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  1. Melatonin has immunomodulatory effects but very little is known about its influence in protozoan infections, such as Entamoeba histolytica, which causes amoebiasis, a disease with significant morbidity and mortal...

    Authors: Aline C França-Botelho, Juliana L França, Fabrício MS Oliveira, Eduardo L Franca, Adenilda C Honório-França, Marcelo V Caliari and Maria A Gomes

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:62

    Content type: Research

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  2. Awareness for flea- and tick-borne infections has grown in recent years and the range of microorganisms associated with these ectoparasites is rising. Bartonella henselae, the causative agent of Cat Scratch Disea...

    Authors: Ellen Tijsse-Klasen, Manoj Fonville, Fedor Gassner, Ard M Nijhof, Emil KE Hovius, Frans Jongejan, Willem Takken, Johan R Reimerink, Paul AM Overgaauw and Hein Sprong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:61

    Content type: Research

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  3. Pyrethroid insecticides, carbamate and organophosphate are the classes of insecticides commonly used in agriculture for crop protection in Benin. Pyrethroids remain the only class of insecticides recommended b...

    Authors: Anges Yadouleton, Thibaud Martin, Gil Padonou, Fabrice Chandre, Alex Asidi, Luc Djogbenou, Roch Dabiré, Rock Aïkpon, Michel Boko, Isabelle Glitho and Martin Akogbeto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:60

    Content type: Research

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  4. The last review on Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in dogs was published almost ten years ago. Since then, this zoonotic tick-borne arbovirus has been geographically spreading and emerging in many regions in Eur...

    Authors: Martin Pfeffer and Gerhard Dobler

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:59

    Content type: Review

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  5. The Namangan Region in the Pap District, located in Eastern Uzbekistan is the main focus of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Uzbekistan. In total, 28 cases of human VL were registered during 2006-2008 in this re...

    Authors: Dmitriy A Kovalenko, Shavkat A Razakov, Evgeny N Ponirovsky, Alon Warburg, Rokhat M Nasyrova, Valentina I Ponomareva, Aziza A Fatullaeva, Abdelmajeed Nasereddin, Eyal Klement, Mohammad Z Alam, Lionel F Schnur, Charles L Jaffe, Gabriele Schönian and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:58

    Content type: Research

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  6. Diagnosis and follow up of CanL is difficult since the range of clinical signs is varied and seroprevalence is high in endemic areas. The aims of this study were: i) demonstrate the advantages of Leishmania qPCR ...

    Authors: Verónica Martínez, Javier Quilez, Armand Sanchez, Xavier Roura, Olga Francino and Laura Altet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:57

    Content type: Short report

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  7. Leishmania infantum is a widespread parasite that affects dogs and humans worldwide. It is transmitted primarily by phlebotomine sand flies, but recently there has been much discussion on the role of the brown do...

    Authors: Filipe Dantas-Torres, Maria Stefania Latrofa and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:56

    Content type: Research

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  8. Hepatozoon canis is a widespread tick-borne protozoan affecting dogs. The diagnosis of H. canis infection is usually performed by cytology of blood or buffy coat smears, but this method may not be sensitive. Our ...

    Authors: Domenico Otranto, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Stefania Weigl, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Dorothee Stanneck, Donato Decaprariis, Gioia Capelli and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:55

    Content type: Research

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  9. Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) are of major socioeconomic importance worldwide. Although many studies have provided insights into CVBDs, there has been limited exploration of fundamental molecular aspect...

    Authors: Robin B Gasser, Cinzia Cantacessi, Bronwyn E Campbell, Andreas Hofmann and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:53

    Content type: Review

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  10. In Europe most dogs with clinical leishmaniosis are treated with leishmanicides, typically antimonials combined with allopurinol and good clinical recovery is observed in a high number of these dogs. Through x...

    Authors: Guadalupe Miró, Rosa Gálvez, Cristeta Fraile, Miguel A Descalzo and Ricardo Molina

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:52

    Content type: Research

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  11. Canine babesiosis (or piroplasmosis) is endemic in northern Portugal, but molecularly confirmed cases of infection with small piroplasms have not been reported in the country. Three German shepherd dogs - a bi...

    Authors: Paula Brilhante Simões, Luís Cardoso, Manuela Araújo, Yael Yisaschar-Mekuzas and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:50

    Content type: Research

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  12. The canine vector-borne infectious diseases (CVBDs) are an emerging problem in veterinary medicine and the zoonotic potential of many of these agents is a significant consideration for human health. The succes...

    Authors: Michael J Day

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:48

    Content type: Review

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  13. Toxoplasma gondii is an important zoonotic pathogen causing significant human and animal health problems. Infection in dairy goats not only results in significant reproductive losses, but also represents an impor...

    Authors: Guang-Hui Zhao, Miao-Tao Zhang, Li-Hui Lei, Chuan-Chuan Shang, Duo-Yao Cao, Ting-Ting Tian, Jie Li, Jun-Yan Xu, Yun-liang Yao, De-Kun Chen and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:47

    Content type: Research

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  14. Chloroquine is an anti-malarial drug being used to treat Plasmodium vivax malaria cases in Ethiopia. However, emergence of chloroquine resistant strains of the parasite has challenged the current efficacy of the ...

    Authors: Tsige Ketema, Kefelegn Getahun and Ketema Bacha

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:46

    Content type: Research

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  15. Varying reports concerning the duration and reliability of different permethrin preparations' efficacy can be found in the literature. The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamics of the distribution ...

    Authors: Johanna Lüssenhop, Wolfgang Bäumer, Manfred Kietzmann, Thomas Schnieder and Sonja Wolken

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:45

    Content type: Research

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  16. Schistosoma japonicum is a major public health concern in the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC), with over one million people infected and another 50 million living in areas at risk of infection. Based on ecologic...

    Authors: Rong Zhu, Darren J Gray, Aaron P Thrift, Gail M Williams, Yi Zhang, Dong-Chuan Qiu, Feng Zheng, Yue-Sheng Li, Jiagang Guo, Hong-Qing Zhu, Wei-Ping Wu, Robert S Li and Donald P McManus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:43

    Content type: Research

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  17. The parasitic nematode Trichinella has a special relation with muscle, because of its unique intracellular localization in the skeletal muscle cell, completely devoted in morphology and biochemistry to become the...

    Authors: Fabrizo Bruschi and Lorena Chiumiento

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:42

    Content type: Review

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  18. Nowaday, zoonoses are an important cause of human parasitic diseases worldwide and a major threat to the socio-economic development, mainly in developing countries. Importantly, zoonotic helminths that affect ...

    Authors: Domenico Otranto and Mark L Eberhard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:41

    Content type: Review

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  19. Ifakara tent traps (ITT) are currently the only sufficiently sensitive, safe, affordable and practical method for routine monitoring host-seeking mosquito densities in Dar es Salaam. However, it is not clear w...

    Authors: Nicodem J Govella, Prosper P Chaki, John M Mpangile and Gerry F Killeen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:40

    Content type: Research

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  20. Triatoma infestans is the most relevant vector of Chagas disease in the southern cone of South America. Since its genome has not yet been studied, sequencing of Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) is one of the most p...

    Authors: María L Avila, Valeria Tekiel, Georgina Moretti, Soledad Nicosia, Jacqueline Bua, Estela M Lammel, María M Stroppa, Nelia M Gerez de Burgos and Daniel O Sánchez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:39

    Content type: Research

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  21. Union of the Comoros suffered a severe East Coast Fever epidemic in 2004. Rhipicephalus appendiculatus was probably involved in pathogen transmission as this competent tick species, although previously absent fro...

    Authors: Amina Yssouf, Erwan Lagadec, Annabelle Bakari, Coralie Foray, Frédéric Stachurski, Eric Cardinale, Olivier Plantard and Pablo Tortosa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:38

    Content type: Research

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  22. The cysteine proteinases in papaya latex have been shown to have potent anthelmintic properties in monogastric hosts such as rodents, pigs and humans, but this has not been demonstrated in ruminants.

    Authors: David J Buttle, Jerzy M Behnke, Yvonne Bartley, Hany M Elsheikha, David J Bartley, Martin C Garnett, Alison A Donnan, Frank Jackson, Ann Lowe and Ian R Duce

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:36

    Content type: Research

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  23. The emergence of zoonoses is due both to changes in human activities and to changes in their natural wildlife cycles. One of the most significant vector-borne zoonoses in Europe, tick-borne encephalitis (TBE),...

    Authors: Elinor R Godfrey and Sarah E Randolph

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:35

    Content type: Research

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  24. Mosquito salivary proteins are involved in several biological processes that facilitate their blood feeding and have also been reported to elicit an IgG response in vertebrates. A growing number of studies hav...

    Authors: A Fontaine, A Pascual, I Diouf, N Bakkali, S Bourdon, T Fusai, C Rogier and L Almeras

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:33

    Content type: Short report

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  25. Internal transcribed spacer one (ITS1) of the ribosomal DNA is known to be a suitable target for PCR-based detection of trypanosomes. The analysis of this region provides a multi-species-specific diagnosis by ...

    Authors: Bashir Salim, Mohammed A Bakheit, Joseph Kamau, Ichiro Nakamura and Chihiro Sugimoto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:31

    Content type: Short report

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  26. The Sesse Islands, in the Ugandan portion of Lake Victoria, have long been considered a low transmission zone for intestinal schistosomiasis. Based on observations of high prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni infect...

    Authors: Claire J Standley, Moses Adriko, Fred Besigye, Narcis B Kabatereine and Russell J Stothard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:29

    Content type: Short report

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  27. Wolbachia is an intracellular bacterium that has been stably transinfected into the mosquito vector of dengue, Aedes aegypti. This inherited infection causes a range of metabolic and phenotypic alterations in the...

    Authors: Luciano A Moreira, Yixin H Ye, Karly Turner, Darryl W Eyles, Elizabeth A McGraw and Scott L O'Neill

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:28

    Content type: Short report

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  28. The influence of inflammation on the number of trophozoites and on the murine amoebic liver abscess area following infection with Entamoeba histolytica and E. dispar was evaluated. Immunohistochemistry and digita...

    Authors: Cássia Abadia Xavier Costa, Thaisa Helena Silva Fonseca, Fabrício Marcus Silva Oliveira, Joseph Fabiano Guimaraes Santos, Maria Aparecida Gomes and Marcelo Vidigal Caliari

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:27

    Content type: Short report

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  29. Mechanisms concerning life or death decisions in protozoan parasites are still imperfectly understood. Comparison with higher eukaryotes has led to the hypothesis that caspase-like enzymes could be involved in...

    Authors: Benoît Meslin, Habib Zalila, Nicolas Fasel, Stephane Picot and Anne-Lise Bienvenu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:26

    Content type: Review

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  30. Pre-adult stages of malaria vectors in semi-arid areas are confronted with highly variable and challenging climatic conditions. The objective of this study was to determine which larval habitat types are most ...

    Authors: Albert O Mala, Lucy W Irungu, Josephat I Shililu, Ephantus J Muturi, Charles C Mbogo, Joseph K Njagi and John I Githure

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:25

    Content type: Research

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  31. Resistance to chemical insecticides plus high morbidity rates have lead to rising interest in fungi as candidates for biocontrol agents of mosquito vectors. In most studies fungal infections have been induced ...

    Authors: Alberto M García-Munguía, Javier A Garza-Hernández, Eduardo A Rebollar-Tellez, Mario A Rodríguez-Pérez and Filiberto Reyes-Villanueva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:24

    Content type: Research

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  32. The entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana have demonstrated effectiveness against anopheline larvae in the laboratory. However, utilising these fungi for the control of anopheline l...

    Authors: Tullu Bukhari, Willem Takken and Constantianus JM Koenraadt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:23

    Content type: Research

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  33. Theileria parasites cause a benign infection of cattle in parts of Australia where they are endemic, but have, in recent years, been suspected of being responsible for a number of outbreaks of disease in cattle n...

    Authors: Joseph Kamau, Albertus J de Vos, Matthew Playford, Bashir Salim, Peter Kinyanjui and Chihiro Sugimoto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:22

    Content type: Research

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  34. Mass chemotherapy with praziquantel is the main control strategy for schistosomiasis in Mali. However, in the national control programme for schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis, infants and pres...

    Authors: Abdoulaye Dabo, Haroun Mahamat Badawi, Boubacar Bary and Ogobara K Doumbo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:21

    Content type: Research

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  35. This year-long study evaluated the effectiveness of a strategy involving selective deltamethrin spraying and community education for control of Chagas disease vectors in domestic units located in rural communi...

    Authors: Mario J Grijalva, Anita G Villacís, Sofía Ocaña-Mayorga, César A Yumiseva and Esteban G Baus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:20

    Content type: Research

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  36. Glossina fuscipes, a riverine species of tsetse, is the major vector of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) in sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding the population dynamics, and specifically the temporal stability, o...

    Authors: Richard Echodu, Jon S Beadell, Loyce M Okedi, Chaz Hyseni, Serap Aksoy and Adalgisa Caccone

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:19

    Content type: Research

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  37. The tsetse fly Glossina palpalis gambiensis is the main vector of sleeping sickness (Human African Trypanosomiasis - HAT) in West Africa, in particular in littoral Guinea where this disease is currently very acti...

    Authors: Moise S Kagbadouno, Mamadou Camara, Jérémy Bouyer, Fabrice Courtin, Mory F Onikoyamou, Chris J Schofield and Philippe Solano

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:18

    Content type: Research

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  38. In The Netherlands, the incidence of Lyme borreliosis is on the rise. Besides its causative agent, Borrelia burgdorferi s.l., other potential pathogens like Rickettsia, Babesia and Ehrlichia species are present i...

    Authors: Ellen Tijsse-Klasen, Jac J Jacobs, Arno Swart, Manoj Fonville, Johan H Reimerink, Afke H Brandenburg, Joke WB van der Giessen, Agnetha Hofhuis and Hein Sprong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:17

    Content type: Research

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  39. The dual problems of rising insecticide resistance in the malaria vectors and increasing human malaria cases since 2001 in southern Mozambique are cause for serious concern. The selection of insecticides for u...

    Authors: R Graham Kloke, Eduardo Nhamahanga, Richard H Hunt and Maureen Coetzee

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:16

    Content type: Research

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  40. Epidermal pseudotumours from Hippoglossoides dubius and Acanthogobius flavimanus in Japan and gill lesions in Limanda limanda from the UK have been shown to be caused by phylogenetically related protozoan parasit...

    Authors: MA Freeman, M Eydal, M Yoshimizu, K Watanabe, AP Shinn, K Miura and K Ogawa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:15

    Content type: Research

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  41. There are few data on the prevalence of schistosomiasis in Darfur. We conducted this study in response to reports of 15 laboratory confirmed cases of schistosomiasis and visible haematuria among children from ...

    Authors: Kebede Deribe, Abdeljbar Eldaw, Samir Hadziabduli, Emmanuel Kailie, Mohamed D Omer, Alam E Mohammed, Tanole Jamshed, Elmonshawe A Mohammed, Ali Mergani, Gafar A Ali, Khalid Babikir, Abdulrahman Adem and Farouq Hashim

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:14

    Content type: Research

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  42. Re-emergence of schistosomiasis in regions of China where control programs have ceased requires development of molecular-genetic tools to track gene flow and assess genetic diversity of Schistosoma populations. W...

    Authors: Ning Xiao, Justin Remais, Paul J Brindley, Dongchuan Qiu, Robert Spear, Yang Lei and David Blair

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:13

    Content type: Short report

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As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times. Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time.