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  1. Content type: Research

    Head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis, is an obligatory blood-sucking ectoparasite, distributed worldwide. Phylogenetically, it occurs in five divergent mitochondrial clades (A–E); each exhibiting a particular ge...

    Authors: Celia Scherelle Boumbanda Koyo, Nadia Amanzougaghene, Bernard Davoust, Leon Tshilolo, Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki, Didier Raoult, Oleg Mediannikov and Florence Fenollar

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:290

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  2. Content type: Research

    Tick selenoproteins are involved in regulating oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress during prolonged tick feeding on mammalian hosts. How selenoproteins are activated upon tick-borne pathogen infection i...

    Authors: Deepak Kumar, Monica Embers, Thomas N. Mather and Shahid Karim

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:289

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  3. Content type: Research

    Ambient temperature is an important determinant of malaria transmission and suitability, affecting the life-cycle of the Plasmodium parasite and Anopheles vector. Early models predicted a thermal malaria transmis...

    Authors: Melisa M. Shah, Amy R. Krystosik, Bryson A. Ndenga, Francis M. Mutuku, Jamie M. Caldwell, Victoria Otuka, Philip K. Chebii, Priscillah W. Maina, Zainab Jembe, Charles Ronga, Donal Bisanzio, Assaf Anyamba, Richard Damoah, Kelsey Ripp, Prasanna Jagannathan, Erin A. Mordecai…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:288

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  4. Content type: Research

    Vector control activities, namely long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN) and indoor residual spraying (IRS), have contributed significantly to the decreasing malaria burden observed in The Gambia since 2008. Ne...

    Authors: Kevin Ochieng’ Opondo, Musa Jawara, Saihou Cham, Ebrima Jatta, Lamin Jarju, Muhammed Camara, Fatou Sanneh, Pa Modou Gaye, Lamin Jadama, Sainey Ceesay, Ebrima Njie, Benoit Sessinou Assogba, Balla Kandeh and Umberto D’Alessandro

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:287

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  5. Content type: Short report

    Angiostrongylus vasorum is a nematode living in the pulmonary arteries of canids. Infected dogs develop severe pulmonary lesions which can potentially lead to pulmonary hypertension (PH). However, reports of PH i...

    Authors: Andrea Corda, Silvia Carta, Antonio Varcasia, Claudia Tamponi, Maria Antonietta Evangelisti, Antonio Scala and Maria Luisa Pinna Parpaglia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:286

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  6. Content type: Research

    Apicomplexan protozoans of the genus Eimeria cause coccidiosis, one of the most economically relevant parasitic diseases in chickens. The lack of a complete understanding of molecular mechanisms in the host-paras...

    Authors: Charles Li, Xianghe Yan, Hyun S. Lillehoj, Sungtaek Oh, Liheng Liu, Zhifeng Sun, Changqin Gu, Youngsub Lee, Zhezi Xianyu and Hongyan Zhao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:285

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  7. Content type: Research

    Apoptosis plays a critical role in the embryonic development, homeostasis of immune system and host defense against intracellular microbial pathogens. Infection by the obligate intracellular pathogen Toxoplasma g...

    Authors: Li-Juan Zhou, Min Chen, Santhosh Puthiyakunnon, Cheng He, Jing Xia, Cynthia Y. He, Sheng-Qun Deng and Hong-Juan Peng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:284

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  8. Content type: Research

    Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) represent a wide group of diseases of major significance for canine health. In addition to their veterinary importance, many of these diseases are of great zoonotic concern...

    Authors: Athanasios Angelou, Athanasios I. Gelasakis, Natalia Verde, Nikola Pantchev, Roland Schaper, Ramaswamy Chandrashekar and Elias Papadopoulos

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:283

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  9. Content type: Research

    Avian haemosporidian parasites can cause severe disease in their hosts due to excessive exo-erythrocytic merogony and anaemia caused by blood stages. Notably, the development of megalomeronts by species of Haemop...

    Authors: Tanja Himmel, Josef Harl, Anna Kübber-Heiss, Cornelia Konicek, Nuhacet Fernández, Carles Juan-Sallés, Mikas Ilgūnas, Gediminas Valkiūnas and Herbert Weissenböck

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:282

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  10. Content type: Research

    The liver fluke Fasciola gigantica modulates several signaling pathways in infected buffaloes to facilitate its survival and establishment of persistent infection. In response to the parasite invasion, buffaloes ...

    Authors: Fu-Kai Zhang, Rui-Si Hu, Hany M. Elsheikha, Zhao-An Sheng, Wei-Yu Zhang, Wen-Bin Zheng, Xing-Quan Zhu and Jun-Jun He

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:281

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  11. Content type: Research

    Species of Acanthamoeba are facultative pathogens which can cause sight threatening Acanthamoeba keratitis and a rare but deadly brain infection, granulomatous amoebic encephalitis. Due to conversion of Acanthamo...

    Authors: Ayaz Anwar, Arshid Numan, Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Mohammad Khalid and Naveed Ahmed Khan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:280

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  12. Content type: Research

    Activation of hepatic stellate cells is the dominant pathogenic event during the process of liver fibrosis. Bone morphogenic protein (BMP)-7 has recently been identified as an anti-fibrotic factor and leads to...

    Authors: Liuting Chen, Qi Zhou, Ertao Liu, Jiali Zhang, Lian Duan, Dandan Zhu, Jinling Chen and Yinong Duan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:279

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  13. Content type: Research

    Surveillance of outdoor resting malaria vector populations is crucial to monitor possible changes in vector resting and feeding behaviour following the widespread use of indoor-based vector control interventio...

    Authors: Teshome Degefa, Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Guofa Zhou, Ming-Chieh Lee, Harrysone Atieli, Andrew K. Githeko and Guiyun Yan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:278

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  14. Content type: Research

    We assessed metrics of the metazoan parasite infracommunities of the dusky flounder (Syacium papillosum) as indicators of aquatic environmental health of the Yucatan Shelf (YS) prior to oil extraction. We sampled...

    Authors: Víctor M. Vidal-Martínez, Iván Velázquez-Abunader, Oscar Arturo Centeno-Chalé, Ana Luisa May-Tec, Lilia C. Soler-Jiménez, Daniel Pech, Ismael Mariño-Tapia, Cecilia Enriquez, Omar Zapata-Pérez, Jorge Herrera-Silveira, David I. Hernández-Mena, Sharon Z. Herzka, Uriel Ordoñez-López and M. Leopoldina Aguirre-Macedo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:277

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  15. Content type: Research

    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is still a public health burden in many developing countries. In Benin, a West African country, at least 6.6 million people are at risk for LF. With the goal of eliminating LF by 2020...

    Authors: Pelagie M. Boko-Collins, Aurore Ogouyemi-Hounto, Elvire G. Adjinacou-Badou, Laurinda Gbaguidi-Saizonou, Nissou Ines Dossa, Aboudou Dare, Moudachirou Ibikounle, Kathryn L. Zoerhoff, Daniel A. Cohn and Wilfrid Batcho

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:276

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  16. Content type: Research

    Neutrophils play an immunomodulatory role through the release of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). NETs are released in response to Leishmania infection, but the mechanism of NET extrusion has not been eluci...

    Authors: Furong Wei, Wenci Gong, Junyun Wang, Yuetao Yang, Jianxiu Liu, Yanjuan Wang and Jianping Cao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:275

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  17. Content type: Research

    Oil palm plantation establishment in Colombia has the potential to impact Chagas disease transmission by increasing the distribution range of Rhodnius prolixus. In fact, previous studies have reported Trypanosoma...

    Authors: Diana Erazo, Nicole L. Gottdenker, Camila González, Felipe Guhl, Monica Cuellar, Troy J. Kieran, Travis C. Glenn, Juan D. Umaña and Juan Cordovez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:274

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  18. Content type: Review

    The transmission soil transmitted helminths (STH) occurs via ingestion of or contact with infective stages present in soil contaminated with human faeces. It follows therefore that efforts to reduce faecal contam...

    Authors: Susana Vaz Nery, Amy J. Pickering, Ebba Abate, Abraham Asmare, Laura Barrett, Jade Benjamin-Chung, Donald A. P. Bundy, Thomas Clasen, Archie C. A. Clements, John M. Colford Jr., Ayse Ercumen, Siobhan Crowley, Oliver Cumming, Matthew C. Freeman, Rashidul Haque, Birhan Mengistu…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:273

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  19. Content type: Short report

    Toltrazuril is frequently administered for the metaphylactic control of piglet cystoisosporosis. In a previous study, the efficacy of parenteral toltrazuril (45 mg/piglet, Group Forceris®) applied on the 2nd d...

    Authors: Anja Joachim, Nicolas Guerra, Barbara Hinney, Adnan Hodžić, Hamadi Karembe, Aruna Shrestha and Daniel Sperling

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:272

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  20. Content type: Research

    Babesia bigemina is an apicomplexan parasite transovarially transmitted via Rhipicephalus ticks that infect red blood cells and causes bovine babesiosis, a poorly controlled severe acute disease in cattle. New me...

    Authors: Gamila A. R. Bohaliga, Wendell C. Johnson, Naomi S. Taus, Hala E. Hussein, Reginaldo G. Bastos, Carlos E. Suarez, Glen A. Scoles and Massaro W. Ueti

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:271

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  21. Content type: Research

    Canine generalized demodicosis is a common parasitic disease caused by the proliferation of Demodex mites. The introduction of isoxazoline class treatments in veterinary dermatology has resulted in apparently eff...

    Authors: Milos Djuric, Natalija Milcic Matic, Darko Davitkov, Uros Glavinic, Dajana Davitkov, Branislav Vejnovic and Zoran Stanimirovic

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:270

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  22. Content type: Research

    There are no effective vaccines against Babesia and Theileria parasites; therefore, therapy depends heavily on antiprotozoal drugs. Treatment options for piroplasmosis are limited; thus, the need for new antiprot...

    Authors: Amani Magdy Beshbishy, Gaber El-Saber Batiha, Naoaki Yokoyama and Ikuo Igarashi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:269

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  23. Content type: Research

    Diphyllobothriosis is an intestinal cestodosis caused by tapeworms of the family Diphyllobothriidae. In France, endemic cases are limited to south-east and due to Dibothriocephalus latus. In this paper, we invest...

    Authors: Brice Autier, Sorya Belaz, Brigitte Degeilh, Jean-Pierre Gangneux and Florence Robert-Gangneux

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:267

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  24. Content type: Review

    Arboviruses represent a significant burden to public health and local economies due to their ability to cause unpredictable and widespread epidemics. To maximize early detection of arbovirus emergence in non-e...

    Authors: Helen J. Esser, Ramona Mögling, Natalie B. Cleton, Henk van der Jeugd, Hein Sprong, Arjan Stroo, Marion P. G. Koopmans, Willem F. de Boer and Chantal B. E. M. Reusken

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:265

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  25. Content type: Research

    The long-distance dispersal of the invasive disease vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus has introduced arthropod-borne viruses into new geographical regions, causing a significant medical and economic burd...

    Authors: Kelly L. Bennett, Carmelo Gómez Martínez, Alejandro Almanza, Jose R. Rovira, W. Owen McMillan, Vanessa Enriquez, Elia Barraza, Marcela Diaz, Javier E. Sanchez-Galan, Ari Whiteman, Rolando A. Gittens and Jose R. Loaiza

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:264

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  26. Content type: Research

    The scale-up in the distribution of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying has significantly reduced malaria burden and mortality. However, insecticide resistance, among other fact...

    Authors: Amen N. Fadel, Sulaiman S. Ibrahim, Magellan Tchouakui, Ebai Terence, Murielle J. Wondji, Micareme Tchoupo, Samuel Wanji and Charles S. Wondji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:263

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  27. Content type: Research

    Chagas disease is a potentially life-threatening disease caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Current therapeutic management is limited to treatment with nitroheterocyclic drugs, such as nifurtimox...

    Authors: Jair Téllez, Ibeth Romero, Alvaro José Romanha and Mario Steindel

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:262

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  28. Content type: Research

    Elimination of malaria depends on mastering transmission and understanding the biological basis of Plasmodium infection in the vector. The first mosquito organ to interact with the parasite is the midgut and its ...

    Authors: Rosa Amélia Gonçalves Santana, Maurício Costa Oliveira, Iria Cabral, Rubens Celso Andrade Silva Junior, Débora Raysa Teixeira de Sousa, Lucas Ferreira, Marcus Vinícius Guimarães Lacerda, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro, Patrícia Abrantes, Maria das Graças Vale Barbosa Guerra and Henrique Silveira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:261

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  29. Content type: Research

    Chagas disease is a protozoan infection caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. The disease has a chronic course in which 20–30% of the patients would develop progressive damage to the cardiovascular system and the gastroin...

    Authors: Juan Espinosa-Pereiro, Adrián Sánchez-Montalvá, Fernando Salvador, Augusto Sao-Avilés, Elena Sulleiro and Israel Molina

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:260

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  30. Content type: Research

    A spot-on formulation of fluralaner plus moxidectin has been designed to provide long-term protection against fleas and ticks, prevent heartworm disease and treat gastrointestinal nematode infections in cats. ...

    Authors: Petr Fisara, Frank Guerino and Fangshi Sun

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:259

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  31. Content type: Research

    Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) is an Orbivirus of veterinary importance which is transmitted by biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) to ruminants. Culicoides sonorensis Wir...

    Authors: Bethany L. McGregor, Kristin E. Sloyer, Katherine A. Sayler, Olivia Goodfriend, Juan M. Campos Krauer, Carolina Acevedo, Xinmi Zhang, Derrick Mathias, Samantha M. Wisely and Nathan D. Burkett-Cadena

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:258

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  32. Content type: Research

    Vector control interventions using long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) are commonly practiced tools for the control of malaria in Ethiopia. In order to evaluate the effect...

    Authors: Dejene Getachew, Teshome Gebre-Michael, Meshesha Balkew and Habte Tekie

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:257

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  33. Content type: Research

    RNA interference (RNAi), which has facilitated functional characterization of mosquito neural development genes such as the axon guidance regulator semaphorin-1a (sema1a), could one day be applied as a new means ...

    Authors: Keshava Mysore, Ping Li, Chien-Wei Wang, Limb K. Hapairai, Nicholas D. Scheel, Jacob S. Realey, Longhua Sun, David W. Severson, Na Wei and Molly Duman-Scheel

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:256

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  34. Content type: Research

    Mosquito-borne diseases (MBDs) cause a significant proportion of the global infectious disease burden. Vector control remains the primary strategy available to reduce the transmission of MBDs. However, long-te...

    Authors: Yan Sun, Yunqiao Dong, Jing Li, Zetian Lai, Yanqiang Hao, Peiwen Liu, Xiaoguang Chen and Jinbao Gu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:255

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  35. Content type: Research

    Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Giardia duodenalis are common human and animal pathogens. Studies have increasingly shown that non-human primates (NHPs) are common hosts of these two zoonotic parasites. However, few ...

    Authors: Li Chen, Jianguo Zhao, Na Li, Yaqiong Guo, Yuanyuan Feng, Yaoyu Feng and Lihua Xiao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:254

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  36. Content type: Research

    The intensive use of chemical insecticides against mosquitoes has led to the development of widespread insecticide resistance. Control of Anopheles mosquitoes in malaria endemic areas of sub-Saharan Africa has be...

    Authors: Ayaba Z. Abagli, Thiery B. C. Alavo, Rafael Perez-Pacheco and Edward G. Platzer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:253

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  37. Content type: Research

    Parasitic protozoans, helminths, alter the gut microbiota in mammals, yet little is known about the influence of intestinal cestodes on gut microbiota in fish. In the present study, the composition and diversi...

    Authors: Pei P. Fu, Fan Xiong, Wen W. Feng, Hong Zou, Shan G. Wu, Ming Li, Gui T. Wang and Wen X. Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:252

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  38. Content type: Research

    In Latin America, Brazil harbors the most cases of human visceral leishmaniasis (HVL). Since the early 1980s, the disease has spread to the urban centers of the north, and now the south and west of Brazil; it ...

    Authors: Luiz E. Prestes-Carneiro, Loris A. F. Daniel, Lívia C. Almeida, Lourdes Zampieri D’Andrea, André G. Vieira, Ivete R. Anjolete, Lenira André and Edilson F. Flores

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:251

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  39. Content type: Research

    Quantification of adult Aedes aegypti abundance indoors has relied on estimates of relative density (e.g. number of adults per unit of sampling or time), most commonly using traps or timed collections using aspir...

    Authors: Edgar Koyoc-Cardeña, Anuar Medina-Barreiro, Azael Cohuo-Rodríguez, Norma Pavía-Ruz, Audrey Lenhart, Guadalupe Ayora-Talavera, Mike Dunbar, Pablo Manrique-Saide and Gonzalo Vazquez-Prokopec

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:250

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  40. Content type: Research

    Whirling disease (WD), caused by the myxozoan parasite Myxobolus cerebralis, is responsible for high mortalities in rainbow trout hatcheries and natural populations. To elucidate how resistant and susceptible rai...

    Authors: Mona Saleh, Ruth Montero, Gokhlesh Kumar, Arun Sudhagar, Adina Friedl, Bernd Köllner and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:249

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  41. Content type: Research

    Mice are susceptible to infections with the rodent filarial nematode Litomosoides sigmodontis and develop immune responses that resemble those of human filarial infections. Thus, the L. sigmodontis model is used ...

    Authors: Stefan J. Frohberger, Jesuthas Ajendra, Jayagopi Surendar, Wiebke Stamminger, Alexandra Ehrens, Benedikt C. Buerfent, Katrin Gentil, Achim Hoerauf and Marc P. Hübner

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:248

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  42. Content type: Research

    Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) are haematophagous insects that transmit the protozoan parasite Leishmania infantum (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), the main causative agent of both zoonotic vis...

    Authors: Cristina Daniela Cazan, Ioana Raluca Păstrav, Angela Monica Ionică, Gizem Oguz, Ozge Erisoz Kasap, Vit Dvorak, Petr Halada, Mirabela Oana Dumitrache, Petr Volf, Bulent Alten and Andrei Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:247

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  43. Content type: Research

    The global burden of onchocerciasis is the heaviest in sub-Saharan Africa. Studies have shown the importance of the role of Community-Directed Distributors (CDDs) and nurses in onchocerciasis control, but litt...

    Authors: Fanny Nadia Dissak-Delon, Guy-Roger Kamga, Perrine Claire Humblet, Annie Robert, Jacob Souopgui, Joseph Kamgno, Stephen Mbigha Ghogomu and Isabelle Godin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:246

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  44. Content type: Review

    Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) has become a widely used technique for the rapid and accurate identification of bacteria, mycobacteria and certain ...

    Authors: Maureen Feucherolles, Sven Poppert, Jürg Utzinger and Sören L. Becker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:245

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  45. Content type: Research

    Singapore used to report an annual average of 14 cases of Japanese encephalitis, but ever since the abolishment of pig farms in the early 1990s, the local incidence rate for Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) i...

    Authors: Grace Yap, Xiao Fang Lim, Sharon Chan, Choon Beng How, Mahathir Humaidi, Gladys Yeo, Diyar Mailepessov, Marcella Kong, Yee Ling Lai, Chiharu Okumura and Lee Ching Ng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:244

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  46. Content type: Research

    Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of integral membrane channel proteins that facilitate the transport of water and other small solutes across cell membranes. AQPs appear to play crucial roles in parasite survival...

    Authors: Guangxu Ma, Aiyun Jiang, Yongfang Luo, Yongli Luo, Hancheng Huang and Rongqiong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:243

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  47. Content type: Research

    In the Amazon Basin, Nyssorhynchus (Anopheles) darlingi is the most aggressive and effective malaria vector. In endemic areas, behavioral aspects of anopheline vectors such as host preference, biting time and res...

    Authors: Melina Campos, Diego Peres Alonso, Jan E. Conn, Joseph M. Vinetz, Kevin J. Emerson and Paulo Eduardo Martins Ribolla

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:242

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