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  1. Content type: Research

    Long-lasting insecticidal mosquito nets (LLINs) are highly effective for malaria prevention. However, it is also clear that durability monitoring is essential to predict when, post-distribution, a net populati...

    Authors: Sanjiarizaha Randriamaherijaona, Jacky Raharinjatovo and Sébastien Boyer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:564

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  2. Content type: Research

    Standardized larval rearing units for mosquito production are essential for the establishment of a mass-rearing facility. Two larval rearing units, developed respectively by the Guangzhou Wolbaki Biotech Co. L...

    Authors: Dongjing Zhang, Meichun Zhang, Yu Wu, Jeremie R. L. Gilles, Hanano Yamada, Zhongdao Wu, Zhiyong Xi and Xiaoying Zheng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:569

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  3. Content type: Research

    It is well known that immunization of radiation-attenuated (RA) schistosoma cercariae or schistosomula can induce high levels of protective immunity against schistosoma cercariae reinfection in many animals. M...

    Authors: Lizhen Ma, Dandan Li, Chunxiu Yuan, Xiangqian Zhang, Na Ta, Xiaochao Zhao, Yumei Li and Xingang Feng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:570

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  4. Content type: Research

    Bovine babesiosis is a tick-borne disease caused by the protozoan parasites of the genus Babesia. In their host vector, Babesia spp. undergo sexual reproduction. Therefore, the development of sexual stages and th...

    Authors: Minerva Camacho-Nuez, Diego Josimar Hernández-Silva, Elizabeth Jacqueline Castañeda-Ortiz, María Elena Paredes-Martínez, Marisol Karina Rocha-Martínez, María Elizbeth Alvarez-Sánchez, Ricardo Francisco Mercado-Curiel, Gabriela Aguilar-Tipacamu and Juan Mosqueda

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:568

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  5. Content type: Research

    Ehrlichia ruminantium is the causal agent of heartwater, a fatal tropical disease affecting ruminants with important economic impacts. This bacterium is transmitted by Amblyomma ticks ...

    Authors: Nídia Cangi, Valérie Pinarello, Laure Bournez, Thierry Lefrançois, Emmanuel Albina, Luís Neves and Nathalie Vachiéry

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:566

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  6. Content type: Research

    Leishmaniasis and Chagas disease are life-threatening illnesses caused by the protozoan parasites Leishmania spp. and Trypanosoma cruzi, respectively. They are known as “neglected diseases” due to the lack of eff...

    Authors: Jerónimo L. Ulloa, Renata Spina, Agustina Casasco, Patricia B. Petray, Virginia Martino, Miguel A. Sosa, Fernanda M. Frank and Liliana V. Muschietti

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:567

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  7. Content type: Research

    The edible and medicinal leguminous plant Cassia tora L. (Fabaceae) is known to possess insecticidal properties against a wide range of plant-feeding insects. However, the bioactivity of extracts of this plant an...

    Authors: Valentine C. Mbatchou, David P. Tchouassi, Rita A. Dickson, Kofi Annan, Abraham Y. Mensah, Isaac K. Amponsah, Julia W. Jacob, Xavier Cheseto, Solomon Habtemariam and Baldwyn Torto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:562

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  8. Content type: Short report

    Approximately 114 million people are infected with Mansonella perstans in large proportions of Africa. In contrast to other filariae that infect humans, M. perstans-infected individuals show no distinct pathology...

    Authors: Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Manuel Ritter, Winston Patrick Chounna Ndongmo, Chi Anizette Kien, Gandjui Tchamatchoua Victor Narcisse, Fanny Fri Fombad, Dizzle Bita Tayong, Kenneth Pfarr, Laura E. Layland, Achim Hoerauf and Samuel Wanji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:563

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  9. Content type: Short report

    The spread of vector-borne diseases to new regions has become a global threat due to climate change, increasing traffic, and movement of people and animals. Dirofilaria repens, the canine subcutaneous filarioid n...

    Authors: Risto Pietikäinen, Stig Nordling, Sakari Jokiranta, Seppo Saari, Petra Heikkinen, Chris Gardiner, Anne-Marie Kerttula, Tiina Kantanen, Anna Nikanorova, Sauli Laaksonen, Antti Lavikainen and Antti Oksanen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:561

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  10. Content type: Research

    For dogs and cats, chemoprophylaxis with macrocyclic lactone (ML) preventives for heartworm disease is widely used in the United States and other countries. Since 2005, cases of loss of efficacy (LOE) of heart...

    Authors: Catherine Bourguinat, Kathy Keller, Jianguo Xia, Pierre Lepage, Tom L. McTier, Debra J. Woods and Roger K. Prichard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):504

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  11. Content type: Research

    Dirofilaria immitis infection occurs in dogs and cats, both of which species are clinically affected by mature adult infections. Cats are uniquely affected by immature-adult infections...

    Authors: Randolph L. Winter, A. Ray Dillon, Russell C. Cattley, Byron L. Blagburn, D. Michael Tillson, Calvin M. Johnson, William R. Brawner, Elizabeth G. Welles and Sharon Barney

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):492

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  12. Content type: Research

    In a previous study, it was demonstrated that ProHeart® 6 (PH6) (moxidectin, Zoetis) provided only about 20% efficacy in a small six-dog study against a macrocyclic lactone –resistant Dirofilaria immitis isolate ...

    Authors: Dwight D. Bowman, Tom L. McTier, Eric L. Adams, Sean P. Mahabir, Joyce A. Login, Tara Bidgood and Debra J. Woods

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):502

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  13. Content type: Research

    Heartworm antigen testing is considered sensitive and specific. Currently available tests are reported as detecting a glycoprotein found predominantly in the reproductive tract of the female worm and can reach...

    Authors: Luigi Venco, Simone Manzocchi, Marco Genchi and Laura H. Kramer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):476

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  14. Content type: Research

    Macrocyclic lactone (ML) anthelmintics are used for chemoprophylaxis for heartworm infection in dogs and cats. Cases of dogs becoming infected with heartworms, despite apparent compliance to recommended chemop...

    Authors: Catherine Bourguinat, Francois Lefebvre, Johanna Sandoval, Brenda Bondesen, Yovany Moreno and Roger K. Prichard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):494

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  15. Content type: Research

    Doxycycline has been considered the first drug of choice for treating Wolbachia, a member of the Rickettsiaceae, which has a symbiotic relationship with filarial worms, including heartworms. Wolbachia, is suscept...

    Authors: Mark G. Papich

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):493

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  16. Content type: Research

    The emergence of macrocyclic lactone resistance in canine heartworm poses a substantial threat to what is currently the only effective, FDA-approved available method of prevention. Further study of the biotype...

    Authors: Andrew R. Moorhead, Christopher C. Evans and Ray M. Kaplan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):479

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  17. Content type: Review

    Two main Dirofilaria species infect dogs: D. immitis and D. repens. While D. immitis has a worldwide distribution, D. repens is currently found only in Europe, Asia, and Africa. Adult D. repens are located in sub...

    Authors: Claudio Genchi and Laura Kramer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):517

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  18. Content type: Research

    The objective of heartworm treatment is to improve the clinical condition of the patient and to eliminate pre-cardiac, juvenile, and adult worm stages with minimal complications. Pulmonary thromboembolisms are...

    Authors: C. Thomas Nelson, Elizabeth S. Myrick and Thomas A. Nelson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):515

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  19. Content type: Research

    Heartworm disease in dogs is a life-threatening parasitic disease. Although adulticide treatment with melarsomine has been proven to be the most effective, complications associated with adulticide treatment ar...

    Authors: Won-Kyoung Yoon, Ye-Won Kim, Sang-I L Suh, Ran Choi, Seung-Gon Lee and Changbaig Hyun

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):535

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  20. Content type: Research

    There are concerns that the chronic use of macrocyclic lactone preventives to kill adult heartworms (“soft-” or “slow-kill”) may have contributed to the development of macrocyclic lactone resistance. This pros...

    Authors: Tobi N. Ku

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):474

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  21. Content type: Research

    Emerging resistance of heartworms (Dirofilaria immitis) to macrocyclic lactone (ML) preventives is an increasing concern for veterinarians, pet owners and animal health companies that supply heartworm preventives...

    Authors: Tom L. McTier, Aleah Pullins, Gregory A. Inskeep, Genevieve Gagnon, Huihao Fan, Adam Schoell, Tara Bidgood, Joyce Login and Patrick Meeus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):485

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  22. Content type: Research

    This study assessed the influence of a topical ectoparasiticide (dinotefuran-permethrin-pyriproxyfen, DPP, Vectra®3D, Ceva Animal Health) on the acquisition of heartworm microfilariae by mosquitoes exposed to ...

    Authors: John W. McCall, Elizabeth Hodgkins, Marie Varloud, Abdelmoneim Mansour and Utami DiCosty

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):511

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  23. Content type: Research

    The diagnosis and management of canine heartworm disease is a growing concern for shelter veterinarians. Although the accuracy of commercial antigen test kits has been widely studied, recent reports have renew...

    Authors: Brian A. DiGangi, Carly Dworkin, Jason W. Stull, Jeanette O’Quin, Morgan Elser, Antoinette E. Marsh, Lesli Groshong, Wendy Wolfson, Brandy Duhon, Katie Broaddus, Elise N. Gingrich, Emily Swiniarski and Elizabeth A. Berliner

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):483

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  24. Content type: Research

    Several reports have confirmed that macrocyclic lactone-resistant isolates of Dirofilaria immitis are circulating in the United States; however, the prevalence and potential impact of drug resistance is unknown. ...

    Authors: Mary J. Maclean, Molly D. Savadelis, Ruby Coates, Michael T. Dzimianski, Corey Jones, Cynthia Benbow, Bobby E. Storey, Ray M. Kaplan, Andrew R. Moorhead and Adrian J. Wolstenholme

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):480

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  25. Content type: Research

    Monthly topical and sustained-release injectable formulations of moxidectin are currently marketed; however, an oral formulation, while approved at a dose of 3 μg/kg, is not currently marketed in the United St...

    Authors: Tom L. McTier, Robert H. Six, Aleah Pullins, Sara Chapin, John W. McCall, Douglas Rugg, Steven J. Maeder and Debra J. Woods

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):482

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

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