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  1. Babesia gibsoni is an apicomplexan parasite transmitted by ticks, which can infect canine species and cause babesiosis. The apicoplast is an organelle associated with isoprenoids metabolism, is widely present in ...

    Authors: Qin Liu, Long Yu, Fan Jiang, Muxiao Li, Xueyan Zhan, Yuan Huang, Sen Wang, Xiaoyong Du, Lan He and Junlong Zhao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:209

    Content type: Research

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  2. Biological controls with predators of larval mosquito vectors have historically focused almost exclusively on insectivorous animals, with few studies examining predatory plants as potential larvacidal agents. ...

    Authors: Jannelle Couret, Marco Notarangelo, Sarashwathy Veera, Noah LeClaire-Conway, Howard S. Ginsberg and Roger L. LeBrun

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:208

    Content type: Research

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  3. The pastoral area of the eastern Tibetan Plateau is highly endemic for human echinococcosis. Domestic dogs are the main definitive host for the transmission of both Echinococcus granulosus (sensu lato) and E. mul...

    Authors: Xiaodong Weng, Zhiqiang Mu, Xu Wei, Xu Wang, Qingqiu Zuo, Shuo Ma, Youzhong Ding, Xiaoming Wang, Weiping Wu, Philip S. Craig and Zhenghuan Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:207

    Content type: Research

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  4. This report describes L. infantum infection seroprevalence in dogs in Spain through data obtained from peer-reviewed literature and a cross-sectional serological survey assessing epidemiological and habitat varia...

    Authors: Rosa Gálvez, Ana Montoya, Israel Cruz, Carlos Fernández, Oihane Martín, Rocío Checa, Carmen Chicharro, Silvia Migueláñez, Valentina Marino and Guadalupe Miró

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:204

    Content type: Research

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  5. Various vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) affect dogs worldwide, with their diversity and force of infection being usually higher in the tropics. Cross-sectional studies have been conducted to investigate the prev...

    Authors: Filipe Dantas-Torres, Luciana Aguiar Figueredo, Kamila Gaudêncio da Silva Sales, Débora Elienai de Oliveira Miranda, Joanna Lúcia de Almeida Alexandre, Yury Yzabella da Silva, Lidiane Gomes da Silva, Guilherme Ribeiro Valle, Vitor Márcio Ribeiro, Domenico Otranto, Katrin Deuster, Matthias Pollmeier and Gertraut Altreuther

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:195

    Content type: Short report

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  6. Borrelia burgdorferi is a tick-borne spirochete that causes Lyme borreliosis (LB). After an initial tick bite, it spreads from the deposition site in the dermis to distant tissues of the host. It is generally bel...

    Authors: Liucun Liang, Jinyong Wang, Lucas Schorter, Thu Phong Nguyen Trong, Shari Fell, Sebastian Ulrich and Reinhard K. Straubinger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:191

    Content type: Research

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  7. Population of stray dogs is significant in large cities of Nepal, such as Kathmandu. Most of stray dogs suffer a lack of basic health care. Considering the clinical relevance, the broad distribution and the la...

    Authors: David Díaz-Regañón, Beatriz Agulla, Bidur Piya, Natalia Fernández-Ruiz, Alejandra Villaescusa, Mercedes García-Sancho, Fernando Rodríguez-Franco and Ángel Sainz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:174

    Content type: Short report

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  8. Vector-borne diseases (VBD) are of growing global importance. Sand flies are potential vectors for phleboviruses (family Phenuiviridae) including Toscana virus (TOSV), Sicilian virus, Sandfly fever, Naples virus,...

    Authors: Sandra Oerther, Hanna Jöst, Anna Heitmann, Renke Lühken, Andreas Krüger, Irmgard Steinhausen, Christine Brinker, Susanne Lorentz, Michael Marx, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Torsten Naucke and Norbert Becker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:173

    Content type: Research

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  9. In sub-Saharan Africa, Amblyomma ticks are vectors of heartwater disease in domestic ruminants, caused by the rickettsial pathogen Ehrlichia ruminantium. Immature tick stages often bite humans, whereby they act a...

    Authors: Frans Jongejan, Laura Berger, Suzanne Busser, Iris Deetman, Manon Jochems, Tiffany Leenders, Barry de Sitter, Francine van der Steen, Jeanette Wentzel and Hein Stoltsz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:172

    Content type: Research

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  10. The blood-feeding behaviour of female sand flies may increase their likelihood of acquiring and transmitting Leishmania parasites. Studies on the host usage by these insects may thus improve our understanding of ...

    Authors: Kamila Gaudêncio da Silva Sales, Débora Elienai de Oliveira Miranda, Marcelo Henrique Santos Paiva, Luciana Aguiar Figueredo, Domenico Otranto and Filipe Dantas-Torres

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:131

    Content type: Methodology

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  11. Babesiosis is a protozoan tick-borne infection associated with anemia and life-threatening disease in humans, domestic and wildlife animals. Dogs are infected by at least six well-characterized Babesia spp. that ...

    Authors: Gad Baneth, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Adam Joseph Birkenheuer, Megan Elizabeth Schreeg, Hagar Prince, Monica Florin-Christensen, Leonhard Schnittger and Itamar Aroch

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:130

    Content type: Research

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  12. Canine leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is a neglected zoonosis transmitted by sand flies like Phlebotomus perniciosus. Clinical signs and disease susceptibility vary according to various factors, incl...

    Authors: Alexis C. Burnham, Laura Ordeix, M. Magdalena Alcover, Pamela Martínez-Orellana, Sara Montserrat-Sangrà, Laura Willen, Tatiana Spitzova, Petr Volf and Laia Solano-Gallego

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:129

    Content type: Research

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  13. In endemic areas of zoonotic leishmaniosis caused by L. infantum, early detection of Leishmania infection in dogs is essential to control the dissemination of the parasite to humans. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Carla Maia, José Cristóvão, André Pereira, Tatiana Kostalova, Tereza Lestinova, Petra Sumova, Petr Volf and Lenea Campino

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:119

    Content type: Research

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  14. Ascaris roundworms are the parasitic nematodes responsible for causing human and porcine ascariasis. Whereas A. lumbricoides is the most common soil-transmitted helminth infecting humans in the world, A. suum cau...

    Authors: Alicia Diosdado, Fernando Simón, Rodrigo Morchón and Javier González-Miguel

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:203

    Content type: Research

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  15. Malaria vector mosquitoes acquire midgut microbiota primarily from their habitat. The homeostasis of these microbial communities plays an essential role in the mosquito longevity, the most essential factor in ...

    Authors: Serkadis Debalke, Tibebu Habtewold, George K. Christophides and Luc Duchateau

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:202

    Content type: Research

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  16. Recent reports have demonstrated the presence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) genomic material in Hyalomma aegyptium ticks feeding primarily on tortoises belonging to the genus Testudo. This rais...

    Authors: Sirri Kar, Sergio E. Rodriguez, Gurkan Akyildiz, Maria N. B. Cajimat, Rifat Bircan, Megan C. Mears, Dennis A. Bente and Aysen G. Keles

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:201

    Content type: Research

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  17. Approximately 30% of children worldwide are infected with gastrointestinal parasites. Depending on the species, parasites can disrupt intestinal bacterial microbiota affecting essential vitamin biosynthesis.

    Authors: Rojelio Mejia, Ashish Damania, Rebecca Jeun, Patricia E. Bryan, Paola Vargas, Marisa Juarez, Pamela S. Cajal, Julio Nasser, Alejandro Krolewiecki, Emilie Lefoulon, Courtney Long, Evan Drake, Rubén O. Cimino and Barton Slatko

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:200

    Content type: Short report

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  18. Borrelia miyamotoi is a relapsing fever Borrelia species transmitted by ticks of the Ixodes ricinus complex. Human disease caused by B. miyamotoi was first described in Russia and later in the USA and Japan. Addi...

    Authors: Pierre H. Boyer, Joris Koetsveld, Laurence Zilliox, Hein Sprong, Émilie Talagrand-Reboul, Yves Hansmann, Sylvie Josiane de Martino, Nathalie Boulanger, Joppe W. Hovius and Benoît Jaulhac

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:199

    Content type: Short report

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  19. Radiation induced sterility is the basis of the Sterile Insect Technique, by which a target insect pest population is suppressed by releasing artificially reared sterile males of the pest species in overfloodi...

    Authors: Hanano Yamada, Hamidou Maiga, Nanwintoum Severin Bimbile-Somda, Danilo O. Carvalho, Wadaka Mamai, Carina Kraupa, Andrew G. Parker, Aiman Abrahim, Georg Weltin, Thomas Wallner, Marc F. Schetelig, Carlos Caceres and Jeremy Bouyer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:198

    Content type: Research

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  20. Larval indices such as the house index (HI), Breteau index (BI) and container index (CI) are widely used to interpret arbovirus vector density in surveillance programmes. However, the use of such data as an al...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Policarpo Cavalcante, Ricardo Alves de Olinda, Alexandrino Gomes, John Traxler, Matt Smith and Silvana Santos

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:197

    Content type: Research

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  21. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) caused by dimorphic Leishmania species is a parasitic disease with high socioeconomic burden in endemic areas worldwide. Sustaining control of VL in terms of proper and prevailing immu...

    Authors: Md Anik Ashfaq Khan, Jenifar Quaiyum Ami, Khaledul Faisal, Rajashree Chowdhury, Prakash Ghosh, Faria Hossain, Ahmed Abd El Wahed and Dinesh Mondal

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:196

    Content type: Research

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  22. Culicoides biting midges transmit viruses resulting in disease in ruminants and equids such as bluetongue, Schmallenberg disease and African horse sickness. In the past decades, these diseases have led to importa...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Cuéllar, Lene Jung Kjær, Andreas Baum, Anders Stockmarr, Henrik Skovgard, Søren Achim Nielsen, Mats Gunnar Andersson, Anders Lindström, Jan Chirico, Renke Lühken, Sonja Steinke, Ellen Kiel, Jörn Gethmann, Franz J. Conraths, Magdalena Larska, Marcin Smreczak…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:194

    Content type: Research

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  23. For long time, canine leishmaniosis (CanL) was considered endemic in the southern, central, and insular regions of Italy, whereas heartworm disease (HW) caused by Dirofilaria immitis was considered endemic in the...

    Authors: Jairo Mendoza-Roldan, Giovanni Benelli, Rossella Panarese, Roberta Iatta, Tommaso Furlanello, Frederic Beugnet, Andrea Zatelli and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:193

    Content type: Research

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  24. Prior to a major release campaign of sterile insects, including the sterile insect technique, male mosquitoes must be marked and released (small scale) to determine key parameters including wild population abu...

    Authors: Nicole J. Culbert, Maria Kaiser, Nelius Venter, Marc J. B. Vreysen, Jeremie R. L. Gilles and Jérémy Bouyer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:192

    Content type: Methodology

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  25. Cystic echinococcosis, caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus, is a neglected tropical disease with remarkable morbidity in humans and a problem of worldwide economic importance in livestock industry. Unde...

    Authors: Seyed Mohammad Mousavi, Ali Afgar, Mohammad Ali Mohammadi, Seifollah Mortezaei, Ashkan Faridi, Balal Sadeghi and Majid Fasihi Harandi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:190

    Content type: Research

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  26. Monogenea van Beneden, 1858 is a group of parasitic flatworms, commonly found infecting bony fish. Several genera, such as Cichlidogyrus Paperna, 1960, are reported to include potential pathogenic species that ca...

    Authors: Mare Geraerts, Fidel Muterezi Bukinga, Maarten P. M. Vanhove, Antoine Pariselle, Auguste Chocha Manda, Emmanuel Vreven, Tine Huyse and Tom Artois

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:187

    Content type: Research

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  27. From a veterinary-medical point of view, the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans, is perhaps the economically most important blood-sucking muscoid fly species (Diptera: Muscidae), owing to its worldwide occurrence, f...

    Authors: Sándor Hornok, Nóra Takács, Sándor Szekeres, Krisztina Szőke, Jenő Kontschán, Gábor Horváth and László Sugár

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:186

    Content type: Short report

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  28. Tick distribution in Sweden has increased in recent years, with the prevalence of ticks predicted to spread towards the northern parts of the country, thus increasing the risk of tick-borne zoonoses in new reg...

    Authors: Amélie Wallenhammar, Richard Lindqvist, Naveed Asghar, Sezin Gunaltay, Hans Fredlund, Åke Davidsson, Sören Andersson, Anna K. Överby and Magnus Johansson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:185

    Content type: Research

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  29. Angiostrongylus cantonensis can cause severe symptoms of central nervous system infections. In the host, this parasite localizes in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid, and its secreted components can impact immune...

    Authors: Xiaomeng Shi, Mengran Xiao, Zhiyue Xie, Qing Shi, Yuanjiao Zhang, Jianmei W. Leavenworth, Baolong Yan and Huicong Huang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:183

    Content type: Research

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  30. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is one of common intestinal pathogens in humans and animals including non-human primates (NHPs). Many zoonotic pathogens including E. bieneusi have been found in these animals. However, th...

    Authors: Li Chen, Na Li, Yaqiong Guo, Jianguo Zhao, Yaoyu Feng and Lihua Xiao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:182

    Content type: Research

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  31. Leishmaniasis is a human and animal disease caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania, which is now divided into four subgenera, Leishmania, Viannia, Sauroleishmania and Mundinia. Subgenus Mundinia, established...

    Authors: Tomas Becvar, Padet Siriyasatien, Paul Bates, Petr Volf and Jovana Sádlová

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:181

    Content type: Research

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  32. Toxoplasma gondii is the third most important contributor to health burden caused by food-borne illness. Ingestion of tissue cysts from undercooked meat is an important source of horizontal transmission to humans...

    Authors: Cláudia S. Marques, Susana Sousa, António Castro and José Manuel Correia da Costa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:180

    Content type: Research

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  33. There is substantial concern that the spread of insecticide resistance will render long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) ineffective. However, there is limited evidence supporting a clear association b...

    Authors: Marissa K. Grossman, Shüné V. Oliver, Basil D. Brooke and Matthew B. Thomas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:179

    Content type: Research

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  34. Aedes aegypti is a potential vector for several arboviruses including dengue and Zika viruses. The species seems to be restricted to subtropical/tropical habitats and has difficulties in establishing permanent po...

    Authors: Isabelle M. Kramer, Aljoscha Kreß, Doris Klingelhöfer, Christian Scherer, Parbati Phuyal, Ulrich Kuch, Bodo Ahrens, David A. Groneberg, Meghnath Dhimal and Ruth Müller

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:178

    Content type: Research

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  35. Humans are parasitized by three types of lice: body, head and pubic lice. As their common names imply, each type colonizes a specific region of the body. The body louse is the only recognized disease vector. H...

    Authors: Nadia Amanzougaghene, Oleg Mediannikov, Tran Duc Anh Ly, Philippe Gautret, Bernard Davoust, Florence Fenollar and Arezki Izri

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:177

    Content type: Research

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  36. Ixodes ricinus constitutes the main European vector tick for the Lyme borreliosis pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato), the relapsing fever borrelia Borrelia miyamotoi, as well as Anaplasma phagocytophilum ...

    Authors: Daniela Hauck, Daniela Jordan, Andrea Springer, Bettina Schunack, Stefan Pachnicke, Volker Fingerle and Christina Strube

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:176

    Content type: Research

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  37. Antigens expressed in sexual stages of the malaria parasites are targets of transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs). HAP2/GCS1, a TBV candidate, is critical for fertilization in Plasmodium. Here, the genetic divers...

    Authors: Danni Li, Chunyun Yu, Jian Guo, Yazhou Wang, Yan Zhao, Lin Wang, Myat Thu Soe, Hui Feng, Myat Phone Kyaw, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Lubin Jiang, Liwang Cui, Xiaotong Zhu and Yaming Cao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:175

    Content type: Research

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  38. Fascioliasis is a snail-borne zoonotic trematodiasis emerging due to climate changes, anthropogenic environment modifications, and livestock movements. Many areas where Fasciola hepatica is endemic in humans have...

    Authors: M. Dolores Bargues, Patricio Artigas, Rene Angles, David Osca, Pamela Duran, Paola Buchon, R. Karina Gonzales-Pomar, Julio Pinto-Mendieta and Santiago Mas-Coma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:171

    Content type: Research

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  39. Trypanosoma brucei exhibits a complex life-cycle alternating between tsetse flies and mammalian hosts. When parasites infect the fly, cells differentiate to adapt to life in various tissues, which is accompanied ...

    Authors: Moara Lemos, Adeline Mallet, Eloïse Bertiaux, Albane Imbert, Brice Rotureau and Philippe Bastin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:169

    Content type: Research

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  40. The enzyme farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS) is positioned in the intersection of different sterol biosynthesis pathways such as those producing isoprenoids, dolichols and ergosterol. FPPS is ubiquitous in ...

    Authors: Ana Paula R. Gadelha, Claudia Maia Brigagao, Martha Barros da Silva, Aline Beatriz Mello Rodrigues, Ana Carolina Ramos Guimarães, Fernando Paiva, Wanderley de Souza and Cristina Henriques

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:168

    Content type: Research

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  41. Eimeria necatrix, the most highly pathogenic coccidian in chicken small intestines, can cause high morbidity and mortality in susceptible birds and devastating economic losses in poultry production, but the under...

    Authors: Xian-Cheng Fan, Ting-Li Liu, Yi Wang, Xue-Mei Wu, Yu-Xin Wang, Peng Lai, Jun-Ke Song and Guang-Hui Zhao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:167

    Content type: Research

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  42. Babesia spp. are apicomplexan parasites which infect a wide range of mammalian hosts. Historically, most Babesia species were described based on the assumed host specificity and morphological features of the intr...

    Authors: Alexandra Corduneanu, Teodor Dan Ursache, Marian Taulescu, Bogdan Sevastre, David Modrý and Andrei Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:166

    Content type: Research

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  43. Rhipicephalus microplus, an invasive tick species of Asian origin and the main vector of Babesia species, is considered one of the most widespread ectoparasites of livestock. The tick has spread from its native h...

    Authors: Dennis Muhanguzi, Joseph Byaruhanga, Wilson Amanyire, Christian Ndekezi, Sylvester Ochwo, Joseph Nkamwesiga, Frank Norbert Mwiine, Robert Tweyongyere, Josephus Fourie, Maxime Madder, Theo Schetters, Ivan Horak, Nick Juleff and Frans Jongejan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:165

    Content type: Research

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  44. Smad proteins are essential cellular mediators within the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily. They directly transmit incoming signals from the cell surface receptors to the nucleus. In spite of t...

    Authors: Fang-Fang Li, Robin B. Gasser, Feng Liu, Jia-Nan Shan, Wen-Da Di, Li He, Cai-Xian Zhou, Chun-Qun Wang, Rui Fang and Min Hu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:164

    Content type: Research

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  45. Triatomine bugs are responsible for the vectorial transmission of the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, etiological agent of Chagas disease, a zoonosis affecting 10 million people and with 25 million at risk of infecti...

    Authors: Johan M. Calderón, Patricia Fuya, Liliana Santacoloma and Camila González

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:163

    Content type: Research

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  46. While immune responses to the murine hookworm Nippostrongylus brasiliensis have been investigated, signaling pathways regulating development of infectious larvae (iL3) are not well understood. We hypothesized tha...

    Authors: Katherine Omueti Ayoade, Faith R. Carranza, Woong Hee Cho, Zhu Wang, Steven A. Kliewer, David J. Mangelsdorf and Jonathan D. C. Stoltzfus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:162

    Content type: Research

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