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Parasites of veterinary importance

Subject Editor
Adnan Hodžić, University of Veterinary Medicine, Austria

Associate Editors
Pablo Borrás, Centro Nacional de Diagnostico e Investigacion en Endemo Epidemias, Argentina
Jeba Jesudoss Chelladurai, Kansas State University, USA
Relja Beck, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Croatia
Alicia Rojas, Universidad de Costa Rica, Costa Rica
Alireza Sazmand, Bu-Ali Sina University, Iran
Antonio Varcasia, University of Sassari, Italy
 

The Parasites of veterinary importance section publishes articles relating to parasites and parasitic diseases of domestic, companion and farm animals including studies on biology, epidemiology, pathology, immunology, diagnosis and control. Studies relating to wildlife helminthic disease reservoirs and to ectoparasites and vectors of veterinary significance that do not fit within the remits of the other sections will also be considered.

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  1. Nature conservation with reduced drainage of pastures has been increasingly promoted in agriculture in recent years. However, moisture on pastures is a crucial factor for the development of free-living stages ...

    Authors: Katharina May, Katharina Raue, Katrin Blazejak, Daniela Jordan and Christina Strube

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. This study evaluated the timing of dog owner ectoparasiticide purchases to estimate administration compliance and assess the consequent impact of dose purchase gaps on the proportion of time that dogs were pro...

    Authors: Robert Lavan, Dorothy Normile, Imran Husain, Amita Singh, Rob Armstrong and Kathleen Heaney

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:32

    Content type: Research

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  3. White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) host numerous ectoparasitic species in the eastern USA, most notably various species of ticks and two species of deer keds. Several pathogens transmitted by ticks to hum...

    Authors: Karen C. Poh, Jesse R. Evans, Michael J. Skvarla, Cody M. Kent, Pia U. Olafson, Graham J. Hickling, Jennifer M. Mullinax and Erika T. Machtinger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:31

    Content type: Research

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  4. The possibility that Dermanyssus gallinae, the poultry red mite, could act as a vector of infectious disease-causing pathogens has always intrigued researchers and worried commercial chicken farmers, as has its u...

    Authors: Antonella Schiavone, Nicola Pugliese, Domenico Otranto, Rossella Samarelli, Elena Circella, Caterina De Virgilio and Antonio Camarda

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:29

    Content type: Review

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  5. Due to the complexity of retrieving skin-dwelling microfilariae, filarioids of dogs presenting dermal microfilariae (e.g. Cercopithifilaria spp., Onchocerca lupi) are relatively unknown compared to Dirofilaria sp...

    Authors: Alireza Sazmand, Zahra Bahiraei, Farzad Nemati, Giada Annoscia, Marcos Antonio Bezerra-Santos, Hassan Nayebzadeh, Amir Masoud Salemi, Seyed Mahmoud Mousavi, Seyed Mahmoud Sadjjadi and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:28

    Content type: Research

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  6. Due to increased anthelmintic resistance, alternative methods to drugs are necessary to control gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs). Some of the most promising alternatives are based on the immune response of th...

    Authors: Leire Ortega, Jessica Quesada, Antonio Ruiz, María Magnolia Conde-Felipe, Otilia Ferrer, Francisco Rodríguez and José Manuel Molina

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:25

    Content type: Research

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  7. Strongyloides stercoralis, a soil-transmitted helminth, occurs in humans, non-human primates, dogs, cats and wild canids. The zoonotic potential between these hosts is not well understood with data available on p...

    Authors: Aida Vafae Eslahi, Sima Hashemipour, Meysam Olfatifar, Elham Houshmand, Elham Hajialilo, Razzagh Mahmoudi, Milad Badri and Jennifer K. Ketzis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:21

    Content type: Research

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  8. Cytauxzoon spp. infection is believed to be a newly emerging tick-borne disease in felids in Europe, with three species of the haemoparasite having recently been differentiated in wild felids. In Switzerland, rar...

    Authors: Barbara Willi, Marina L. Meli, Chiara Cafarelli, Urs O. Gilli, Anja Kipar, Alina Hubbuch, Barbara Riond, Judith Howard, Daniel Schaarschmidt, Walter Regli and Regina Hofmann-Lehmann

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:19

    Content type: Research

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  9. Leishmaniasis is endemic in Tunisia and presents with different clinical forms, caused by the species Leishmania infantum, Leishmania major, and Leishmania tropica. The life cycle of Leishmania is complex and inv...

    Authors: Moufida Derghal, Abir Tebai, Ghofrane Balti, Hajer Souguir-Omrani, Jomaa Chemkhi, Adel Rhim, Ali Bouattour, Ikram Guizani, Youmna M’Ghirbi and Souheila Guerbouj

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:12

    Content type: Research

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  10. The species composition of cattle gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) communities can vary greatly between regions. Despite this, there is remarkably little large-scale surveillance data for cattle GIN species whi...

    Authors: Eranga Lakshitha De Seram, Elizabeth Mary Redman, Felicity Kaye Wills, Camila de Queiroz, John Ross Campbell, Cheryl Lynne Waldner, Sarah Elizabeth Parker, Russell William Avramenko, John Stuart Gilleard and Fabienne Dominique Uehlinger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:17

    Content type: Research

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  11. Human and animal pathogens that are transmitted by arthropods are a global concern, particularly those vectored by ticks (e.g. Borrelia burgdorferi and tick-borne encephalitis virus) and mosquitoes (e.g. malaria ...

    Authors: Apolline Maitre, Alejandra Wu-Chuang, Justė Aželytė, Vaidas Palinauskas, Lourdes Mateos-Hernández, Dasiel Obregon, Adnan Hodžić, Claire Valiente Moro, Agustín Estrada-Peña, Jean-Christophe Paoli, Alessandra Falchi and Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:4

    Content type: Review

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  12. Trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase (TPP6) is a key enzyme in the trehalose biosynthesis pathway. The accumulation of TPP6 inside the body is harmful to the pathogen, but almost nothing is currently known about ...

    Authors: ZhaoHai Wen, XinRan Xie, Muhammad Tahir Aleem, Kalibixiati Aimulajiang, Cheng Chen, Meng Liang, XiaoKai Song, LiXin Xu, XiangRui Li and RuoFeng Yan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:611

    Content type: Research

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  13. Gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) epidemiology is changing in many regions of the world due to factors such as global warming and emerging anthelmintic resistance. However, the dynamics of these changes in nort...

    Authors: Tong Wang, Elizabeth M. Redman, Arianna Morosetti, Rebecca Chen, Sarah Kulle, Natasha Morden, Christopher McFarland, Hannah Rose Vineer, Douglas D. Colwell, Eric R. Morgan and John S. Gilleard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:604

    Content type: Research

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  14. Leishmania infantum is the most important etiological agent of visceral leishmaniasis in the Americas and Mediterranean region, and the dog is the main host. Miltefosine was authorized to treat canine leishmanias...

    Authors: Gustavo Gonçalves, Monique Paiva Campos, Alessandra Silva Gonçalves, Lia Carolina Soares Medeiros and Fabiano Borges Figueiredo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:599

    Content type: Short report

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  15. Cyathostomins are the most important and common parasitic nematodes of horses, with > 50 species known to occur worldwide. The frequent and indiscriminate use of anthelmintics has resulted in the development o...

    Authors: Ghazanfar Abbas, Abdul Ghafar, John Hurley, Jenni Bauquier, Anne Beasley, Edwina J. A. Wilkes, Caroline Jacobson, Charles El-Hage, Lucy Cudmore, Peter Carrigan, Brett Tennent-Brown, Charles G. Gauci, Martin K. Nielsen, Kristopher J. Hughes, Ian Beveridge and Abdul Jabbar

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:597

    Content type: Research

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  16. The Cimicidae are obligatory blood-feeding ectoparasites of medical and veterinary importance. We aim in the current study to assess the ability of MALDI-TOF MS to identify Cimex hirundinis swallow bugs collected...

    Authors: Fatima Zohra Hamlili, Jean-Michel Bérenger, Adama Zan Diarra and Philippe Parola

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:587

    Content type: Research

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  17. Haemonchus contortus is a blood-feeding, gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) that causes significant economic losses to the small ruminant industry worldwide. Despite extensive efforts, our understanding of the molec...

    Authors: Mariam Bakshi, Wenbin Tuo, Raffi V. Aroian and Dante Zarlenga

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:580

    Content type: Research

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  18. Pulsed ultraviolet (UV)-C light sources, such as excimer lasers, are used in emerging non-thermal food-decontamination methods and also have high potential for use in a wide range of microbial decontamination ...

    Authors: Jean-Luc Gala, Ott Rebane, Jérôme Ambroise, Sergey Babichenko, Omar Nyabi and Thierry Hance

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:578

    Content type: Research

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  19. Arthropod-borne pathogens and their vectors are present throughout Africa. They have been well-studied in livestock of sub-Saharan Africa, but poorly in companion animals. Given the socio-economic importance o...

    Authors: Dieter Heylen, Michael Day, Bettina Schunack, Josephus Fourie, Michel Labuschange, Sherry Johnson, Samuel Maina Githigia, Foluke Adedayo Akande, Jahashi Saidi Nzalawahe, Dickson Stuart Tayebwa, Ortwin Aschenborn, Mary Marcondes and Maxime Madder

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:576

    Content type: Research

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  20. Trypanosomiasis is a fatal disease that threatens the economy of at least 37 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly with regard to livestock farming. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of try...

    Authors: Issa Funsho Habeeb, Gloria Dada Chechet and Jacob K. P. Kwaga

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:560

    Content type: Research

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  21. The roundworm Ascaris suum is one of the parasites with the greatest economic impact on pig farming. In this context, lower weight gain is hypothesized to be due to decreased nutrient absorption. This study aims ...

    Authors: Sarina Koehler, Andrea Springer, Nicole Issel, Stefanie Klinger, Christina Strube and Gerhard Breves

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:533

    Content type: Research

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  22. Colombia’s National Army is one of the largest military institutions in the country based on the number of serving members and its presence throughout the country. There have been reports of cases of acute or ...

    Authors: Omar Cantillo-Barraza, Jeffer Torres, Carolina Hernández, Yanira Romero, Sara Zuluaga, Camilo A. Correa-Cárdenas, Giovanny Herrera, Omaira Rodríguez, María Teresa Alvarado, Juan David Ramírez and Claudia Méndez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:519

    Content type: Research

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  23. Gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) are ubiquitous in small ruminant farming, representing a major health and production concern. Given their differences in pathogenicity and the current problems regarding anthel...

    Authors: Stephane Knoll, Giorgia Dessì, Claudia Tamponi, Luisa Meloni, Lia Cavallo, Naunain Mehmood, Philippe Jacquiet, Antonio Scala, Maria Grazia Cappai and Antonio Varcasia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:505

    Content type: Research

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  24. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a serious parasitic zoonosis caused by the larvae of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. The development of an effective vaccine is one of the most promising strategies for control...

    Authors: Jinwen Xian, Ning Wang, Pengpeng Zhao, Yanyan Zhang, Jimeng Meng, Xun Ma, Xiaola Guo, Zhengrong Wang and Xinwen Bo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:489

    Content type: Research

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  25. Acute and chronic besnoitiosis in extensive natural-service herds can have relevant effects in the health of bulls and negative consequences in their productive performance. Recent progress has been made in or...

    Authors: David González-Barrio, Ana Huertas-López, Carlos Diezma-Díaz, Ignacio Ferre, José Joaquín Cerón, Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora and Gema Álvarez-García

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:488

    Content type: Research

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  26. Trichinella spiralis is a zoonotic food-borne parasite. A disease caused by infection with T. spiralis is called trichinellosis in humans. It is important to investigate the epidemic situation and the surveillanc...

    Authors: Jian Li, Jing Ding, Xiao-Lei Liu, Bin Tang, Xue Bai, Yang Wang, Wei-Dong Qiao, Ming-Yuan Liu and Xue-Lin Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:487

    Content type: Research

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  27. Black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) serve as arthropod vectors for various species of Onchocerca (Nematoda: Onchocercidae) that may be associated with disease in humans, domestic animals, and wildlife. The emergenc...

    Authors: Matthew Kulpa, Kimberly J. Nelson, Alana M. Morales, Bonnie M. Ryan, Michelle L. Koschik, Jamesina J. Scott and Guilherme G. Verocai

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:478

    Content type: Research

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  28. Urbanization can have profound effects on ecological interactions. For host–pathogen interactions, differences have been detected between urban and non-urban landscapes. However, host–pathogen interactions may...

    Authors: Katherine E. L. Worsley-Tonks, Stanley D. Gehrt, Chris Anchor, Luis E. Escobar and Meggan E. Craft

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:464

    Content type: Research

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  29. Stable transfection systems have been described in many protozoan parasites, including Plasmodium falciparum, Cryptosporidium parvum, Babesia bovis, Babesia ovata, and Babesia gibsoni. For Babesia sp. Xinjiang (B...

    Authors: Jinming Wang, Xiaoxing Wang, Guiquan Guan, Jifei Yang, Junlong Liu, Aihong Liu, Youquan Li, Jianxun Luo and Hong Yin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:463

    Content type: Research

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  30. Leishmania tarentolae is a protozoan isolated from geckoes (Tarentola annularis, Tarentola mauritanica), which is considered non-pathogenic and is transmitted by herpetophilic Sergentomyia spp. sand flies. This s...

    Authors: Jairo Alfonso Mendoza-Roldan, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Roberta Iatta, Ranju R. S. Manoj, Rossella Panarese, Giada Annoscia, Marco Pombi, Andrea Zatelli, Fred Beugnet and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:461

    Content type: Research

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  31. Strongyloides westeri is found in the small intestine of young horses, mainly in foals up to about 16 weeks of age. The main source of infection for foals is through transmammary transmission, and foals can devel...

    Authors: Ghazanfar Abbas, Abdul Ghafar, Anson V. Koehler, Jenni Bauquier, Edwina J. A. Wilkes, Caroline Jacobson, Anne Beasley, John Hurley, Lucy Cudmore, Peter Carrigan, Brett Tennent-Brown, Charles El-Hage, Martin K. Nielsen, Charles G. Gauci, Kristopher J. Hughes, Ian Beveridge…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:444

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  32. The horn fly, Haematobia irritans irritans, causes significant production losses to the cattle industry. Horn fly control relies on insecticides; however, alternative control methods such as vaccines are needed d...

    Authors: Luísa N. Domingues, Kylie G. Bendele, Lénaïg Halos, Yovany Moreno, Christian Epe, Monica Figueiredo, Martin Liebstein and Felix D. Guerrero

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:442

    Content type: Research

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  33. The family Cimicidae includes obligate hematophagous ectoparasites (bed bugs and their relatives) with high veterinary/medical importance. The evolutionary relationships of Cimicidae and their hosts have recen...

    Authors: Sándor Hornok, Tamara Szentiványi, Nóra Takács, Áron Botond Kovács, Olivier Glaizot, Philippe Christe, Nicolas Fasel, Miklós Gyuranecz and Jenő Kontschán

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:441

    Content type: Short report

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  34. Companion animal endoparasites play a substantial role in both veterinary medicine and public health. Updated epidemiological studies are necessary to identify trends in occurrence and distribution of these pa...

    Authors: Caroline Sobotyk, Kaitlyn E. Upton, Manigandan Lejeune, Thomas J. Nolan, Antoinette E. Marsh, Brian H. Herrin, Mindy M. Borst, Julie Piccione, Anne M. Zajac, Lauren E. Camp, Cassan N. Pulaski, Lindsay A. Starkey, Cristiano von Simson and Guilherme G. Verocai

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:439

    Content type: Research

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  35. Domesticated pigs are the main source of Trichinella sp. infections for humans, particularly when reared in backyards or free-ranging. In temperate areas of southern Europe, most pigs are farmed under controlled ...

    Authors: Edoardo Pozio, Mario Celli, Alessandra Ludovisi, Maria Interisano, Marco Amati and Maria Angeles Gómez-Morales

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:417

    Content type: Research

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  36. Tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) transmit trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness in humans and nagana in livestock). Several studies have indicated that age, sex, site of capture, starvation and microbiome symbion...

    Authors: Cornelius Mweempwa, Kalinga Chilongo, Kyoko Hayashida and Boniface Namangala

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:409

    Content type: Research

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  37. Plasmodium vivax transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs) are receiving increasing attention. Based on excellent transmission-blocking activities of the PbPH (PBANKA_0417200) and PbSOP26 (PBANKA_1457700) antigens in...

    Authors: Yongzhe Zhang, Fei Liu, Yan Zhao, Fan Yang, Jie Bai, Xitong Jia, Wanlapa Roobsoong, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Liwang Cui, Yaming Cao, Enjie Luo and Meilian Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:407

    Content type: Research

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  38. Babesia species are intraerythrocytic Apicomplexan parasites that infect a wide range of vertebrate hosts. These pathogens are typically transmitted either by tick vectors or by direct blood-to-blood contact, and...

    Authors: Erin Stayton, Megan Lineberry, Jennifer Thomas, Tina Bass, Kelly Allen, Ramaswamy Chandrashekar, Gene Yost, Mason Reichard and Craig Miller

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:402

    Content type: Research

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  39. Metacaspases are multifunctional proteins found in plants, fungi and protozoa, and are involved in processes such as insoluble protein aggregate clearance and cell proliferation. Our previous study demonstrate...

    Authors: Muzi Li, Jing Liu, Yayun Wu, Yihan Wu, Xiaodong Sun, Yong Fu, Xiao Zhang and Qun Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:400

    Content type: Research

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  40. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a zoonotic disease caused by Leishmania infantum, for which dogs constitute the main urban parasite reservoir. Control measures and the treatment of canine visceral leishmaniasis (C...

    Authors: Matheus Silva de Jesus, João Victor Andrade Cruz, Lívia Brito Coelho, Lairton Souza Borja, Edmilson Domingos da Silva, Manuela da Silva Solcà, Claudia Ida Brodskyn and Deborah Bittencourt Mothé Fraga

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:398

    Content type: Research

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  41. Babesia bovis is one of the most significant tick-transmitted pathogens of cattle worldwide. Babesia bovis parasites have a complex lifecycle, including development within the mammalian host and tick vector. Each...

    Authors: Hala E. Hussein, Wendell C. Johnson, Naomi S. Taus, Janaina Capelli-Peixoto, Carlos E. Suarez, Michelle R. Mousel and Massaro W. Ueti

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:395

    Content type: Research

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  42. Canine heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) is a life-threatening infection of dogs with a global distribution. Information on the prevalence of D. immitis and associated risk factors for canine heartworm antigen posi...

    Authors: Jessica L. Panetta, Nichola Eliza Davies Calvani, Bronwyn Orr, Aldo Gianfranco Nicoletti, Michael P. Ward and Jan Šlapeta

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:393

    Content type: Research

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  43. The diagnosis of gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infections in ruminants is routinely based on morphological/morphometric analysis of parasite specimens recovered by coprological methods, followed by larval cu...

    Authors: Nikol Reslova, Lucie Skorpikova, Iveta Angela Kyrianova, Jaroslav Vadlejch, Johan Höglund, Philip Skuce and Martin Kasny

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:391

    Content type: Research

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  44. During the last decades, filarial infections caused by Dirofilaria spp. have spread rapidly within dog populations of several European countries. Increasing scientific interest in filariasis, and the availability...

    Authors: Mirabela Oana Dumitrache, Gianluca D’Amico, Eugeniu Voiniţchi, Serghei Maximenco, Viorica Mircean and Angela Monica Ionică

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:390

    Content type: Research

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  45. Leishmania infantum and Dirofilaria immitis are among the most important canine vector-borne pathogens (CVBPs) of zoonotic concern in Europe. In endemic areas for both of these CVBPs, the use of systemic ectopar...

    Authors: Rossella Panarese, Roberta Iatta, Jairo Alfonso Mendoza-Roldan, Andrea Zatelli, Frederic Beugnet and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:381

    Content type: Research

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  46. Ovine psoroptic mange (sheep scab) is a highly pathogenic contagious infection caused by the mite Psoroptes ovis. Following 21 years in which scab was eradicated in the UK, it was inadvertently reintroduced in 19...

    Authors: Emily Joanne Nixon, Ellen Brooks-Pollock and Richard Wall

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:344

    Content type: Research

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  47. Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) is a zoonotic disease caused by Leishmania infantum. Although usually transmitted by phlebotomine sand flies, infection by vertical transmission and by blood transfusion have also been...

    Authors: Harold Salant, Yaarit Nachum‑Biala, Barbara Feinmesser, Maya Perelmutter and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:326

    Content type: Research

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  48. Histomonosis is a severe re-emerging disease of poultry caused by Histomonas meleagridis, a protozoan parasite which survives in the environment via the cecal worm Heterakis gallinarum. Following infection, the p...

    Authors: Gürbüz Daş, Lukas Wachter, Manuel Stehr, Ivana Bilic, Beatrice Grafl, Patricia Wernsdorf, Cornelia C. Metges, Michael Hess and Dieter Liebhart

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:323

    Content type: Research

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  49. The human flea, Pulex irritans, is widespread globally and has a long association with humans, one of its principal hosts. Its role in plague transmission is still under discussion, although its high prevalence i...

    Authors: Adélaïde Miarinjara, David M. Bland, James R. Belthoff and B. Joseph Hinnebusch

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:317

    Content type: Research

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  50. Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) can be appropriately managed following international recommendations. However, few studies have assessed the preferred protocols in real-life veterinary practice and whether these a...

    Authors: Marta Monteiro, Sara Prata, Luís Cardoso, Isabel Pereira da Fonseca and Rodolfo Oliveira Leal

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:306

    Content type: Research

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