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  1. Dirofilaria immitis is a parasitic nematode endemic in the Mediterranean countries, which causes cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis in wild and domestic animals. Despite being recognized hosts of D. immitis, wild car...

    Authors: Sónia Gomes-de-Sá, Sérgio Santos-Silva, Alícia de Sousa Moreira, Patrícia Ferreira Barradas, Irina Amorim, Luís Cardoso and João R. Mesquita
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:119
  2. Malaria remains one of the most devastating diseases globally, and the control of mosquitoes as the vector is mainly dependent on chemical insecticides. Elevated temperatures associated with future warmer clim...

    Authors: Thomas Peprah Agyekum, John Arko-Mensah, Paul Kingsley Botwe, Jonathan Nartey Hogarh, Ibrahim Issah, Samuel Kweku Dadzie, Duah Dwomoh, Maxwell Kelvin Billah, Thomas Robins and Julius Najah Fobil
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:163
  3. The raccoon Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) (Carnivora; Procyonidae) is one of the most important and most intensively studied invasive mammal species in Europe. Within the last 30 years the raccoon has spread at ...

    Authors: Joanna Hildebrand, Agnieszka Perec-Matysiak, Marcin Popiołek, Dorota Merta, Izabella Myśliwy and Katarzyna Buńkowska-Gawlik
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:162
  4. Among protozoan parasites in the genus Babesia, Babesia bigemina is endemic and widespread in the East African region while the status of the more pathogenic Babesia bovis remains unclear despite the presence of ...

    Authors: Naftaly W. Githaka, Richard P. Bishop, Jan Šlapeta, David Emery, Edward K. Nguu and Esther G. Kanduma
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:161
  5. Different trapping devices and attractants are used in the mosquito surveillance programs currently running in Europe. Most of these devices target vector species belonging to the genera Culex or Aedes, and no st...

    Authors: Michela Bertola, Diletta Fornasiero, Sofia Sgubin, Luca Mazzon, Marco Pombi and Fabrizio Montarsi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:160
  6. Ivermectin (IVM) is one of the most important and widely used anthelmintics in veterinary medicine. However, its efficacy is increasingly compromised by widespread resistance, and the exact mechanism of IVM re...

    Authors: Waresi Tuersong, Caixian Zhou, Simin Wu, Peixi Qin, Chunqun Wang, Wenda Di, Lu Liu, Hui Liu and Min Hu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:159
  7. The nematode Parascaris univalens is one of the most prevalent parasitic pathogens infecting horses but anthelmintic resistance undermines treatment approaches. The molecular mechanisms underlying drug activity a...

    Authors: Faruk Dube, Andrea Hinas, Shweta Roy, Frida Martin, Magnus Åbrink, Staffan Svärd and Eva Tydén
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:158
  8. Primary infection of Toxoplasma gondii can cause serious abnormal pregnancy outcomes such as miscarriage and stillbirth. Inhibitory molecule B7-H4 is abundantly expressed in dendritic cells (DCs) and plays an imp...

    Authors: Xinyue Sun, Hongbing Xie, Haixia Zhang, Zhidan Li, Houbao Qi, Chunyan Yang, Xianbing Liu, Liqin Ren, Yuzhu Jiang and Xuemei Hu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:157
  9. The city of Guangzhou has been the epicenter of dengue fever in China since the 1990s, with Aedes albopictus being the primary vector. The main method used to control vectors and prevent dengue fever has been the...

    Authors: Xueli Zheng, Zihao Zheng, Shanshan Wu, Yong Wei, Lei Luo, Daibin Zhong and Guofa Zhou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:156
  10. Myanmar is one of the six countries in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) of Southeast Asia. Malaria vectors comprise many Anopheles species, which vary in abundance and importance in malaria transmission among d...

    Authors: Daibin Zhong, Pyae Linn Aung, Maung Maung Mya, Xiaoming Wang, Qian Qin, Myat Thu Soe, Guofa Zhou, Myat Phone Kyaw, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Liwang Cui and Guiyun Yan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:155
  11. The activation of immune response driven by the eggs of Schistosoma japonicum and the subsequent secretions is the culprit behind granulomatous inflammation and liver fibrosis. Evidence suggests that PKCλ/ι parti...

    Authors: Congjin Mei, Yingying Yang, Panpan Dong, Lijun Song, Yonghua Zhou, Yongliang Xu and Chuanxin Yu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:154
  12. The population of wild felids is large and stable in Romania with many carnivore habitats being protected. Felids can be infected with a wide variety of cardio-pulmonary nematodes and can act as reservoirs of ...

    Authors: Georgiana Deak, Angela Monica Ionică, Raul Alexandru Pop, Andrei Daniel Mihalca and Călin Mircea Gherman
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:153
  13. Animal African trypanosomiasis, or nagana, is a veterinary disease caused by African trypanosomes transmitted by tsetse flies. In Africa, Trypanosoma congolense is one of the most pathogenic and prevalent causes ...

    Authors: Sara Silva Pereira, Kawira Mathenge, Daniel Masiga and Andrew Jackson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:152
  14. More than one-third of the total world population is infected by Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). T. gondii has been linked to various diseases, such as cancer, mental disorders, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), et...

    Authors: Kehui Zhu, Kun Liu, Junsi Huang, Xueqiong Weng, Qiaoyun Chen, Tianyu Gao, Kebing Chen, Chunxia Jing, Jing Wang and Guang Yang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:151
  15. Taenia solium typically affects resource-poor communities where pigs are allowed to roam freely, and sanitation and hygiene levels are suboptimal. Sustainable, long-term strategies are urgently needed to control ...

    Authors: Inge Van Damme, Ian Pray, Kabemba E. Mwape, Chiara Trevisan, Fien Coudenys, Chishimba Mubanga, Chembesofu Mwelwa, Victor Vaernewyck, Pierre Dorny, Seth E. O’Neal and Sarah Gabriël
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:150
  16. Diplozoidae are monogenean (Monogenea: Polyopisthocotylea) fish parasites characterised by a unique life history: two larvae permanently fuse into an X-shaped “Siamese” organism. Taxonomy and phylogeny of Dipl...

    Authors: Cui-Lan Hao, Kadirden Arken, Munira Kadir, Wen-Run Zhang, Meng-Jie Rong, Nian-Wen Wei, Yan-Jun Liu and Cheng Yue
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:149

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:169

  17. The lack of information on behavioural patterns of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus has become a significant limitation in vector control and disease management programmes. Therefore, the current study was focu...

    Authors: Rasika Dalpadado, Deepika Amarasinghe, Nayana Gunathilaka and Nalin Ariyarathna
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:148
  18. Authors: Émilie Bouchard, Rajnish Sharma, Adrián Hernández-Ortiz, Kayla Buhler, Batol Al-Adhami, Chunlei Su, Heather Fenton, Géraldine-G. Gouin, James D. Roth, Chloé Warret Rodrigues, Carla Pamak, Audrey Simon, Nicholas Bachand, Patrick Leighton and Emily Jenkins
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:146

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:115

  19. Vector-borne diseases are on the rise on a global scale, which is anticipated to further accelerate because of anthropogenic climate change. Resource-limited regions are especially hard hit by this increment w...

    Authors: Juliane Hartke, Friederike Reuss, Isabelle Marie Kramer, Axel Magdeburg, Isra Deblauwe, Reshma Tuladhar, Ishan Gautam, Meghnath Dhimal and Ruth Müller
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:145
  20. We have reported the positive association of the cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2)/prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) axis with liver fibrosis induced by Schistosoma japonicum (Sj) infection, and TLR4 signaling controlled this axis....

    Authors: Zhang Qi, Chen Lan, Ji Xiaofang, Tang Juanjuan, Fu Cheng, Huang Ting, Shen Erxia and Li Zi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:144
  21. The olfactory system plays a crucial role in regulating insect behaviors. The detection of odorants is mainly mediated by various odorant receptors (ORs) that are expressed in the dendrites of olfactory neuron...

    Authors: Zhengbo He, Zhengrong Yu, Xingfei He, Youjin Hao, Liang Qiao, Shihui Luo, Jingjing Zhang and Bin Chen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:143
  22. Strongyloidiasis, a nematode infection which is mainly caused by Strongyloides stercoralis in humans, can lead to a fatal syndrome in immunocompromised individuals. Its diagnosis is challenging due to the absence...

    Authors: Francesca Tamarozzi, Silvia Stefania Longoni, Cristina Mazzi, Eleonora Rizzi, Rahmah Noordin and Dora Buonfrate
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:142
  23. Microsporidia are a group of intracellular parasitic eukaryotes, serious pathogens that cause widespread infection in humans, vertebrates, and invertebrates. Because microsporidia have a thick spore wall struc...

    Authors: Zhanqi Dong, Na Gao, Boyuan Deng, Xuhua Huang, Congwu Hu, Peng Chen, Qin Wu, Cheng Lu and Minhui Pan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:141
  24. Ticks and tick-borne diseases constitute a real threat for the livestock industry, which is increasing in Angola. In addition, ticks are vectors of zoonoses of public health concern, and scarce information is ...

    Authors: Ana M. Palomar, Israel Molina, Cristina Bocanegra, Aránzazu Portillo, Fernando Salvador, Milagros Moreno and José A. Oteo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:140
  25. Soft ticks (Ixodida: Argasidae) are medically important ectoparasites that mainly feed on birds and mammals, which play a key role in their geographic distribution and dispersion. Despite their importance, stu...

    Authors: Abid Ali, Muhammad Numan, Mehran Khan, Ome Aiman, Sebastián Muñoz-Leal, Lidia Chitimia-Dobler, Marcelo B. Labruna and Ard M. Nijhof
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:138
  26. The primary disease vectors for dengue virus (DENV) transmission between humans are the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, with Ae. aegypti population size strongly correlated with DENV outbreaks. Whe...

    Authors: Lie Cheng, Wei-Liang Liu, Matthew P. Su, Shu-Chen Huang, Jen-Ren Wang and Chun-Hong Chen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:137
  27. Information on the altitudinal distribution of the hard ticks Amblyomma aureolatum and Amblyomma ovale in Brazil is scarce and mainly limited to occasional records. In this study we report our evaluation of recor...

    Authors: João L. H. Faccini, Hélio F. Santos, Lívio M. Costa-Junior, Socrates F. Costa-Neto, Wagner S. Tassinari and Hermes R. Luz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:136
  28. Despite considerable public health efforts over the past 20 years, childhood stunting (physical and/or cognitive) levels globally remain unacceptably high—at 22% amongst children under 5 years old in 2020. The...

    Authors: E. Raj, B. Calvo-Urbano, C. Heffernan, J. Halder and J. P. Webster
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:135
  29. Mosquito control is currently the main tool available to contain the spread of several arboviruses in Brazil. We have evaluated the association between entomological surveys of female adult Aedes aegypti and the ...

    Authors: Maisa Carla Pereira Parra, Camila Lorenz, Margareth Regina Dibo, Bruno Henrique Gonçalves de Aguiar Milhim, Marluci Monteiro Guirado, Mauricio Lacerda Nogueira and Francisco Chiaravalloti-Neto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:133
  30. The range of the ornate dog tick Dermacentor reticulatus is rapidly expanding in Europe. This tick species is the vector of canine babesiosis, caused by Babesia canis, and also plays a role in the transmission of...

    Authors: Ondřej Daněk, Kristýna Hrazdilová, Dominika Kozderková, Daria Jirků and David Modrý
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:132
  31. Leishmaniosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in the Mediterranean basin caused by Leishmania infantum and transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies. While in dogs disease may be severe, leishmaniosis is also a public...

    Authors: Aurora Müller, Ana Montoya, Cristina Escacena, María de la Cruz, Ana Junco, Andrés Iriso, Eloy Marino, Fernando Fúster and Guadalupe Miró
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:96
  32. The fast-declining clinical efficacy of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHA-PPQ) in Cambodia is a warning of the underlying westward dissemination of piperaquine resistance in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS...

    Authors: Run Ye, Yilong Zhang and Dongmei Zhang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:130
  33. Helminthiasis and resistance to commercial anthelmintic compounds are major causes of economic losses for livestock producers, resulting in an urgent need for new drugs and reliable in vitro screening tests ca...

    Authors: Beatriz Munguía, Jenny Saldaña, Magdalena Nieves, María Elisa Melian, Manuela Ferrer, Ramiro Teixeira, Williams Porcal, Eduardo Manta and Laura Domínguez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:129
  34. The insect endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia is being deployed in field populations of the mosquito Aedes aegypti for biological control. This microbe prevents the replication of human disease-causing viruses ins...

    Authors: Austin J. Mejia, H. L. C. Dutra, M. J. Jones, R. Perera and E. A. McGraw
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:128
  35. Anautogenous mosquitoes commonly consume nectars and other solutions containing sugar but are thought to only produce eggs in discrete gonadotrophic cycles after blood-feeding on a vertebrate host. However, so...

    Authors: Ruby E. Harrison, Kangkang Chen, Lilith South, Ange Lorenzi, Mark R. Brown and Michael R. Strand
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:127
  36. In recent decades, populations of the raccoon (Procyon lotor) and the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonides) have increased and adapted to peri-urban and urban environments in many parts of the world. Their abilit...

    Authors: Izabella Myśliwy, Agnieszka Perec-Matysiak and Joanna Hildebrand
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:126
  37. Proteinuria is a common finding in dogs with leishmaniosis. Although antileishmanial therapeutic protocols are widely implemented, little information is available on which treatments are most adequate for iden...

    Authors: Marta Monteiro, Sara Prata, Luís Cardoso, Isabel Pereira da Fonseca and Rodolfo Oliveira Leal
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:125
  38. Insecticide-treated net (ITN) durability is evaluated using longitudinal bioefficacy and fabric integrity sampling post-distribution. Interceptor® G2 was developed for resistance management and contains two adult...

    Authors: Ummi Abdul Kibondo, Olukayode G. Odufuwa, Saphina H. Ngonyani, Ahmadi B. Mpelepele, Issaya Matanilla, Hassan Ngonyani, Noel O. Makungwa, Antony P. Mseka, Kyeba Swai, Watson Ntabaliba, Susanne Stutz, James W. Austin and Sarah Jane Moore
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:124
  39. Improved understanding of the molecular basis of insecticide resistance may yield new opportunities for control of relevant disease vectors. In this current study, we investigated the quantification responses ...

    Authors: Mas Azlin M. Akhir, Mustafa F. F. Wajidi, Sébastien Lavoué, Ghows Azzam, Izhan Shahrin Jaafar, Noor Aslinda Ummi Awang Besar and Intan H. Ishak
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:122
  40. The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is a well-known, rare and endangered species. Baylisascaris schroederi is a pathogenic ascarid. Infection with B. schroederi may cause death in giant pandas. At present, t...

    Authors: Jing-Yun Xu, XiaoBin Gu, Yue Xie, Ran He, Jing Xu, Lang Xiong, XueRong Peng and GuangYou Yang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:121
  41. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), caused by the SFTS virus (SFTSV), is an acute infectious disease transmitted by ticks that has recently been identified. There are no reports of epidemic ser...

    Authors: Xiao-Hu Han, Yue Ma, Hong-Yan Liu, Dan Li, Yan Wang, Feng-Hua Jiang, Qing-Tian Gao, Feng Jiang, Bao-Shan Liu, Guo-Shun Shen and Ze-Liang Chen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:120
  42. Gastrointestinal (GI) helminth infections cause significant morbidity in both humans and animals worldwide. Specific and sensitive diagnosis is central to the surveillance of such infections and to determine t...

    Authors: Marina Papaiakovou, D. Timothy J. Littlewood, Stephen R. Doyle, Robin B. Gasser and Cinzia Cantacessi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:118
  43. Ixodes barkeri, a tick with a distinctive ventrolateral horn-like projection on palpal segment 1, was described in 2019 from two male ticks from the Wet Tropics of Far North Queensland, Australia. However, female...

    Authors: Dayana Barker, Samuel Kelava, Renfu Shao, Owen D. Seeman, Malcolm K. Jones, Ryo Nakao, Stephen C. Barker and Dmitry A. Apanaskevich
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:117
  44. The genus Cissophyllus (Cosmocercoidea: Kathlaniidae) is a rare group of nematodes parasitic in turtles and lizards. To date, only four species have been reported in Asia and North America. However, most of them ...

    Authors: Xue-Feng Ni, Hui-Xia Chen, Zhen Xu, Xiao-Hong Gu and Liang Li
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:116
  45. In changing northern ecosystems, understanding the mechanisms of transmission of zoonotic pathogens, including the coccidian parasite Toxoplasma gondii, is essential to protect the health of vulnerable animals an...

    Authors: Émilie Bouchard, Rajnish Sharma, Adrián Hernández-Ortiz, Kayla Buhler, Batol Al-Adhami, Chunlei Su, Heather Fenton, Géraldine G.-Gouin, James D. Roth, Chloé Warret Rodrigues, Carla Pamak, Audrey Simon, Nicholas Bachand, Patrick Leighton and Emily Jenkins
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:115

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:146

  46. Throughout history, women have been actively involved in the advancement of science, while struggling to overcome challenges to participate and a lack of recognition. Prior to 1950, most women were not include...

    Authors: Adriana Troyo, María Paula González-Sequeira, Mónica Aguirre-Salazar, Ian Cambronero-Ortíz, Luis Enrique Chaves-González, María José Mejías-Alpízar, Kendall Alvarado-Molina, Ólger Calderón-Arguedas and Diana Rojas-Araya
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:114
  47. Species of the genus Bartonella are facultative intracellular alphaproteobacteria with zoonotic potential. Bartonella infections in humans range from mild with unspecific symptoms to life threatening, and can be ...

    Authors: Maria Krügel, Nina Król, Volkhard A. J. Kempf, Martin Pfeffer and Anna Obiegala
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:113
  48. This article presents an overview of paratransgenesis as a strategy to control pathogen transmission by insect vectors. It first briefly summarises some of the disease-causing pathogens vectored by insects and...

    Authors: Norman A. Ratcliffe, João P. Furtado Pacheco, Paul Dyson, Helena Carla Castro, Marcelo S. Gonzalez, Patricia Azambuja and Cicero B. Mello
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:112

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