudanese malaria ...

    Authors: Hiba Abdalla, Craig S Wilding, Luisa Nardini, Patricia Pignatelli, Lizette L Koekemoer, Hilary Ranson and Maureen Coetzee
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:213
  7. Cryptosporidium baileyi is the dominant Cryptosporidium species in birds causing emerging health problems in the poultry industry, and is also a model to study the biology of Cryptosporidium spp.. IL-17 (also cal...

    Authors: Guang-Hui Zhao, Wen-Yu Cheng, Wan Wang, Yan-Qing Jia, Yan-Qin Fang, Shuai-Zhi Du and San-Ke Yu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:212
  8. Mosquito larval control using chemicals and biological agents is of paramount importance in vector population and disease incidence reduction. A commercial synthetic disinfectant soap was evaluated against lar...

    Authors: France P Mdoe, Gamba Nkwengulila, Mariam Chobu, Lucile Lyaruu, Israel L Gyunda, Saada Mbepera, Rui-De Xue and Eliningaya J Kweka
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:211
  9. Mechanical transmission of the major livestock pathogen Trypanosoma vivax by other biting flies than tsetse allows its spread from Africa to the New World. Genetic studies are restricted to a small number of isol...

    Authors: Herakles A Garcia, Adriana C Rodrigues, Carla MF Rodrigues, Zakaria Bengaly, Antonio HH Minervino, Franklin Riet-Correa, Rosangela Z Machado, Fernando Paiva, Jael S Batista, Luis Neves, Patrick B Hamilton and Marta MG Teixeira
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:210
  10. The increasing status of insecticide resistant mosquitoes in sub-Saharan Africa is a threatening alert to the existing control efforts. All sibling species of An. gambiae complex have evolved insecticide resistan...

    Authors: France P Mdoe, Sen-Sung Cheng, Shandala Msangi, Gamba Nkwengulila, Shang-Tzen Chang and Eliningaya J Kweka
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:209
  11. The dramatic success of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) and long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) in African countries has been countered by the rapid development of pyrethroid resistance in vector mosquitoes...

    Authors: Hitoshi Kawada, Kazunori Ohashi, Gabriel O Dida, George Sonye, Sammy M Njenga, Charles Mwandawiro and Noboru Minakawa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:208
  12. Blastocystis sp. is one of the most prevalent parasites found in human stool and has been recently considered an opportunistic emerging pathogen in immunocompromised individuals. However, cases of invasive intest...

    Authors: Helena Lúcia Carneiro Santos, Fernando Campos Sodré and Heloisa Werneck de Macedo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:207
  13. Only simple, point-of-care, assay formats of the Platellia Dengue NS1 Ag-ELISA would be suitable to identify Dengue virus in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in dengue-endemic areas lacking sophisticated laboratory infra...

    Authors: Subhash C Arya and Nirmala Agarwal
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:205
  14. Helminth infections as well as structural alternations in the long-terminal repeat (LTR) regions of HIV-1 are known to contribute to elevated HIV RNA level and enhance HIV-1 diseases progression. However, the ...

    Authors: Andargachew Mulu, Melanie Maier and Uwe Gerd Liebert
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:204
  15. Flagellates of the family Trypanosomatidae are obligate endoparasites, which can be found in various hosts. Several genera infect insects and occur as monoxenous parasites especially in representatives of Dipt...

    Authors: Sergei I Fokin, Martina Schrallhammer, Carolina Chiellini, Franco Verni and Giulio Petroni
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:203
  16. In 2012, the new guidelines for the surveillance of IMS in Europe, produced by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), were tested in Belgium. This study aimed at (1) testing the usefuln...

    Authors: Isra Deblauwe, Charlotte Sohier, Francis Schaffner, Laurence Marrama Rakotoarivony and Marc Coosemans
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:201
  17. The increasing global threat of Dengue demands new and easily applicable vector control methods. Ovitraps provide a low-tech and inexpensive means to combat Dengue vectors. Here we describe the development and...

    Authors: Janneke Snetselaar, Rob Andriessen, Remco A Suer, Anne J Osinga, Bart GJ Knols and Marit Farenhorst
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:200
  18. Disease risk maps are important tools that help ascertain the likelihood of exposure to specific infectious agents. Understanding how climate change may affect the suitability of habitats for ticks will improv...

    Authors: Teresa P Feria-Arroyo, Ivan Castro-Arellano, Guadalupe Gordillo-Perez, Ana L Cavazos, Margarita Vargas-Sandoval, Abha Grover, Javier Torres, Raul F Medina, Adalberto A Pérez de León and Maria D Esteve-Gassent
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:199
  19. Entomopathogenic fungi are potential candidates for use in integrated vector management, with recent emphasis aimed at developing adult mosquito control methods. Here we investigated the persistence of the fun...

    Authors: Aline T Carolino, Adriano R Paula, Carlos P Silva, Tariq M Butt and Richard I Samuels
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:198
  20. Cysteine, a sulfur-containing amino acid, plays an important role in a variety of cellular functions such as protein biosynthesis, methylation, and polyamine and glutathione syntheses. In trypanosomatids, glut...

    Authors: Ibeth Romero, Jair Téllez, Lais Eiko Yamanaka, Mario Steindel, Alvaro José Romanha and Edmundo Carlos Grisard
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:197
  21. Toxoplasma gondii is an apicomplexan parasite that is able to infect almost all warm blooded animals. In Europe, the domestic cat is the main definitive host. Worldwide, 6 billion people are infected with this pa...

    Authors: Ezio Ferroglio, Fabio Bosio, Anna Trisciuoglio and Stefania Zanet
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:196
  22. The yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti is essentially a container-inhabiting species that is closely associated with urban areas. This species is a vector of human pathogens, including dengue and yellow fever vi...

    Authors: Hudson VV Tomé, Tales V Pascini, Rômulo AC Dângelo, Raul NC Guedes and Gustavo F Martins
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:195
  23. Infective larvae of the worldwide occurring zoonotic roundworm T. canis exhibit a marked affinity to the nervous tissues of paratenic hosts. In humans, most cases of neurotoxocarosis are considered to be caused b...

    Authors: Elisabeth Janecek, Andreas Beineke, Thomas Schnieder and Christina Strube
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:194
  24. Pathogens dependent upon vectors for transmission to new hosts undergo environment specific changes in gene transcription dependent on whether they are replicating in the vector or the mammalian host. Differen...

    Authors: G Kenitra Hammac, Sebastián Aguilar Pierlé, Xiaoya Cheng, Glen A Scoles and Kelly A Brayton
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:193
  25. The purpose of this study was to identify the presence of rickettsia and hantavirus in wild rodents and arthropods in response to an outbreak of acute unidentified febrile illness among Indians in the Halataik...

    Authors: Lívia de Barros Lopes, Alexandro Guterres, Tatiana Rozental, Renata Carvalho de Oliveira, Maria Angélica Mares-Guia, Jorlan Fernandes, José Ferreira Figueredo, Inês Anschau, Sebastião de Jesus, Ana Beatriz M V Almeida, Valéria Cristina da Silva, Alba Valéria Gomes de Melo Via, Cibele Rodrigues Bonvicino, Paulo Sérgio D’Andrea, Jairo Dias Barreira and Elba Regina Sampaio de Lemos
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:191
  26. Cryptosporidium and Giardia are important causes of diarrhea diseases in humans and animals worldwide, and both of them are transmitted by the fecal–oral route, either by direct contact or by the ingestion of con...

    Authors: Zifang Zhao, Haiju Dong, Rongjun Wang, Wei Zhao, Gongyi Chen, Shouyi Li, Meng Qi, Sumei Zhang, Fuchun Jian, Jinfeng Zhao, Longxian Zhang, Haiyan Wang and Aiqin Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:190
  27. For >100 years cattle production in the southern United States has been threatened by cattle fever. It is caused by an invasive parasite-vector complex that includes the protozoan hemoparasites Babesia bovis and

    Authors: John R Giles, A Townsend Peterson, Joseph D Busch, Pia U Olafson, Glen A Scoles, Ronald B Davey, J Mathews Pound, Diane M Kammlah, Kimberly H Lohmeyer and David M Wagner
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:189
  28. Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is a highly-invasive tick that transmits the cattle parasites (Babesia bovis and B. bigemina) that cause cattle fever. R. microplus and Babesia are endemic in Mexico and ticks ...

    Authors: Joseph D Busch, Nathan E Stone, Roxanne Nottingham, Ana Araya-Anchetta, Jillian Lewis, Christian Hochhalter, John R Giles, Jeffrey Gruendike, Jeanne Freeman, Greta Buckmeier, Deanna Bodine, Roberta Duhaime, Robert J Miller, Ronald B Davey, Pia U Olafson, Glen A Scoles…
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:188
  29. To enable a better understanding of the overwhelming alterations in the invasive mosquito species (IMS), methodical insight into the population and environmental factors that govern the IMS and pathogen adapta...

    Authors: Dušan Petrić, Romeo Bellini, Ernst-Jan Scholte, Laurence Marrama Rakotoarivony and Francis Schaffner
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:187
  30. Malaria is still an endemic disease of public health importance in Malaysia. Populations at risk of contracting malaria includes indigenous people, traditional villagers, mobile ethnic groups and land scheme s...

    Authors: Haridah Alias, Johari Surin, Rohela Mahmud, Aziz Shafie, Junaidden Mohd Zin, Mahadzir Mohamad Nor, Ahmad Shah Ibrahim and Christina Rundi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:186
  31. Targeting the stages of the malaria parasites responsible for transmission from the human host to the mosquito vector is a key pharmacological strategy for malaria control. Research efforts to identify compoun...

    Authors: Rakiswendé S Yerbanga, Leonardo Lucantoni, Robert K Ouédraogo, Dari F Da, Franck A Yao, Koudraogo B Yaméogo, Thomas S Churcher, Giulio Lupidi, Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati, Louis Clément Gouagna, Anna Cohuet, George K Christophides, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo and Annette Habluetzel
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:185
  32. During the screening programme for new agrochemicals from Chinese medicinal herbs and local wild plants, the essential oil of dried bulbs of Allium macrostemon Bunge (Liliaceae) was found to possess larvicidal ac...

    Authors: Xin Chao Liu, Qiyong Liu, Ligang Zhou and Zhi Long Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:184
  33. Blacklegged ticks, Ixodes scapularis are vectors of the tick-borne pathogens Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti. Recently, the I. scapularis-borne bacterium Borrelia miyamotoi has...

    Authors: Antonia Dibernardo, Tyler Cote, Nicholas H Ogden and L Robbin Lindsay
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:183
  34. Amblyomma variegatum is an important cause of morbidity, mortality and economic losses in Africa and the West Indies. Attempts to control and/or eradicate the tick from the Caribbean have largely been unsuccessfu...

    Authors: Patrick J Kelly, Helene M Lucas, Craig M Randolph, Kate Ackerson, Jason K Blackburn and Michael J Dark
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:182
  35. Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most commonly reported vector-borne disease in north temperate regions worldwide, affecting an estimated 300,000 people annually in the United States alone. The incidence of LB is ...

    Authors: Kathryn A Berger, Howard S Ginsberg, Katherine D Dugas, Lutz H Hamel and Thomas N Mather
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:181
  36. Climate change can affect the activity and distribution of species, including pathogens and parasites. The densities and distribution range of the sheep tick (Ixodes ricinus) and it’s transmitted pathogens appear...

    Authors: Lars Qviller, Lise Grøva, Hildegunn Viljugrein, Ingeborg Klingen and Atle Mysterud
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:179
  37. Cats are the definitive hosts of Toxoplasma gondii. The distribution of genetic diversity of T. gondii in cats is of importance to understand the transmission of this parasite. The objective of this study was to ...

    Authors: Yi-Ming Tian, Si-Yang Huang, Qiang Miao, Hai-Hai Jiang, Jian-Fa Yang, Chunlei Su, Xing-Quan Zhu and Feng-Cai Zou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:178
  38. Schistosoma japonicum is one of the major causative agents of schistosomiasis. The pairing of males and females leads to female sexual maturation and maintains this mature state. However, the mechanisms by which ...

    Authors: Jun Sun, Suwen Wang, Chen Li, Yijiu Ren and Jinqiang Wang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:177
  39. Principal malaria vectors in Africa, An. gambiae and An. coluzzii, share an inversion polymorphism on the left arm of chromosome 2 (2La/2L+a) that is distributed non-randomly in the environment. Genomic sequencin...

    Authors: Kyanne R Reidenbach, Changde Cheng, Fang Liu, Cheng Liu, Nora J Besansky and Zainulabeuddin Syed
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:176
  40. Thymidylate synthase is a housekeeping gene, designated ancient due to its role in DNA synthesis and ubiquitous phyletic distribution. The genomic sequences were characterized coding for thymidylate synthase i...

    Authors: Elżbieta Jagielska, Andrzej Płucienniczak, Magdalena Dąbrowska, Anna Dowierciał and Wojciech Rode
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:175
  41. The Coronator Group encompasses Culex coronator Dyar & Knab, Culex camposi Dyar, Culex covagarciai Forattini, Culex ousqua Dyar, Culex usquatissimus Dyar, Culex usquatus Dyar and Culex yojoae Strickman. Culex cor...

    Authors: Bruna Demari-Silva, Lincoln Suesdek, Maria Anice Mureb Sallum and Mauro Toledo Marrelli
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:174
  42. The dengue mosquito Aedes aegypti Linnaeus, 1762 is a widespread insect pest of serious medical importance. Since no effective vaccine is available for treating dengue, the eradication or control of the main mosq...

    Authors: Juliana Oliveira Abreu Narciso, Renata Oliveira de Araújo Soares, Jacenir Reis dos Santos Mallet, Anthony Érico Guimarães, Maria Célia de Oliveira Chaves, José Maria Barbosa-Filho and Marise Maleck
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:172
  43. Trichinella spp. infections in wild boar (Sus scrofa), one of the main sources of human trichinellosis, continue to represent a public health problem. The detection of Trichinella spp. larvae in muscles of wild b...

    Authors: Maria Angeles Gómez-Morales, Alessandra Ludovisi, Marco Amati, Ennio Bandino, Gioia Capelli, Franco Corrias, Luca Gelmini, Alberigo Nardi, Cristina Sacchi, Simona Cherchi, Marco Lalle and Edoardo Pozio
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:171
  44. Increasing temperatures can be a significant stressor for aquatic organisms. Amphipods are one of the most abundant and functionally important groups of freshwater macroinvertebrates. Therefore, we conducted a...

    Authors: Daniel S Grabner, Gerhard Schertzinger and Bernd Sures
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:170
  45. The brush-tailed bettong or woylie (Bettongia penicillata) is on the brink of extinction. Its numbers have declined by 90% since 1999, with their current distribution occupying less than 1% of their former Austra...

    Authors: Craig K Thompson, Adrian F Wayne, Stephanie S Godfrey and RC Andrew Thompson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:169
  46. Abu Hamed, the northernmost onchocerciasis focus in the world, is located along the River Nile banks in the Nubian Desert. Hydroelectric dams can alter activity of black flies and may provide breeding sites fo...

    Authors: Isam MA Zarroug, Arwa H Elaagip, Sara A Abuelmaali, Hanan A Mohamed, Wigdan A ElMubarak, Kamal Hashim, Tong Chor M Deran, Nabil Aziz and Tarig B Higazi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:168

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