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  1. Lymphatic filariasis (LF) control started in Tanga Region of Tanzania in 2004, with annual ivermectin/albendazole mass drug administration (MDA). Since then, the current project has monitored the effect in com...

    Authors: Paul E Simonsen, Yahya A Derua, Stephen M Magesa, Erling M Pedersen, Anna-Sofie Stensgaard, Mwelecele N Malecela and William N Kisinza
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:507
  2. The metropolitan area of Barcelona is the most densely populated metropolitan area on the Mediterranean coast. Several studies have reported the presence of canine heartworm disease in this region; however, th...

    Authors: José Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Elena Carretón, Laín García-Guasch, Jordi Expósito, Belén Armario, Rodrigo Morchón and Fernando Simón
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:506
  3. The neglected tropical diseases, echinococcosis, schistosomiasis and toxoplasmosis are all globally widespread zoonotic diseases with potentially harmful consequences. There is very limited data available on t...

    Authors: Mohammad Behram Khan, Parthasarathy Sonaimuthu, Yee Ling Lau, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Rohela Mahmud, Nicholas Kavana, Ayub Kassuku and Christopher Kasanga
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:505
  4. Mathematical models can be used to identify areas at risk of increased or new schistosomiasis transmission as a result of climate change. The results of these models can be very different when parameterised to...

    Authors: Nicky McCreesh, Moses Arinaitwe, Wilber Arineitwe, Edridah M Tukahebwa and Mark Booth
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:503
  5. Recent molecular studies have revealed high species diversity of Diplostomum in central and northern Europe. However, our knowledge of the distribution of Diplostomum spp. in the southern distributional range in ...

    Authors: Ana Pérez-del-Olmo, Simona Georgieva, Héctor J Pula and Aneta Kostadinova
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:502
  6. Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) are relatively conserved and important intracellular lipid kinases involved in signalling and other biological pathways. In the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, the ...

    Authors: Fa-Cai Li, Robin B Gasser, James B Lok, Pasi K Korhonen, Yi-Fan Wang, Fang-Yuan Yin, Li He, Rui Zhou, Jun-Long Zhao and Min Hu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:498
  7. Since mid 2009, an outbreak of human leishmaniosis in Madrid, Spain, has involved more than 560 clinical cases. Many of the cases occurred in people who live in areas around a newly constructed green park (Bos...

    Authors: Gustavo Domínguez-Bernal, Maribel Jiménez, Ricardo Molina, Lara Ordóñez-Gutiérrez, Abel Martínez-Rodrigo, Alicia Mas, Maria Teresa Cutuli and Javier Carrión
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:499
  8. Strains of Dirofilaria immitis suspected of lack of efficacy (LOE) to macrocyclic lactone (ML) preventive drugs have been increasingly reported in dogs by practicing veterinarians since 2005 in the Lower Mississi...

    Authors: Cassan N Pulaski, John B Malone, Catherine Bourguinat, Roger Prichard, Timothy Geary, Danielle Ward, Thomas R Klei, Tal Guidry, George `Bud’ Smith, Brooke Delcambre, Jonathan Bova, Jenny Pepping, James Carmichael, Rudolf Schenker and Romain Pariaut
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:494
  9. Canine heartworm infections were frequently diagnosed in Brazil before the new millennium. After the year 2000, the frequency of diagnosis showed a sharp decline; however, a few years later, new evidence indic...

    Authors: Norma Vollmer Labarthe, Jonimar Pereira Paiva, Larissa Reifur, Flavya Mendes-de-Almeida, Alexandre Merlo, Carlos Jose Carvalho Pinto, Paulo Sérgio Juliani, Maria Angela Ornelas de Almeida and Leucio Câmara Alves
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:493
  10. Malaria transmission depends on vector life-history parameters and population dynamics, and particularly on the survival of adult Anopheles mosquitoes. These dynamics are sensitive to climatic and environmental f...

    Authors: Céline Christiansen-Jucht, Paul E Parham, Adam Saddler, Jacob C Koella and María-Gloria Basáñez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:489
  11. Blastocystis sp., a widely prevalent intestinal protozoan parasite is found in a wide range of animals, including humans. The possibility of zoonotic transmission to human from birds especially ostriches led us t...

    Authors: Hemalatha Chandrasekaran, Suresh Kumar Govind, Chandrawathani Panchadcharam, Premaalatha Bathmanaban, Kalyani Raman and Gaythri Thergarajan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:469
  12. Wildlife may harbor infectious pathogens that are of zoonotic concern acting as a reservoir of diseases transmissible to humans and domestic animals. This is due to human-wildlife conflicts that have become mo...

    Authors: Jesca Nakayima, Kyoko Hayashida, Ryo Nakao, Akihiro Ishii, Hirohito Ogawa, Ichiro Nakamura, Ladslav Moonga, Bernard M Hang’ombe, Aaron S Mweene, Yuka Thomas, Yasuko Orba, Hirofumi Sawa and Chihiro Sugimoto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:490
  13. New drugs effective against adult filariae (macrofilaricides) would accelerate the elimination of lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis. Anti-Onchocerca drug development is hampered by the lack of a facile mode...

    Authors: Alice Halliday, Ana F Guimaraes, Hayley E Tyrer, Haelly Mejane Metuge, Chounna Ndongmo Winston Patrick, Kengne-Ouafo Jonas Arnaud, Tayong Dizzle Bita Kwenti, George Forsbrook, Andrew Steven, Darren Cook, Peter Enyong, Samuel Wanji, Mark J Taylor and Joseph D Turner
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:472
  14. Emerging evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in host-virus interaction. We previously reported that some miRNAs were differentially expressed in sugar-fed and blood-fed females of Aedes albopi...

    Authors: Yanhe Zhou, Yanxia Liu, Hui Yan, Yiji Li, Hao Zhang, Jiabao Xu, Santhosh Puthiyakunnon and Xiaoguang Chen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:488
  15. In the northeastern and midwestern regions of the United States Ixodes scapularis Say transmits the causal agents of anaplasmosis (Anaplasma phagocytophilum), babesiosis (Babesia microti), and borreliosis (Borrel...

    Authors: Sarah E Mays, Brian M Hendricks, David J Paulsen, Allan E Houston and Rebecca T Trout Fryxell
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:473
  16. In leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania infantum, the dog acts as the main reservoir for the disease. Non-invasive sampling for Leishmania detection is pivotal for rapid and affordable diagnosis. Recently, the use ...

    Authors: Marcello Ceccarelli, Luca Galluzzi, Davide Sisti, Barbara Bianchi and Mauro Magnani
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:460
  17. The physical characteristics of the environment influence the composition, distribution and behavior of the vectors and mammalian hosts involved in the transmission of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), thereby affe...

    Authors: Rafael Gonçalves Teixeira-Neto, Eduardo Sérgio da Silva, Renata Aparecida Nascimento, Vinícius Silva Belo, Cláudia di Lorenzo de Oliveira, Letícia Cavalari Pinheiro and Célia Maria Ferreira Gontijo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:485
  18. Change in climatic and socio-economic situations is paving the way for the spread of malaria in highland areas which were generally known to be malaria free. Despite this, information regarding highland malari...

    Authors: Terefe Gone, Meshesha Balkew and Teshome Gebre-Michael
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:483
  19. Apoptosis can occur in red blood cells (RBC) and seems to be involved in hematologic disorders related to many diseases. In malaria it is known that parasitized RBC (pRBC) is involved in the development of ane...

    Authors: Paulo Renato Rivas Totino, Aline das Dores Magalhães, Eliana Brasil Alves, Monica Regina Farias Costa, Marcus Vinícius Guimarães de Lacerda, Cláudio Tadeu Daniel-Ribeiro and Maria de Fátima Ferreira-da-Cruz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:484
  20. Phlebotomine sand flies are small blood-feeding insects of great medical and veterinary significance. Their identification relies basically on the microscopic examination of key morphological characters. There...

    Authors: Filipe Dantas-Torres, Viviana Domenica Tarallo and Domenico Otranto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:479
  21. Resistance of mosquitoes to insecticides is mainly attributed to their adaptation to vector control interventions. Although pesticides used in agriculture have been frequently mentioned as an additional force ...

    Authors: Theresia Estomih Nkya, Rodolphe Poupardin, Frederic Laporte, Idir Akhouayri, Franklin Mosha, Stephen Magesa, William Kisinza and Jean-Philippe David
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:480
  22. Francisella tularensis, the causative agent of tularemia, is a zoonotic agent that remains across much of the northern hemisphere, where it exists in enzootic cycles. In Ukraine, tularemia has a long history that...

    Authors: Jake Hightower, Ian T Kracalik, Nataliya Vydayko, Douglas Goodin, Gregory Glass and Jason K Blackburn
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:453
  23. Fluralaner (Bravecto™; Merck/MSD Animal Health) is a novel systemic ectoparasiticide for dogs providing long-acting flea and tick control after a single oral dose. Milbemycin oxime and praziquantel are routine...

    Authors: Feli M Walther, Petr Fisara, Mark J Allan, Rainer KA Roepke and Martin C Nuernberger
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:481
  24. We investigated the prevalence, risk factors, and clinical manifestations of schistosomiasis in White Nile State, Sudan, to determine the local characteristics of schistosomiasis in the White Nile River basin.

    Authors: Hassan Ahmed Hassan Ahmed Ismail, Sung-Tae Hong, Azza Tag Eldin Bashir Babiker, Randa Mohamed Abd Elgadir Hassan, Mohammed Ahmed Zakaria Sulaiman, Hoo-Gn Jeong, Woo-Hyun Kong, Soon-Hyung Lee, Han-Ik Cho, Hae-Sung Nam, Chung Hyeon Oh and Young-Ha Lee
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:478
  25. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL, also called “kala-azar”), is a life threatening neglected tropical infectious disease which mainly affects the poorest of the poor. VL is prevalent in Ethiopia particularly in the n...

    Authors: Solomon Yared, Kebede Deribe, Araya Gebreselassie, Wessenseged Lemma, Essayas Akililu, Oscar D Kirstein, Meshesha Balkew, Alon Warburg, Teshome Gebre-Michael and Asrat Hailu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:470
  26. Tick control is an essential aspect of controlling the spread of tick-borne diseases affecting humans and animals, but it presently faces several challenges. Development of an anti-tick vaccine is aimed at des...

    Authors: Remil Linggatong Galay, Takeshi Miyata, Rika Umemiya-Shirafuji, Hiroki Maeda, Kodai Kusakisako, Naotoshi Tsuji, Masami Mochizuki, Kozo Fujisaki and Tetsuya Tanaka
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:482
  27. Sandfly-borne phleboviruses are present in North Africa where they can infect humans in regions where Leishmania infantum, the causative agent of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis in the Western Mediterranean basin...

    Authors: Sonia Sakhria, Sulaf Alwassouf, Wasfi Fares, Laurence Bichaud, Khalil Dachraoui, Cigdem Alkan, Ziad Zoghlami, Xavier de Lamballerie, Elyes Zhioua and Remi N Charrel
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:476
  28. Vaccination as a control method against the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus has been practiced since the introduction of two products in the mid-1990s. There is a need for a vaccine that could pr...

    Authors: Felix D Guerrero, Renato Andreotti, Kylie G Bendele, Rodrigo C Cunha, Robert J Miller, Kathleen Yeater and Adalberto A Pérez de León
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:475
  29. In Singapore, dose–response bioassays of Aedes aegypti (L.) adults have been conducted, but the mechanisms underlying resistance to insecticides remain unclear. In this study, we evaluated insecticide resistance ...

    Authors: Sin-Ying Koou, Chee-Seng Chong, Indra Vythilingam, Chow-Yang Lee and Lee-Ching Ng
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:471
  30. Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is one of the neglected tropical diseases targeted for global elimination by 2020 and to guide elimination efforts countries have, in recent years, conducted extensive mapping surveys...

    Authors: Jorge Cano, Maria P Rebollo, Nick Golding, Rachel L Pullan, Thomas Crellen, Anna Soler, Louise A Kelly- Hope, Steve W Lindsay, Simon I Hay, Moses J Bockarie and Simon J Brooker
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:466
  31. Heligmosomoides polygyrus is a widespread gastro-intestinal nematode infecting wild Apodemus (wood mice) throughout Europe. Using molecular and morphological evidence, we review the status of Heligmosomoides from...

    Authors: Grzegorz Zaleśny, Joanna Hildebrand, Anna Paziewska-Harris, Jerzy M Behnke and Philip D Harris
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:457
  32. Georeferenced locations of ixodid ticks are required to depict the observed distribution of species. Further, they are used as input data for species distribution models also known as niche models. The latter ...

    Authors: Franz Rubel, Katharina Brugger, Masyar Monazahian, Birgit Habedank, Hans Dautel, Sandra Leverenz and Olaf Kahl
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:477
  33. Two mitochondrial DNA clades have been described in Anopheles funestus populations from southern Africa. Clade I is common across the continent while clade II is known only from Mozambique and Madagascar. The spe...

    Authors: Kwang S Choi, Riann Christian, Luisa Nardini, Oliver R Wood, Eunice Agubuzo, Mbanga Muleba, Shungu Munyati, Aramu Makuwaza, Lizette L Koekemoer, Basil D Brooke, Richard H Hunt and Maureen Coetzee
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:464
  34. Constant and extensive use of chemical insecticides has created a selection pressure and favored resistance development in many insect species worldwide. One of the most important pyrethroid resistance mechani...

    Authors: Ana Paula B Silva, Joselita Maria M Santos and Ademir J Martins
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:450
  35. Procurement of sterile tsetse flies (Glossina palpalis gambiensis) from Burkina Faso for an eradication programme in Senegal that incorporates the sterile insect technique (SIT) required the development of transp...

    Authors: Gratian N Mutika, Idrissa Kabore, Andrew G Parker and Marc JB Vreysen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:465
  36. Lipoproteins are the major agonists of Wolbachia-dependent inflammatory pathogenesis in filariasis and a validated target for drug discovery. Here we characterise the abundance, localisation and serology of the W...

    Authors: Denis Voronin, Ana F Guimarães, Gemma R Molyneux, Kelly L Johnston, Louise Ford and Mark J Taylor
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:462
  37. Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes can be found in almost every major city of Brazil and are vectors of filariasis and several arboviruses. Microsatellite markers have been widely used to uncover the genetic struc...

    Authors: André Barretto Bruno Wilke, Paloma Oliveira Vidal, Lincoln Suesdek and Mauro Toledo Marrelli
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:468
  38. Ecto-Nucleoside Triphosphate Diphosphohydrolases (Ecto-NTPDases) are enzymes that hydrolyze tri- and/or di-phosphate nucleotides. Evidences point to their participation in Trypanosoma cruzi virulence and infectiv...

    Authors: Natália Lins Silva-Gomes, Vitor Ennes-Vidal, Julliane Castro Ferreira Carolo, Marcos Meuser Batista, Maria Nazaré Soeiro, Rubem Menna-Barreto and Otacilio Cruz Moreira
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:463
  39. The purpose of this study was to assess the genetic variation and differentiation of Blastocystis subtypes (STs) recovered from symptomatic children by analysing partial sequences of the small subunit rDNA gene r...

    Authors: Guiehdani Villalobos, Guadalupe Erendira Orozco-Mosqueda, Merle Lopez-Perez, Eduardo Lopez-Escamilla, Alex Córdoba-Aguilar, Lucia Rangel-Gamboa, Angelica Olivo-Diaz, Mirza Romero-Valdovinos, Pablo Maravilla and Fernando Martinez-Hernandez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:461
  40. Little information is available about the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in geese (Anser domestica) in China. In the present investigation, the seroprevalence, risk factors and genotyping of T. gon...

    Authors: Guang Rong, Han-Lin Zhou, Guan-Yu Hou, Jun-Ming Zhao, Tie-Shan Xu and Song Guan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:459
  41. Leishmania siamensis, a newly identified species, has been reported as a causative agent of leishmaniasis in Thailand. This organism has been identified and genetically characterized using PCR techniques based on...

    Authors: Atitaya Hitakarun, Peerapan Tan-ariya, Suradej Siripattanapipong, Mathirut Mungthin, Phunlerd Piyaraj, Tawee Naaglor, Padet Siriyasatien, Saruda Tiwananthagorn and Saovanee Leelayoova
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:458
  42. The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) came into effect in 2004; the use of DDT for malaria control has been allowed to continue under exemption since then due to a perceived absence ...

    Authors: Richard M Oxborough, Jovin Kitau, Rebecca Jones, Franklin W Mosha and Mark W Rowland
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:454
  43. Acaricide resistant Rhipicephalus microplus populations have become a major problem for many cattle producing areas of the world. Pyrethroid resistance in arthropods is typically associated with mutations in doma...

    Authors: Nathan E Stone, Pia U Olafson, Ronald B Davey, Greta Buckmeier, Deanna Bodine, Lindsay C Sidak-Loftis, John R Giles, Roberta Duhaime, Robert J Miller, Juan Mosqueda, Glen A Scoles, David M Wagner and Joseph D Busch
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:456
  44. Flea-borne infections are distributed worldwide. Up to date there are no reports about microorganisms associated to fleas in Ecuador.

    Authors: José A Oteo, Aránzazu Portillo, Francisco Portero, Jorge Zavala-Castro, José M Venzal and Marcelo B Labruna
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:455
  45. Culicoides gornostaevae Mirzaeva, 1984, known previously only from Siberia, is a boreal species included into the Obsoletus group of Culicoides sg. Avaritia. Members of the subgenus can act as vectors of various ...

    Authors: Carsten Kirkeby and Patrycja Dominiak
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:445
  46. Ticks are hematophageous arthropods that transmit a wide spectrum of pathogens to human and animals. The ability of an acaricidal product to kill ticks quickly provides an important added benefit, especially a...

    Authors: Lénaïg Halos, Wilfried Lebon, Karine Chalvet-Monfray, Diane Larsen and Frederic Beugnet
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:452

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