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  1. Cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) is induced in nature by Wolbachia bacteria, resulting in conditional male sterility. Previous research demonstrated that the two Wolbachia strains (w AlbA and w AlbB) that natural...

    Authors: Maurizio Calvitti, Riccardo Moretti, Amanda R Skidmore and Stephen L Dobson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:254
  2. The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis can cause eosinophilic meningoencephalitis in humans. This nematode’s main definitive hosts are rodents and its intermediate hosts are snails. This parasite was first ...

    Authors: Tainá C C Monte, Raquel O Simões, Ana Paula M Oliveira, Clodoaldo F Novaes, Silvana C Thiengo, Alexandre J Silva, Pedro C Estrela and Arnaldo Maldonado Júnior
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:248
  3. Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus is currently one of the most notorious globally invasive mosquito species. Its medical importance is well documented, and its fast expansion throughout most continents is being monito...

    Authors: Laurent Guillaumot, Reynold Ofanoa, Lucien Swillen, Narendra Singh, Hervé C Bossin and Francis Schaffner
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:247
  4. Culicoides biting midges are incriminated as biological vectors of a number of viruses, e.g. bluetongue virus. In order to define vector-free periods/areas and to assess the vectorial role of the various Culicoid...

    Authors: Christian Kaufmann, Irene C Steinmann, Daniel Hegglin, Francis Schaffner and Alexander Mathis
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:246
  5. An examination of the Companion Animal Parasite Council’s (CAPC) canine heartworm data to clarify the spatial prevalence of heartworm in the United States. Factors thought to influence the spatial risk of dise...

    Authors: Heidi E Brown, Laura C Harrington, Phillip E Kaufman, Tanja McKay, Dwight D Bowman, C Thomas Nelson, Dongmei Wang and Robert Lund
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:245
  6. The eel parasitic nematodes Anguillicola crassus (originating from Asia) and Anguillicola novaezelandiae (originating from New Zealand) were both introduced to Europe, but occurred in sympatry only in Lake Bracci...

    Authors: Daniel S Grabner, Kerstin C Dangel and Bernd Sures
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:244
  7. Dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) represent a global challenge in public health. It is estimated that 50 to 100 million infections occur each year causing approximately 20,000 deaths that ar...

    Authors: Vincent Raquin, Martin Wannagat, Karima Zouache, Catherine Legras-Lachuer, Claire Valiente Moro and Patrick Mavingui
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:243
  8. Onchocerca cervipedis is a filarioid nematode of cervids reported from Central America to boreal regions of North America. It is found primarily in subcutaneous tissues of the legs, and is more commonly known as ...

    Authors: Guilherme G Verocai, Manigandan Lejeune, Kimberlee B Beckmen, Cyntia K Kashivakura, Alasdair M Veitch, Richard A Popko, Carmen Fuentealba, Eric P Hoberg and Susan J Kutz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:242
  9. Dictyocaulus species are strongylid nematodes of major veterinary significance in ruminants, such as cattle and cervids, and cause serious bronchitis or pneumonia (dictyocaulosis or “husk”). There has been ongoin...

    Authors: Robin B Gasser, Abdul Jabbar, Namitha Mohandas, Johan Höglund, Ross S Hall, D Timothy J Littlewood and Aaron R Jex
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:241
  10. Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a group of chronic parasitic diseases and related conditions that are the most common diseases among the 2·7 billion people globally living on less than US$2 per day. In ...

    Authors: Kebede Deribe, Kadu Meribo, Teshome Gebre, Asrat Hailu, Ahmed Ali, Abraham Aseffa and Gail Davey
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:240
  11. This review explores some of the reasons why food webs seem to contain relatively few parasite species when compared to the full diversity of free living species in the system. At present, there are few cohere...

    Authors: Michael VK Sukhdeo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:239
  12. Two concomitant dengue 3 (DEN-3) epidemics occurred in Cape Verde Archipelago and Senegal between September and October 2009. Aedes aegypti was identified as the vector of these epidemics as several DEN-3 virus s...

    Authors: Ibrahima Dia, Cheikh Tidiane Diagne, Yamar Ba, Diawo Diallo, Lassana Konate and Mawlouth Diallo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:238
  13. In recent years, investigations of Toxoplasma gondii infection in poultry (chickens, ducks, and geese) have been reported worldwide, including China. However, little is known about the prevalence of T. gondii inf...

    Authors: Na Yang, Ming-Yang Mu, Hong-Kui Li, Miao Long and Jian-Bin He
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:237
  14. Culicoides sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) is a vector of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) serotypes 1 and 2 in North America, where these viruses are well-known pathogens of white-tailed deer (WT...

    Authors: Mark G Ruder, Elizabeth W Howerth, David E Stallknecht, Andrew B Allison, Deborah L Carter, Barbara S Drolet, Eyal Klement and Daniel G Mead
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:236
  15. Sugar feeding is critical for survival of malaria vectors and, although discriminative plant feeding previously has been shown to occur in Anopheles gambiae s.s., little is known about the cues mediating attracti...

    Authors: Vincent O Nyasembe, Peter EA Teal, Wolfgang R Mukabana, James H Tumlinson and Baldwyn Torto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:234
  16. Irrigated vegetable farms within the city of Kumasi, Ghana, create hotspots for the breeding of malaria vectors, which could lead to high transmission of malaria. This study investigated the abundance and prod...

    Authors: Yaw A Afrane, Bernard W Lawson, Ruth Brenya, Thomas Kruppa and Guiyun Yan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:233
  17. Since 2007 Sierra Leone has conducted mass drug administration (MDA) for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) implemented by unpaid community health volunteers (CHVs). Other health campaigns such as Mo...

    Authors: Mary H Hodges, Mustapha Sonnie, Hamid Turay, Abdulai Conteh, Florence MacCarthy and Santigie Sesay
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:232
  18. Wild birds contribute to maintenance and dissemination of vectors and microbes, including those that impact human, domestic animal, and wildlife health. Here we elucidate roles of wild passerine birds, eastern...

    Authors: Sarah A Hamer, Graham J Hickling, Rich Keith, Jennifer L Sidge, Edward D Walker and Jean I Tsao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:231
  19. Anopheles gambiae, An. arabiensis, and An. funestus are widespread malaria vectors in Africa. Anopheles rivulorum is the next most widespread species in the An. funestus group. The role of An. rivulorum as a mala...

    Authors: Hitoshi Kawada, Gabriel O Dida, George Sonye, Sammy M Njenga, Charles Mwandawiro and Noboru Minakawa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:230
  20. Ixodes scapularis saliva enables the transmission of infectious agents to the mammalian host due to its immunomodulatory, anesthetic and anti-coagulant properties. However, how I. scapularis saliva influences hos...

    Authors: Gang Chen, Maiara S Severo, Mohammad Sohail, Olivia S Sakhon, Stephen K Wikel, Michail Kotsyfakis and Joao HF Pedra
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:229
  21. Schistosomiasis is a serious global health problem that afflicts more than 230 million people in 77 countries. Long-term mass treatments with the only available drug, praziquantel, have caused growing concerns...

    Authors: Yi Mu, Haiming Huang, Shuai Liu, Pengfei Cai and Youhe Gao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:227
  22. Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease, is currently recognized as a complex of six lineages or Discrete Typing Units (DTU): TcI-TcVI. Recent studies have identified a divergent group within TcI - TcIDOM....

    Authors: Federico A Zumaya-Estrada, Louisa A Messenger, Teresa Lopez-Ordonez, Michael D Lewis, Carlos A Flores-Lopez, Alejandro J Martínez-Ibarra, Pamela M Pennington, Celia Cordon-Rosales, Hernan V Carrasco, Maikel Segovia, Michael A Miles and Martin S Llewellyn
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:226
  23. Oviposition-site choice is an essential component of the life history of all mosquito species. According to the oviposition-preference offspring-performance (P-P) hypothesis, if optimizing offspring performanc...

    Authors: Miho Yoshioka, Jannelle Couret, Frances Kim, Joseph McMillan, Thomas R Burkot, Ellen M Dotson, Uriel Kitron and Gonzalo M Vazquez-Prokopec
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:225
  24. Entamoeba histolytica is a protozoan parasite that infects humans and causes amebiasis affecting developing countries. Phagocytosis of epithelial cells, erythrocytes, leucocytes, and commensal microbiota bacteria...

    Authors: Ismael Mancilla-Herrera, Alfonso Méndez-Tenorio, Isabel Wong-Baeza, Alexis P Jiménez-Uribe, Marcela Alcántara-Hernández, Ramon Ocadiz-Ruiz, Mario A Moreno-Eutimio, Lourdes A Arriaga-Pizano, Constantino López-Macías, Jorge González-y-Merchand and Armando Isibasi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:224
  25. During recent years, numerous novel ‘insect flaviviruses’ have been discovered in natural mosquito populations. In a previous study we described the presence of flavivirus DNA sequences integrated in Aedes albopi...

    Authors: David Roiz, Ana Vázquez, Fausta Rosso, Daniele Arnoldi, Matteo Girardi, Laureano Cuevas, Esperanza Perez-Pastrana, Mari Paz Sánchez-Seco, Antonio Tenorio and Annapaola Rizzoli
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:223
  26. Glossina fuscipes fuscipes is the primary vector of trypanosomiasis in humans and livestock in Uganda. The Lake Victoria basin has been targeted for tsetse eradication using a rolling carpet initiative, from west...

    Authors: Chaz Hyseni, Agapitus B Kato, Loyce M Okedi, Charles Masembe, Johnson O Ouma, Serap Aksoy and Adalgisa Caccone
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:222
  27. Control and eventual elimination of human parasitic diseases in the People's Republic of China (P.R. China) requires novel approaches, particularly in the areas of diagnostics, mathematical modelling, monitori...

    Authors: Jun-Hu Chen, Hen Wang, Jia-Xu Chen, Robert Bergquist, Marcel Tanner, Jürg Utzinger and Xiao-Nong Zhou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:221
  28. Malaria, one of the leading causes of death in Africa, is transmitted by the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito. Problems associated with the development of resistance to chemical insecticides and conc...

    Authors: Irene Ketseoglou and Gustav Bouwer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:220
  29. In Central Asian foci of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniases, mixed infections of Leishmania turanica and L. major have been found in a reservoir host (the great gerbil, Rhombomys opimus) as well as in the sand fly ...

    Authors: Alsu Chajbullinova, Jan Votypka, Jovana Sadlova, Katerina Kvapilova, Veronika Seblova, Jakub Kreisinger, Milan Jirku, Chizu Sanjoba, Sambuu Gantuya, Yoshitsugu Matsumoto and Petr Volf
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:219
  30. The harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is native to central and eastern Asia and was purposely introduced into Europe to control aphids. While it proved to be a good biologic...

    Authors: George O Poinar Jr and Tove Steenberg
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:218
  31. African trypanosomes are extracellular protozoan parasites that are transmitted between mammalian hosts by the bite of an infected tsetse fly. Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) or sleeping sickness is caused...

    Authors: Jesca Nakayima, Ryo Nakao, Andy Alhassan, Charles Mahama, Kofi Afakye and Chihiro Sugimoto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:217
  32. Transmission of canine leishmaniasis (CanL), a severe infection caused by L. infantum, usually occurs through the sand fly bite to the vertebrate host. A venereal route of transmission has also been suggested, bu...

    Authors: Laura Manna, Orlando Paciello, Rossella Della Morte and Angelo Elio Gravino
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:216
  33. Chhattisgarh state in central India is highly endemic for malaria and contributes about 13% of annually reported malaria cases in the country with predominance of P. falciparum. Entomological investigations were ...

    Authors: Nutan Nanda, Rajendra M Bhatt, Shri N Sharma, Pallab K Rana, Narayani P Kar, Akash Sharma and Tridibes Adak
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:215
  34. Usually the analysis of the various developmental stages of Trypanosoma cruzi in the experimentally infected vertebrate and invertebrate hosts is based on the morphological observations of tissue fragments from a...

    Authors: Cristina Henriques, Daniele P Castro, Leonardo HF Gomes, Eloi S Garcia and Wanderley de Souza
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:214
  35. Biting midges of the Obsoletus species complex of the ceratopogonid genus Culicoides were assumed to be the major vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV) in northern and central Europe during the 2006 outbreak of bluet...

    Authors: Kathrin Lehmann, Doreen Werner, Bernd Hoffmann and Helge Kampen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:213
  36. Malaria is a major public health problem in Ghana. We present a site-specific entomological study of malaria vectors and transmission indices as part of an effort to develop a site for the testing of improved ...

    Authors: David P Tchouassi, Isabella A Quakyi, Ebenezer A Addison, Kwabena M Bosompem, Michael D Wilson, Maxwell A Appawu, Charles A Brown and Daniel A Boakye
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:212
  37. A survey of adult anopheline mosquito diversities, collected from September 2009 to August 2010, was conducted in a malaria endemic area of western Thailand. Two anopheline species complexes, Dirus and Minimus...

    Authors: Chatchai Tananchai, Rungarun Tisgratog, Waraporn Juntarajumnong, John P Grieco, Sylvie Manguin, Atchariya Prabaripai and Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:211
  38. Laboratory studies of host-seeking olfactory behaviour in sandflies have largely been restricted to the American visceral leishmaniasis vector Lutzomyia longipalpis. In comparison, almost nothing is known about t...

    Authors: Mara C Pinto, Daniel P Bray, Alvaro E Eiras, Henrique P Carvalheira and Camila P Puertas
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:210
  39. The spread of wildlife pathogens into new geographical ranges or populations is a conservation concern for endangered species. Cystodiscus australis and Cystodiscus axonis are two species of myxosporean parasites...

    Authors: Ashlie Hartigan, Lee Peacock, Alex Rosenwax, David N Phalen and Jan Šlapeta
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:208
  40. During recent periods, the islands of the Republic of Seychelles experienced many diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, Bancroft’s filaria and malaria. Mosquitoes transmit the agents that cause these diseases....

    Authors: Gilbert Le Goff, Philippe Boussès, Simon Julienne, Cécile Brengues, Nil Rahola, Gérard Rocamora and Vincent Robert
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:207
  41. Habitat and food supply loss and disruption, together with man’s pursuit of the animal’s unique horn pose significant threats to the charismatic rhinoceros. Filarial worms have been thought to cause cutaneous ...

    Authors: Matthew Mutinda, Moses Otiende, Francis Gakuya, Linus Kariuki, Vincent Obanda, David Ndeere, Ephantus Ndambiri, Edward Kariuki, Isaac Lekolool, Ramón C Soriguer, Luca Rossi and Samer Alasaad
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:206
  42. Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan parasite infecting almost all warm-blooded animals, including birds, with a worldwide distribution. Surveys of T. gondii infection in wild birds have been reported ...

    Authors: Yi-Ming Tian, Fei-Yan Dai, Si-Yang Huang, Zu-Hong Deng, Gang Duan, Dong-Hui Zhou, Jian-Fa Yang, Ya-Biao Weng, Xing-Quan Zhu and Feng-Cai Zou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:205
  43. Entomopathogenic fungi, particularly those belonging to the genera Metarhizium and Beauveria have shown great promise as arthropod vector control tools. These agents, however, have not been evaluated against flea...

    Authors: Ladslaus L Mnyone, Kija R Ng’habi, Humphrey D Mazigo, Abdul A Katakweba and Issa N Lyimo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:204
  44. Synthetic odour baits present an unexploited potential for sampling, surveillance and control of malaria and other mosquito vectors. However, application of such baits is impeded by the unavailability of robus...

    Authors: Wolfgang R Mukabana, Collins K Mweresa, Philemon Omusula, Benedict O Orindi, Renate C Smallegange, Joop JA van Loon and Willem Takken
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:202
  45. The Malanga sleeping sickness focus of the Democratic Republic of Congo has shown an epidemic evolution of disease during the last century. However, following case detection and treatment, the prevalence of th...

    Authors: Gustave Simo, Barberine Silatsa, Njiokou Flobert, Pascal Lutumba, Philemon Mansinsa, Joule Madinga, Emile Manzambi, Reginald De Deken and Tazoacha Asonganyi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:201
  46. Temperature is known to induce changes in mosquito physiology, development, ecology, and in some species, vector competence for arboviruses. Since colonized mosquitoes are reared under laboratory conditions th...

    Authors: Brittany L Dodson, Laura D Kramer and Jason L Rasgon
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:199

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