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  1. The family Hoplopleuridae contains at least 183 species of blood-sucking lice, which widely parasitize both mice and rats. Fragmented mitochondrial (mt) genomes have been reported in two rat lice (Hoplopleura kit...

    Authors: Yi-Tian Fu, Yu Nie, De-Yong Duan and Guo-Hua Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:506

    Content type: Short report

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  2. The main targets of the host’s immune system in Trichinella spiralis infection are the adult worms (AW), at the gut level, and the migrant or newborn larvae (NBL), at systemic and pulmonary levels. Most of the st...

    Authors: María Priscila Saracino, Cecilia Celeste Vila, Melina Cohen, María Virginia Gentilini, Guido Hernán Falduto, Marcela Adriana Calcagno, Estela Roux, Stella Maris Venturiello and Emilio Luis Malchiodi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:505

    Content type: Research

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  3. In the South of Kazakhstan, Almaty Oblastʼ (region) is endemic for tick-borne encephalitis, with 0.16–0.32 cases/100,000 population between 2016–2018. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence ...

    Authors: Karlygash Abdiyeva, Nurkeldi Turebekov, Ravilya Yegemberdiyeva, Andrey Dmitrovskiy, Lyazzat Yeraliyeva, Zhanna Shapiyeva, Talgat Nurmakhanov, Yerlan Sansyzbayev, Guenter Froeschl, Michael Hoelscher, Josua Zinner, Sandra Essbauer and Stefan Frey

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:504

    Content type: Research

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  4. Dirofilaria immitis is a life-threatening nematode spreading globally. Arsenical treatment is currently recommended for removal of adult worms. However, arsenical treatment is not available in some countries, and...

    Authors: Bruno Alberigi, Julio I. Fernandes, Jonimar P. Paiva, Flavya Mendes-de-Almeida, Fabiana Knackfuss, Alexandre Merlo and Norma Labarthe

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:503

    Content type: Research

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  5. Mozambique, same as many other tropical countries, is at high risk of arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) diseases and recently two dengue virus (DENV) outbreaks occurred in the northern part of the country. The...

    Authors: Ana Paula Abílio, Ayubo Kampango, Eliseu J. Armando, Eduardo S. Gudo, Luís C. B. das Neves, Ricardo Parreira, Mohsin Sidat, José M. Fafetine and António Paulo G. de Almeida

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:350

    Content type: Short report

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  6. In South America, cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) are emerging diseases, expanding in the border area of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. Outbreaks of CL were reported since the 199...

    Authors: María Gabriela Quintana, María Soledad Santini, Regino Cavia, Mariela Florencia Martínez, Domingo Javier Liotta, María Soledad Fernández, Adriana Alicia Pérez, José Manuel Direni Mancini, Sofía Lorian Moya, Magalí Gabriela Giuliani and Oscar Daniel Salomón

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:502

    Content type: Research

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  7. Dirofilaria immitis is responsible for heartworm disease in dogs in endemic areas worldwide. Screening for this infection is done by blood tests. Antigen testing is the most sensitive method to detect an infectio...

    Authors: Viktor Szatmári, Martin Willem van Leeuwen, Christine Jantine Piek and Luigi Venco

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:501

    Content type: Short report

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  8. Species of the Tabanidae are potent vectors of human and animal diseases, but they have not been thoroughly investigated to date. In Senegal (West Africa), little information is available on these dipterans. O...

    Authors: Mohamed Lamine Keita, Hacène Medkour, Masse Sambou, Handi Dahmana and Oleg Mediannikov

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:500

    Content type: Research

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  9. Aedes aegypti is an efficient vector of several arboviruses of public health importance, including Zika and dengue. Currently vector management is the only available avenue for disease control. Development of eff...

    Authors: Harun N. Ngugi, Sindiso Nyathi, Amy Krystosik, Bryson Ndenga, Joel O. Mbakaya, Peter Aswani, Peter S. Musunzaji, Lucy W. Irungu, Donal Bisanzio, Uriel Kitron, A. Desiree LaBeaud and Francis Mutuku

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:499

    Content type: Research

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  10. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Denis B. Langenwalder, Sabine Schmidt, Cornelia Silaghi, Jasmin Skuballa, Nikola Pantchev, Ioana A. Matei, Andrei D. Mihalca, Urs Gilli, Joanna Zajkowska, Martin Ganter, Tove Hoffman, Erik Salaneck, Miroslav Petrovec and Friederike D. von Loewenich

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:497

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:238

  11. Fascioliasis caused by the trematodes Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica, is a global neglected zoonotic disease estimated to cost the livestock industry over €2.5 billion annually. Farm management measures and s...

    Authors: Chelsea N. Davis, Fiona Tyson, David Cutress, Emma Davies, Dewi Llyr Jones, Peter M. Brophy, Alex Prescott, Michael T. Rose, Manod Williams, Hefin Wyn Williams and Rhys Aled Jones

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:496

    Content type: Research

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  12. Anaplasma marginale is an obligate intracellular bacterium and the main cause of bovine anaplasmosis in tropical and subtropical regions. In Egypt, data regarding the prevalence of A. marginale in ruminant hosts ...

    Authors: Amira AL-Hosary, Cristian Răileanu, Oliver Tauchmann, Susanne Fischer, Ard M. Nijhof and Cornelia Silaghi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:495

    Content type: Research

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  13. Nematodirus battus, unlike most other gastrointestinal nematodes, undergoes maturation to an infective larva within the egg. Historically, eggs were considered to require a period of chilling over winter followed...

    Authors: Lynsey A. Melville, Jan Van Dijk, Sian Mitchell, Giles Innocent and David J. Bartley

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:494

    Content type: Research

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  14. The relationship between environmentally transmitted tick parasites, Ixodes spp., and their main reproductive host, deer, is generally thought to be positive. However, measuring host abundance and density directl...

    Authors: Eleanor R Dickinson, Caroline Millins and Roman Biek

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:493

    Content type: Research

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  15. Invasive mosquito species, such as Aedes albopictus in Congo can affect the distribution of native species, changing the vector composition and pattern of disease transmission. Here, we comparatively establish th...

    Authors: Theodel A. Wilson-Bahun, Basile Kamgang, Arsène Lenga and Charles S. Wondji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:492

    Content type: Research

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  16. The TNF signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of many cellular processes (such as apoptosis and cell proliferation). Previous reports indicated the effect of human TNF-α on metabolism, physiology, ge...

    Authors: Claudio R. Bertevello, Bruno R. A. Russo, Ana C. Tahira, Ednilson Hilário Lopes-Junior, Ricardo DeMarco and Katia C. Oliveira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:491

    Content type: Research

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  17. Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate parasite of all warm-blooded animals around the globe. Once infecting a cell, it manipulates the host’s DNA damage response that is yet to be elucidated. The objectives of the pre...

    Authors: Haohan Zhuang, Chaoqun Yao, Xianfeng Zhao, Xueqiu Chen, Yimin Yang, Siyang Huang, Lingtao Pan, Aifang Du and Yi Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:490

    Content type: Research

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  18. In more recent years, international travel with cats has increased. The distribution of cat parasites can change with this movement. Already, subtropical and tropical parasites have been reported by veterinari...

    Authors: Jennifer Ketzis, Helle Bork-Larsen, Jernea Bustria and Anne Conan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:488

    Content type: Research

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  19. Some tick species are invasive and of high consequence to public and veterinary health. Socioeconomic development of rural parts of the USA was enabled partly through the eradication by 1943 of cattle fever ti...

    Authors: Hsiao-Hsuan Wang, William E. Grant, Pete D. Teel, Kimberly H. Lohmeyer and Adalberto A. Pérez de León

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:487

    Content type: Research

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  20. Freshwater snails are the intermediate hosts of a large variety of trematode flukes such as Schistosoma mansoni responsible for one of the most important parasitic diseases caused by helminths, affecting 67 milli...

    Authors: Ronaldo de Carvalho Augusto, Nadjiya Merad, Anne Rognon, Benjamin Gourbal, Cédric Bertrand, Nassim Djabou and David Duval

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:486

    Content type: Research

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  21. The head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis, is the most important ectoparasite causing many health problems. Several linkages are presented for this parasite, each representing a particular geographical distributi...

    Authors: Mohammad Bagher Ghavami, Maryam Ghanbari, Sanaz Panahi and Behrooz Taghiloo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:485

    Content type: Research

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  22. Changes to Australia’s climate and land-use patterns could result in expanded spatial and temporal distributions of endemic mosquito vectors including Aedes and Culex species that transmit medically important arb...

    Authors: Eugene T. Madzokere, Willow Hallgren, Oz Sahin, Julie A. Webster, Cameron E. Webb, Brendan Mackey and Lara J. Herrero

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:484

    Content type: Review

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  23. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Antoine Mignotte, Claire Garros, Laetitia Gardès, Thomas Balenghien, Maxime Duhayon, Ignace Rakotoarivony, Laura Tabourin, Léa Poujol, Bruno Mathieu, Adolfo Ibañez-Justicia, Ahmet Deniz, Aleksandar Cvetkovikj, Bethan V. Purse, David W. Ramilo, Despoina Stougiou, Doreen Werner…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:483

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:265

  24. Wild carnivores such as the grey wolf (Canis lupus), red fox (Vulpes vulpes) and golden jackal (Canis aureus) are recognized hosts of Dirofilaria immitis. However, few studies have focused on their actual role in...

    Authors: Barbara Moroni, Luca Rossi, Pier Giuseppe Meneguz, Riccardo Orusa, Simona Zoppi, Serena Robetto, Francesca Marucco and Paolo Tizzani

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:482

    Content type: Short report

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  25. Aedes spp. are responsible for the transmission of many arboviruses, which contribute to rising human morbidity and mortality worldwide. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is a main vector for chikungunya, dengue and yel...

    Authors: Monica Campos, Daniel Ward, Raika Francesca Morales, Ana Rita Gomes, Keily Silva, Nuno Sepúlveda, Lara Ferrero Gomez, Taane G. Clark and Susana Campino

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:481

    Content type: Research

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  26. Acanthamoeba spp. are cosmopolitan protozoans that cause infections in the brain, as well as extracerebral infections in the cornea, lungs and skin. Little is known about the mechanisms of the immunological respo...

    Authors: Karolina Kot, Danuta Kosik-Bogacka, Agnieszka Wojtkowiak-Giera, Agnieszka Kolasa-Wołosiuk and Natalia Łanocha-Arendarczyk

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:480

    Content type: Research

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  27. Since the huge epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV) in Brazil in 2015, questions were raised to understand which mosquito species could transmit the virus. Aedes aegypti has been described as the main vector. However, o...

    Authors: Uros Glavinic, Jasmin Varga, Anca Ioana Paslaru, Jeannine Hauri, Paul Torgerson, Francis Schaffner and Eva Veronesi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:479

    Content type: Research

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  28. Ticks can transmit numerous tick-borne pathogens and cause a huge economic loss to the livestock industry. Tick vaccines can contribute to the prevention of tick-borne diseases by inhibiting tick infestation o...

    Authors: Seung-Hun Lee, Jixu Li, Paul Franck Adjou Moumouni, Kiyoshi Okado, Weiqing Zheng, Mingming Liu, Shengwei Ji, Soochong Kim, Rika Umemiya-Shirafuji and Xuenan Xuan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:478

    Content type: Research

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  29. Iron plays essential roles in the pathogenesis and proliferation of Trichomonas vaginalis, the causative agent of the most prevalent non-viral human sexually transmitted infection. We previously demonstrated that...

    Authors: Wei-Hung Cheng, Kuo-Yang Huang, Seow-Chin Ong, Fu-Man Ku, Po-Jung Huang, Chi-Ching Lee, Yuan-Ming Yeh, Rose Lin, Cheng-Hsun Chiu and Petrus Tang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:477

    Content type: Research

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  30. Ticks are increasingly acknowledged as significant vectors for a wide array of pathogens in urban environments with reports of abundant tick populations in recreational areas. The study aims to contribute to a...

    Authors: Silvia-Diana Borşan, Andra Toma-Naic, Áron Péter, Attila D. Sándor, Cosmin Peștean and Andrei-Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:476

    Content type: Research

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  31. Microsporidians are opportunistic pathogens with a wide range of hosts, including invertebrates, vertebrates and even humans. Microsporidians possess a highly specialized invasion structure, the polar tube. Wh...

    Authors: Qing Lv, Lijun Wang, Youpeng Fan, Xianzhi Meng, Keke Liu, Bingqian Zhou, Jie Chen, Guoqing Pan, Mengxian Long and Zeyang Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:475

    Content type: Research

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  32. The control of schistosomiasis has been centered to date on a single drug, praziquantel, with shortcomings including treatment failure, reinfection, and emergence of drug resistance. Drug repurposing, combinat...

    Authors: Maha M. Eissa, Mervat Z. El-Azzouni, Labiba K. El-Khordagui, Amany Abdel Bary, Riham M. El-Moslemany and Sara A. Abdel Salam

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:474

    Content type: Research

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  33. The goals of this retrospective study were to estimate parasite positivity in samples from cats using zinc sulfate fecal flotation by centrifugation (“centrifugation”) and coproantigen and examine trends with ...

    Authors: Sarah Sweet, Donald Szlosek, Donald McCrann, Michael Coyne, David Kincaid and Evan Hegarty

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:473

    Content type: Research

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  34. Plasmodium knowlesi is a significant cause of human malaria in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. Only one study has been previously undertaken in Sarawak to identify vectors of P. knowlesi, where Anopheles latens was in...

    Authors: Joshua X. D. Ang, Khamisah A. Kadir, Dayang S. A. Mohamad, Asmad Matusop, Paul C. S. Divis, Khatijah Yaman and Balbir Singh

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:472

    Content type: Research

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  35. This letter comments on the article “The treatment of sarcoptic mange in wildlife: a systematic review” published in Parasites & Vectors 2019, 12:99, and discusses the limitations in the use of endectocides for s...

    Authors: Barbara Moroni, Marta Valldeperes, Emmanuel Serrano, Jorge Ramón López-Olvera, Santiago Lavín and Luca Rossi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:471

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  36. Alpha-gal is an oligosaccharide implicated in delayed anaphylaxis following red meat consumption. Exposure to tick bites has been correlated with development of an allergic response to alpha-gal. However, evid...

    Authors: Cedar L. Mitchell, Feng-Chang Lin, Meagan Vaughn, Charles S. Apperson, Steven R. Meshnick and Scott P. Commins

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:470

    Content type: Short report

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  37. In a warmer and more globally connected Arctic, vector-borne pathogens of zoonotic importance may be increasing in prevalence in native wildlife. Recently, Bartonella henselae, the causative agent of cat scratch ...

    Authors: Kayla J. Buhler, Ricardo G. Maggi, Julie Gailius, Terry D. Galloway, Neil B. Chilton, Ray T. Alisauskas, Gustaf Samelius, Émilie Bouchard and Emily J. Jenkins

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:469

    Content type: Research

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  38. Dengue viruses (DENV) can be transmitted from an adult female Aedes aegypti mosquito through the germ line to the progeny; however, there is uncertainty if this occurs at a frequency that is epidemiologically sig...

    Authors: Daniela da Silva Goncalves, Kien Duong Thi Hue, Vi Tran Thuy, Nhu Vu Tuyet, Giang Nguyen Thi, Van Huynh Thi Thuy, Trang Huynh Thi Xuan, Dui Le Thi, Long Thi Vo, Huynh Le Anh Huy, Nguyen Thi Van Thuy, Bridget A. Wills, Phong Nguyen Thanh, Cameron P. Simmons and Lauren B. Carrington

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:468

    Content type: Research

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  39. Phlebotomus pedifer is the vector for Leishmania aethiopica causing cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in southwestern Ethiopia. Previous research on the transmission dynamics of CL resulted in recommendations for vect...

    Authors: Myrthe Pareyn, Anneleen Rutten, Behailu Merdekios, Ronja E. M. Wedegärtner, Nigatu Girma, Leo Regelbrugge, Simon Shibru and Herwig Leirs

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:467

    Content type: Research

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  40. A new generation of IRS insecticides which can provide improved and prolonged control of pyrethroid-resistant malaria vector populations are being developed. Fludora® Fusion is a new IRS insecticide containing...

    Authors: Augustin Fongnikin, Nadia Houeto, Abel Agbevo, Abibath Odjo, Thomas Syme, Raphael N’Guessan and Corine Ngufor

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:466

    Content type: Research

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  41. The increasing resistance to currently available insecticides in the malaria vector, Anopheles mosquitoes, hampers their use as an effective vector control strategy for the prevention of malaria transmission. The...

    Authors: Eunice Oluwatobiloba Adedeji, Olubanke Olujoke Ogunlana, Segun Fatumo, Thomas Beder, Yvonne Ajamma, Rainer Koenig and Ezekiel Adebiyi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:465

    Content type: Review

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  42. Arboviruses are a growing public health concern in Europe, with both endemic and exotic arboviruses expected to spread further into novel areas in the next decades. Predicting where future outbreaks will occur...

    Authors: Helen Joan Esser, Yorick Liefting, Adolfo Ibáñez-Justicia, Henk van der Jeugd, Chris A. M. van Turnhout, Arjan Stroo, Chantal B. E. M. Reusken, Marion P. G. Koopmans and Willem Fred de Boer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:464

    Content type: Research

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  43. The Culicoides fauna of Algeria has been historically investigated, leading to the description of many new species by Kieffer in the 1920s, Clastrier in the 1950s or Callot in the 1960s and to a comprehensive in...

    Authors: Mounira Belkharchouche, Selima Berchi, Bruno Mathieu, Ignace Rakotoarivony, Maxime Duhayon, Thierry Baldet and Thomas Balenghien

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:463

    Content type: Research

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  44. Effective and sustainable worm control in horses would benefit from detailed information about the current regional occurrence of tapeworms. Different diagnostic methods are currently available to detect Anoploce...

    Authors: Laura Jürgenschellert, Jürgen Krücken, Corrine J. Austin, Kirsty L. Lightbody, Eric Bousquet and Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:462

    Content type: Research

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  45. More than 170 species of tabanids are known in Europe, with many occurring only in limited areas or having become very rare in the last decades. They continue to spread various diseases in animals and are resp...

    Authors: Dorian D. Dörge, Sarah Cunze and Sven Klimpel

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:461

    Content type: Research

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  46. The ability of infective larvae of cattle gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) species to overwinter on pastures in northerly climatic zones with very cold dry winters is poorly understood. This is an important kno...

    Authors: Tong Wang, Russell W. Avramenko, Elizabeth M. Redman, Janneke Wit, John S. Gilleard and Douglas D. Colwell

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:458

    Content type: Research

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  47. Equine piroplasmosis (EP) is a tick-borne hemoprotozoan disease of equids, caused by Theileria equi and Babesia caballi. Equine piroplasmosis represents a serious challenge to the equine industry due to important...

    Authors: Shaowei Zhao, Hao Wang, Shuang Zhang, Suzhu Xie, Hang Li, Xuancheng Zhang and Lijun Jia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:459

    Content type: Research

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  48. The worldwide increased difficulty to combat gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection in sheep, due to progressing anthelmintic resistance (AR), calls for an enhanced and standardized implementation of early ...

    Authors: Antonio Bosco, Jan Kießler, Alessandra Amadesi, Marian Varady, Barbara Hinney, Davide Ianniello, Maria Paola Maurelli, Giuseppe Cringoli and Laura Rinaldi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:457

    Content type: Research

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