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  1. The aim of this study was to address the role of chickens as bloodmeal sources for female Lutzomyia longipalpis and to test whether chicken blood is harmful to Leishmania parasite development within the sand flie...

    Authors: Mauricio RV Sant'Anna, Alexandre Nascimento, Bruce Alexander, Erin Dilger, Reginaldo R Cavalcante, Hector M Diaz-Albiter, Paul A Bates and Rod J Dillon
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:3
  2. Artemether/Lumefantrine (Coartem®) has been used as a first-line treatment for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum infection since 2004 in Ethiopia. In the present study the therapeutic efficacy of artemether/lum...

    Authors: Ashenafi Assefa, Moges Kassa, Gemechu Tadese, Hussen Mohamed, Abebe Animut and Tesfayae Mengesha
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:1
  3. Myiasis is a pathological condition in humans and animals caused by various species of dipterous larvae. Myiasis which occurs in a newborn baby is referred as neonatal myiasis. It is a rare condition and there...

    Authors: Nazni Wasi Ahmad, Anuar Ismail, John Jeffery, Sa'diyah Ibrahim, Azahari Abdul Hadi, Mohd Noor Ibrahim, Heo Chong Chin and Lee Han Lim
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:63
  4. Leishmania parasites must overcome several barriers to achieve transmission by their sand fly vectors. One of the earliest threats is exposure to enzymes during blood meal digestion. Trypsin-like enzymes appear t...

    Authors: Mauricio RV Sant'Anna, Hector Diaz-Albiter, Murad Mubaraki, Rod J Dillon and Paul A Bates
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:62
  5. This study reports for the first time on the distribution, host preference and infection rates of malaria vectors in Mauritania. It was conducted during an outbreak of Rift valley fever. Three anopheline speci...

    Authors: Ibrahima Dia, Hampate Ba, Sid Ahmed Ould Mohamed, Diawo Diallo, Baidy Lo and Mawlouth Diallo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:61
  6. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in the highlands of Ethiopia, and almost always caused by Leishmania aethiopica. Hitherto, Addis Ababa (the capital city of Ethiopia) was not considered endemic for CL, mai...

    Authors: Wossenseged Lemma, Girume Erenso, Endalamaw Gadisa, Meshesha Balkew, Teshome Gebre-Michael and Asrat Hailu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:60
  7. The entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae isolate IP 46, originating from a soil sample collected in 2001 in the Cerrado of Central Brazil, was tested for its ability to reduce the survival of adult male...

    Authors: Ladslaus L Mnyone, Tanya L Russell, Issa N Lyimo, Dickson W Lwetoijera, Matthew J Kirby and Christian Luz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:59
  8. A microsporidian was previously reported to infect the crustacean parasite, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer, 1837) (Copepoda, Caligidae), on farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in Scotland. The microsporidian...

    Authors: Mark A Freeman and Christina Sommerville
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:58
  9. The cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is involved in the transmission of the protozoan Babesia bovis, the etiological agent of bovine babesiosis. Interactions between ticks and protozoa are poorly u...

    Authors: Reginaldo G Bastos, Massaro W Ueti, Felix D Guerrero, Donald P Knowles and Glen A Scoles
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:57
  10. The purpose of this study was to extend prior studies of molecular detection of Brugia malayi DNA in vector (Aedes aegypti- Liverpool) and non-vector (Culex pipiens) mosquitoes at different times after ingestion ...

    Authors: Sara M Erickson, Kerstin Fischer, Gary J Weil, Bruce M Christensen and Peter U Fischer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:56
  11. Simulum damnosum Theobald sensu lato (s.l.) is the vector of the parasitic filarial worm Onchocerca volvulus Leuckart which causes onchocerciasis. In order to understand the vector population dynamics, a prelimin...

    Authors: Akinola S Oluwole, Uwem F Ekpo, Chiedu F Mafiana, Clement O Adeofun and Olufunmilayo A Idowu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:55
  12. Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) is caused by two trypanosome species, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. Current drugs available for the treatment of HAT have significant issues ...

    Authors: Melissa L Sykes and Vicky M Avery
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:54
  13. During analysis of retrospective community survey data, we identified two patients from Xiji County, south Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region with simultaneous echinococcosis and tuberculosis (TB), representing the...

    Authors: Yu Rong Yang, Darren J Gray, Magda K Ellis, Shu Kun Yang, Philip S Craig and Donald P McManus
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:53
  14. The sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis is the main vector of Leishmania (L.) infantum (Nicolle), the causative agent of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) in the New World. Male Lu. longipalpis have secretory glan...

    Authors: Reginaldo P Brazil, Norath Natalia Caballero and James Gordon C Hamilton
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:51
  15. Within the last 25 years, after the introduction of the swimbladder nematode Anguillicoloides crassus from East-Asia to Europe, a body of work has aggregated on the host parasite interactions in the acquired host...

    Authors: Emanuel G Heitlinger, Dominik R Laetsch, Urszula Weclawski, Yu-San Han and Horst Taraschewski
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:48
  16. Tick modulation of host defenses facilitates both blood feeding and pathogen transmission. Several tick species deviate host T cell responses toward a Th2 cytokine profile. The majority of studies of modulatio...

    Authors: Venkata D Boppana, Saravanan Thangamani, Francisco J Alarcon-Chaidez, Adam J Adler and Stephen K Wikel
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:47
  17. Since 2002, macrocyclic lactone resistance has been reported in populations of Parascaris equorum from several countries. It is apparent that macrocyclic lactone resistance developed in response to exclusive and/...

    Authors: Craig R Reinemeyer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S8

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  18. Given the increasing levels of anthelmintic resistance in equine parasites, parasitologists now recommend traditional treatment approaches to be abandoned and replaced by more sustainable strategies. It is of ...

    Authors: Martin K Nielsen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S7

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  19. Genetic resistance against benzimidazole (BZ) anthelmintics is widespread in cyathostomins, the commonest group of intestinal parasitic nematodes of horses. Studies of BZ-resistant nematodes of sheep, particul...

    Authors: Sarah L Lake, Jacqueline B Matthews, Ray M Kaplan and Jane E Hodgkinson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S6

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  20. In the framework of a trial carried out in 2008 in Europe to evaluate the efficacy of major parasiticides against horse cyathostomins, pre- and/or post-treatment Faecal Egg Counts (FEC) were evaluated in a tot...

    Authors: Piermarino Milillo, Albert Boeckh, Rami Cobb, Domenico Otranto, Riccardo P Lia, Stefania Perrucci, Antonio Frangipane di Regalbono, Paola Beraldo, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Janina Demeler, Roberto Bartolini and Donato Traversa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  21. For the control of worm infections, the strategic use of anthelmintics, often accompanied by additional farm and/or pasture management procedures, is currently applied on most horse farms in industrialized cou...

    Authors: Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Donato Traversa, Janina Demeler, Karl Rohn, Piermarino Milillo, Sandra Schurmann, Riccardo Lia, Stefania Perrucci, Antonio Frangipane di Regalbono, Paola Beraldo, Helen Barnes, Rami Cobb and Albert Boeckh
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  22. A large survey was carried out in 2008 in Europe to evaluate the efficacy of fenbendazole (FBZ), pyrantel (PYR), ivermectin (IVM) and moxidectin (MOX), i.e. the major anthelmintic molecules used in current pra...

    Authors: Donato Traversa, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Janina Demeler, Piermarino Milillo, Sandra Schürmann, Helen Barnes, Domenico Otranto, Stefania Perrucci, Antonio Frangipane di Regalbono, Paola Beraldo, Albert Boeckh and Rami Cobb
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S2

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  23. Hookworm is still one of the three main soil-transmitted helminths prevalent in China, and 39 million cases infected with hookworm were estimated in China in 2006.

    Authors: Qi Zheng, Ying Chen, Hao-Bing Zhang, Jia-Xu Chen and Xiao-Nong Zhou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:44
  24. Hard ticks have been identified as important vectors of rickettsiae causing the spotted fever syndrome. Tick-borne rickettsiae are considered to be emerging, but only limited data are available about their pre...

    Authors: Hein Sprong, Peter R Wielinga, Manoj Fonville, Chantal Reusken, Afke H Brandenburg, Fred Borgsteede, Cor Gaasenbeek and Joke WB van der Giessen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:41
  25. Severe side effects following ivermectin treatment of onchocerciasis in areas of co-endemicity with loaisis have been an impediment for the work of the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) in fo...

    Authors: Samuel Wanji, Nicholas Tendongfor, Theolbald Nji, Mathias Esum, Julious N Che, Armand Nkwescheu, Fifen Alassa, Geremy Kamnang, Peter A Enyong, Mark J Taylor, Achim Hoerauf and David W Taylor
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:39
  26. Mass drug administration (MDA) is the emphasis of an ongoing global lymphatic filariasis (LF) elimination program by the World Health Organization, in which the entire 'at risk' human population is treated ann...

    Authors: Corey L Brelsfoard, William St Clair and Stephen L Dobson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:38
  27. Human infection by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium affects more than 50 million people worldwide, particularly in underdeveloped and developing countries. Cysticercosis which arises from larval encystation can be...

    Authors: Carolina R Almeida, Patricia H Stoco, Glauber Wagner, Thaís CM Sincero, Gianinna Rotava, Ethel Bayer-Santos, Juliana B Rodrigues, Maísa M Sperandio, Antônio AM Maia, Elida PB Ojopi, Arnaldo Zaha, Henrique B Ferreira, Kevin M Tyler, Alberto MR Dávila, Edmundo C Grisard and Emmanuel Dias-Neto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:35
  28. Insects are exposed to a wide range of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses) and have interconnected powerful immune reactions. Although insects lack an acquired immune system they have well-...

    Authors: Eloi S Garcia, Daniele P Castro, Marcela B Figueiredo, Fernando A Genta and Patrícia Azambuja
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:33
  29. A wide range of unicellular eukaryotes have now been shown to undergo a form of programmed cell death (PCD) that resembles apoptosis; exhibiting morphological and, in some cases, biochemical markers typical of...

    Authors: Shashini C Arambage, Karen M Grant, Ian Pardo, Lisa Ranford-Cartwright and Hilary Hurd
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:32
  30. Since its discovery, HIV/AIDS has arguably captured more attention among the Chinese biomedical research community than most other infectious diseases. Traditional parasitic diseases, on the other hand, are pe...

    Authors: Li-Guang Tian, Peter Steinmann, Jia-Xu Chen, Shao-Hong Chen and Xiao-Nong Zhou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:31
  31. Triatoma infestans is the main vector of Chagas disease in the Gran Chaco region of South America. The traditional spraying technique used for the application of pyrethroid insecticides has shown low efficiency i...

    Authors: Ivana Amelotti, Silvia S Catalá and David E Gorla
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:30
  32. The study aims to determine the role of domestic dogs in transmission of visceral leishmaniasis in eastern Sudan. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 10 villages along the River Rahad in eastern Sudan to...

    Authors: Mo'awia M Hassan, Omran F Osman, Fathi MA El-Raba'a, Henk DFH Schallig and Dia-Eldin A Elnaiem
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:26
  33. Phlebotomine sandflies are the vectors of etiological agents of leishmaniases in several areas of the world. In the Neotropical Region, the biodiversity of these insects is more than other regions, probably du...

    Authors: José Dilermando Andrade Filho, Paula Cavalcante Lamy Serra e Meira, Cristiani de Castilho Sanguinette and Reginaldo Peçanha Brazil
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:25

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