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  1. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) remains as one of the most neglected tropical diseases with over 60% of the world’s total VL cases occurring in the Indian subcontinent. Due to the invasive risky procedure and tech...

    Authors: Md Gulam Musawwir Khan, Khondaker Rifat Hasan Bhaskar, Md Abdus Salam, Tania Akther, Gerd Pluschke and Dinesh Mondal
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:280
  2. Toxoplasma gondii is a highly prevalent protozoan parasite infecting a wide range of animals and humans. The epidemiological and biological diversity of T. gondii has resulted in a high genetic variation and unus...

    Authors: Jia Chen, Zhong-Yuan Li, Dong-Hui Zhou, Guo-Hua Liu and Xing-Quan Zhu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:279
  3. Intestinal schistosomiasis continues to be a significant cause of morbidity among communities located around Lake Victoria and on its islands. Although epidemiological surveys have been conducted in other area...

    Authors: Maurice R Odiere, Fredrick O Rawago, Maurice Ombok, William Evan Secor, Diana MS Karanja, Pauline NM Mwinzi, Patrick J Lammie and Kimberly Won
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:278
  4. In Tanzania, the first cases of schistosomiasis were reported in the early 19th century. Since then, various studies have reported prevalences of up to 100% in some areas. However, for many years, there have b...

    Authors: Humphrey D Mazigo, Fred Nuwaha, Safari M Kinung’hi, Domenica Morona, Angela Pinot de Moira, Shona Wilson, Jorg Heukelbach and David W Dunne
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:274
  5. Toxoplasmosis, caused by an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, has been a serious clinical and veterinary problem. Effective DNA vaccines against T. gondii can prevent and control the sp...

    Authors: Min Meng, Shenyi He, Guanghui Zhao, Yang Bai, Huaiyu Zhou, Hua Cong, Gang Lu, Qunli Zhao and Xing-Quan Zhu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:273
  6. Since the World Health Assembly’s (Resolution WHA 50.29, 1997) call for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis by the year 2020, most of the endemic countries identified have established programmes to meet th...

    Authors: Gilberto Fontes, Anderson Brandão Leite, Ana Rachel Vasconcelos de Lima, Helen Freitas, John Patrick Ehrenberg and Eliana Maria Mauricio da Rocha
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:272
  7. Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii and at least one-third of the world’s population has detectable T. gondii antibodies. The seroprevalence of T.gondii ranges from 15% to 50% among the Mexican...

    Authors: Ma de la Luz Galvan-Ramirez, Rogelio Troyo, Sonia Roman, Carlos Calvillo-Sanchez and Rosamaria Bernal-Redondo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:271
  8. Culicoides imicola KIEFFER, 1913 (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) is the principal vector of Bluetongue disease in the Mediterranean basin, Africa and Asia. Previous studies have identified a range of eco-climatic vari...

    Authors: Thibaud Rigot, Annamaria Conte, Maria Goffredo, Els Ducheyne, Guy Hendrickx and Marius Gilbert
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:270
  9. Dengue, chikungunya, malaria, filariasis and Japanese encephalitis are common mosquito-borne diseases endemic to Sri Lanka. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, the major vectors of dengue, were recently shown to ...

    Authors: Pavilupillai J Jude, Tharmatha Tharmasegaram, Gobika Sivasubramaniyam, Meena Senthilnanthanan, Selvam Kannathasan, Selvarajah Raveendran, Ranjan Ramasamy and Sinnathamby N Surendran
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:269
  10. During the last decades, population densities of Ixodes ricinus and prevalences of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. have increased in different regions in Europe. In the present study, we determined tick abundance and t...

    Authors: Alexandra Schwarz, Václav Hönig, Zuzana Vavrušková, Libor Grubhoffer, Carsten Balczun, Antje Albring and Günter A Schaub
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:268
  11. Ticks are among the most important vectors of zoonotic diseases in temperate regions of Europe, with widespread distribution and high densities, posing an important medical risk. Most ticks feed on a variety o...

    Authors: Andrei D Mihalca, Mirabela O Dumitrache, Attila D Sándor, Cristian Magdaş, Miruna Oltean, Adriana Györke, Ioana A Matei, Angela Ionică, Gianluca D’Amico, Vasile Cozma and Călin M Gherman
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:266
  12. Parasitic diseases can represent a social and economic problem among disadvantaged people - even in developed countries. Due to the limited data available concerning Europe, the aims of the present study were ...

    Authors: Laura Manganelli, Federica Berrilli, David Di Cave, Lucia Ercoli, Gioia Capelli, Domenico Otranto and Annunziata Giangaspero
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:265
  13. Arthropod-borne viral infections cause several emerging and resurging infectious diseases. Among the diseases caused by arboviruses, chikungunya is responsible for a high level of severe human disease worldwid...

    Authors: Stephane Tchankouo-Nguetcheu, Edouard Bourguet, Pascal Lenormand, Jean-Claude Rousselle, Abdelkader Namane and Valerie Choumet
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:264
  14. An in vitro artificial feeding technique for hard ticks is quite useful for studying the tick-pathogen interactions. Here, we report a novel semi-artificial feeding technique for the adult parthenogenetic tick, H...

    Authors: Takeshi Hatta, Takeharu Miyoshi, Makoto Matsubayashi, Md Khyrul Islam, M Abdul Alim, Anisuzzaman, Kayoko Yamaji, Kozo Fujisaki and Naotoshi Tsuji
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:263
  15. In many parts of Africa as in Benin, the main strategies of vector control are based on the scaling-up of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS). The need to understa...

    Authors: Gil Germain Padonou, Ghelus Gbedjissi, Anges Yadouleton, Roseric Azondekon, Ossé Razack, Olivier Oussou, Virgile Gnanguenon, Aikpon Rock, Michel Sezonlin and Martin Akogbeto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:262
  16. Kinins liberated from plasma–borne kininogens, are potent innate stimulatory signals. We evaluated whether resistance to infection by Leishmania (L.) chagasi depends on activation of G-protein coupled bradykinin ...

    Authors: Dirlei Nico, Daniel Ferreira Feijó, Naiara Maran, Alexandre Morrot, Julio Scharfstein, Marcos Palatnik and Clarisa Beatriz Palatnik-de-Sousa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:261
  17. The application of chemical molluscicides is still one of the most effective measures for schistosomiasis control in P. R. China. By applying diverse molluscicide treatment scenarios on different snail densiti...

    Authors: Guo-Jing Yang, Le-Ping Sun, Qing-Biao Hong, Hong-Ru Zhu, Kun Yang, Qi Gao and Xiao-Nong Zhou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:260
  18. Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) is targeted for elimination by the Global Programme for the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF). The strategy adopted is based on the density dependent phenomenon of Facilitat...

    Authors: Dziedzom K de Souza, Benjamin Koudou, Louise A Kelly-Hope, Michael D Wilson, Moses J Bockarie and Daniel A Boakye
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:259
  19. Dirofilaria immitis and Angiostrongylus vasorum are both important potentially fatal canine nematodes with overlapping endemic areas, especially in Europe. The preadult and adult stages of both species are living...

    Authors: Manuela Schnyder and Peter Deplazes
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:258
  20. Anopheles (Kerteszia) cruzii is a primary vector of Plasmodium parasites in Brazil’s Atlantic Forest. Adult females of An. cruzii and An. homunculus, which is a secondary malaria vector, are morphologically simil...

    Authors: Camila Lorenz, Tatiani Cristina Marques, Maria Anice Mureb Sallum and Lincoln Suesdek
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:257
  21. Theileriosis, caused by Theileria parva, is an economically important disease in Africa. It is a major constraint to the development of the livestock industry in some parts of eastern, central and southern Africa...

    Authors: Walter Muleya, Boniface Namangala, Martin Simuunza, Ryo Nakao, Noboru Inoue, Takashi Kimura, Kimihito Ito, Chihiro Sugimoto and Hirofumi Sawa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:255
  22. Cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) is induced in nature by Wolbachia bacteria, resulting in conditional male sterility. Previous research demonstrated that the two Wolbachia strains (w AlbA and w AlbB) that natural...

    Authors: Maurizio Calvitti, Riccardo Moretti, Amanda R Skidmore and Stephen L Dobson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:254
  23. Malaria is endemic with year-round transmission on Bioko Island. The Bioko Island Malaria Control Project (BIMCP) started in 2004 with the aim to reduce malaria transmission and to ultimately eliminate malaria...

    Authors: Hans J Overgaard, Vamsi P Reddy, Simon Abaga, Abrahan Matias, Michael R Reddy, Vani Kulkarni, Christopher Schwabe, Luis Segura, Immo Kleinschmidt and Michel A Slotman
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:253
  24. Malaria parasites actively proliferate in the body of their vertebrate and insect hosts, and are subjected to the toxic effects of reactive oxygen species. The antioxidant defenses of malaria parasites are con...

    Authors: Hirono Masuda-Suganuma, Miho Usui, Shinya Fukumoto, Noboru Inoue and Shin-ichiro Kawazu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:252
  25. The deer ked (Lipoptena cervi), a hematophagous ectoparasite of Cervids, is currently spreading in Scandinavia. In Norway, keds are now invading the south-eastern part of the country and the abundant and widely d...

    Authors: Knut Madslien, Bjørnar Ytrehus, Hildegunn Viljugrein, Erling J Solberg, Kent Rudi Bråten and Atle Mysterud
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:251
  26. Anopheles daciae, a newly described member of the Maculipennis group, was recently reported from western, southern and eastern Europe. Before its recognition, it had commonly been listed under the name of An. mes...

    Authors: Mandy Kronefeld, Marko Dittmann, Dorothee Zielke, Doreen Werner and Helge Kampen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:250
  27. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in Sudan. It is caused by Leishmania major parasites and transmitted by Phlebotomus papatasi sandflies. Recently, uncommon clinical manifestations of CL have been reported....

    Authors: Noteila M Khalid, Marium A Aboud, Fathi M Alrabba, Dia-Eldin A Elnaiem and Frederic Tripet
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:249
  28. The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis can cause eosinophilic meningoencephalitis in humans. This nematode’s main definitive hosts are rodents and its intermediate hosts are snails. This parasite was first ...

    Authors: Tainá C C Monte, Raquel O Simões, Ana Paula M Oliveira, Clodoaldo F Novaes, Silvana C Thiengo, Alexandre J Silva, Pedro C Estrela and Arnaldo Maldonado Júnior
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:248
  29. Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus is currently one of the most notorious globally invasive mosquito species. Its medical importance is well documented, and its fast expansion throughout most continents is being monito...

    Authors: Laurent Guillaumot, Reynold Ofanoa, Lucien Swillen, Narendra Singh, Hervé C Bossin and Francis Schaffner
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:247
  30. Culicoides biting midges are incriminated as biological vectors of a number of viruses, e.g. bluetongue virus. In order to define vector-free periods/areas and to assess the vectorial role of the various Culicoid...

    Authors: Christian Kaufmann, Irene C Steinmann, Daniel Hegglin, Francis Schaffner and Alexander Mathis
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:246
  31. An examination of the Companion Animal Parasite Council’s (CAPC) canine heartworm data to clarify the spatial prevalence of heartworm in the United States. Factors thought to influence the spatial risk of dise...

    Authors: Heidi E Brown, Laura C Harrington, Phillip E Kaufman, Tanja McKay, Dwight D Bowman, C Thomas Nelson, Dongmei Wang and Robert Lund
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:245
  32. The eel parasitic nematodes Anguillicola crassus (originating from Asia) and Anguillicola novaezelandiae (originating from New Zealand) were both introduced to Europe, but occurred in sympatry only in Lake Bracci...

    Authors: Daniel S Grabner, Kerstin C Dangel and Bernd Sures
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:244
  33. Dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) represent a global challenge in public health. It is estimated that 50 to 100 million infections occur each year causing approximately 20,000 deaths that ar...

    Authors: Vincent Raquin, Martin Wannagat, Karima Zouache, Catherine Legras-Lachuer, Claire Valiente Moro and Patrick Mavingui
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:243
  34. Onchocerca cervipedis is a filarioid nematode of cervids reported from Central America to boreal regions of North America. It is found primarily in subcutaneous tissues of the legs, and is more commonly known as ...

    Authors: Guilherme G Verocai, Manigandan Lejeune, Kimberlee B Beckmen, Cyntia K Kashivakura, Alasdair M Veitch, Richard A Popko, Carmen Fuentealba, Eric P Hoberg and Susan J Kutz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:242
  35. Dictyocaulus species are strongylid nematodes of major veterinary significance in ruminants, such as cattle and cervids, and cause serious bronchitis or pneumonia (dictyocaulosis or “husk”). There has been ongoin...

    Authors: Robin B Gasser, Abdul Jabbar, Namitha Mohandas, Johan Höglund, Ross S Hall, D Timothy J Littlewood and Aaron R Jex
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:241
  36. Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a group of chronic parasitic diseases and related conditions that are the most common diseases among the 2·7 billion people globally living on less than US$2 per day. In ...

    Authors: Kebede Deribe, Kadu Meribo, Teshome Gebre, Asrat Hailu, Ahmed Ali, Abraham Aseffa and Gail Davey
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:240
  37. This review explores some of the reasons why food webs seem to contain relatively few parasite species when compared to the full diversity of free living species in the system. At present, there are few cohere...

    Authors: Michael VK Sukhdeo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:239
  38. Two concomitant dengue 3 (DEN-3) epidemics occurred in Cape Verde Archipelago and Senegal between September and October 2009. Aedes aegypti was identified as the vector of these epidemics as several DEN-3 virus s...

    Authors: Ibrahima Dia, Cheikh Tidiane Diagne, Yamar Ba, Diawo Diallo, Lassana Konate and Mawlouth Diallo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:238
  39. In recent years, investigations of Toxoplasma gondii infection in poultry (chickens, ducks, and geese) have been reported worldwide, including China. However, little is known about the prevalence of T. gondii inf...

    Authors: Na Yang, Ming-Yang Mu, Hong-Kui Li, Miao Long and Jian-Bin He
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:237
  40. Culicoides sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) is a vector of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) serotypes 1 and 2 in North America, where these viruses are well-known pathogens of white-tailed deer (WT...

    Authors: Mark G Ruder, Elizabeth W Howerth, David E Stallknecht, Andrew B Allison, Deborah L Carter, Barbara S Drolet, Eyal Klement and Daniel G Mead
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:236
  41. Sugar feeding is critical for survival of malaria vectors and, although discriminative plant feeding previously has been shown to occur in Anopheles gambiae s.s., little is known about the cues mediating attracti...

    Authors: Vincent O Nyasembe, Peter EA Teal, Wolfgang R Mukabana, James H Tumlinson and Baldwyn Torto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:234
  42. Irrigated vegetable farms within the city of Kumasi, Ghana, create hotspots for the breeding of malaria vectors, which could lead to high transmission of malaria. This study investigated the abundance and prod...

    Authors: Yaw A Afrane, Bernard W Lawson, Ruth Brenya, Thomas Kruppa and Guiyun Yan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:233
  43. Since 2007 Sierra Leone has conducted mass drug administration (MDA) for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) implemented by unpaid community health volunteers (CHVs). Other health campaigns such as Mo...

    Authors: Mary H Hodges, Mustapha Sonnie, Hamid Turay, Abdulai Conteh, Florence MacCarthy and Santigie Sesay
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:232
  44. Wild birds contribute to maintenance and dissemination of vectors and microbes, including those that impact human, domestic animal, and wildlife health. Here we elucidate roles of wild passerine birds, eastern...

    Authors: Sarah A Hamer, Graham J Hickling, Rich Keith, Jennifer L Sidge, Edward D Walker and Jean I Tsao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:231
  45. Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease, is currently recognized as a complex of six lineages or Discrete Typing Units (DTU): TcI-TcVI. Recent studies have identified a divergent group within TcI - TcIDOM....

    Authors: Federico A Zumaya-Estrada, Louisa A Messenger, Teresa Lopez-Ordonez, Michael D Lewis, Carlos A Flores-Lopez, Alejandro J Martínez-Ibarra, Pamela M Pennington, Celia Cordon-Rosales, Hernan V Carrasco, Maikel Segovia, Michael A Miles and Martin S Llewellyn
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:226

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