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Protozoa and protozoan diseases

Subject Editor
Pegine Walrad, University of York, UK

Associate EditorsCarolina Catta-Preta, PhD, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/National Institutes of Health, USA
Kaio Cesar Chaboli Alevi, PhD, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) and Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Brazil
Caroline Dewar, MBiochem, PhD, Lancaster University, UK
Christopher Fernández Prada, DVM MSc PhD, Université de Montréal, Canada
Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves, PhD, University of Brasilia, Brazil
Joanna Hildebrand, PhD, University of Wrocław, Poland
Iván Pastor Fernandez, PhD, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
Marta Maruszewska-Cheruiyot, PhD, Lazarski University, Poland
Suzanne McDermott, PhD, Seattle Children’s Research Institute Center for Global Infectious Disease Research, and University of Washington School of Medicine, USA
Louisa Messenger, PhD, MSc, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA

The Protozoa and protozoan diseases section publishes studies looking at all aspects of protozoan cell biology, host-parasite interactions and pathogenicity including pathogenic mechanisms, virulence factors, host invasion, immune evasion, host defence, and immunity.

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  1. Species of Sarcocystis are parasitic protozoa in poikilothermic and homeothermic animals. Out of the 26 valid species in birds as intermediate hosts, none has been reported in those of the order Musophagiformes, ...

    Authors: Ondřej Máca and David González-Solís
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:56
  2. With visceral leishmaniasis (VL) incidence at its lowest level since the 1960s, increasing attention has turned to early detection and investigation of outbreaks.

    Authors: Khushbu Priyamvada, Joy Bindroo, Madan Prashad Sharma, Lloyd A. C. Chapman, Pushkar Dubey, Tanmay Mahapatra, Allen W. Hightower, Caryn Bern and Sridhar Srikantiah
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:52
  3. Neospora caninum, a coccidian protozoan, represents an important cause of bovine abortion. Available N. caninum strains show considerable variation in vitro and in vivo, including different virulence in cattle. T...

    Authors: Luca Villa, Pavlo Maksimov, Christine Luttermann, Mareen Tuschy, Alessia L. Gazzonis, Sergio A. Zanzani, Michele Mortarino, Franz J. Conraths, Maria Teresa Manfredi and Gereon Schares
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:47
  4. Leishmaniasis is a major parasitic disease worldwide, except in Australia and Antarctica, and it poses a significant public health problem. Due to the absence of safe and effective vaccines and drugs, research...

    Authors: Sara Rahimi, Ali khamesipour, Amir Ahmad Akhavan, Javad Rafinejad, Reza Ahmadkhaniha, Mahmood Bakhtiyari, Arshad Veysi and Kamran Akbarzadeh
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:40

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:155

  5. The Benishangul-Gumuz region is an important development corridor in Ethiopia. Large-scale projects such as the Great Renaissance Dam, mining and agriculture have entailed huge environmental modifications and ...

    Authors: Shibabaw Bejano, Girma Shumie, Ashwani Kumar, Eyuel Asemahagn, Demekech Damte, Sinkinesh Woldie, Abate Mulugeta, Nigus Manaye, Abebe Genetu, Endalamaw Gadisa and Gezahegn Mamo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:39
  6. Peri-urban and urban settings have recently gained more prominence in studies on vector-borne transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi due to sustained rural-to-urban migrations and reports of urban infestations with tr...

    Authors: Alejandra Alvedro, María Sol Gaspe, Hannah Milbourn, Natalia Paula Macchiaverna, Mariano Alberto Laiño, Gustavo Fabián Enriquez, Ricardo Esteban Gürtler and Marta Victoria Cardinal
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:35
  7. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an endemic disease in Brazil that is highly prevalent in the northern region of the country. Although there is a continuous and growing number of cases registered in the state o...

    Authors: Joseneide Viana de Almeida, Cristian Ferreira de Souza, Andressa Alencastre Fuzari, Christie A. Joya, Hugo O. Valdivia, Daniella Castanheira Bartholomeu and Reginaldo Peçanha Brazil
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:32
  8. Free-living amoebae of the genus Acanthamoeba are cosmopolitan, widely distributed protozoans that cause a severe, vision-threatening corneal infection known as Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). The majority of the in...

    Authors: Edyta B. Hendiger, Marcin Padzik, Agnieszka Żochowska, Wanda Baltaza, Gabriela Olędzka, Diana Zyskowska, Julita Bluszcz, Sylwia Jarzynka, Lidia Chomicz, Marta Grodzik, Jacek Hendiger, José E. Piñero, Jarosław Grobelny, Katarzyna Ranoszek-Soliwoda and Jacob Lorenzo-Morales
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:624
  9. Six Sarcocystis species are known to use cattle (Bos taurus) as the intermediate host, two of which, S. hominis and S. heydorni, are zoonotic. There is a need for a method that will enable rapid identification of...

    Authors: Petras Prakas, Živilė Strazdaitė-Žielienė, Vytautas Januškevičius, Francesco Chiesa, Agnė Baranauskaitė, Eglė Rudaitytė-Lukošienė, Elena Servienė, Saulius Petkevičius and Dalius Butkauskas
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:610
  10. The most common apicomplexan parasites causing bovine babesiosis are Babesia bovis and B. bigemina, while B. caballi and Theileria equi are responsible for equine piroplasmosis. Treatment and control of these dis...

    Authors: Marta G. Silva, Reginaldo G. Bastos, J. Stone Doggett, Michael K. Riscoe, Sovitj Pou, Rolf Winter, Rozalia A. Dodean, Aaron Nilsen and Carlos E. Suarez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:606
  11. Thrombospondin-related anonymous protein (TRAP) has been described as a potential vaccine candidate for several diseases caused by apicomplexan parasites. However, this protein and members of this family have ...

    Authors: Valeria Noely Montenegro, Martina Soledad Paoletta, José M. Jaramillo Ortiz, Carlos E. Suarez and Silvina Elizabeth Wilkowsky
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:602
  12. Piroplasms are vector-borne intracellular hemoprotozoan parasites that infect wildlife and livestock. Wildlife species are reservoir hosts to a diversity of piroplasms and play an important role in the circula...

    Authors: David Squarre, Yukiko Nakamura, Kyoko Hayashida, Naoko Kawai, Herman Chambaro, Boniface Namangala, Chihiro Sugimoto and Junya Yamagishi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:599
  13. Acanthamoeba spp. are free-living amoeba that are ubiquitously distributed in the environment. This study examines pathogenic Acanthamoeba cysteine proteases (AcCPs) belonging to the cathepsin L-family and explor...

    Authors: Zhixin Wang, Duo Wu, Hiroshi Tachibana, Meng Feng and Xun-jia Cheng
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:592
  14. Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite that is the causative agent of toxoplasmosis, an infection with high prevalence worldwide. Most of the infected individuals are either asymptomatic or have mild symptoms,...

    Authors: Márcia Attias, Dirceu E. Teixeira, Marlene Benchimol, Rossiane C. Vommaro, Paulo Henrique Crepaldi and Wanderley De Souza
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:588
  15. Trypanosoma cruzi - the causative agent of Chagas disease - is known to circulate in commensal pests, but its occurrence in urban environments is not well understood. We addressed this deficit by determining the ...

    Authors: Bruno M. Ghersi, Anna C. Peterson, Nathaniel L. Gibson, Asha Dash, Ardem Elmayan, Hannah Schwartzenburg, Weihong Tu, Claudia Riegel, Claudia Herrera and Michael J. Blum
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:577
  16. Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is a neglected tropical disease worldwide, especially the Middle East. Although previous works attempt to model the ZCL spread using various environmental factors, the in...

    Authors: Mohammad Tabasi, Ali Asghar Alesheikh, Aioub Sofizadeh, Bahram Saeidian, Biswajeet Pradhan and Abdullah AlAmri
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:572
  17. Toxoplasmic encephalitis (TE) is a leading cause of brain mass lesions (BML) in human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV)-infected patients. Yet, so far, no accurate diagnostic approach for TE has been developed. ...

    Authors: Bo Liang, Si-Yuan Yang, Jia-Min Chen, Ting-Yu Liang, Hong-Xin Zhao, Xing-Huan Ding, Fang Wang and En-Shan Feng
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:564